fault.c 23.8 KB
Newer Older
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
/*
 *  Copyright (C) 1995  Linus Torvalds
 *  Copyright (C) 2001,2002 Andi Kleen, SuSE Labs.
 */

#include <linux/signal.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/ptrace.h>
#include <linux/mman.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/smp.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/tty.h>
#include <linux/vt_kern.h>		/* For unblank_screen() */
#include <linux/compiler.h>
Harvey Harrison's avatar
Harvey Harrison committed
21 22
#include <linux/highmem.h>
#include <linux/bootmem.h>		/* for max_low_pfn */
23
#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
24
#include <linux/module.h>
25
#include <linux/kprobes.h>
26
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
27
#include <linux/kdebug.h>
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
28 29

#include <asm/system.h>
Harvey Harrison's avatar
Harvey Harrison committed
30 31
#include <asm/desc.h>
#include <asm/segment.h>
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
32 33 34 35 36 37
#include <asm/pgalloc.h>
#include <asm/smp.h>
#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
#include <asm/proto.h>
#include <asm-generic/sections.h>

38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45
/*
 * Page fault error code bits
 *	bit 0 == 0 means no page found, 1 means protection fault
 *	bit 1 == 0 means read, 1 means write
 *	bit 2 == 0 means kernel, 1 means user-mode
 *	bit 3 == 1 means use of reserved bit detected
 *	bit 4 == 1 means fault was an instruction fetch
 */
46
#define PF_PROT		(1<<0)
47
#define PF_WRITE	(1<<1)
48 49
#define PF_USER		(1<<2)
#define PF_RSVD		(1<<3)
50 51
#define PF_INSTR	(1<<4)

52
static inline int notify_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs)
53
{
54
#ifdef CONFIG_KPROBES
55 56 57
	int ret = 0;

	/* kprobe_running() needs smp_processor_id() */
58 59 60
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
	if (!user_mode_vm(regs)) {
#else
61
	if (!user_mode(regs)) {
62
#endif
63 64 65 66 67
		preempt_disable();
		if (kprobe_running() && kprobe_fault_handler(regs, 14))
			ret = 1;
		preempt_enable();
	}
68

69 70 71 72
	return ret;
#else
	return 0;
#endif
73
}
74

75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87
/*
 * X86_32
 * Sometimes AMD Athlon/Opteron CPUs report invalid exceptions on prefetch.
 * Check that here and ignore it.
 *
 * X86_64
 * Sometimes the CPU reports invalid exceptions on prefetch.
 * Check that here and ignore it.
 *
 * Opcode checker based on code by Richard Brunner
 */
static int is_prefetch(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long addr,
		       unsigned long error_code)
88
{
89
	unsigned char *instr;
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
90
	int scan_more = 1;
91
	int prefetch = 0;
92
	unsigned char *max_instr;
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
93

94
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
95
	if (!(__supported_pte_mask & _PAGE_NX))
96
		return 0;
97 98
#endif

Harvey Harrison's avatar
Harvey Harrison committed
99
	/* If it was a exec fault on NX page, ignore */
100
	if (error_code & PF_INSTR)
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
101
		return 0;
102

103
	instr = (unsigned char *)convert_ip_to_linear(current, regs);
104
	max_instr = instr + 15;
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
105

106
	if (user_mode(regs) && instr >= (unsigned char *)TASK_SIZE)
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
107 108
		return 0;

109
	while (scan_more && instr < max_instr) {
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
110 111 112 113
		unsigned char opcode;
		unsigned char instr_hi;
		unsigned char instr_lo;

114
		if (probe_kernel_address(instr, opcode))
115
			break;
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
116

117 118
		instr_hi = opcode & 0xf0;
		instr_lo = opcode & 0x0f;
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
119 120
		instr++;

121
		switch (instr_hi) {
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
122 123
		case 0x20:
		case 0x30:
124 125 126 127 128 129
			/*
			 * Values 0x26,0x2E,0x36,0x3E are valid x86 prefixes.
			 * In X86_64 long mode, the CPU will signal invalid
			 * opcode if some of these prefixes are present so
			 * X86_64 will never get here anyway
			 */
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
130 131
			scan_more = ((instr_lo & 7) == 0x6);
			break;
132
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
133
		case 0x40:
134 135 136 137 138 139 140
			/*
			 * In AMD64 long mode 0x40..0x4F are valid REX prefixes
			 * Need to figure out under what instruction mode the
			 * instruction was issued. Could check the LDT for lm,
			 * but for now it's good enough to assume that long
			 * mode only uses well known segments or kernel.
			 */
141
			scan_more = (!user_mode(regs)) || (regs->cs == __USER_CS);
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
142
			break;
143
#endif
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
144 145 146
		case 0x60:
			/* 0x64 thru 0x67 are valid prefixes in all modes. */
			scan_more = (instr_lo & 0xC) == 0x4;
147
			break;
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
148
		case 0xF0:
149
			/* 0xF0, 0xF2, 0xF3 are valid prefixes in all modes. */
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
150
			scan_more = !instr_lo || (instr_lo>>1) == 1;
151
			break;
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
152 153 154
		case 0x00:
			/* Prefetch instruction is 0x0F0D or 0x0F18 */
			scan_more = 0;
155

156
			if (probe_kernel_address(instr, opcode))
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
157 158 159
				break;
			prefetch = (instr_lo == 0xF) &&
				(opcode == 0x0D || opcode == 0x18);
160
			break;
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
161 162 163
		default:
			scan_more = 0;
			break;
164
		}
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
165 166 167 168
	}
	return prefetch;
}

169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180
static void force_sig_info_fault(int si_signo, int si_code,
	unsigned long address, struct task_struct *tsk)
{
	siginfo_t info;

	info.si_signo = si_signo;
	info.si_errno = 0;
	info.si_code = si_code;
	info.si_addr = (void __user *)address;
	force_sig_info(si_signo, &info, tsk);
}

181
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
182 183
static int bad_address(void *p)
{
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
184
	unsigned long dummy;
185
	return probe_kernel_address((unsigned long *)p, dummy);
186
}
187
#endif
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
188 189 190

void dump_pagetable(unsigned long address)
{
191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
	__typeof__(pte_val(__pte(0))) page;

	page = read_cr3();
	page = ((__typeof__(page) *) __va(page))[address >> PGDIR_SHIFT];
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
	printk("*pdpt = %016Lx ", page);
	if ((page >> PAGE_SHIFT) < max_low_pfn
	    && page & _PAGE_PRESENT) {
		page &= PAGE_MASK;
		page = ((__typeof__(page) *) __va(page))[(address >> PMD_SHIFT)
		                                         & (PTRS_PER_PMD - 1)];
		printk(KERN_CONT "*pde = %016Lx ", page);
		page &= ~_PAGE_NX;
	}
#else
	printk("*pde = %08lx ", page);
#endif

	/*
	 * We must not directly access the pte in the highpte
	 * case if the page table is located in highmem.
	 * And let's rather not kmap-atomic the pte, just in case
	 * it's allocated already.
	 */
	if ((page >> PAGE_SHIFT) < max_low_pfn
	    && (page & _PAGE_PRESENT)
	    && !(page & _PAGE_PSE)) {
		page &= PAGE_MASK;
		page = ((__typeof__(page) *) __va(page))[(address >> PAGE_SHIFT)
		                                         & (PTRS_PER_PTE - 1)];
		printk("*pte = %0*Lx ", sizeof(page)*2, (u64)page);
	}

	printk("\n");
#else /* CONFIG_X86_64 */
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
227 228 229 230 231
	pgd_t *pgd;
	pud_t *pud;
	pmd_t *pmd;
	pte_t *pte;

232
	pgd = (pgd_t *)read_cr3();
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
233

234
	pgd = __va((unsigned long)pgd & PHYSICAL_PAGE_MASK);
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
235 236
	pgd += pgd_index(address);
	if (bad_address(pgd)) goto bad;
237
	printk("PGD %lx ", pgd_val(*pgd));
238
	if (!pgd_present(*pgd)) goto ret;
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
239

240
	pud = pud_offset(pgd, address);
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
241 242 243 244 245 246 247
	if (bad_address(pud)) goto bad;
	printk("PUD %lx ", pud_val(*pud));
	if (!pud_present(*pud))	goto ret;

	pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address);
	if (bad_address(pmd)) goto bad;
	printk("PMD %lx ", pmd_val(*pmd));
248
	if (!pmd_present(*pmd) || pmd_large(*pmd)) goto ret;
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
249 250 251

	pte = pte_offset_kernel(pmd, address);
	if (bad_address(pte)) goto bad;
252
	printk("PTE %lx", pte_val(*pte));
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
253 254 255 256 257
ret:
	printk("\n");
	return;
bad:
	printk("BAD\n");
258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295
#endif
}

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
static inline pmd_t *vmalloc_sync_one(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address)
{
	unsigned index = pgd_index(address);
	pgd_t *pgd_k;
	pud_t *pud, *pud_k;
	pmd_t *pmd, *pmd_k;

	pgd += index;
	pgd_k = init_mm.pgd + index;

	if (!pgd_present(*pgd_k))
		return NULL;

	/*
	 * set_pgd(pgd, *pgd_k); here would be useless on PAE
	 * and redundant with the set_pmd() on non-PAE. As would
	 * set_pud.
	 */

	pud = pud_offset(pgd, address);
	pud_k = pud_offset(pgd_k, address);
	if (!pud_present(*pud_k))
		return NULL;

	pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address);
	pmd_k = pmd_offset(pud_k, address);
	if (!pmd_present(*pmd_k))
		return NULL;
	if (!pmd_present(*pmd)) {
		set_pmd(pmd, *pmd_k);
		arch_flush_lazy_mmu_mode();
	} else
		BUG_ON(pmd_page(*pmd) != pmd_page(*pmd_k));
	return pmd_k;
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
296
}
297
#endif
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
298

299
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
300
static const char errata93_warning[] =
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
301 302 303 304
KERN_ERR "******* Your BIOS seems to not contain a fix for K8 errata #93\n"
KERN_ERR "******* Working around it, but it may cause SEGVs or burn power.\n"
KERN_ERR "******* Please consider a BIOS update.\n"
KERN_ERR "******* Disabling USB legacy in the BIOS may also help.\n";
305
#endif
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
306 307 308

/* Workaround for K8 erratum #93 & buggy BIOS.
   BIOS SMM functions are required to use a specific workaround
309 310
   to avoid corruption of the 64bit RIP register on C stepping K8.
   A lot of BIOS that didn't get tested properly miss this.
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
311 312
   The OS sees this as a page fault with the upper 32bits of RIP cleared.
   Try to work around it here.
313 314 315
   Note we only handle faults in kernel here.
   Does nothing for X86_32
 */
316
static int is_errata93(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address)
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
317
{
318
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
319
	static int warned;
320
	if (address != regs->ip)
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
321
		return 0;
322
	if ((address >> 32) != 0)
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
323 324
		return 0;
	address |= 0xffffffffUL << 32;
325 326
	if ((address >= (u64)_stext && address <= (u64)_etext) ||
	    (address >= MODULES_VADDR && address <= MODULES_END)) {
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
327
		if (!warned) {
328
			printk(errata93_warning);
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
329 330
			warned = 1;
		}
331
		regs->ip = address;
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
332 333
		return 1;
	}
334
#endif
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
335
	return 0;
336
}
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
337

338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353
/*
 * Work around K8 erratum #100 K8 in compat mode occasionally jumps to illegal
 * addresses >4GB.  We catch this in the page fault handler because these
 * addresses are not reachable. Just detect this case and return.  Any code
 * segment in LDT is compatibility mode.
 */
static int is_errata100(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
	if ((regs->cs == __USER32_CS || (regs->cs & (1<<2))) &&
	    (address >> 32))
		return 1;
#endif
	return 0;
}

354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374
void do_invalid_op(struct pt_regs *, unsigned long);

static int is_f00f_bug(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_F00F_BUG
	unsigned long nr;
	/*
	 * Pentium F0 0F C7 C8 bug workaround.
	 */
	if (boot_cpu_data.f00f_bug) {
		nr = (address - idt_descr.address) >> 3;

		if (nr == 6) {
			do_invalid_op(regs, 0);
			return 1;
		}
	}
#endif
	return 0;
}

375 376 377
static void show_fault_oops(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code,
			    unsigned long address)
{
378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
	if (!oops_may_print())
		return;

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
	if (error_code & PF_INSTR) {
		int level;
		pte_t *pte = lookup_address(address, &level);

		if (pte && pte_present(*pte) && !pte_exec(*pte))
			printk(KERN_CRIT "kernel tried to execute "
				"NX-protected page - exploit attempt? "
				"(uid: %d)\n", current->uid);
	}
#endif
	printk(KERN_ALERT "BUG: unable to handle kernel ");
	if (address < PAGE_SIZE)
		printk(KERN_CONT "NULL pointer dereference");
	else
		printk(KERN_CONT "paging request");
	printk(KERN_CONT " at %08lx\n", address);

	printk(KERN_ALERT "IP:");
	printk_address(regs->ip, 1);
	dump_pagetable(address);
#else /* CONFIG_X86_64 */
404
	printk(KERN_ALERT "BUG: unable to handle kernel ");
405
	if (address < PAGE_SIZE)
406
		printk(KERN_CONT "NULL pointer dereference");
407
	else
408 409 410 411
		printk(KERN_CONT "paging request");
	printk(KERN_CONT " at %016lx\n", address);

	printk(KERN_ALERT "IP:");
412 413
	printk_address(regs->ip, 1);
	dump_pagetable(address);
414
#endif
415 416
}

417
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
418 419 420
static noinline void pgtable_bad(unsigned long address, struct pt_regs *regs,
				 unsigned long error_code)
{
421
	unsigned long flags = oops_begin();
422
	struct task_struct *tsk;
423

Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
424 425 426
	printk(KERN_ALERT "%s: Corrupted page table at address %lx\n",
	       current->comm, address);
	dump_pagetable(address);
427 428 429 430
	tsk = current;
	tsk->thread.cr2 = address;
	tsk->thread.trap_no = 14;
	tsk->thread.error_code = error_code;
431 432 433
	if (__die("Bad pagetable", regs, error_code))
		regs = NULL;
	oops_end(flags, regs, SIGKILL);
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
434
}
435
#endif
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
436 437

/*
438 439 440 441
 * X86_32
 * Handle a fault on the vmalloc or module mapping area
 *
 * X86_64
442
 * Handle a fault on the vmalloc area
443 444
 *
 * This assumes no large pages in there.
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
445 446 447
 */
static int vmalloc_fault(unsigned long address)
{
448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
	unsigned long pgd_paddr;
	pmd_t *pmd_k;
	pte_t *pte_k;
	/*
	 * Synchronize this task's top level page-table
	 * with the 'reference' page table.
	 *
	 * Do _not_ use "current" here. We might be inside
	 * an interrupt in the middle of a task switch..
	 */
	pgd_paddr = read_cr3();
	pmd_k = vmalloc_sync_one(__va(pgd_paddr), address);
	if (!pmd_k)
		return -1;
	pte_k = pte_offset_kernel(pmd_k, address);
	if (!pte_present(*pte_k))
		return -1;
	return 0;
#else
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482
	pgd_t *pgd, *pgd_ref;
	pud_t *pud, *pud_ref;
	pmd_t *pmd, *pmd_ref;
	pte_t *pte, *pte_ref;

	/* Copy kernel mappings over when needed. This can also
	   happen within a race in page table update. In the later
	   case just flush. */

	pgd = pgd_offset(current->mm ?: &init_mm, address);
	pgd_ref = pgd_offset_k(address);
	if (pgd_none(*pgd_ref))
		return -1;
	if (pgd_none(*pgd))
		set_pgd(pgd, *pgd_ref);
483
	else
484
		BUG_ON(pgd_page_vaddr(*pgd) != pgd_page_vaddr(*pgd_ref));
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492

	/* Below here mismatches are bugs because these lower tables
	   are shared */

	pud = pud_offset(pgd, address);
	pud_ref = pud_offset(pgd_ref, address);
	if (pud_none(*pud_ref))
		return -1;
493
	if (pud_none(*pud) || pud_page_vaddr(*pud) != pud_page_vaddr(*pud_ref))
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504
		BUG();
	pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address);
	pmd_ref = pmd_offset(pud_ref, address);
	if (pmd_none(*pmd_ref))
		return -1;
	if (pmd_none(*pmd) || pmd_page(*pmd) != pmd_page(*pmd_ref))
		BUG();
	pte_ref = pte_offset_kernel(pmd_ref, address);
	if (!pte_present(*pte_ref))
		return -1;
	pte = pte_offset_kernel(pmd, address);
505 506 507 508
	/* Don't use pte_page here, because the mappings can point
	   outside mem_map, and the NUMA hash lookup cannot handle
	   that. */
	if (!pte_present(*pte) || pte_pfn(*pte) != pte_pfn(*pte_ref))
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
509 510
		BUG();
	return 0;
511
#endif
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
512 513
}

514
int show_unhandled_signals = 1;
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
515 516 517 518 519 520

/*
 * This routine handles page faults.  It determines the address,
 * and the problem, and then passes it off to one of the appropriate
 * routines.
 */
521 522 523 524
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
asmlinkage
#endif
void __kprobes do_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code)
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
525 526 527
{
	struct task_struct *tsk;
	struct mm_struct *mm;
528
	struct vm_area_struct *vma;
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
529
	unsigned long address;
530 531 532
	int write, si_code;
	int fault;
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
533
	unsigned long flags;
534
#endif
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
535

Peter Zijlstra's avatar
Peter Zijlstra committed
536 537 538 539 540
	/*
	 * We can fault from pretty much anywhere, with unknown IRQ state.
	 */
	trace_hardirqs_fixup();

541 542 543 544
	tsk = current;
	mm = tsk->mm;
	prefetchw(&mm->mmap_sem);

Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
545
	/* get the address */
546
	address = read_cr2();
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
547

548
	si_code = SEGV_MAPERR;
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
549

550 551
	if (notify_page_fault(regs))
		return;
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563

	/*
	 * We fault-in kernel-space virtual memory on-demand. The
	 * 'reference' page table is init_mm.pgd.
	 *
	 * NOTE! We MUST NOT take any locks for this case. We may
	 * be in an interrupt or a critical region, and should
	 * only copy the information from the master page table,
	 * nothing more.
	 *
	 * This verifies that the fault happens in kernel space
	 * (error_code & 4) == 0, and that the fault was not a
564
	 * protection error (error_code & 9) == 0.
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
565
	 */
566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
	if (unlikely(address >= TASK_SIZE)) {
		if (!(error_code & (PF_RSVD|PF_USER|PF_PROT)) &&
		    vmalloc_fault(address) >= 0)
			return;
		/*
		 * Don't take the mm semaphore here. If we fixup a prefetch
		 * fault we could otherwise deadlock.
		 */
		goto bad_area_nosemaphore;
	}

	/* It's safe to allow irq's after cr2 has been saved and the vmalloc
	   fault has been handled. */
	if (regs->flags & (X86_EFLAGS_IF|VM_MASK))
		local_irq_enable();

	/*
	 * If we're in an interrupt, have no user context or are running in an
	 * atomic region then we must not take the fault.
	 */
	if (in_atomic() || !mm)
		goto bad_area_nosemaphore;
#else /* CONFIG_X86_64 */
590
	if (unlikely(address >= TASK_SIZE64)) {
591 592 593 594 595
		/*
		 * Don't check for the module range here: its PML4
		 * is always initialized because it's shared with the main
		 * kernel text. Only vmalloc may need PML4 syncups.
		 */
596
		if (!(error_code & (PF_RSVD|PF_USER|PF_PROT)) &&
597
		      ((address >= VMALLOC_START && address < VMALLOC_END))) {
598 599
			if (vmalloc_fault(address) >= 0)
				return;
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
600 601 602 603 604 605 606
		}
		/*
		 * Don't take the mm semaphore here. If we fixup a prefetch
		 * fault we could otherwise deadlock.
		 */
		goto bad_area_nosemaphore;
	}
607
	if (likely(regs->flags & X86_EFLAGS_IF))
608 609
		local_irq_enable();

610
	if (unlikely(error_code & PF_RSVD))
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
611 612 613
		pgtable_bad(address, regs, error_code);

	/*
614 615
	 * If we're in an interrupt, have no user context or are running in an
	 * atomic region then we must not take the fault.
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
616 617 618 619
	 */
	if (unlikely(in_atomic() || !mm))
		goto bad_area_nosemaphore;

620 621 622 623 624 625
	/*
	 * User-mode registers count as a user access even for any
	 * potential system fault or CPU buglet.
	 */
	if (user_mode_vm(regs))
		error_code |= PF_USER;
626 627
again:
#endif
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
628 629
	/* When running in the kernel we expect faults to occur only to
	 * addresses in user space.  All other faults represent errors in the
Simon Arlott's avatar
Simon Arlott committed
630
	 * kernel and should generate an OOPS.  Unfortunately, in the case of an
631
	 * erroneous fault occurring in a code path which already holds mmap_sem
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
632 633 634 635 636 637
	 * we will deadlock attempting to validate the fault against the
	 * address space.  Luckily the kernel only validly references user
	 * space from well defined areas of code, which are listed in the
	 * exceptions table.
	 *
	 * As the vast majority of faults will be valid we will only perform
Simon Arlott's avatar
Simon Arlott committed
638
	 * the source reference check when there is a possibility of a deadlock.
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
639 640 641 642 643
	 * Attempt to lock the address space, if we cannot we then validate the
	 * source.  If this is invalid we can skip the address space check,
	 * thus avoiding the deadlock.
	 */
	if (!down_read_trylock(&mm->mmap_sem)) {
644
		if ((error_code & PF_USER) == 0 &&
645
		    !search_exception_tables(regs->ip))
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
646 647 648 649 650 651 652
			goto bad_area_nosemaphore;
		down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
	}

	vma = find_vma(mm, address);
	if (!vma)
		goto bad_area;
653 654 655
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
	if (vma->vm_start <= address)
#else
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
656
	if (likely(vma->vm_start <= address))
657
#endif
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
658 659 660
		goto good_area;
	if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSDOWN))
		goto bad_area;
661
	if (error_code & PF_USER) {
662 663 664 665 666
		/*
		 * Accessing the stack below %sp is always a bug.
		 * The large cushion allows instructions like enter
		 * and pusha to work.  ("enter $65535,$31" pushes
		 * 32 pointers and then decrements %sp by 65535.)
667
		 */
668
		if (address + 65536 + 32 * sizeof(unsigned long) < regs->sp)
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677
			goto bad_area;
	}
	if (expand_stack(vma, address))
		goto bad_area;
/*
 * Ok, we have a good vm_area for this memory access, so
 * we can handle it..
 */
good_area:
678
	si_code = SEGV_ACCERR;
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
679
	write = 0;
680
	switch (error_code & (PF_PROT|PF_WRITE)) {
681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691
	default:	/* 3: write, present */
		/* fall through */
	case PF_WRITE:		/* write, not present */
		if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE))
			goto bad_area;
		write++;
		break;
	case PF_PROT:		/* read, present */
		goto bad_area;
	case 0:			/* read, not present */
		if (!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_READ | VM_EXEC | VM_WRITE)))
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
692 693 694
			goto bad_area;
	}

695 696 697
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
survive:
#endif
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
698 699 700 701 702
	/*
	 * If for any reason at all we couldn't handle the fault,
	 * make sure we exit gracefully rather than endlessly redo
	 * the fault.
	 */
Nick Piggin's avatar
Nick Piggin committed
703 704 705 706 707 708 709
	fault = handle_mm_fault(mm, vma, address, write);
	if (unlikely(fault & VM_FAULT_ERROR)) {
		if (fault & VM_FAULT_OOM)
			goto out_of_memory;
		else if (fault & VM_FAULT_SIGBUS)
			goto do_sigbus;
		BUG();
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
710
	}
Nick Piggin's avatar
Nick Piggin committed
711 712 713 714
	if (fault & VM_FAULT_MAJOR)
		tsk->maj_flt++;
	else
		tsk->min_flt++;
715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
	/*
	 * Did it hit the DOS screen memory VA from vm86 mode?
	 */
	if (v8086_mode(regs)) {
		unsigned long bit = (address - 0xA0000) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
		if (bit < 32)
			tsk->thread.screen_bitmap |= 1 << bit;
	}
#endif
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737
	up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
	return;

/*
 * Something tried to access memory that isn't in our memory map..
 * Fix it, but check if it's kernel or user first..
 */
bad_area:
	up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);

bad_area_nosemaphore:
	/* User mode accesses just cause a SIGSEGV */
738
	if (error_code & PF_USER) {
739 740 741 742 743
		/*
		 * It's possible to have interrupts off here.
		 */
		local_irq_enable();

744 745 746 747
		/*
		 * Valid to do another page fault here because this one came
		 * from user space.
		 */
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
748 749 750
		if (is_prefetch(regs, address, error_code))
			return;

751
		if (is_errata100(regs, address))
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
752 753
			return;

754 755
		if (show_unhandled_signals && unhandled_signal(tsk, SIGSEGV) &&
		    printk_ratelimit()) {
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
756
			printk(
757
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
758
			"%s%s[%d]: segfault at %lx ip %08lx sp %08lx error %lx",
759
#else
760
			"%s%s[%d]: segfault at %lx ip %lx sp %lx error %lx",
761 762 763 764
#endif
			task_pid_nr(tsk) > 1 ? KERN_INFO : KERN_EMERG,
			tsk->comm, task_pid_nr(tsk), address, regs->ip,
			regs->sp, error_code);
765 766
			print_vma_addr(" in ", regs->ip);
			printk("\n");
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
767
		}
768

Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
769 770 771 772
		tsk->thread.cr2 = address;
		/* Kernel addresses are always protection faults */
		tsk->thread.error_code = error_code | (address >= TASK_SIZE);
		tsk->thread.trap_no = 14;
773
		force_sig_info_fault(SIGSEGV, si_code, address, tsk);
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
774 775 776
		return;
	}

777 778 779
	if (is_f00f_bug(regs, address))
		return;

Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
780 781
no_context:
	/* Are we prepared to handle this kernel fault?  */
782
	if (fixup_exception(regs))
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
783 784
		return;

785
	/*
786 787 788 789 790 791
	 * X86_32
	 * Valid to do another page fault here, because if this fault
	 * had been triggered by is_prefetch fixup_exception would have
	 * handled it.
	 *
	 * X86_64
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
792 793
	 * Hall of shame of CPU/BIOS bugs.
	 */
794 795
	if (is_prefetch(regs, address, error_code))
		return;
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
796 797

	if (is_errata93(regs, address))
798
		return;
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
799 800 801 802 803

/*
 * Oops. The kernel tried to access some bad page. We'll have to
 * terminate things with extreme prejudice.
 */
804 805 806 807
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
	bust_spinlocks(1);

	show_fault_oops(regs, error_code, address);
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
808

809 810 811 812 813 814 815
	tsk->thread.cr2 = address;
	tsk->thread.trap_no = 14;
	tsk->thread.error_code = error_code;
	die("Oops", regs, error_code);
	bust_spinlocks(0);
	do_exit(SIGKILL);
#else /* CONFIG_X86_64 */
816
	flags = oops_begin();
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
817

818 819
	show_fault_oops(regs, error_code, address);

820 821 822
	tsk->thread.cr2 = address;
	tsk->thread.trap_no = 14;
	tsk->thread.error_code = error_code;
823 824
	if (__die("Oops", regs, error_code))
		regs = NULL;
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
825 826
	/* Executive summary in case the body of the oops scrolled away */
	printk(KERN_EMERG "CR2: %016lx\n", address);
827
	oops_end(flags, regs, SIGKILL);
828
#endif
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
829 830 831 832 833 834 835

/*
 * We ran out of memory, or some other thing happened to us that made
 * us unable to handle the page fault gracefully.
 */
out_of_memory:
	up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
836 837 838 839 840 841 842
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
	if (is_global_init(tsk)) {
		yield();
		down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
		goto survive;
	}
#else
843
	if (is_global_init(current)) {
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
844 845 846
		yield();
		goto again;
	}
847
#endif
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
848
	printk("VM: killing process %s\n", tsk->comm);
849
	if (error_code & PF_USER)
850
		do_group_exit(SIGKILL);
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
851 852 853 854 855 856
	goto no_context;

do_sigbus:
	up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);

	/* Kernel mode? Handle exceptions or die */
857
	if (!(error_code & PF_USER))
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
858
		goto no_context;
859 860 861 862 863
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
	/* User space => ok to do another page fault */
	if (is_prefetch(regs, address, error_code))
		return;
#endif
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
864 865 866
	tsk->thread.cr2 = address;
	tsk->thread.error_code = error_code;
	tsk->thread.trap_no = 14;
867
	force_sig_info_fault(SIGBUS, BUS_ADRERR, address, tsk);
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
868
}
869

870
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
871
DEFINE_SPINLOCK(pgd_lock);
872
LIST_HEAD(pgd_list);
873
#endif
874 875 876

void vmalloc_sync_all(void)
{
877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
	/*
	 * Note that races in the updates of insync and start aren't
	 * problematic: insync can only get set bits added, and updates to
	 * start are only improving performance (without affecting correctness
	 * if undone).
	 */
	static DECLARE_BITMAP(insync, PTRS_PER_PGD);
	static unsigned long start = TASK_SIZE;
	unsigned long address;

	if (SHARED_KERNEL_PMD)
		return;

	BUILD_BUG_ON(TASK_SIZE & ~PGDIR_MASK);
	for (address = start; address >= TASK_SIZE; address += PGDIR_SIZE) {
		if (!test_bit(pgd_index(address), insync)) {
			unsigned long flags;
			struct page *page;

			spin_lock_irqsave(&pgd_lock, flags);
			for (page = pgd_list; page; page =
					(struct page *)page->index)
				if (!vmalloc_sync_one(page_address(page),
								address)) {
					BUG_ON(page != pgd_list);
					break;
				}
			spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pgd_lock, flags);
			if (!page)
				set_bit(pgd_index(address), insync);
		}
		if (address == start && test_bit(pgd_index(address), insync))
			start = address + PGDIR_SIZE;
	}
#else /* CONFIG_X86_64 */
913 914 915 916 917 918
	/*
	 * Note that races in the updates of insync and start aren't
	 * problematic: insync can only get set bits added, and updates to
	 * start are only improving performance (without affecting correctness
	 * if undone).
	 */
919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930
	static DECLARE_BITMAP(insync, PTRS_PER_PGD);
	static unsigned long start = VMALLOC_START & PGDIR_MASK;
	unsigned long address;

	for (address = start; address <= VMALLOC_END; address += PGDIR_SIZE) {
		if (!test_bit(pgd_index(address), insync)) {
			const pgd_t *pgd_ref = pgd_offset_k(address);
			struct page *page;

			if (pgd_none(*pgd_ref))
				continue;
			spin_lock(&pgd_lock);
931
			list_for_each_entry(page, &pgd_list, lru) {
932 933 934 935 936
				pgd_t *pgd;
				pgd = (pgd_t *)page_address(page) + pgd_index(address);
				if (pgd_none(*pgd))
					set_pgd(pgd, *pgd_ref);
				else
937
					BUG_ON(pgd_page_vaddr(*pgd) != pgd_page_vaddr(*pgd_ref));
938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946
			}
			spin_unlock(&pgd_lock);
			set_bit(pgd_index(address), insync);
		}
		if (address == start)
			start = address + PGDIR_SIZE;
	}
	/* Check that there is no need to do the same for the modules area. */
	BUILD_BUG_ON(!(MODULES_VADDR > __START_KERNEL));
947
	BUILD_BUG_ON(!(((MODULES_END - 1) & PGDIR_MASK) ==
948
				(__START_KERNEL & PGDIR_MASK)));
949
#endif
950
}