Commit 4bbd4c77 authored by Kirill A. Shutemov's avatar Kirill A. Shutemov Committed by Linus Torvalds
Browse files

mm: move get_user_pages()-related code to separate file



mm/memory.c is overloaded: over 4k lines. get_user_pages() code is
pretty much self-contained let's move it to separate file.

No other changes made.
Signed-off-by: default avatarKirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
parent f4527c90
......@@ -3,7 +3,7 @@
#
mmu-y := nommu.o
mmu-$(CONFIG_MMU) := fremap.o highmem.o madvise.o memory.o mincore.o \
mmu-$(CONFIG_MMU) := fremap.o gup.o highmem.o madvise.o memory.o mincore.o \
mlock.o mmap.o mprotect.o mremap.o msync.o rmap.o \
vmalloc.o pagewalk.o pgtable-generic.o
......
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/hugetlb.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
#include <linux/rmap.h>
#include <linux/swap.h>
#include <linux/swapops.h>
#include "internal.h"
/**
* follow_page_mask - look up a page descriptor from a user-virtual address
* @vma: vm_area_struct mapping @address
* @address: virtual address to look up
* @flags: flags modifying lookup behaviour
* @page_mask: on output, *page_mask is set according to the size of the page
*
* @flags can have FOLL_ flags set, defined in <linux/mm.h>
*
* Returns the mapped (struct page *), %NULL if no mapping exists, or
* an error pointer if there is a mapping to something not represented
* by a page descriptor (see also vm_normal_page()).
*/
struct page *follow_page_mask(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long address, unsigned int flags,
unsigned int *page_mask)
{
pgd_t *pgd;
pud_t *pud;
pmd_t *pmd;
pte_t *ptep, pte;
spinlock_t *ptl;
struct page *page;
struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
*page_mask = 0;
page = follow_huge_addr(mm, address, flags & FOLL_WRITE);
if (!IS_ERR(page)) {
BUG_ON(flags & FOLL_GET);
goto out;
}
page = NULL;
pgd = pgd_offset(mm, address);
if (pgd_none(*pgd) || unlikely(pgd_bad(*pgd)))
goto no_page_table;
pud = pud_offset(pgd, address);
if (pud_none(*pud))
goto no_page_table;
if (pud_huge(*pud) && vma->vm_flags & VM_HUGETLB) {
if (flags & FOLL_GET)
goto out;
page = follow_huge_pud(mm, address, pud, flags & FOLL_WRITE);
goto out;
}
if (unlikely(pud_bad(*pud)))
goto no_page_table;
pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address);
if (pmd_none(*pmd))
goto no_page_table;
if (pmd_huge(*pmd) && vma->vm_flags & VM_HUGETLB) {
page = follow_huge_pmd(mm, address, pmd, flags & FOLL_WRITE);
if (flags & FOLL_GET) {
/*
* Refcount on tail pages are not well-defined and
* shouldn't be taken. The caller should handle a NULL
* return when trying to follow tail pages.
*/
if (PageHead(page))
get_page(page);
else {
page = NULL;
goto out;
}
}
goto out;
}
if ((flags & FOLL_NUMA) && pmd_numa(*pmd))
goto no_page_table;
if (pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)) {
if (flags & FOLL_SPLIT) {
split_huge_page_pmd(vma, address, pmd);
goto split_fallthrough;
}
ptl = pmd_lock(mm, pmd);
if (likely(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd))) {
if (unlikely(pmd_trans_splitting(*pmd))) {
spin_unlock(ptl);
wait_split_huge_page(vma->anon_vma, pmd);
} else {
page = follow_trans_huge_pmd(vma, address,
pmd, flags);
spin_unlock(ptl);
*page_mask = HPAGE_PMD_NR - 1;
goto out;
}
} else
spin_unlock(ptl);
/* fall through */
}
split_fallthrough:
if (unlikely(pmd_bad(*pmd)))
goto no_page_table;
ptep = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, &ptl);
pte = *ptep;
if (!pte_present(pte)) {
swp_entry_t entry;
/*
* KSM's break_ksm() relies upon recognizing a ksm page
* even while it is being migrated, so for that case we
* need migration_entry_wait().
*/
if (likely(!(flags & FOLL_MIGRATION)))
goto no_page;
if (pte_none(pte) || pte_file(pte))
goto no_page;
entry = pte_to_swp_entry(pte);
if (!is_migration_entry(entry))
goto no_page;
pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl);
migration_entry_wait(mm, pmd, address);
goto split_fallthrough;
}
if ((flags & FOLL_NUMA) && pte_numa(pte))
goto no_page;
if ((flags & FOLL_WRITE) && !pte_write(pte))
goto unlock;
page = vm_normal_page(vma, address, pte);
if (unlikely(!page)) {
if ((flags & FOLL_DUMP) ||
!is_zero_pfn(pte_pfn(pte)))
goto bad_page;
page = pte_page(pte);
}
if (flags & FOLL_GET)
get_page_foll(page);
if (flags & FOLL_TOUCH) {
if ((flags & FOLL_WRITE) &&
!pte_dirty(pte) && !PageDirty(page))
set_page_dirty(page);
/*
* pte_mkyoung() would be more correct here, but atomic care
* is needed to avoid losing the dirty bit: it is easier to use
* mark_page_accessed().
*/
mark_page_accessed(page);
}
if ((flags & FOLL_MLOCK) && (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED)) {
/*
* The preliminary mapping check is mainly to avoid the
* pointless overhead of lock_page on the ZERO_PAGE
* which might bounce very badly if there is contention.
*
* If the page is already locked, we don't need to
* handle it now - vmscan will handle it later if and
* when it attempts to reclaim the page.
*/
if (page->mapping && trylock_page(page)) {
lru_add_drain(); /* push cached pages to LRU */
/*
* Because we lock page here, and migration is
* blocked by the pte's page reference, and we
* know the page is still mapped, we don't even
* need to check for file-cache page truncation.
*/
mlock_vma_page(page);
unlock_page(page);
}
}
unlock:
pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl);
out:
return page;
bad_page:
pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl);
return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT);
no_page:
pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl);
if (!pte_none(pte))
return page;
no_page_table:
/*
* When core dumping an enormous anonymous area that nobody
* has touched so far, we don't want to allocate unnecessary pages or
* page tables. Return error instead of NULL to skip handle_mm_fault,
* then get_dump_page() will return NULL to leave a hole in the dump.
* But we can only make this optimization where a hole would surely
* be zero-filled if handle_mm_fault() actually did handle it.
*/
if ((flags & FOLL_DUMP) &&
(!vma->vm_ops || !vma->vm_ops->fault))
return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT);
return page;
}
static inline int stack_guard_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr)
{
return stack_guard_page_start(vma, addr) ||
stack_guard_page_end(vma, addr+PAGE_SIZE);
}
/**
* __get_user_pages() - pin user pages in memory
* @tsk: task_struct of target task
* @mm: mm_struct of target mm
* @start: starting user address
* @nr_pages: number of pages from start to pin
* @gup_flags: flags modifying pin behaviour
* @pages: array that receives pointers to the pages pinned.
* Should be at least nr_pages long. Or NULL, if caller
* only intends to ensure the pages are faulted in.
* @vmas: array of pointers to vmas corresponding to each page.
* Or NULL if the caller does not require them.
* @nonblocking: whether waiting for disk IO or mmap_sem contention
*
* Returns number of pages pinned. This may be fewer than the number
* requested. If nr_pages is 0 or negative, returns 0. If no pages
* were pinned, returns -errno. Each page returned must be released
* with a put_page() call when it is finished with. vmas will only
* remain valid while mmap_sem is held.
*
* Must be called with mmap_sem held for read or write.
*
* __get_user_pages walks a process's page tables and takes a reference to
* each struct page that each user address corresponds to at a given
* instant. That is, it takes the page that would be accessed if a user
* thread accesses the given user virtual address at that instant.
*
* This does not guarantee that the page exists in the user mappings when
* __get_user_pages returns, and there may even be a completely different
* page there in some cases (eg. if mmapped pagecache has been invalidated
* and subsequently re faulted). However it does guarantee that the page
* won't be freed completely. And mostly callers simply care that the page
* contains data that was valid *at some point in time*. Typically, an IO
* or similar operation cannot guarantee anything stronger anyway because
* locks can't be held over the syscall boundary.
*
* If @gup_flags & FOLL_WRITE == 0, the page must not be written to. If
* the page is written to, set_page_dirty (or set_page_dirty_lock, as
* appropriate) must be called after the page is finished with, and
* before put_page is called.
*
* If @nonblocking != NULL, __get_user_pages will not wait for disk IO
* or mmap_sem contention, and if waiting is needed to pin all pages,
* *@nonblocking will be set to 0.
*
* In most cases, get_user_pages or get_user_pages_fast should be used
* instead of __get_user_pages. __get_user_pages should be used only if
* you need some special @gup_flags.
*/
long __get_user_pages(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm,
unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages,
unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages,
struct vm_area_struct **vmas, int *nonblocking)
{
long i;
unsigned long vm_flags;
unsigned int page_mask;
if (!nr_pages)
return 0;
VM_BUG_ON(!!pages != !!(gup_flags & FOLL_GET));
/*
* If FOLL_FORCE is set then do not force a full fault as the hinting
* fault information is unrelated to the reference behaviour of a task
* using the address space
*/
if (!(gup_flags & FOLL_FORCE))
gup_flags |= FOLL_NUMA;
i = 0;
do {
struct vm_area_struct *vma;
vma = find_extend_vma(mm, start);
if (!vma && in_gate_area(mm, start)) {
unsigned long pg = start & PAGE_MASK;
pgd_t *pgd;
pud_t *pud;
pmd_t *pmd;
pte_t *pte;
/* user gate pages are read-only */
if (gup_flags & FOLL_WRITE)
goto efault;
if (pg > TASK_SIZE)
pgd = pgd_offset_k(pg);
else
pgd = pgd_offset_gate(mm, pg);
BUG_ON(pgd_none(*pgd));
pud = pud_offset(pgd, pg);
BUG_ON(pud_none(*pud));
pmd = pmd_offset(pud, pg);
if (pmd_none(*pmd))
goto efault;
VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd));
pte = pte_offset_map(pmd, pg);
if (pte_none(*pte)) {
pte_unmap(pte);
goto efault;
}
vma = get_gate_vma(mm);
if (pages) {
struct page *page;
page = vm_normal_page(vma, start, *pte);
if (!page) {
if (!(gup_flags & FOLL_DUMP) &&
is_zero_pfn(pte_pfn(*pte)))
page = pte_page(*pte);
else {
pte_unmap(pte);
goto efault;
}
}
pages[i] = page;
get_page(page);
}
pte_unmap(pte);
page_mask = 0;
goto next_page;
}
if (!vma)
goto efault;
vm_flags = vma->vm_flags;
if (vm_flags & (VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP))
goto efault;
if (gup_flags & FOLL_WRITE) {
if (!(vm_flags & VM_WRITE)) {
if (!(gup_flags & FOLL_FORCE))
goto efault;
/*
* We used to let the write,force case do COW
* in a VM_MAYWRITE VM_SHARED !VM_WRITE vma, so
* ptrace could set a breakpoint in a read-only
* mapping of an executable, without corrupting
* the file (yet only when that file had been
* opened for writing!). Anon pages in shared
* mappings are surprising: now just reject it.
*/
if (!is_cow_mapping(vm_flags)) {
WARN_ON_ONCE(vm_flags & VM_MAYWRITE);
goto efault;
}
}
} else {
if (!(vm_flags & VM_READ)) {
if (!(gup_flags & FOLL_FORCE))
goto efault;
/*
* Is there actually any vma we can reach here
* which does not have VM_MAYREAD set?
*/
if (!(vm_flags & VM_MAYREAD))
goto efault;
}
}
if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma)) {
i = follow_hugetlb_page(mm, vma, pages, vmas,
&start, &nr_pages, i, gup_flags);
continue;
}
do {
struct page *page;
unsigned int foll_flags = gup_flags;
unsigned int page_increm;
/*
* If we have a pending SIGKILL, don't keep faulting
* pages and potentially allocating memory.
*/
if (unlikely(fatal_signal_pending(current)))
return i ? i : -ERESTARTSYS;
cond_resched();
while (!(page = follow_page_mask(vma, start,
foll_flags, &page_mask))) {
int ret;
unsigned int fault_flags = 0;
/* For mlock, just skip the stack guard page. */
if (foll_flags & FOLL_MLOCK) {
if (stack_guard_page(vma, start))
goto next_page;
}
if (foll_flags & FOLL_WRITE)
fault_flags |= FAULT_FLAG_WRITE;
if (nonblocking)
fault_flags |= FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY;
if (foll_flags & FOLL_NOWAIT)
fault_flags |= (FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY | FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT);
ret = handle_mm_fault(mm, vma, start,
fault_flags);
if (ret & VM_FAULT_ERROR) {
if (ret & VM_FAULT_OOM)
return i ? i : -ENOMEM;
if (ret & (VM_FAULT_HWPOISON |
VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE)) {
if (i)
return i;
else if (gup_flags & FOLL_HWPOISON)
return -EHWPOISON;
else
return -EFAULT;
}
if (ret & VM_FAULT_SIGBUS)
goto efault;
BUG();
}
if (tsk) {
if (ret & VM_FAULT_MAJOR)
tsk->maj_flt++;
else
tsk->min_flt++;
}
if (ret & VM_FAULT_RETRY) {
if (nonblocking)
*nonblocking = 0;
return i;
}
/*
* The VM_FAULT_WRITE bit tells us that
* do_wp_page has broken COW when necessary,
* even if maybe_mkwrite decided not to set
* pte_write. We can thus safely do subsequent
* page lookups as if they were reads. But only
* do so when looping for pte_write is futile:
* in some cases userspace may also be wanting
* to write to the gotten user page, which a
* read fault here might prevent (a readonly
* page might get reCOWed by userspace write).
*/
if ((ret & VM_FAULT_WRITE) &&
!(vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE))
foll_flags &= ~FOLL_WRITE;
cond_resched();
}
if (IS_ERR(page))
return i ? i : PTR_ERR(page);
if (pages) {
pages[i] = page;
flush_anon_page(vma, page, start);
flush_dcache_page(page);
page_mask = 0;
}
next_page:
if (vmas) {
vmas[i] = vma;
page_mask = 0;
}
page_increm = 1 + (~(start >> PAGE_SHIFT) & page_mask);
if (page_increm > nr_pages)
page_increm = nr_pages;
i += page_increm;
start += page_increm * PAGE_SIZE;
nr_pages -= page_increm;
} while (nr_pages && start < vma->vm_end);
} while (nr_pages);
return i;
efault:
return i ? : -EFAULT;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__get_user_pages);
/*
* fixup_user_fault() - manually resolve a user page fault
* @tsk: the task_struct to use for page fault accounting, or
* NULL if faults are not to be recorded.
* @mm: mm_struct of target mm
* @address: user address
* @fault_flags:flags to pass down to handle_mm_fault()
*
* This is meant to be called in the specific scenario where for locking reasons
* we try to access user memory in atomic context (within a pagefault_disable()
* section), this returns -EFAULT, and we want to resolve the user fault before
* trying again.
*
* Typically this is meant to be used by the futex code.
*
* The main difference with get_user_pages() is that this function will
* unconditionally call handle_mm_fault() which will in turn perform all the
* necessary SW fixup of the dirty and young bits in the PTE, while
* handle_mm_fault() only guarantees to update these in the struct page.
*
* This is important for some architectures where those bits also gate the
* access permission to the page because they are maintained in software. On
* such architectures, gup() will not be enough to make a subsequent access
* succeed.
*
* This should be called with the mm_sem held for read.
*/
int fixup_user_fault(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm,
unsigned long address, unsigned int fault_flags)
{
struct vm_area_struct *vma;
vm_flags_t vm_flags;
int ret;
vma = find_extend_vma(mm, address);
if (!vma || address < vma->vm_start)
return -EFAULT;
vm_flags = (fault_flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) ? VM_WRITE : VM_READ;
if (!(vm_flags & vma->vm_flags))
return -EFAULT;
ret = handle_mm_fault(mm, vma, address, fault_flags);
if (ret & VM_FAULT_ERROR) {
if (ret & VM_FAULT_OOM)
return -ENOMEM;
if (ret & (VM_FAULT_HWPOISON | VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE))
return -EHWPOISON;
if (ret & VM_FAULT_SIGBUS)
return -EFAULT;
BUG();
}
if (tsk) {
if (ret & VM_FAULT_MAJOR)
tsk->maj_flt++;
else
tsk->min_flt++;
}
return 0;
}
/*
* get_user_pages() - pin user pages in memory
* @tsk: the task_struct to use for page fault accounting, or
* NULL if faults are not to be recorded.
* @mm: mm_struct of target mm
* @start: starting user address
* @nr_pages: number of pages from start to pin
* @write: whether pages will be written to by the caller
* @force: whether to force access even when user mapping is currently
* protected (but never forces write access to shared mapping).
* @pages: array that receives pointers to the pages pinned.
* Should be at least nr_pages long. Or NULL, if caller
* only intends to ensure the pages are faulted in.
* @vmas: array of pointers to vmas corresponding to each page.
* Or NULL if the caller does not require them.
*
* Returns number of pages pinned. This may be fewer than the number
* requested. If nr_pages is 0 or negative, returns 0. If no pages
* were pinned, returns -errno. Each page returned must be released
* with a put_page() call when it is finished with. vmas will only
* remain valid while mmap_sem is held.
*
* Must be called with mmap_sem held for read or write.
*
* get_user_pages walks a process's page tables and takes a reference to
* each struct page that each user address corresponds to at a given
* instant. That is, it takes the page that would be accessed if a user
* thread accesses the given user virtual address at that instant.
*
* This does not guarantee that the page exists in the user mappings when
* get_user_pages returns, and there may even be a completely different
* page there in some cases (eg. if mmapped pagecache has been invalidated
* and subsequently re faulted). However it does guarantee that the page
* won't be freed completely. And mostly callers simply care that the page
* contains data that was valid *at some point in time*. Typically, an IO
* or similar operation cannot guarantee anything stronger anyway because
* locks can't be held over the syscall boundary.
*
* If write=0, the page must not be written to. If the page is written to,
* set_page_dirty (or set_page_dirty_lock, as appropriate) must be called
* after the page is finished with, and before put_page is called.
*
* get_user_pages is typically used for fewer-copy IO operations, to get a
* handle on the memory by some means other than accesses via the user virtual
* addresses. The pages may be submitted for DMA to devices or accessed via
* their kernel linear mapping (via the kmap APIs). Care should be taken to
* use the correct cache flushing APIs.
*
* See also get_user_pages_fast, for performance critical applications.
*/
long get_user_pages(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm,
unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, int write,
int force, struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas)
{
int flags = FOLL_TOUCH;
if (pages)
flags |= FOLL_GET;
if (write)
flags |= FOLL_WRITE;
if (force)
flags |= FOLL_FORCE;
return __get_user_pages(tsk, mm, start, nr_pages, flags, pages, vmas,
NULL);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(get_user_pages);
/**
* get_dump_page() - pin user page in memory while writing it to core dump
* @addr: user address
*
* Returns struct page pointer of user page pinned for dump,
* to be freed afterwards by page_cache_release() or put_page().
*
* Returns NULL on any kind of failure - a hole must then be inserted into
* the corefile, to preserve alignment with its headers; and also returns
* NULL wherever the ZERO_PAGE, or an anonymous pte_none, has been found -
* allowing a hole to be left in the corefile to save diskspace.
*