gup.c 50.6 KB
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#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>

#include <linux/mm.h>
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#include <linux/memremap.h>
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#include <linux/pagemap.h>
#include <linux/rmap.h>
#include <linux/swap.h>
#include <linux/swapops.h>

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#include <linux/sched/signal.h>
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#include <linux/rwsem.h>
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#include <linux/hugetlb.h>
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#include <asm/mmu_context.h>
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#include <asm/pgtable.h>
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#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
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#include "internal.h"

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static struct page *no_page_table(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
		unsigned int flags)
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{
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	/*
	 * When core dumping an enormous anonymous area that nobody
	 * has touched so far, we don't want to allocate unnecessary pages or
	 * page tables.  Return error instead of NULL to skip handle_mm_fault,
	 * then get_dump_page() will return NULL to leave a hole in the dump.
	 * But we can only make this optimization where a hole would surely
	 * be zero-filled if handle_mm_fault() actually did handle it.
	 */
	if ((flags & FOLL_DUMP) && (!vma->vm_ops || !vma->vm_ops->fault))
		return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT);
	return NULL;
}
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static int follow_pfn_pte(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
		pte_t *pte, unsigned int flags)
{
	/* No page to get reference */
	if (flags & FOLL_GET)
		return -EFAULT;

	if (flags & FOLL_TOUCH) {
		pte_t entry = *pte;

		if (flags & FOLL_WRITE)
			entry = pte_mkdirty(entry);
		entry = pte_mkyoung(entry);

		if (!pte_same(*pte, entry)) {
			set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, address, pte, entry);
			update_mmu_cache(vma, address, pte);
		}
	}

	/* Proper page table entry exists, but no corresponding struct page */
	return -EEXIST;
}

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/*
 * FOLL_FORCE can write to even unwritable pte's, but only
 * after we've gone through a COW cycle and they are dirty.
 */
static inline bool can_follow_write_pte(pte_t pte, unsigned int flags)
{
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	return pte_write(pte) ||
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		((flags & FOLL_FORCE) && (flags & FOLL_COW) && pte_dirty(pte));
}

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static struct page *follow_page_pte(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
		unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned int flags)
{
	struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
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	struct dev_pagemap *pgmap = NULL;
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	struct page *page;
	spinlock_t *ptl;
	pte_t *ptep, pte;
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retry:
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	if (unlikely(pmd_bad(*pmd)))
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		return no_page_table(vma, flags);
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	ptep = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, &ptl);
	pte = *ptep;
	if (!pte_present(pte)) {
		swp_entry_t entry;
		/*
		 * KSM's break_ksm() relies upon recognizing a ksm page
		 * even while it is being migrated, so for that case we
		 * need migration_entry_wait().
		 */
		if (likely(!(flags & FOLL_MIGRATION)))
			goto no_page;
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		if (pte_none(pte))
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			goto no_page;
		entry = pte_to_swp_entry(pte);
		if (!is_migration_entry(entry))
			goto no_page;
		pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl);
		migration_entry_wait(mm, pmd, address);
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		goto retry;
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	}
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	if ((flags & FOLL_NUMA) && pte_protnone(pte))
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		goto no_page;
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	if ((flags & FOLL_WRITE) && !can_follow_write_pte(pte, flags)) {
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		pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl);
		return NULL;
	}
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	page = vm_normal_page(vma, address, pte);
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	if (!page && pte_devmap(pte) && (flags & FOLL_GET)) {
		/*
		 * Only return device mapping pages in the FOLL_GET case since
		 * they are only valid while holding the pgmap reference.
		 */
		pgmap = get_dev_pagemap(pte_pfn(pte), NULL);
		if (pgmap)
			page = pte_page(pte);
		else
			goto no_page;
	} else if (unlikely(!page)) {
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		if (flags & FOLL_DUMP) {
			/* Avoid special (like zero) pages in core dumps */
			page = ERR_PTR(-EFAULT);
			goto out;
		}

		if (is_zero_pfn(pte_pfn(pte))) {
			page = pte_page(pte);
		} else {
			int ret;

			ret = follow_pfn_pte(vma, address, ptep, flags);
			page = ERR_PTR(ret);
			goto out;
		}
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	}

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	if (flags & FOLL_SPLIT && PageTransCompound(page)) {
		int ret;
		get_page(page);
		pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl);
		lock_page(page);
		ret = split_huge_page(page);
		unlock_page(page);
		put_page(page);
		if (ret)
			return ERR_PTR(ret);
		goto retry;
	}

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	if (flags & FOLL_GET) {
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		get_page(page);
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		/* drop the pgmap reference now that we hold the page */
		if (pgmap) {
			put_dev_pagemap(pgmap);
			pgmap = NULL;
		}
	}
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	if (flags & FOLL_TOUCH) {
		if ((flags & FOLL_WRITE) &&
		    !pte_dirty(pte) && !PageDirty(page))
			set_page_dirty(page);
		/*
		 * pte_mkyoung() would be more correct here, but atomic care
		 * is needed to avoid losing the dirty bit: it is easier to use
		 * mark_page_accessed().
		 */
		mark_page_accessed(page);
	}
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	if ((flags & FOLL_MLOCK) && (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED)) {
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		/* Do not mlock pte-mapped THP */
		if (PageTransCompound(page))
			goto out;

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		/*
		 * The preliminary mapping check is mainly to avoid the
		 * pointless overhead of lock_page on the ZERO_PAGE
		 * which might bounce very badly if there is contention.
		 *
		 * If the page is already locked, we don't need to
		 * handle it now - vmscan will handle it later if and
		 * when it attempts to reclaim the page.
		 */
		if (page->mapping && trylock_page(page)) {
			lru_add_drain();  /* push cached pages to LRU */
			/*
			 * Because we lock page here, and migration is
			 * blocked by the pte's page reference, and we
			 * know the page is still mapped, we don't even
			 * need to check for file-cache page truncation.
			 */
			mlock_vma_page(page);
			unlock_page(page);
		}
	}
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out:
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	pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl);
	return page;
no_page:
	pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl);
	if (!pte_none(pte))
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		return NULL;
	return no_page_table(vma, flags);
}

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static struct page *follow_pmd_mask(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
				    unsigned long address, pud_t *pudp,
				    unsigned int flags, unsigned int *page_mask)
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{
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	pmd_t *pmd, pmdval;
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	spinlock_t *ptl;
	struct page *page;
	struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;

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	pmd = pmd_offset(pudp, address);
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	/*
	 * The READ_ONCE() will stabilize the pmdval in a register or
	 * on the stack so that it will stop changing under the code.
	 */
	pmdval = READ_ONCE(*pmd);
	if (pmd_none(pmdval))
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		return no_page_table(vma, flags);
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	if (pmd_huge(pmdval) && vma->vm_flags & VM_HUGETLB) {
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		page = follow_huge_pmd(mm, address, pmd, flags);
		if (page)
			return page;
		return no_page_table(vma, flags);
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	}
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	if (is_hugepd(__hugepd(pmd_val(pmdval)))) {
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		page = follow_huge_pd(vma, address,
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				      __hugepd(pmd_val(pmdval)), flags,
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				      PMD_SHIFT);
		if (page)
			return page;
		return no_page_table(vma, flags);
	}
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retry:
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	if (!pmd_present(pmdval)) {
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		if (likely(!(flags & FOLL_MIGRATION)))
			return no_page_table(vma, flags);
		VM_BUG_ON(thp_migration_supported() &&
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				  !is_pmd_migration_entry(pmdval));
		if (is_pmd_migration_entry(pmdval))
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			pmd_migration_entry_wait(mm, pmd);
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		pmdval = READ_ONCE(*pmd);
		/*
		 * MADV_DONTNEED may convert the pmd to null because
		 * mmap_sem is held in read mode
		 */
		if (pmd_none(pmdval))
			return no_page_table(vma, flags);
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		goto retry;
	}
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	if (pmd_devmap(pmdval)) {
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		ptl = pmd_lock(mm, pmd);
		page = follow_devmap_pmd(vma, address, pmd, flags);
		spin_unlock(ptl);
		if (page)
			return page;
	}
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	if (likely(!pmd_trans_huge(pmdval)))
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		return follow_page_pte(vma, address, pmd, flags);

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	if ((flags & FOLL_NUMA) && pmd_protnone(pmdval))
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		return no_page_table(vma, flags);

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retry_locked:
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	ptl = pmd_lock(mm, pmd);
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	if (unlikely(pmd_none(*pmd))) {
		spin_unlock(ptl);
		return no_page_table(vma, flags);
	}
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	if (unlikely(!pmd_present(*pmd))) {
		spin_unlock(ptl);
		if (likely(!(flags & FOLL_MIGRATION)))
			return no_page_table(vma, flags);
		pmd_migration_entry_wait(mm, pmd);
		goto retry_locked;
	}
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	if (unlikely(!pmd_trans_huge(*pmd))) {
		spin_unlock(ptl);
		return follow_page_pte(vma, address, pmd, flags);
	}
	if (flags & FOLL_SPLIT) {
		int ret;
		page = pmd_page(*pmd);
		if (is_huge_zero_page(page)) {
			spin_unlock(ptl);
			ret = 0;
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			split_huge_pmd(vma, pmd, address);
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			if (pmd_trans_unstable(pmd))
				ret = -EBUSY;
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		} else {
			get_page(page);
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			spin_unlock(ptl);
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			lock_page(page);
			ret = split_huge_page(page);
			unlock_page(page);
			put_page(page);
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			if (pmd_none(*pmd))
				return no_page_table(vma, flags);
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		}

		return ret ? ERR_PTR(ret) :
			follow_page_pte(vma, address, pmd, flags);
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	}
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	page = follow_trans_huge_pmd(vma, address, pmd, flags);
	spin_unlock(ptl);
	*page_mask = HPAGE_PMD_NR - 1;
	return page;
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}

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static struct page *follow_pud_mask(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
				    unsigned long address, p4d_t *p4dp,
				    unsigned int flags, unsigned int *page_mask)
{
	pud_t *pud;
	spinlock_t *ptl;
	struct page *page;
	struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;

	pud = pud_offset(p4dp, address);
	if (pud_none(*pud))
		return no_page_table(vma, flags);
	if (pud_huge(*pud) && vma->vm_flags & VM_HUGETLB) {
		page = follow_huge_pud(mm, address, pud, flags);
		if (page)
			return page;
		return no_page_table(vma, flags);
	}
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	if (is_hugepd(__hugepd(pud_val(*pud)))) {
		page = follow_huge_pd(vma, address,
				      __hugepd(pud_val(*pud)), flags,
				      PUD_SHIFT);
		if (page)
			return page;
		return no_page_table(vma, flags);
	}
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	if (pud_devmap(*pud)) {
		ptl = pud_lock(mm, pud);
		page = follow_devmap_pud(vma, address, pud, flags);
		spin_unlock(ptl);
		if (page)
			return page;
	}
	if (unlikely(pud_bad(*pud)))
		return no_page_table(vma, flags);

	return follow_pmd_mask(vma, address, pud, flags, page_mask);
}


static struct page *follow_p4d_mask(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
				    unsigned long address, pgd_t *pgdp,
				    unsigned int flags, unsigned int *page_mask)
{
	p4d_t *p4d;
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	struct page *page;
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	p4d = p4d_offset(pgdp, address);
	if (p4d_none(*p4d))
		return no_page_table(vma, flags);
	BUILD_BUG_ON(p4d_huge(*p4d));
	if (unlikely(p4d_bad(*p4d)))
		return no_page_table(vma, flags);

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	if (is_hugepd(__hugepd(p4d_val(*p4d)))) {
		page = follow_huge_pd(vma, address,
				      __hugepd(p4d_val(*p4d)), flags,
				      P4D_SHIFT);
		if (page)
			return page;
		return no_page_table(vma, flags);
	}
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	return follow_pud_mask(vma, address, p4d, flags, page_mask);
}

/**
 * follow_page_mask - look up a page descriptor from a user-virtual address
 * @vma: vm_area_struct mapping @address
 * @address: virtual address to look up
 * @flags: flags modifying lookup behaviour
 * @page_mask: on output, *page_mask is set according to the size of the page
 *
 * @flags can have FOLL_ flags set, defined in <linux/mm.h>
 *
 * Returns the mapped (struct page *), %NULL if no mapping exists, or
 * an error pointer if there is a mapping to something not represented
 * by a page descriptor (see also vm_normal_page()).
 */
struct page *follow_page_mask(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
			      unsigned long address, unsigned int flags,
			      unsigned int *page_mask)
{
	pgd_t *pgd;
	struct page *page;
	struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;

	*page_mask = 0;

	/* make this handle hugepd */
	page = follow_huge_addr(mm, address, flags & FOLL_WRITE);
	if (!IS_ERR(page)) {
		BUG_ON(flags & FOLL_GET);
		return page;
	}

	pgd = pgd_offset(mm, address);

	if (pgd_none(*pgd) || unlikely(pgd_bad(*pgd)))
		return no_page_table(vma, flags);

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	if (pgd_huge(*pgd)) {
		page = follow_huge_pgd(mm, address, pgd, flags);
		if (page)
			return page;
		return no_page_table(vma, flags);
	}
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	if (is_hugepd(__hugepd(pgd_val(*pgd)))) {
		page = follow_huge_pd(vma, address,
				      __hugepd(pgd_val(*pgd)), flags,
				      PGDIR_SHIFT);
		if (page)
			return page;
		return no_page_table(vma, flags);
	}
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	return follow_p4d_mask(vma, address, pgd, flags, page_mask);
}

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static int get_gate_page(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address,
		unsigned int gup_flags, struct vm_area_struct **vma,
		struct page **page)
{
	pgd_t *pgd;
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	p4d_t *p4d;
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	pud_t *pud;
	pmd_t *pmd;
	pte_t *pte;
	int ret = -EFAULT;

	/* user gate pages are read-only */
	if (gup_flags & FOLL_WRITE)
		return -EFAULT;
	if (address > TASK_SIZE)
		pgd = pgd_offset_k(address);
	else
		pgd = pgd_offset_gate(mm, address);
	BUG_ON(pgd_none(*pgd));
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	p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, address);
	BUG_ON(p4d_none(*p4d));
	pud = pud_offset(p4d, address);
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	BUG_ON(pud_none(*pud));
	pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address);
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	if (!pmd_present(*pmd))
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		return -EFAULT;
	VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd));
	pte = pte_offset_map(pmd, address);
	if (pte_none(*pte))
		goto unmap;
	*vma = get_gate_vma(mm);
	if (!page)
		goto out;
	*page = vm_normal_page(*vma, address, *pte);
	if (!*page) {
		if ((gup_flags & FOLL_DUMP) || !is_zero_pfn(pte_pfn(*pte)))
			goto unmap;
		*page = pte_page(*pte);
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		/*
		 * This should never happen (a device public page in the gate
		 * area).
		 */
		if (is_device_public_page(*page))
			goto unmap;
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	}
	get_page(*page);
out:
	ret = 0;
unmap:
	pte_unmap(pte);
	return ret;
}

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/*
 * mmap_sem must be held on entry.  If @nonblocking != NULL and
 * *@flags does not include FOLL_NOWAIT, the mmap_sem may be released.
 * If it is, *@nonblocking will be set to 0 and -EBUSY returned.
 */
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static int faultin_page(struct task_struct *tsk, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
		unsigned long address, unsigned int *flags, int *nonblocking)
{
	unsigned int fault_flags = 0;
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	vm_fault_t ret;
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	/* mlock all present pages, but do not fault in new pages */
	if ((*flags & (FOLL_POPULATE | FOLL_MLOCK)) == FOLL_MLOCK)
		return -ENOENT;
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	if (*flags & FOLL_WRITE)
		fault_flags |= FAULT_FLAG_WRITE;
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	if (*flags & FOLL_REMOTE)
		fault_flags |= FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE;
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	if (nonblocking)
		fault_flags |= FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY;
	if (*flags & FOLL_NOWAIT)
		fault_flags |= FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY | FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT;
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	if (*flags & FOLL_TRIED) {
		VM_WARN_ON_ONCE(fault_flags & FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY);
		fault_flags |= FAULT_FLAG_TRIED;
	}
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	ret = handle_mm_fault(vma, address, fault_flags);
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	if (ret & VM_FAULT_ERROR) {
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		int err = vm_fault_to_errno(ret, *flags);

		if (err)
			return err;
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		BUG();
	}

	if (tsk) {
		if (ret & VM_FAULT_MAJOR)
			tsk->maj_flt++;
		else
			tsk->min_flt++;
	}

	if (ret & VM_FAULT_RETRY) {
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		if (nonblocking && !(fault_flags & FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT))
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			*nonblocking = 0;
		return -EBUSY;
	}

	/*
	 * The VM_FAULT_WRITE bit tells us that do_wp_page has broken COW when
	 * necessary, even if maybe_mkwrite decided not to set pte_write. We
	 * can thus safely do subsequent page lookups as if they were reads.
	 * But only do so when looping for pte_write is futile: in some cases
	 * userspace may also be wanting to write to the gotten user page,
	 * which a read fault here might prevent (a readonly page might get
	 * reCOWed by userspace write).
	 */
	if ((ret & VM_FAULT_WRITE) && !(vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE))
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		*flags |= FOLL_COW;
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	return 0;
}

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static int check_vma_flags(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long gup_flags)
{
	vm_flags_t vm_flags = vma->vm_flags;
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	int write = (gup_flags & FOLL_WRITE);
	int foreign = (gup_flags & FOLL_REMOTE);
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	if (vm_flags & (VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP))
		return -EFAULT;

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	if (gup_flags & FOLL_ANON && !vma_is_anonymous(vma))
		return -EFAULT;

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	if (write) {
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		if (!(vm_flags & VM_WRITE)) {
			if (!(gup_flags & FOLL_FORCE))
				return -EFAULT;
			/*
			 * We used to let the write,force case do COW in a
			 * VM_MAYWRITE VM_SHARED !VM_WRITE vma, so ptrace could
			 * set a breakpoint in a read-only mapping of an
			 * executable, without corrupting the file (yet only
			 * when that file had been opened for writing!).
			 * Anon pages in shared mappings are surprising: now
			 * just reject it.
			 */
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			if (!is_cow_mapping(vm_flags))
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				return -EFAULT;
		}
	} else if (!(vm_flags & VM_READ)) {
		if (!(gup_flags & FOLL_FORCE))
			return -EFAULT;
		/*
		 * Is there actually any vma we can reach here which does not
		 * have VM_MAYREAD set?
		 */
		if (!(vm_flags & VM_MAYREAD))
			return -EFAULT;
	}
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	/*
	 * gups are always data accesses, not instruction
	 * fetches, so execute=false here
	 */
	if (!arch_vma_access_permitted(vma, write, false, foreign))
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		return -EFAULT;
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	return 0;
}

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/**
 * __get_user_pages() - pin user pages in memory
 * @tsk:	task_struct of target task
 * @mm:		mm_struct of target mm
 * @start:	starting user address
 * @nr_pages:	number of pages from start to pin
 * @gup_flags:	flags modifying pin behaviour
 * @pages:	array that receives pointers to the pages pinned.
 *		Should be at least nr_pages long. Or NULL, if caller
 *		only intends to ensure the pages are faulted in.
 * @vmas:	array of pointers to vmas corresponding to each page.
 *		Or NULL if the caller does not require them.
 * @nonblocking: whether waiting for disk IO or mmap_sem contention
 *
 * Returns number of pages pinned. This may be fewer than the number
 * requested. If nr_pages is 0 or negative, returns 0. If no pages
 * were pinned, returns -errno. Each page returned must be released
 * with a put_page() call when it is finished with. vmas will only
 * remain valid while mmap_sem is held.
 *
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 * Must be called with mmap_sem held.  It may be released.  See below.
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 *
 * __get_user_pages walks a process's page tables and takes a reference to
 * each struct page that each user address corresponds to at a given
 * instant. That is, it takes the page that would be accessed if a user
 * thread accesses the given user virtual address at that instant.
 *
 * This does not guarantee that the page exists in the user mappings when
 * __get_user_pages returns, and there may even be a completely different
 * page there in some cases (eg. if mmapped pagecache has been invalidated
 * and subsequently re faulted). However it does guarantee that the page
 * won't be freed completely. And mostly callers simply care that the page
 * contains data that was valid *at some point in time*. Typically, an IO
 * or similar operation cannot guarantee anything stronger anyway because
 * locks can't be held over the syscall boundary.
 *
 * If @gup_flags & FOLL_WRITE == 0, the page must not be written to. If
 * the page is written to, set_page_dirty (or set_page_dirty_lock, as
 * appropriate) must be called after the page is finished with, and
 * before put_page is called.
 *
 * If @nonblocking != NULL, __get_user_pages will not wait for disk IO
 * or mmap_sem contention, and if waiting is needed to pin all pages,
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 * *@nonblocking will be set to 0.  Further, if @gup_flags does not
 * include FOLL_NOWAIT, the mmap_sem will be released via up_read() in
 * this case.
 *
 * A caller using such a combination of @nonblocking and @gup_flags
 * must therefore hold the mmap_sem for reading only, and recognize
 * when it's been released.  Otherwise, it must be held for either
 * reading or writing and will not be released.
652 653 654 655 656
 *
 * In most cases, get_user_pages or get_user_pages_fast should be used
 * instead of __get_user_pages. __get_user_pages should be used only if
 * you need some special @gup_flags.
 */
657
static long __get_user_pages(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm,
658 659 660 661
		unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages,
		unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages,
		struct vm_area_struct **vmas, int *nonblocking)
{
662
	long i = 0;
663
	unsigned int page_mask;
664
	struct vm_area_struct *vma = NULL;
665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679

	if (!nr_pages)
		return 0;

	VM_BUG_ON(!!pages != !!(gup_flags & FOLL_GET));

	/*
	 * If FOLL_FORCE is set then do not force a full fault as the hinting
	 * fault information is unrelated to the reference behaviour of a task
	 * using the address space
	 */
	if (!(gup_flags & FOLL_FORCE))
		gup_flags |= FOLL_NUMA;

	do {
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		struct page *page;
		unsigned int foll_flags = gup_flags;
		unsigned int page_increm;

		/* first iteration or cross vma bound */
		if (!vma || start >= vma->vm_end) {
			vma = find_extend_vma(mm, start);
			if (!vma && in_gate_area(mm, start)) {
				int ret;
				ret = get_gate_page(mm, start & PAGE_MASK,
						gup_flags, &vma,
						pages ? &pages[i] : NULL);
				if (ret)
					return i ? : ret;
				page_mask = 0;
				goto next_page;
			}
697

698 699 700 701 702
			if (!vma || check_vma_flags(vma, gup_flags))
				return i ? : -EFAULT;
			if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma)) {
				i = follow_hugetlb_page(mm, vma, pages, vmas,
						&start, &nr_pages, i,
703
						gup_flags, nonblocking);
704
				continue;
705
			}
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		}
retry:
		/*
		 * If we have a pending SIGKILL, don't keep faulting pages and
		 * potentially allocating memory.
		 */
		if (unlikely(fatal_signal_pending(current)))
			return i ? i : -ERESTARTSYS;
		cond_resched();
		page = follow_page_mask(vma, start, foll_flags, &page_mask);
		if (!page) {
			int ret;
			ret = faultin_page(tsk, vma, start, &foll_flags,
					nonblocking);
			switch (ret) {
			case 0:
				goto retry;
			case -EFAULT:
			case -ENOMEM:
			case -EHWPOISON:
				return i ? i : ret;
			case -EBUSY:
				return i;
			case -ENOENT:
				goto next_page;
731
			}
732
			BUG();
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		} else if (PTR_ERR(page) == -EEXIST) {
			/*
			 * Proper page table entry exists, but no corresponding
			 * struct page.
			 */
			goto next_page;
		} else if (IS_ERR(page)) {
740
			return i ? i : PTR_ERR(page);
741
		}
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		if (pages) {
			pages[i] = page;
			flush_anon_page(vma, page, start);
			flush_dcache_page(page);
			page_mask = 0;
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		}
next_page:
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		if (vmas) {
			vmas[i] = vma;
			page_mask = 0;
		}
		page_increm = 1 + (~(start >> PAGE_SHIFT) & page_mask);
		if (page_increm > nr_pages)
			page_increm = nr_pages;
		i += page_increm;
		start += page_increm * PAGE_SIZE;
		nr_pages -= page_increm;
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	} while (nr_pages);
	return i;
}

763 764
static bool vma_permits_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
			      unsigned int fault_flags)
765
{
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	bool write   = !!(fault_flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE);
	bool foreign = !!(fault_flags & FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE);
768
	vm_flags_t vm_flags = write ? VM_WRITE : VM_READ;
769 770 771 772

	if (!(vm_flags & vma->vm_flags))
		return false;

773 774
	/*
	 * The architecture might have a hardware protection
775
	 * mechanism other than read/write that can deny access.
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	 *
	 * gup always represents data access, not instruction
	 * fetches, so execute=false here:
779
	 */
780
	if (!arch_vma_access_permitted(vma, write, false, foreign))
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		return false;

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	return true;
}

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/*
 * fixup_user_fault() - manually resolve a user page fault
 * @tsk:	the task_struct to use for page fault accounting, or
 *		NULL if faults are not to be recorded.
 * @mm:		mm_struct of target mm
 * @address:	user address
 * @fault_flags:flags to pass down to handle_mm_fault()
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 * @unlocked:	did we unlock the mmap_sem while retrying, maybe NULL if caller
 *		does not allow retry
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 *
 * This is meant to be called in the specific scenario where for locking reasons
 * we try to access user memory in atomic context (within a pagefault_disable()
 * section), this returns -EFAULT, and we want to resolve the user fault before
 * trying again.
 *
 * Typically this is meant to be used by the futex code.
 *
 * The main difference with get_user_pages() is that this function will
 * unconditionally call handle_mm_fault() which will in turn perform all the
 * necessary SW fixup of the dirty and young bits in the PTE, while
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 * get_user_pages() only guarantees to update these in the struct page.
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 *
 * This is important for some architectures where those bits also gate the
 * access permission to the page because they are maintained in software.  On
 * such architectures, gup() will not be enough to make a subsequent access
 * succeed.
 *
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 * This function will not return with an unlocked mmap_sem. So it has not the
 * same semantics wrt the @mm->mmap_sem as does filemap_fault().
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 */
int fixup_user_fault(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm,
817 818
		     unsigned long address, unsigned int fault_flags,
		     bool *unlocked)
819 820
{
	struct vm_area_struct *vma;
821
	vm_fault_t ret, major = 0;
822 823 824

	if (unlocked)
		fault_flags |= FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY;
825

826
retry:
827 828 829 830
	vma = find_extend_vma(mm, address);
	if (!vma || address < vma->vm_start)
		return -EFAULT;

831
	if (!vma_permits_fault(vma, fault_flags))
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		return -EFAULT;

834
	ret = handle_mm_fault(vma, address, fault_flags);
835
	major |= ret & VM_FAULT_MAJOR;
836
	if (ret & VM_FAULT_ERROR) {
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		int err = vm_fault_to_errno(ret, 0);

		if (err)
			return err;
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		BUG();
	}
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	if (ret & VM_FAULT_RETRY) {
		down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
		if (!(fault_flags & FAULT_FLAG_TRIED)) {
			*unlocked = true;
			fault_flags &= ~FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY;
			fault_flags |= FAULT_FLAG_TRIED;
			goto retry;
		}
	}

854
	if (tsk) {
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		if (major)
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			tsk->maj_flt++;
		else
			tsk->min_flt++;
	}
	return 0;
}
862
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fixup_user_fault);
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static __always_inline long __get_user_pages_locked(struct task_struct *tsk,
						struct mm_struct *mm,
						unsigned long start,
						unsigned long nr_pages,
						struct page **pages,
						struct vm_area_struct **vmas,
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						int *locked,
871
						unsigned int flags)
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{
	long ret, pages_done;
	bool lock_dropped;

	if (locked) {
		/* if VM_FAULT_RETRY can be returned, vmas become invalid */
		BUG_ON(vmas);
		/* check caller initialized locked */
		BUG_ON(*locked != 1);
	}

	if (pages)
		flags |= FOLL_GET;

	pages_done = 0;
	lock_dropped = false;
	for (;;) {
		ret = __get_user_pages(tsk, mm, start, nr_pages, flags, pages,
				       vmas, locked);
		if (!locked)
			/* VM_FAULT_RETRY couldn't trigger, bypass */
			return ret;

		/* VM_FAULT_RETRY cannot return errors */
		if (!*locked) {
			BUG_ON(ret < 0);
			BUG_ON(ret >= nr_pages);
		}

		if (!pages)
			/* If it's a prefault don't insist harder */
			return ret;

		if (ret > 0) {
			nr_pages -= ret;
			pages_done += ret;
			if (!nr_pages)
				break;
		}
		if (*locked) {
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			/*
			 * VM_FAULT_RETRY didn't trigger or it was a
			 * FOLL_NOWAIT.
			 */
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			if (!pages_done)
				pages_done = ret;
			break;
		}
		/* VM_FAULT_RETRY triggered, so seek to the faulting offset */
		pages += ret;
		start += ret << PAGE_SHIFT;

		/*
		 * Repeat on the address that fired VM_FAULT_RETRY
		 * without FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY but with
		 * FAULT_FLAG_TRIED.
		 */
		*locked = 1;
		lock_dropped = true;
		down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
		ret = __get_user_pages(tsk, mm, start, 1, flags | FOLL_TRIED,
				       pages, NULL, NULL);
		if (ret != 1) {
			BUG_ON(ret > 1);
			if (!pages_done)
				pages_done = ret;
			break;
		}
		nr_pages--;
		pages_done++;
		if (!nr_pages)
			break;
		pages++;
		start += PAGE_SIZE;
	}
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	if (lock_dropped && *locked) {
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		/*
		 * We must let the caller know we temporarily dropped the lock
		 * and so the critical section protected by it was lost.
		 */
		up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
		*locked = 0;
	}
	return pages_done;
}

/*
 * We can leverage the VM_FAULT_RETRY functionality in the page fault
 * paths better by using either get_user_pages_locked() or
 * get_user_pages_unlocked().
 *
 * get_user_pages_locked() is suitable to replace the form:
 *
 *      down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
 *      do_something()
 *      get_user_pages(tsk, mm, ..., pages, NULL);
 *      up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
 *
 *  to:
 *
 *      int locked = 1;
 *      down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
 *      do_something()
 *      get_user_pages_locked(tsk, mm, ..., pages, &locked);
 *      if (locked)
 *          up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
 */
979
long get_user_pages_locked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages,
980
			   unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages,
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			   int *locked)
{
983
	return __get_user_pages_locked(current, current->mm, start, nr_pages,
984
				       pages, NULL, locked,
985
				       gup_flags | FOLL_TOUCH);
986
}
987
EXPORT_SYMBOL(get_user_pages_locked);
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/*
 * get_user_pages_unlocked() is suitable to replace the form:
 *
 *      down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
 *      get_user_pages(tsk, mm, ..., pages, NULL);
 *      up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
 *
 *  with:
 *
 *      get_user_pages_unlocked(tsk, mm, ..., pages);
 *
 * It is functionally equivalent to get_user_pages_fast so
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 * get_user_pages_fast should be used instead if specific gup_flags
 * (e.g. FOLL_FORCE) are not required.
1003
 */
1004
long get_user_pages_unlocked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages,
1005
			     struct page **pages, unsigned int gup_flags)
1006
{
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	struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
	int locked = 1;
	long ret;

	down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
	ret = __get_user_pages_locked(current, mm, start, nr_pages, pages, NULL,
1013
				      &locked, gup_flags | FOLL_TOUCH);
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	if (locked)
		up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
	return ret;
1017
}
1018
EXPORT_SYMBOL(get_user_pages_unlocked);
1019

1020
/*
1021
 * get_user_pages_remote() - pin user pages in memory
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 * @tsk:	the task_struct to use for page fault accounting, or
 *		NULL if faults are not to be recorded.
 * @mm:		mm_struct of target mm
 * @start:	starting user address
 * @nr_pages:	number of pages from start to pin
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 * @gup_flags:	flags modifying lookup behaviour
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 * @pages:	array that receives pointers to the pages pinned.
 *		Should be at least nr_pages long. Or NULL, if caller
 *		only intends to ensure the pages are faulted in.
 * @vmas:	array of pointers to vmas corresponding to each page.
 *		Or NULL if the caller does not require them.
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 * @locked:	pointer to lock flag indicating whether lock is held and
 *		subsequently whether VM_FAULT_RETRY functionality can be
 *		utilised. Lock must initially be held.
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 *
 * Returns number of pages pinned. This may be fewer than the number
 * requested. If nr_pages is 0 or negative, returns 0. If no pages
 * were pinned, returns -errno. Each page returned must be released
 * with a put_page() call when it is finished with. vmas will only
 * remain valid while mmap_sem is held.
 *
 * Must be called with mmap_sem held for read or write.
 *
 * get_user_pages walks a process's page tables and takes a reference to
 * each struct page that each user address corresponds to at a given
 * instant. That is, it takes the page that would be accessed if a user
 * thread accesses the given user virtual address at that instant.
 *
 * This does not guarantee that the page exists in the user mappings when
 * get_user_pages returns, and there may even be a completely different
 * page there in some cases (eg. if mmapped pagecache has been invalidated
 * and subsequently re faulted). However it does guarantee that the page
 * won't be freed completely. And mostly callers simply care that the page
 * contains data that was valid *at some point in time*. Typically, an IO
 * or similar operation cannot guarantee anything stronger anyway because
 * locks can't be held over the syscall boundary.
 *
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 * If gup_flags & FOLL_WRITE == 0, the page must not be written to. If the page
 * is written to, set_page_dirty (or set_page_dirty_lock, as appropriate) must
 * be called after the page is finished with, and before put_page is called.
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 *
 * get_user_pages is typically used for fewer-copy IO operations, to get a
 * handle on the memory by some means other than accesses via the user virtual
 * addresses. The pages may be submitted for DMA to devices or accessed via
 * their kernel linear mapping (via the kmap APIs). Care should be taken to
 * use the correct cache flushing APIs.
 *
 * See also get_user_pages_fast, for performance critical applications.
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 *
 * get_user_pages should be phased out in favor of
 * get_user_pages_locked|unlocked or get_user_pages_fast. Nothing
 * should use get_user_pages because it cannot pass
 * FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY to handle_mm_fault.
1075
 */
1076 1077
long get_user_pages_remote(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm,
		unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages,
1078
		unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages,
1079
		struct vm_area_struct **vmas, int *locked)
1080
{
1081
	return __get_user_pages_locked(tsk, mm, start, nr_pages, pages, vmas,
1082
				       locked,
1083
				       gup_flags | FOLL_TOUCH | FOLL_REMOTE);
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}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(get_user_pages_remote);

/*
1088 1089
 * This is the same as get_user_pages_remote(), just with a
 * less-flexible calling convention where we assume that the task
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 * and mm being operated on are the current task's and don't allow
 * passing of a locked parameter.  We also obviously don't pass
 * FOLL_REMOTE in here.
1093
 */
1094
long get_user_pages(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages,
1095
		unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages,
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		struct vm_area_struct **vmas)
{
1098
	return __get_user_pages_locked(current, current->mm, start, nr_pages,
1099
				       pages, vmas, NULL,
1100
				       gup_flags | FOLL_TOUCH);
1101
}
1102
EXPORT_SYMBOL(get_user_pages);
1103

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#ifdef CONFIG_FS_DAX
/*
 * This is the same as get_user_pages() in that it assumes we are
 * operating on the current task's mm, but it goes further to validate
 * that the vmas associated with the address range are suitable for
 * longterm elevated page reference counts. For example, filesystem-dax
 * mappings are subject to the lifetime enforced by the filesystem and
 * we need guarantees that longterm users like RDMA and V4L2 only
 * establish mappings that have a kernel enforced revocation mechanism.
 *
 * "longterm" == userspace controlled elevated page count lifetime.
 * Contrast this to iov_iter_get_pages() usages which are transient.
 */
long get_user_pages_longterm(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages,
		unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages,
		struct vm_area_struct **vmas_arg)
{
	struct vm_area_struct **vmas = vmas_arg;
	struct vm_area_struct *vma_prev = NULL;
	long rc, i;

	if (!pages)
		return -EINVAL;

	if (!vmas) {
		vmas = kcalloc(nr_pages, sizeof(struct vm_area_struct *),
			       GFP_KERNEL);
		if (!vmas)
			return -ENOMEM;
	}

	rc = get_user_pages(start, nr_pages, gup_flags, pages, vmas);

	for (i = 0; i < rc; i++) {
		struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmas[i];

		if (vma == vma_prev)
			continue;

		vma_prev = vma;

		if (vma_is_fsdax(vma))
			break;
	}

	/*
	 * Either get_user_pages() failed, or the vma validation
	 * succeeded, in either case we don't need to put_page() before
	 * returning.
	 */
	if (i >= rc)
		goto out;

	for (i = 0; i < rc; i++)
		put_page(pages[i]);
	rc = -EOPNOTSUPP;
out:
	if (vmas != vmas_arg)
		kfree(vmas);
	return rc;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(get_user_pages_longterm);
#endif /* CONFIG_FS_DAX */

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/**
 * populate_vma_page_range() -  populate a range of pages in the vma.
 * @vma:   target vma
 * @start: start address
 * @end:   end address
 * @nonblocking:
 *
 * This takes care of mlocking the pages too if VM_LOCKED is set.
 *
 * return 0 on success, negative error code on error.
 *
 * vma->vm_mm->mmap_sem must be held.
 *
 * If @nonblocking is NULL, it may be held for read or write and will
 * be unperturbed.
 *
 * If @nonblocking is non-NULL, it must held for read only and may be
 * released.  If it's released, *@nonblocking will be set to 0.
 */
long populate_vma_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
		unsigned long start, unsigned long end, int *nonblocking)
{
	struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
	unsigned long nr_pages = (end - start) / PAGE_SIZE;
	int gup_flags;

	VM_BUG_ON(start & ~PAGE_MASK);
	VM_BUG_ON(end   & ~PAGE_MASK);
	VM_BUG_ON_VMA(start < vma->vm_start, vma);
	VM_BUG_ON_VMA(end   > vma->vm_end, vma);
	VM_BUG_ON_MM(!rwsem_is_locked(&mm->mmap_sem), mm);

Eric B Munson's avatar
Eric B Munson committed
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	gup_flags = FOLL_TOUCH | FOLL_POPULATE | FOLL_MLOCK;
	if (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKONFAULT)
		gup_flags &= ~FOLL_POPULATE;
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	/*
	 * We want to touch writable mappings with a write fault in order
	 * to break COW, except for shared mappings because these don't COW
	 * and we would not want to dirty them for nothing.
	 */
	if ((vma->vm_flags & (VM_WRITE | VM_SHARED)) == VM_WRITE)
		gup_flags |= FOLL_WRITE;

	/*
	 * We want mlock to succeed for regions that have any permissions
	 * other than PROT_NONE.
	 */
	if (vma->vm_flags & (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | VM_EXEC))
		gup_flags |= FOLL_FORCE;

	/*
	 * We made sure addr is within a VMA, so the following will
	 * not result in a stack expansion that recurses back here.
	 */
	return __get_user_pages(current, mm, start, nr_pages, gup_flags,
				NULL, NULL, nonblocking);
}

/*
 * __mm_populate - populate and/or mlock pages within a range of address space.
 *
 * This is used to implement mlock() and the MAP_POPULATE / MAP_LOCKED mmap
 * flags. VMAs must be already marked with the desired vm_flags, and
 * mmap_sem must not be held.
 */
int __mm_populate(unsigned long start, unsigned long len, int ignore_errors)
{
	struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
	unsigned long end, nstart, nend;
	struct vm_area_struct *vma = NULL;
	int locked = 0;
	long ret = 0;

	end = start + len;

	for (nstart = start; nstart < end; nstart = nend) {
		/*
		 * We want to fault in pages for [nstart; end) address range.
		 * Find first corresponding VMA.
		 */
		if (!locked) {
			locked = 1;
			down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
			vma = find_vma(mm, nstart);
		} else if (nstart >= vma->vm_end)
			vma = vma->vm_next;
		if (!vma || vma->vm_start >= end)
			break;
		/*
		 * Set [nstart; nend) to intersection of desired address
		 * range with the first VMA. Also, skip undesirable VMA types.
		 */
		nend = min(end, vma->vm_end);
		if (vma->vm_flags & (VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP))
			continue;
		if (nstart < vma->vm_start)
			nstart = vma->vm_start;
		/*
		 * Now fault in a range of pages. populate_vma_page_range()
		 * double checks the vma flags, so that it won't mlock pages
		 * if the vma was already munlocked.
		 */
		ret = populate_vma_page_range(vma, nstart, nend, &locked);
		if (ret < 0) {
			if (ignore_errors) {
				ret = 0;
				continue;	/* continue at next VMA */
			}
			break;
		}
		nend = nstart + ret * PAGE_SIZE;
		ret = 0;
	}
	if (locked)
		up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
	return ret;	/* 0 or negative error code */
}

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