Commit 126b16e2 authored by Mark Rutland's avatar Mark Rutland Committed by Rob Herring

Docs: dt: add generic MSI bindings

Currently msi-parent is used in a couple of drivers despite being fairly
underspecified. This patch adds a generic binding for MSIs (including
the existing msi-parent property) enabling the description of platform
devices capable of using MSIs.

While MSIs are primarily distinguished by doorbell and payload, some MSI
controllers (e.g. the GICv3 ITS) also use side-band information
accompanying the write to identify the master which originated the MSI,
to allow for sandboxing. This sideband information is non-probeable and
needs to be described in the DT. Other MSI controllers may have
additional configuration details which need to be described per-master.

This patch adds a generic msi-parent binding document, extending the
de-facto standard with a new (optional) #msi-cells which can be used to
express any per-master configuration and/or sideband data. This is
sufficient to describe non-hotpluggable devices.

For busses where sideband data may be derived from some bus-specific
master ID scheme, other properties will be required to describe the
Signed-off-by: default avatarMark Rutland <>
Acked-by: default avatarMarc Zyngier <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarRob Herring <>
parent 7f5dcaf1
This document describes the generic device tree binding for MSI controllers and
their master(s).
Message Signaled Interrupts (MSIs) are a class of interrupts generated by a
write to an MMIO address.
MSIs were originally specified by PCI (and are used with PCIe), but may also be
used with other busses, and hence a mechanism is required to relate devices on
those busses to the MSI controllers which they are capable of using,
potentially including additional information.
MSIs are distinguished by some combination of:
- The doorbell (the MMIO address written to).
Devices may be configured by software to write to arbitrary doorbells which
they can address. An MSI controller may feature a number of doorbells.
- The payload (the value written to the doorbell).
Devices may be configured to write an arbitrary payload chosen by software.
MSI controllers may have restrictions on permitted payloads.
- Sideband information accompanying the write.
Typically this is neither configurable nor probeable, and depends on the path
taken through the memory system (i.e. it is a property of the combination of
MSI controller and device rather than a property of either in isolation).
MSI controllers:
An MSI controller signals interrupts to a CPU when a write is made to an MMIO
address by some master. An MSI controller may feature a number of doorbells.
Required properties:
- msi-controller: Identifies the node as an MSI controller.
Optional properties:
- #msi-cells: The number of cells in an msi-specifier, required if not zero.
Typically this will encode information related to sideband data, and will
not encode doorbells or payloads as these can be configured dynamically.
The meaning of the msi-specifier is defined by the device tree binding of
the specific MSI controller.
MSI clients
MSI clients are devices which generate MSIs. For each MSI they wish to
generate, the doorbell and payload may be configured, though sideband
information may not be configurable.
Required properties:
- msi-parent: A list of phandle + msi-specifier pairs, one for each MSI
controller which the device is capable of using.
This property is unordered, and MSIs may be allocated from any combination of
MSI controllers listed in the msi-parent property.
If a device has restrictions on the allocation of MSIs, these restrictions
must be described with additional properties.
When #msi-cells is non-zero, busses with an msi-parent will require
additional properties to describe the relationship between devices on the bus
and the set of MSIs they can potentially generate.
/ {
#address-cells = <1>;
#size-cells = <1>;
msi_a: msi-controller@a {
reg = <0xa 0xf00>;
compatible = "vendor-a,some-controller";
/* No sideband data, so #msi-cells omitted */
msi_b: msi-controller@b {
reg = <0xb 0xf00>;
compatible = "vendor-b,another-controller";
/* Each device has some unique ID */
#msi-cells = <1>;
msi_c: msi-controller@c {
reg = <0xb 0xf00>;
compatible = "vendor-b,another-controller";
/* Each device has some unique ID */
#msi-cells = <1>;
dev@0 {
reg = <0x0 0xf00>;
compatible = "vendor-c,some-device";
/* Can only generate MSIs to msi_a */
msi-parent = <&msi_a>;
dev@1 {
reg = <0x1 0xf00>;
compatible = "vendor-c,some-device";
* Can generate MSIs to either A or B.
msi-parent = <&msi_a>, <&msi_b 0x17>;
dev@2 {
reg = <0x2 0xf00>;
compatible = "vendor-c,some-device";
* Has different IDs at each MSI controller.
* Can generate MSIs to all of the MSI controllers.
msi-parent = <&msi_a>, <&msi_b 0x17>, <&msi_c 0x53>;
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