Commit 0a8068a3 authored by Filipe Manana's avatar Filipe Manana Committed by David Sterba
Browse files

btrfs: make ranged full fsyncs more efficient

Commit 0c713cba ("Btrfs: fix race between ranged fsync and writeback
of adjacent ranges") fixed a bug where we could end up with file extent
items in a log tree that represent file ranges that overlap due to a race
between the hole detection of a ranged full fsync and writeback for a
different file range.

The problem was solved by forcing any ranged full fsync to become a
non-ranged full fsync - setting the range start to 0 and the end offset to
LLONG_MAX. This was a simple solution because the code that detected and
marked holes was very complex, it used to be done at copy_items() and
implied several searches on the fs/subvolume tree. The drawback of that
solution was that we started to flush delalloc for the entire file and
wait for all the ordered extents to complete for ranged full fsyncs
(including ordered extents covering ranges completely outside the given
range). Fortunatelly ranged full fsyncs are not the most common case
(hopefully for most workloads).

However a later fix for detecting and marking holes was made by commit

 ("Btrfs: fix missing hole after hole punching and fsync
when using NO_HOLES") and it simplified a lot the detection of holes,
and now copy_items() no longer does it and we do it in a much more simple
way at btrfs_log_holes().

This makes it now possible to simply make the code that detects holes to
operate only on the initial range and no longer need to operate on the
whole file, while also avoiding the need to flush delalloc for the entire
file and wait for ordered extents that cover ranges that don't overlap the
given range.

Another special care is that we must skip file extent items that fall
entirely outside the fsync range when copying inode items from the
fs/subvolume tree into the log tree - this is to avoid races with ordered
extent completion for extents falling outside the fsync range, which could
cause us to end up with file extent items in the log tree that have
overlapping ranges - for example if the fsync range is [1Mb, 2Mb], when
we copy inode items we could copy an extent item for the range [0, 512K],
then release the search path and before moving to the next leaf, an
ordered extent for a range of [256Kb, 512Kb] completes - this would
cause us to copy the new extent item for range [256Kb, 512Kb] into the
log tree after we have copied one for the range [0, 512Kb] - the extents
overlap, resulting in a corruption.

So this change just does these steps:

1) When the NO_HOLES feature is enabled it leaves the initial range
   intact - no longer sets it to [0, LLONG_MAX] when the full sync bit
   is set in the inode. If NO_HOLES is not enabled, always set the range
   to a full, just like before this change, to avoid missing file extent
   items representing holes after replaying the log (for both full and
   fast fsyncs);

2) Make the hole detection code to operate only on the fsync range;

3) Make the code that copies items from the fs/subvolume tree to skip
   copying file extent items that cover a range completely outside the
   range of the fsync.
Reviewed-by: default avatarJosef Bacik <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarFilipe Manana <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarDavid Sterba <>
parent da447009
......@@ -2102,19 +2102,6 @@ int btrfs_sync_file(struct file *file, loff_t start, loff_t end, int datasync)
* If the inode needs a full sync, make sure we use a full range to
* avoid log tree corruption, due to hole detection racing with ordered
* extent completion for adjacent ranges, and assertion failures during
* hole detection. Do this while holding the inode lock, to avoid races
* with other tasks.
&BTRFS_I(inode)->runtime_flags)) {
start = 0;
end = LLONG_MAX;
* Before we acquired the inode's lock, someone may have dirtied more
* pages in the target range. We need to make sure that writeback for
......@@ -96,8 +96,8 @@ enum {
static int btrfs_log_inode(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
struct btrfs_root *root, struct btrfs_inode *inode,
int inode_only,
const loff_t start,
const loff_t end,
u64 start,
u64 end,
struct btrfs_log_ctx *ctx);
static int link_to_fixup_dir(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
struct btrfs_root *root,
......@@ -4534,13 +4534,15 @@ static int btrfs_log_all_xattrs(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
static int btrfs_log_holes(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
struct btrfs_root *root,
struct btrfs_inode *inode,
struct btrfs_path *path)
struct btrfs_path *path,
const u64 start,
const u64 end)
struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info = root->fs_info;
struct btrfs_key key;
const u64 ino = btrfs_ino(inode);
const u64 i_size = i_size_read(&inode->vfs_inode);
u64 prev_extent_end = 0;
u64 prev_extent_end = start;
int ret;
if (!btrfs_fs_incompat(fs_info, NO_HOLES) || i_size == 0)
......@@ -4548,14 +4550,21 @@ static int btrfs_log_holes(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
key.objectid = ino;
key.offset = 0;
key.offset = start;
ret = btrfs_search_slot(NULL, root, &key, path, 0, 0);
if (ret < 0)
return ret;
if (ret > 0 && path->slots[0] > 0) {
btrfs_item_key_to_cpu(path->nodes[0], &key, path->slots[0] - 1);
if (key.objectid == ino && key.type == BTRFS_EXTENT_DATA_KEY)
while (true) {
struct extent_buffer *leaf = path->nodes[0];
u64 extent_end;
if (path->slots[0] >= btrfs_header_nritems(path->nodes[0])) {
ret = btrfs_next_leaf(root, path);
......@@ -4572,9 +4581,18 @@ static int btrfs_log_holes(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
if (key.objectid != ino || key.type != BTRFS_EXTENT_DATA_KEY)
extent_end = btrfs_file_extent_end(path);
if (extent_end <= start)
goto next_slot;
/* We have a hole, log it. */
if (prev_extent_end < key.offset) {
const u64 hole_len = key.offset - prev_extent_end;
u64 hole_len;
if (key.offset >= end)
hole_len = end - prev_extent_end;
hole_len = key.offset - prev_extent_end;
* Release the path to avoid deadlocks with other code
......@@ -4604,16 +4622,20 @@ static int btrfs_log_holes(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
leaf = path->nodes[0];
prev_extent_end = btrfs_file_extent_end(path);
prev_extent_end = min(extent_end, end);
if (extent_end >= end)
if (prev_extent_end < i_size) {
if (prev_extent_end < end && prev_extent_end < i_size) {
u64 hole_len;
hole_len = ALIGN(i_size - prev_extent_end, fs_info->sectorsize);
hole_len = min(ALIGN(i_size, fs_info->sectorsize), end);
hole_len -= prev_extent_end;
ret = btrfs_insert_file_extent(trans, root->log_root,
ino, prev_extent_end, 0, 0,
hole_len, 0, hole_len,
......@@ -4950,6 +4972,8 @@ static int copy_inode_items_to_log(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
const u64 logged_isize,
const bool recursive_logging,
const int inode_only,
const u64 start,
const u64 end,
struct btrfs_log_ctx *ctx,
bool *need_log_inode_item)
......@@ -4958,6 +4982,21 @@ static int copy_inode_items_to_log(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
int ins_nr = 0;
int ret;
* We must make sure we don't copy extent items that are entirely out of
* the range [start, end - 1]. This is not just an optimization to avoid
* copying but also needed to avoid a corruption where we end up with
* file extent items in the log tree that have overlapping ranges - this
* can happen if we race with ordered extent completion for ranges that
* are outside our target range. For example we copy an extent item and
* when we move to the next leaf, that extent was trimmed and a new one
* covering a subrange of it, but with a higher key, was inserted - we
* would then copy this other extent too, resulting in a log tree with
* 2 extent items that represent overlapping ranges.
* We can copy the entire extents at the range bondaries however, even
* if they cover an area outside the target range. That's ok.
while (1) {
ret = btrfs_search_forward(root, min_key, path, trans->transid);
if (ret < 0)
......@@ -5025,6 +5064,29 @@ static int copy_inode_items_to_log(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
goto next_slot;
if (min_key->type == BTRFS_EXTENT_DATA_KEY) {
const u64 extent_end = btrfs_file_extent_end(path);
if (extent_end <= start) {
if (ins_nr > 0) {
ret = copy_items(trans, inode, dst_path,
path, ins_start_slot,
ins_nr, inode_only,
if (ret < 0)
return ret;
ins_nr = 0;
goto next_slot;
if (extent_end >= end) {
if (ins_nr == 1)
ins_start_slot = path->slots[0];
if (ins_nr && ins_start_slot + ins_nr == path->slots[0]) {
goto next_slot;
......@@ -5090,8 +5152,8 @@ static int copy_inode_items_to_log(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
static int btrfs_log_inode(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
struct btrfs_root *root, struct btrfs_inode *inode,
int inode_only,
const loff_t start,
const loff_t end,
u64 start,
u64 end,
struct btrfs_log_ctx *ctx)
struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info = root->fs_info;
......@@ -5119,6 +5181,9 @@ static int btrfs_log_inode(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
return -ENOMEM;
start = ALIGN_DOWN(start, fs_info->sectorsize);
end = ALIGN(end, fs_info->sectorsize);
min_key.objectid = ino;
min_key.type = BTRFS_INODE_ITEM_KEY;
min_key.offset = 0;
......@@ -5234,8 +5299,8 @@ static int btrfs_log_inode(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
err = copy_inode_items_to_log(trans, inode, &min_key, &max_key,
path, dst_path, logged_isize,
recursive_logging, inode_only, ctx,
recursive_logging, inode_only,
start, end, ctx, &need_log_inode_item);
if (err)
goto out_unlock;
......@@ -5248,7 +5313,7 @@ static int btrfs_log_inode(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
if (max_key.type >= BTRFS_EXTENT_DATA_KEY && !fast_search) {
err = btrfs_log_holes(trans, root, inode, path);
err = btrfs_log_holes(trans, root, inode, path, start, end);
if (err)
goto out_unlock;
Markdown is supported
0% or .
You are about to add 0 people to the discussion. Proceed with caution.
Finish editing this message first!
Please register or to comment