1. 22 Jan, 2018 2 commits
  2. 02 Nov, 2017 1 commit
    • Greg Kroah-Hartman's avatar
      License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no license · b2441318
      Greg Kroah-Hartman authored
      Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which
      makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license.
      
      By default all files without license information are under the default
      license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2.
      
      Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0'
      SPDX license identifier.  The SPDX identifier is a legally binding
      shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text.
      
      This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and
      Philippe Ombredanne.
      
      How this work was done:
      
      Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of
      the use cases:
       - file had no licensing information it it.
       - file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it,
       - file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information,
      
      Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases
      where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license
      had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords.
      
      The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to
      a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the
      output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX
      tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne.  Philippe prepared the
      base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files.
      
      The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files
      assessed.  Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner
      results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s)
      to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not
      immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      
      Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was:
       - Files considered eligible had to be source code files.
       - Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5
         lines of source
       - File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5
         lines).
      
      All documentation files were explicitly excluded.
      
      The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license
      identifiers to apply.
      
       - when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was
         considered to have no license information in it, and the top level
         COPYING file license applied.
      
         For non */uapi/* files that summary was:
      
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         ---------------------------------------------------|-------
         GPL-2.0                                              11139
      
         and resulted in the first patch in this series.
      
         If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH
         Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0".  Results of that was:
      
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         ---------------------------------------------------|-------
         GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note                        930
      
         and resulted in the second patch in this series.
      
       - if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one
         of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if
         any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in
         it (per prior point).  Results summary:
      
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         ---------------------------------------------------|------
         GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note                       270
         GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                      169
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause)    21
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause)    17
         LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                      15
         GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                       14
         ((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause)    5
         LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                       4
         LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note                        3
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT)              3
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT)             1
      
         and that resulted in the third patch in this series.
      
       - when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became
         the concluded license(s).
      
       - when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a
         license but the other didn't, or they both detected different
         licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred.
      
       - In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file
         resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and
         which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics).
      
       - When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was
         confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      
       - If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier,
         the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later
         in time.
      
      In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the
      spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the
      source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation
      by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      
      Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from
      FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners
      disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights.  The
      Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so
      they are related.
      
      Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets
      for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the
      files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks
      in about 15000 files.
      
      In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have
      copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the
      correct identifier.
      
      Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual
      inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch
      version early this week with:
       - a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected
         license ids and scores
       - reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+
         files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct
       - reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license
         was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied
         SPDX license was correct
      
      This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction.  This
      worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the
      different types of files to be modified.
      
      These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg.  Thomas wrote a script to
      parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the
      format that the file expected.  This script was further refined by Greg
      based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to
      distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different
      comment types.)  Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to
      generate the patches.
      Reviewed-by: default avatarKate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org>
      Reviewed-by: default avatarPhilippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com>
      Reviewed-by: default avatarThomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
      b2441318
  3. 13 Oct, 2017 2 commits
  4. 09 Sep, 2017 2 commits
    • Jérôme Glisse's avatar
      mm/migrate: support un-addressable ZONE_DEVICE page in migration · a5430dda
      Jérôme Glisse authored
      Allow to unmap and restore special swap entry of un-addressable
      ZONE_DEVICE memory.
      
      Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170817000548.32038-17-jglisse@redhat.comSigned-off-by: default avatarJérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
      Cc: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
      Cc: Aneesh Kumar <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
      Cc: Balbir Singh <bsingharora@gmail.com>
      Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
      Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
      Cc: David Nellans <dnellans@nvidia.com>
      Cc: Evgeny Baskakov <ebaskakov@nvidia.com>
      Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
      Cc: John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com>
      Cc: Mark Hairgrove <mhairgrove@nvidia.com>
      Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
      Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
      Cc: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com>
      Cc: Sherry Cheung <SCheung@nvidia.com>
      Cc: Subhash Gutti <sgutti@nvidia.com>
      Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com>
      Cc: Bob Liu <liubo95@huawei.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      a5430dda
    • Zi Yan's avatar
      mm: thp: enable thp migration in generic path · 616b8371
      Zi Yan authored
      Add thp migration's core code, including conversions between a PMD entry
      and a swap entry, setting PMD migration entry, removing PMD migration
      entry, and waiting on PMD migration entries.
      
      This patch makes it possible to support thp migration.  If you fail to
      allocate a destination page as a thp, you just split the source thp as
      we do now, and then enter the normal page migration.  If you succeed to
      allocate destination thp, you enter thp migration.  Subsequent patches
      actually enable thp migration for each caller of page migration by
      allowing its get_new_page() callback to allocate thps.
      
      [zi.yan@cs.rutgers.edu: fix gcc-4.9.0 -Wmissing-braces warning]
        Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/A0ABA698-7486-46C3-B209-E95A9048B22C@cs.rutgers.edu
      [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix x86_64 allnoconfig warning]
      Signed-off-by: default avatarZi Yan <zi.yan@cs.rutgers.edu>
      Acked-by: default avatarKirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
      Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
      Cc: Anshuman Khandual <khandual@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
      Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
      Cc: David Nellans <dnellans@nvidia.com>
      Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
      Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
      Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
      Cc: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
      Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
      Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
      Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
      Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      616b8371
  5. 06 Jul, 2017 1 commit
    • Punit Agrawal's avatar
      mm/hugetlb: add size parameter to huge_pte_offset() · 7868a208
      Punit Agrawal authored
      A poisoned or migrated hugepage is stored as a swap entry in the page
      tables.  On architectures that support hugepages consisting of
      contiguous page table entries (such as on arm64) this leads to ambiguity
      in determining the page table entry to return in huge_pte_offset() when
      a poisoned entry is encountered.
      
      Let's remove the ambiguity by adding a size parameter to convey
      additional information about the requested address.  Also fixup the
      definition/usage of huge_pte_offset() throughout the tree.
      
      Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170522133604.11392-4-punit.agrawal@arm.comSigned-off-by: default avatarPunit Agrawal <punit.agrawal@arm.com>
      Acked-by: default avatarSteve Capper <steve.capper@arm.com>
      Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
      Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
      Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
      Cc: Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@intel.com>
      Cc: James Hogan <james.hogan@imgtec.com> (odd fixer:METAG ARCHITECTURE)
      Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org> (supporter:MIPS)
      Cc: "James E.J. Bottomley" <jejb@parisc-linux.org>
      Cc: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>
      Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
      Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
      Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
      Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
      Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
      Cc: Yoshinori Sato <ysato@users.sourceforge.jp>
      Cc: Rich Felker <dalias@libc.org>
      Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net>
      Cc: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@mellanox.com>
      Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
      Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
      Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
      Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
      Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
      Cc: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com>
      Cc: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
      Cc: "Aneesh Kumar K.V" <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
      Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
      Cc: Hillf Danton <hillf.zj@alibaba-inc.com>
      Cc: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      7868a208
  6. 08 Apr, 2017 1 commit
    • Hugh Dickins's avatar
      mm: fix page_vma_mapped_walk() for ksm pages · d75450ff
      Hugh Dickins authored
      Doug Smythies reports oops with KSM in this backtrace, I've been seeing
      the same:
      
        page_vma_mapped_walk+0xe6/0x5b0
        page_referenced_one+0x91/0x1a0
        rmap_walk_ksm+0x100/0x190
        rmap_walk+0x4f/0x60
        page_referenced+0x149/0x170
        shrink_active_list+0x1c2/0x430
        shrink_node_memcg+0x67a/0x7a0
        shrink_node+0xe1/0x320
        kswapd+0x34b/0x720
      
      Just as observed in commit 4b0ece6f ("mm: migrate: fix
      remove_migration_pte() for ksm pages"), you cannot use page->index
      calculations on ksm pages.
      
      page_vma_mapped_walk() is relying on __vma_address(), where a ksm page
      can lead it off the end of the page table, and into whatever nonsense is
      in the next page, ending as an oops inside check_pte()'s pte_page().
      
      KSM tells page_vma_mapped_walk() exactly where to look for the page, it
      does not need any page->index calculation: and that's so also for all
      the normal and file and anon pages - just not for THPs and their
      subpages.  Get out early in most cases: instead of a PageKsm test, move
      down the earlier not-THP-page test, as suggested by Kirill.
      
      I'm also slightly worried that this loop can stray into other vmas, so
      added a vm_end test to prevent surprises; though I have not imagined
      anything worse than a very contrived case, in which a page mlocked in
      the next vma might be reclaimed because it is not mlocked in this vma.
      
      Fixes: ace71a19 ("mm: introduce page_vma_mapped_walk()")
      Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/alpine.LSU.2.11.1704031104400.1118@eggly.anvilsSigned-off-by: default avatarHugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
      Reported-by: default avatarDoug Smythies <dsmythies@telus.net>
      Tested-by: default avatarDoug Smythies <dsmythies@telus.net>
      Reviewed-by: default avatarKirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      d75450ff
  7. 09 Mar, 2017 1 commit
  8. 25 Feb, 2017 2 commits