traps.c 17.5 KB
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/*
 *  linux/arch/arm/kernel/traps.c
 *
 *  Copyright (C) 1995-2002 Russell King
 *  Fragments that appear the same as linux/arch/i386/kernel/traps.c (C) Linus Torvalds
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
 *
 *  'traps.c' handles hardware exceptions after we have saved some state in
 *  'linux/arch/arm/lib/traps.S'.  Mostly a debugging aid, but will probably
 *  kill the offending process.
 */
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/signal.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/personality.h>
#include <linux/kallsyms.h>
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#include <linux/delay.h>
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#include <linux/init.h>

#include <asm/atomic.h>
#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
#include <asm/system.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/unistd.h>
#include <asm/traps.h>
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#include <asm/io.h>
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#include "ptrace.h"
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#include "signal.h"
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static const char *handler[]= { "prefetch abort", "data abort", "address exception", "interrupt" };

#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_USER
unsigned int user_debug;

static int __init user_debug_setup(char *str)
{
	get_option(&str, &user_debug);
	return 1;
}
__setup("user_debug=", user_debug_setup);
#endif

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static void dump_mem(const char *str, unsigned long bottom, unsigned long top);

static inline int in_exception_text(unsigned long ptr)
{
	extern char __exception_text_start[];
	extern char __exception_text_end[];

	return ptr >= (unsigned long)&__exception_text_start &&
	       ptr < (unsigned long)&__exception_text_end;
}

void dump_backtrace_entry(unsigned long where, unsigned long from, unsigned long frame)
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{
#ifdef CONFIG_KALLSYMS
	printk("[<%08lx>] ", where);
	print_symbol("(%s) ", where);
	printk("from [<%08lx>] ", from);
	print_symbol("(%s)\n", from);
#else
	printk("Function entered at [<%08lx>] from [<%08lx>]\n", where, from);
#endif
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	if (in_exception_text(where))
		dump_mem("Exception stack", frame + 4, frame + 4 + sizeof(struct pt_regs));
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}

/*
 * Stack pointers should always be within the kernels view of
 * physical memory.  If it is not there, then we can't dump
 * out any information relating to the stack.
 */
static int verify_stack(unsigned long sp)
{
	if (sp < PAGE_OFFSET || (sp > (unsigned long)high_memory && high_memory != 0))
		return -EFAULT;

	return 0;
}

/*
 * Dump out the contents of some memory nicely...
 */
static void dump_mem(const char *str, unsigned long bottom, unsigned long top)
{
	unsigned long p = bottom & ~31;
	mm_segment_t fs;
	int i;

	/*
	 * We need to switch to kernel mode so that we can use __get_user
	 * to safely read from kernel space.  Note that we now dump the
	 * code first, just in case the backtrace kills us.
	 */
	fs = get_fs();
	set_fs(KERNEL_DS);

	printk("%s(0x%08lx to 0x%08lx)\n", str, bottom, top);

	for (p = bottom & ~31; p < top;) {
		printk("%04lx: ", p & 0xffff);

		for (i = 0; i < 8; i++, p += 4) {
			unsigned int val;

			if (p < bottom || p >= top)
				printk("         ");
			else {
				__get_user(val, (unsigned long *)p);
				printk("%08x ", val);
			}
		}
		printk ("\n");
	}

	set_fs(fs);
}

static void dump_instr(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
	unsigned long addr = instruction_pointer(regs);
	const int thumb = thumb_mode(regs);
	const int width = thumb ? 4 : 8;
	mm_segment_t fs;
	int i;

	/*
	 * We need to switch to kernel mode so that we can use __get_user
	 * to safely read from kernel space.  Note that we now dump the
	 * code first, just in case the backtrace kills us.
	 */
	fs = get_fs();
	set_fs(KERNEL_DS);

	printk("Code: ");
	for (i = -4; i < 1; i++) {
		unsigned int val, bad;

		if (thumb)
			bad = __get_user(val, &((u16 *)addr)[i]);
		else
			bad = __get_user(val, &((u32 *)addr)[i]);

		if (!bad)
			printk(i == 0 ? "(%0*x) " : "%0*x ", width, val);
		else {
			printk("bad PC value.");
			break;
		}
	}
	printk("\n");

	set_fs(fs);
}

static void dump_backtrace(struct pt_regs *regs, struct task_struct *tsk)
{
	unsigned int fp;
	int ok = 1;

	printk("Backtrace: ");
	fp = regs->ARM_fp;
	if (!fp) {
		printk("no frame pointer");
		ok = 0;
	} else if (verify_stack(fp)) {
		printk("invalid frame pointer 0x%08x", fp);
		ok = 0;
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	} else if (fp < (unsigned long)end_of_stack(tsk))
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		printk("frame pointer underflow");
	printk("\n");

	if (ok)
		c_backtrace(fp, processor_mode(regs));
}

void dump_stack(void)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_ERRORS
	__backtrace();
#endif
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL(dump_stack);

void show_stack(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long *sp)
{
	unsigned long fp;

	if (!tsk)
		tsk = current;

	if (tsk != current)
		fp = thread_saved_fp(tsk);
	else
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		asm("mov %0, fp" : "=r" (fp) : : "cc");
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	c_backtrace(fp, 0x10);
	barrier();
}

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static void __die(const char *str, int err, struct thread_info *thread, struct pt_regs *regs)
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{
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	struct task_struct *tsk = thread->task;
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	static int die_counter;

	printk("Internal error: %s: %x [#%d]\n", str, err, ++die_counter);
	print_modules();
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	__show_regs(regs);
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	printk("Process %s (pid: %d, stack limit = 0x%p)\n",
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		tsk->comm, tsk->pid, thread + 1);
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	if (!user_mode(regs) || in_interrupt()) {
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		dump_mem("Stack: ", regs->ARM_sp,
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			 THREAD_SIZE + (unsigned long)task_stack_page(tsk));
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		dump_backtrace(regs, tsk);
		dump_instr(regs);
	}
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}
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DEFINE_SPINLOCK(die_lock);

/*
 * This function is protected against re-entrancy.
 */
NORET_TYPE void die(const char *str, struct pt_regs *regs, int err)
{
	struct thread_info *thread = current_thread_info();

	console_verbose();
	spin_lock_irq(&die_lock);
	bust_spinlocks(1);
	__die(str, err, thread, regs);
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	bust_spinlocks(0);
	spin_unlock_irq(&die_lock);
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	if (panic_on_oops)
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		panic("Fatal exception");
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	do_exit(SIGSEGV);
}

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void arm_notify_die(const char *str, struct pt_regs *regs,
		struct siginfo *info, unsigned long err, unsigned long trap)
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{
	if (user_mode(regs)) {
		current->thread.error_code = err;
		current->thread.trap_no = trap;

		force_sig_info(info->si_signo, info, current);
	} else {
		die(str, regs, err);
	}
}

static LIST_HEAD(undef_hook);
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(undef_lock);

void register_undef_hook(struct undef_hook *hook)
{
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	unsigned long flags;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&undef_lock, flags);
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	list_add(&hook->node, &undef_hook);
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	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&undef_lock, flags);
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}

void unregister_undef_hook(struct undef_hook *hook)
{
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	unsigned long flags;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&undef_lock, flags);
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	list_del(&hook->node);
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	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&undef_lock, flags);
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}

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asmlinkage void __exception do_undefinstr(struct pt_regs *regs)
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{
	unsigned int correction = thumb_mode(regs) ? 2 : 4;
	unsigned int instr;
	struct undef_hook *hook;
	siginfo_t info;
	void __user *pc;
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	unsigned long flags;
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	/*
	 * According to the ARM ARM, PC is 2 or 4 bytes ahead,
	 * depending whether we're in Thumb mode or not.
	 * Correct this offset.
	 */
	regs->ARM_pc -= correction;

	pc = (void __user *)instruction_pointer(regs);
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	if (processor_mode(regs) == SVC_MODE) {
		instr = *(u32 *) pc;
	} else if (thumb_mode(regs)) {
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		get_user(instr, (u16 __user *)pc);
	} else {
		get_user(instr, (u32 __user *)pc);
	}

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	spin_lock_irqsave(&undef_lock, flags);
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	list_for_each_entry(hook, &undef_hook, node) {
		if ((instr & hook->instr_mask) == hook->instr_val &&
		    (regs->ARM_cpsr & hook->cpsr_mask) == hook->cpsr_val) {
			if (hook->fn(regs, instr) == 0) {
				spin_unlock_irq(&undef_lock);
				return;
			}
		}
	}
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	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&undef_lock, flags);
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#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_USER
	if (user_debug & UDBG_UNDEFINED) {
		printk(KERN_INFO "%s (%d): undefined instruction: pc=%p\n",
			current->comm, current->pid, pc);
		dump_instr(regs);
	}
#endif

	info.si_signo = SIGILL;
	info.si_errno = 0;
	info.si_code  = ILL_ILLOPC;
	info.si_addr  = pc;

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	arm_notify_die("Oops - undefined instruction", regs, &info, 0, 6);
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}

asmlinkage void do_unexp_fiq (struct pt_regs *regs)
{
#ifndef CONFIG_IGNORE_FIQ
	printk("Hmm.  Unexpected FIQ received, but trying to continue\n");
	printk("You may have a hardware problem...\n");
#endif
}

/*
 * bad_mode handles the impossible case in the vectors.  If you see one of
 * these, then it's extremely serious, and could mean you have buggy hardware.
 * It never returns, and never tries to sync.  We hope that we can at least
 * dump out some state information...
 */
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asmlinkage void bad_mode(struct pt_regs *regs, int reason)
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{
	console_verbose();

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	printk(KERN_CRIT "Bad mode in %s handler detected\n", handler[reason]);
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	die("Oops - bad mode", regs, 0);
	local_irq_disable();
	panic("bad mode");
}

static int bad_syscall(int n, struct pt_regs *regs)
{
	struct thread_info *thread = current_thread_info();
	siginfo_t info;

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	if (current->personality != PER_LINUX &&
	    current->personality != PER_LINUX_32BIT &&
	    thread->exec_domain->handler) {
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		thread->exec_domain->handler(n, regs);
		return regs->ARM_r0;
	}

#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_USER
	if (user_debug & UDBG_SYSCALL) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "[%d] %s: obsolete system call %08x.\n",
			current->pid, current->comm, n);
		dump_instr(regs);
	}
#endif

	info.si_signo = SIGILL;
	info.si_errno = 0;
	info.si_code  = ILL_ILLTRP;
	info.si_addr  = (void __user *)instruction_pointer(regs) -
			 (thumb_mode(regs) ? 2 : 4);

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	arm_notify_die("Oops - bad syscall", regs, &info, n, 0);
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	return regs->ARM_r0;
}

static inline void
do_cache_op(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, int flags)
{
	struct vm_area_struct *vma;

	if (end < start || flags)
		return;

	vma = find_vma(current->active_mm, start);
	if (vma && vma->vm_start < end) {
		if (start < vma->vm_start)
			start = vma->vm_start;
		if (end > vma->vm_end)
			end = vma->vm_end;

		flush_cache_user_range(vma, start, end);
	}
}

/*
 * Handle all unrecognised system calls.
 *  0x9f0000 - 0x9fffff are some more esoteric system calls
 */
#define NR(x) ((__ARM_NR_##x) - __ARM_NR_BASE)
asmlinkage int arm_syscall(int no, struct pt_regs *regs)
{
	struct thread_info *thread = current_thread_info();
	siginfo_t info;

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	if ((no >> 16) != (__ARM_NR_BASE>> 16))
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		return bad_syscall(no, regs);

	switch (no & 0xffff) {
	case 0: /* branch through 0 */
		info.si_signo = SIGSEGV;
		info.si_errno = 0;
		info.si_code  = SEGV_MAPERR;
		info.si_addr  = NULL;

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		arm_notify_die("branch through zero", regs, &info, 0, 0);
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		return 0;

	case NR(breakpoint): /* SWI BREAK_POINT */
		regs->ARM_pc -= thumb_mode(regs) ? 2 : 4;
		ptrace_break(current, regs);
		return regs->ARM_r0;

	/*
	 * Flush a region from virtual address 'r0' to virtual address 'r1'
	 * _exclusive_.  There is no alignment requirement on either address;
	 * user space does not need to know the hardware cache layout.
	 *
	 * r2 contains flags.  It should ALWAYS be passed as ZERO until it
	 * is defined to be something else.  For now we ignore it, but may
	 * the fires of hell burn in your belly if you break this rule. ;)
	 *
	 * (at a later date, we may want to allow this call to not flush
	 * various aspects of the cache.  Passing '0' will guarantee that
	 * everything necessary gets flushed to maintain consistency in
	 * the specified region).
	 */
	case NR(cacheflush):
		do_cache_op(regs->ARM_r0, regs->ARM_r1, regs->ARM_r2);
		return 0;

	case NR(usr26):
		if (!(elf_hwcap & HWCAP_26BIT))
			break;
		regs->ARM_cpsr &= ~MODE32_BIT;
		return regs->ARM_r0;

	case NR(usr32):
		if (!(elf_hwcap & HWCAP_26BIT))
			break;
		regs->ARM_cpsr |= MODE32_BIT;
		return regs->ARM_r0;

	case NR(set_tls):
		thread->tp_value = regs->ARM_r0;
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#if defined(CONFIG_HAS_TLS_REG)
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		asm ("mcr p15, 0, %0, c13, c0, 3" : : "r" (regs->ARM_r0) );
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#elif !defined(CONFIG_TLS_REG_EMUL)
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		/*
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		 * User space must never try to access this directly.
		 * Expect your app to break eventually if you do so.
		 * The user helper at 0xffff0fe0 must be used instead.
		 * (see entry-armv.S for details)
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		 */
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		*((unsigned int *)0xffff0ff0) = regs->ARM_r0;
#endif
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		return 0;

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#ifdef CONFIG_NEEDS_SYSCALL_FOR_CMPXCHG
	/*
	 * Atomically store r1 in *r2 if *r2 is equal to r0 for user space.
	 * Return zero in r0 if *MEM was changed or non-zero if no exchange
	 * happened.  Also set the user C flag accordingly.
	 * If access permissions have to be fixed up then non-zero is
	 * returned and the operation has to be re-attempted.
	 *
	 * *NOTE*: This is a ghost syscall private to the kernel.  Only the
	 * __kuser_cmpxchg code in entry-armv.S should be aware of its
	 * existence.  Don't ever use this from user code.
	 */
	case 0xfff0:
	{
		extern void do_DataAbort(unsigned long addr, unsigned int fsr,
					 struct pt_regs *regs);
		unsigned long val;
		unsigned long addr = regs->ARM_r2;
		struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
		pgd_t *pgd; pmd_t *pmd; pte_t *pte;
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		spinlock_t *ptl;
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		regs->ARM_cpsr &= ~PSR_C_BIT;
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		down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
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		pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr);
		if (!pgd_present(*pgd))
			goto bad_access;
		pmd = pmd_offset(pgd, addr);
		if (!pmd_present(*pmd))
			goto bad_access;
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		pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl);
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		if (!pte_present(*pte) || !pte_dirty(*pte)) {
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			pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl);
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			goto bad_access;
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		}
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		val = *(unsigned long *)addr;
		val -= regs->ARM_r0;
		if (val == 0) {
			*(unsigned long *)addr = regs->ARM_r1;
			regs->ARM_cpsr |= PSR_C_BIT;
		}
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		pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl);
		up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
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		return val;

		bad_access:
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		up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
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		/* simulate a write access fault */
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		do_DataAbort(addr, 15 + (1 << 11), regs);
		return -1;
	}
#endif

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	default:
		/* Calls 9f00xx..9f07ff are defined to return -ENOSYS
		   if not implemented, rather than raising SIGILL.  This
		   way the calling program can gracefully determine whether
		   a feature is supported.  */
		if (no <= 0x7ff)
			return -ENOSYS;
		break;
	}
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_USER
	/*
	 * experience shows that these seem to indicate that
	 * something catastrophic has happened
	 */
	if (user_debug & UDBG_SYSCALL) {
		printk("[%d] %s: arm syscall %d\n",
		       current->pid, current->comm, no);
		dump_instr(regs);
		if (user_mode(regs)) {
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			__show_regs(regs);
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			c_backtrace(regs->ARM_fp, processor_mode(regs));
		}
	}
#endif
	info.si_signo = SIGILL;
	info.si_errno = 0;
	info.si_code  = ILL_ILLTRP;
	info.si_addr  = (void __user *)instruction_pointer(regs) -
			 (thumb_mode(regs) ? 2 : 4);

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	arm_notify_die("Oops - bad syscall(2)", regs, &info, no, 0);
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	return 0;
}

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#ifdef CONFIG_TLS_REG_EMUL
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/*
 * We might be running on an ARMv6+ processor which should have the TLS
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 * register but for some reason we can't use it, or maybe an SMP system
 * using a pre-ARMv6 processor (there are apparently a few prototypes like
 * that in existence) and therefore access to that register must be
 * emulated.
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 */

static int get_tp_trap(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned int instr)
{
	int reg = (instr >> 12) & 15;
	if (reg == 15)
		return 1;
	regs->uregs[reg] = current_thread_info()->tp_value;
	regs->ARM_pc += 4;
	return 0;
}

static struct undef_hook arm_mrc_hook = {
	.instr_mask	= 0x0fff0fff,
	.instr_val	= 0x0e1d0f70,
	.cpsr_mask	= PSR_T_BIT,
	.cpsr_val	= 0,
	.fn		= get_tp_trap,
};

static int __init arm_mrc_hook_init(void)
{
	register_undef_hook(&arm_mrc_hook);
	return 0;
}

late_initcall(arm_mrc_hook_init);

#endif

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void __bad_xchg(volatile void *ptr, int size)
{
	printk("xchg: bad data size: pc 0x%p, ptr 0x%p, size %d\n",
		__builtin_return_address(0), ptr, size);
	BUG();
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__bad_xchg);

/*
 * A data abort trap was taken, but we did not handle the instruction.
 * Try to abort the user program, or panic if it was the kernel.
 */
asmlinkage void
baddataabort(int code, unsigned long instr, struct pt_regs *regs)
{
	unsigned long addr = instruction_pointer(regs);
	siginfo_t info;

#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_USER
	if (user_debug & UDBG_BADABORT) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "[%d] %s: bad data abort: code %d instr 0x%08lx\n",
			current->pid, current->comm, code, instr);
		dump_instr(regs);
		show_pte(current->mm, addr);
	}
#endif

	info.si_signo = SIGILL;
	info.si_errno = 0;
	info.si_code  = ILL_ILLOPC;
	info.si_addr  = (void __user *)addr;

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	arm_notify_die("unknown data abort code", regs, &info, instr, 0);
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}

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void __attribute__((noreturn)) __bug(const char *file, int line)
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{
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	printk(KERN_CRIT"kernel BUG at %s:%d!\n", file, line);
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	*(int *)0 = 0;
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	/* Avoid "noreturn function does return" */
	for (;;);
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}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__bug);

void __readwrite_bug(const char *fn)
{
	printk("%s called, but not implemented\n", fn);
	BUG();
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__readwrite_bug);

void __pte_error(const char *file, int line, unsigned long val)
{
	printk("%s:%d: bad pte %08lx.\n", file, line, val);
}

void __pmd_error(const char *file, int line, unsigned long val)
{
	printk("%s:%d: bad pmd %08lx.\n", file, line, val);
}

void __pgd_error(const char *file, int line, unsigned long val)
{
	printk("%s:%d: bad pgd %08lx.\n", file, line, val);
}

asmlinkage void __div0(void)
{
	printk("Division by zero in kernel.\n");
	dump_stack();
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__div0);

void abort(void)
{
	BUG();

	/* if that doesn't kill us, halt */
	panic("Oops failed to kill thread");
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(abort);

void __init trap_init(void)
{
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	unsigned long vectors = CONFIG_VECTORS_BASE;
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	extern char __stubs_start[], __stubs_end[];
	extern char __vectors_start[], __vectors_end[];
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	extern char __kuser_helper_start[], __kuser_helper_end[];
	int kuser_sz = __kuser_helper_end - __kuser_helper_start;
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	/*
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	 * Copy the vectors, stubs and kuser helpers (in entry-armv.S)
	 * into the vector page, mapped at 0xffff0000, and ensure these
	 * are visible to the instruction stream.
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	 */
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	memcpy((void *)vectors, __vectors_start, __vectors_end - __vectors_start);
	memcpy((void *)vectors + 0x200, __stubs_start, __stubs_end - __stubs_start);
	memcpy((void *)vectors + 0x1000 - kuser_sz, __kuser_helper_start, kuser_sz);
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	/*
	 * Copy signal return handlers into the vector page, and
	 * set sigreturn to be a pointer to these.
	 */
	memcpy((void *)KERN_SIGRETURN_CODE, sigreturn_codes,
	       sizeof(sigreturn_codes));

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	flush_icache_range(vectors, vectors + PAGE_SIZE);
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	modify_domain(DOMAIN_USER, DOMAIN_CLIENT);
}