Commit 0316bec2 authored by Andrey Ryabinin's avatar Andrey Ryabinin Committed by Linus Torvalds
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mm: slub: add kernel address sanitizer support for slub allocator



With this patch kasan will be able to catch bugs in memory allocated by
slub.  Initially all objects in newly allocated slab page, marked as
redzone.  Later, when allocation of slub object happens, requested by
caller number of bytes marked as accessible, and the rest of the object
(including slub's metadata) marked as redzone (inaccessible).

We also mark object as accessible if ksize was called for this object.
There is some places in kernel where ksize function is called to inquire
size of really allocated area.  Such callers could validly access whole
allocated memory, so it should be marked as accessible.

Code in slub.c and slab_common.c files could validly access to object's
metadata, so instrumentation for this files are disabled.
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrey Ryabinin <a.ryabinin@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarDmitry Chernenkov <dmitryc@google.com>
Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
Cc: Konstantin Serebryany <kcc@google.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrey Konovalov <adech.fo@gmail.com>
Cc: Yuri Gribov <tetra2005@gmail.com>
Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <koct9i@gmail.com>
Cc: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
parent a79316c6
......@@ -37,6 +37,18 @@ void kasan_unpoison_shadow(const void *address, size_t size);
void kasan_alloc_pages(struct page *page, unsigned int order);
void kasan_free_pages(struct page *page, unsigned int order);
void kasan_poison_slab(struct page *page);
void kasan_unpoison_object_data(struct kmem_cache *cache, void *object);
void kasan_poison_object_data(struct kmem_cache *cache, void *object);
void kasan_kmalloc_large(const void *ptr, size_t size);
void kasan_kfree_large(const void *ptr);
void kasan_kmalloc(struct kmem_cache *s, const void *object, size_t size);
void kasan_krealloc(const void *object, size_t new_size);
void kasan_slab_alloc(struct kmem_cache *s, void *object);
void kasan_slab_free(struct kmem_cache *s, void *object);
#else /* CONFIG_KASAN */
static inline void kasan_unpoison_shadow(const void *address, size_t size) {}
......@@ -47,6 +59,21 @@ static inline void kasan_disable_current(void) {}
static inline void kasan_alloc_pages(struct page *page, unsigned int order) {}
static inline void kasan_free_pages(struct page *page, unsigned int order) {}
static inline void kasan_poison_slab(struct page *page) {}
static inline void kasan_unpoison_object_data(struct kmem_cache *cache,
void *object) {}
static inline void kasan_poison_object_data(struct kmem_cache *cache,
void *object) {}
static inline void kasan_kmalloc_large(void *ptr, size_t size) {}
static inline void kasan_kfree_large(const void *ptr) {}
static inline void kasan_kmalloc(struct kmem_cache *s, const void *object,
size_t size) {}
static inline void kasan_krealloc(const void *object, size_t new_size) {}
static inline void kasan_slab_alloc(struct kmem_cache *s, void *object) {}
static inline void kasan_slab_free(struct kmem_cache *s, void *object) {}
#endif /* CONFIG_KASAN */
#endif /* LINUX_KASAN_H */
......@@ -104,6 +104,7 @@
(unsigned long)ZERO_SIZE_PTR)
#include <linux/kmemleak.h>
#include <linux/kasan.h>
struct mem_cgroup;
/*
......@@ -325,7 +326,10 @@ kmem_cache_alloc_node_trace(struct kmem_cache *s,
static __always_inline void *kmem_cache_alloc_trace(struct kmem_cache *s,
gfp_t flags, size_t size)
{
return kmem_cache_alloc(s, flags);
void *ret = kmem_cache_alloc(s, flags);
kasan_kmalloc(s, ret, size);
return ret;
}
static __always_inline void *
......@@ -333,7 +337,10 @@ kmem_cache_alloc_node_trace(struct kmem_cache *s,
gfp_t gfpflags,
int node, size_t size)
{
return kmem_cache_alloc_node(s, gfpflags, node);
void *ret = kmem_cache_alloc_node(s, gfpflags, node);
kasan_kmalloc(s, ret, size);
return ret;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_TRACING */
......
......@@ -5,6 +5,7 @@ if HAVE_ARCH_KASAN
config KASAN
bool "KASan: runtime memory debugger"
depends on SLUB_DEBUG
help
Enables kernel address sanitizer - runtime memory debugger,
designed to find out-of-bounds accesses and use-after-free bugs.
......
......@@ -2,6 +2,9 @@
# Makefile for the linux memory manager.
#
KASAN_SANITIZE_slab_common.o := n
KASAN_SANITIZE_slub.o := n
mmu-y := nommu.o
mmu-$(CONFIG_MMU) := gup.o highmem.o memory.o mincore.o \
mlock.o mmap.o mprotect.o mremap.o msync.o rmap.o \
......
......@@ -31,6 +31,7 @@
#include <linux/kasan.h>
#include "kasan.h"
#include "../slab.h"
/*
* Poisons the shadow memory for 'size' bytes starting from 'addr'.
......@@ -268,6 +269,103 @@ void kasan_free_pages(struct page *page, unsigned int order)
KASAN_FREE_PAGE);
}
void kasan_poison_slab(struct page *page)
{
kasan_poison_shadow(page_address(page),
PAGE_SIZE << compound_order(page),
KASAN_KMALLOC_REDZONE);
}
void kasan_unpoison_object_data(struct kmem_cache *cache, void *object)
{
kasan_unpoison_shadow(object, cache->object_size);
}
void kasan_poison_object_data(struct kmem_cache *cache, void *object)
{
kasan_poison_shadow(object,
round_up(cache->object_size, KASAN_SHADOW_SCALE_SIZE),
KASAN_KMALLOC_REDZONE);
}
void kasan_slab_alloc(struct kmem_cache *cache, void *object)
{
kasan_kmalloc(cache, object, cache->object_size);
}
void kasan_slab_free(struct kmem_cache *cache, void *object)
{
unsigned long size = cache->object_size;
unsigned long rounded_up_size = round_up(size, KASAN_SHADOW_SCALE_SIZE);
/* RCU slabs could be legally used after free within the RCU period */
if (unlikely(cache->flags & SLAB_DESTROY_BY_RCU))
return;
kasan_poison_shadow(object, rounded_up_size, KASAN_KMALLOC_FREE);
}
void kasan_kmalloc(struct kmem_cache *cache, const void *object, size_t size)
{
unsigned long redzone_start;
unsigned long redzone_end;
if (unlikely(object == NULL))
return;
redzone_start = round_up((unsigned long)(object + size),
KASAN_SHADOW_SCALE_SIZE);
redzone_end = round_up((unsigned long)object + cache->object_size,
KASAN_SHADOW_SCALE_SIZE);
kasan_unpoison_shadow(object, size);
kasan_poison_shadow((void *)redzone_start, redzone_end - redzone_start,
KASAN_KMALLOC_REDZONE);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(kasan_kmalloc);
void kasan_kmalloc_large(const void *ptr, size_t size)
{
struct page *page;
unsigned long redzone_start;
unsigned long redzone_end;
if (unlikely(ptr == NULL))
return;
page = virt_to_page(ptr);
redzone_start = round_up((unsigned long)(ptr + size),
KASAN_SHADOW_SCALE_SIZE);
redzone_end = (unsigned long)ptr + (PAGE_SIZE << compound_order(page));
kasan_unpoison_shadow(ptr, size);
kasan_poison_shadow((void *)redzone_start, redzone_end - redzone_start,
KASAN_PAGE_REDZONE);
}
void kasan_krealloc(const void *object, size_t size)
{
struct page *page;
if (unlikely(object == ZERO_SIZE_PTR))
return;
page = virt_to_head_page(object);
if (unlikely(!PageSlab(page)))
kasan_kmalloc_large(object, size);
else
kasan_kmalloc(page->slab_cache, object, size);
}
void kasan_kfree_large(const void *ptr)
{
struct page *page = virt_to_page(ptr);
kasan_poison_shadow(ptr, PAGE_SIZE << compound_order(page),
KASAN_FREE_PAGE);
}
#define DEFINE_ASAN_LOAD_STORE(size) \
void __asan_load##size(unsigned long addr) \
{ \
......
......@@ -7,6 +7,11 @@
#define KASAN_SHADOW_MASK (KASAN_SHADOW_SCALE_SIZE - 1)
#define KASAN_FREE_PAGE 0xFF /* page was freed */
#define KASAN_FREE_PAGE 0xFF /* page was freed */
#define KASAN_PAGE_REDZONE 0xFE /* redzone for kmalloc_large allocations */
#define KASAN_KMALLOC_REDZONE 0xFC /* redzone inside slub object */
#define KASAN_KMALLOC_FREE 0xFB /* object was freed (kmem_cache_free/kfree) */
struct kasan_access_info {
const void *access_addr;
......
......@@ -24,6 +24,7 @@
#include <linux/kasan.h>
#include "kasan.h"
#include "../slab.h"
/* Shadow layout customization. */
#define SHADOW_BYTES_PER_BLOCK 1
......@@ -55,8 +56,11 @@ static void print_error_description(struct kasan_access_info *info)
switch (shadow_val) {
case KASAN_FREE_PAGE:
case KASAN_KMALLOC_FREE:
bug_type = "use after free";
break;
case KASAN_PAGE_REDZONE:
case KASAN_KMALLOC_REDZONE:
case 0 ... KASAN_SHADOW_SCALE_SIZE - 1:
bug_type = "out of bounds access";
break;
......@@ -77,6 +81,23 @@ static void print_address_description(struct kasan_access_info *info)
if ((addr >= (void *)PAGE_OFFSET) &&
(addr < high_memory)) {
struct page *page = virt_to_head_page(addr);
if (PageSlab(page)) {
void *object;
struct kmem_cache *cache = page->slab_cache;
void *last_object;
object = virt_to_obj(cache, page_address(page), addr);
last_object = page_address(page) +
page->objects * cache->size;
if (unlikely(object > last_object))
object = last_object; /* we hit into padding */
object_err(cache, page, object,
"kasan: bad access detected");
return;
}
dump_page(page, "kasan: bad access detected");
}
......
......@@ -898,6 +898,7 @@ void *kmalloc_order(size_t size, gfp_t flags, unsigned int order)
page = alloc_kmem_pages(flags, order);
ret = page ? page_address(page) : NULL;
kmemleak_alloc(ret, size, 1, flags);
kasan_kmalloc_large(ret, size);
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(kmalloc_order);
......@@ -1077,8 +1078,10 @@ static __always_inline void *__do_krealloc(const void *p, size_t new_size,
if (p)
ks = ksize(p);
if (ks >= new_size)
if (ks >= new_size) {
kasan_krealloc((void *)p, new_size);
return (void *)p;
}
ret = kmalloc_track_caller(new_size, flags);
if (ret && p)
......
......@@ -1251,11 +1251,13 @@ static inline void dec_slabs_node(struct kmem_cache *s, int node,
static inline void kmalloc_large_node_hook(void *ptr, size_t size, gfp_t flags)
{
kmemleak_alloc(ptr, size, 1, flags);
kasan_kmalloc_large(ptr, size);
}
static inline void kfree_hook(const void *x)
{
kmemleak_free(x);
kasan_kfree_large(x);
}
static inline struct kmem_cache *slab_pre_alloc_hook(struct kmem_cache *s,
......@@ -1278,6 +1280,7 @@ static inline void slab_post_alloc_hook(struct kmem_cache *s,
kmemcheck_slab_alloc(s, flags, object, slab_ksize(s));
kmemleak_alloc_recursive(object, s->object_size, 1, s->flags, flags);
memcg_kmem_put_cache(s);
kasan_slab_alloc(s, object);
}
static inline void slab_free_hook(struct kmem_cache *s, void *x)
......@@ -1301,6 +1304,8 @@ static inline void slab_free_hook(struct kmem_cache *s, void *x)
#endif
if (!(s->flags & SLAB_DEBUG_OBJECTS))
debug_check_no_obj_freed(x, s->object_size);
kasan_slab_free(s, x);
}
/*
......@@ -1395,8 +1400,11 @@ static void setup_object(struct kmem_cache *s, struct page *page,
void *object)
{
setup_object_debug(s, page, object);
if (unlikely(s->ctor))
if (unlikely(s->ctor)) {
kasan_unpoison_object_data(s, object);
s->ctor(object);
kasan_poison_object_data(s, object);
}
}
static struct page *new_slab(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t flags, int node)
......@@ -1429,6 +1437,8 @@ static struct page *new_slab(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t flags, int node)
if (unlikely(s->flags & SLAB_POISON))
memset(start, POISON_INUSE, PAGE_SIZE << order);
kasan_poison_slab(page);
for_each_object_idx(p, idx, s, start, page->objects) {
setup_object(s, page, p);
if (likely(idx < page->objects))
......@@ -2522,6 +2532,7 @@ void *kmem_cache_alloc_trace(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t gfpflags, size_t size)
{
void *ret = slab_alloc(s, gfpflags, _RET_IP_);
trace_kmalloc(_RET_IP_, ret, size, s->size, gfpflags);
kasan_kmalloc(s, ret, size);
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(kmem_cache_alloc_trace);
......@@ -2548,6 +2559,8 @@ void *kmem_cache_alloc_node_trace(struct kmem_cache *s,
trace_kmalloc_node(_RET_IP_, ret,
size, s->size, gfpflags, node);
kasan_kmalloc(s, ret, size);
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(kmem_cache_alloc_node_trace);
......@@ -2933,6 +2946,7 @@ static void early_kmem_cache_node_alloc(int node)
init_object(kmem_cache_node, n, SLUB_RED_ACTIVE);
init_tracking(kmem_cache_node, n);
#endif
kasan_kmalloc(kmem_cache_node, n, sizeof(struct kmem_cache_node));
init_kmem_cache_node(n);
inc_slabs_node(kmem_cache_node, node, page->objects);
......@@ -3305,6 +3319,8 @@ void *__kmalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags)
trace_kmalloc(_RET_IP_, ret, size, s->size, flags);
kasan_kmalloc(s, ret, size);
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__kmalloc);
......@@ -3348,12 +3364,14 @@ void *__kmalloc_node(size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node)
trace_kmalloc_node(_RET_IP_, ret, size, s->size, flags, node);
kasan_kmalloc(s, ret, size);
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__kmalloc_node);
#endif
size_t ksize(const void *object)
static size_t __ksize(const void *object)
{
struct page *page;
......@@ -3369,6 +3387,15 @@ size_t ksize(const void *object)
return slab_ksize(page->slab_cache);
}
size_t ksize(const void *object)
{
size_t size = __ksize(object);
/* We assume that ksize callers could use whole allocated area,
so we need unpoison this area. */
kasan_krealloc(object, size);
return size;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(ksize);
void kfree(const void *x)
......
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