Commit a43e9820 authored by John Hubbard's avatar John Hubbard Committed by Linus Torvalds

mm/gup: factor out duplicate code from four routines

Patch series "mm/gup: prereqs to track dma-pinned pages: FOLL_PIN", v12.

Overview:

This is a prerequisite to solving the problem of proper interactions
between file-backed pages, and [R]DMA activities, as discussed in [1],
[2], [3], and in a remarkable number of email threads since about
2017.  :)

A new internal gup flag, FOLL_PIN is introduced, and thoroughly
documented in the last patch's Documentation/vm/pin_user_pages.rst.

I believe that this will provide a good starting point for doing the
layout lease work that Ira Weiny has been working on.  That's because
these new wrapper functions provide a clean, constrained, systematically
named set of functionality that, again, is required in order to even
know if a page is "dma-pinned".

In contrast to earlier approaches, the page tracking can be
incrementally applied to the kernel call sites that, until now, have
been simply calling get_user_pages() ("gup").  In other words, opt-in by
changing from this:

    get_user_pages() (sets FOLL_GET)
    put_page()

to this:
    pin_user_pages() (sets FOLL_PIN)
    unpin_user_page()

Testing:

* I've done some overall kernel testing (LTP, and a few other goodies),
  and some directed testing to exercise some of the changes. And as you
  can see, gup_benchmark is enhanced to exercise this. Basically, I've
  been able to runtime test the core get_user_pages() and
  pin_user_pages() and related routines, but not so much on several of
  the call sites--but those are generally just a couple of lines
  changed, each.

  Not much of the kernel is actually using this, which on one hand
  reduces risk quite a lot. But on the other hand, testing coverage
  is low. So I'd love it if, in particular, the Infiniband and PowerPC
  folks could do a smoke test of this series for me.

  Runtime testing for the call sites so far is pretty light:

    * io_uring: Some directed tests from liburing exercise this, and
                they pass.
    * process_vm_access.c: A small directed test passes.
    * gup_benchmark: the enhanced version hits the new gup.c code, and
                     passes.
    * infiniband: Ran rdma-core tests: rdma-core/build/bin/run_tests.py
    * VFIO: compiles (I'm vowing to set up a run time test soon, but it's
                      not ready just yet)
    * powerpc: it compiles...
    * drm/via: compiles...
    * goldfish: compiles...
    * net/xdp: compiles...
    * media/v4l2: compiles...

[1] Some slow progress on get_user_pages() (Apr 2, 2019): https://lwn.net/Articles/784574/
[2] DMA and get_user_pages() (LPC: Dec 12, 2018): https://lwn.net/Articles/774411/
[3] The trouble with get_user_pages() (Apr 30, 2018): https://lwn.net/Articles/753027/

This patch (of 22):

There are four locations in gup.c that have a fair amount of code
duplication.  This means that changing one requires making the same
changes in four places, not to mention reading the same code four times,
and wondering if there are subtle differences.

Factor out the common code into static functions, thus reducing the
overall line count and the code's complexity.

Also, take the opportunity to slightly improve the efficiency of the
error cases, by doing a mass subtraction of the refcount, surrounded by
get_page()/put_page().

Also, further simplify (slightly), by waiting until the the successful
end of each routine, to increment *nr.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200107224558.2362728-2-jhubbard@nvidia.comSigned-off-by: default avatarJohn Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com>
Reviewed-by: default avatarChristoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Reviewed-by: default avatarJérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: default avatarJan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Cc: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill@shutemov.name>
Cc: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Cc: Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
Cc: Björn Töpel <bjorn.topel@intel.com>
Cc: Daniel Vetter <daniel.vetter@ffwll.ch>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Hans Verkuil <hverkuil-cisco@xs4all.nl>
Cc: Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@mellanox.com>
Cc: Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@ziepe.ca>
Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
Cc: Leon Romanovsky <leonro@mellanox.com>
Cc: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab@kernel.org>
Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
parent be9d3045
......@@ -1978,6 +1978,29 @@ static int __gup_device_huge_pud(pud_t pud, pud_t *pudp, unsigned long addr,
}
#endif
static int record_subpages(struct page *page, unsigned long addr,
unsigned long end, struct page **pages)
{
int nr;
for (nr = 0; addr != end; addr += PAGE_SIZE)
pages[nr++] = page++;
return nr;
}
static void put_compound_head(struct page *page, int refs)
{
VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_ref_count(page) < refs, page);
/*
* Calling put_page() for each ref is unnecessarily slow. Only the last
* ref needs a put_page().
*/
if (refs > 1)
page_ref_sub(page, refs - 1);
put_page(page);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_HUGEPD
static unsigned long hugepte_addr_end(unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
unsigned long sz)
......@@ -2007,32 +2030,20 @@ static int gup_hugepte(pte_t *ptep, unsigned long sz, unsigned long addr,
/* hugepages are never "special" */
VM_BUG_ON(!pfn_valid(pte_pfn(pte)));
refs = 0;
head = pte_page(pte);
page = head + ((addr & (sz-1)) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
do {
VM_BUG_ON(compound_head(page) != head);
pages[*nr] = page;
(*nr)++;
page++;
refs++;
} while (addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end);
refs = record_subpages(page, addr, end, pages + *nr);
head = try_get_compound_head(head, refs);
if (!head) {
*nr -= refs;
if (!head)
return 0;
}
if (unlikely(pte_val(pte) != pte_val(*ptep))) {
/* Could be optimized better */
*nr -= refs;
while (refs--)
put_page(head);
put_compound_head(head, refs);
return 0;
}
*nr += refs;
SetPageReferenced(head);
return 1;
}
......@@ -2079,28 +2090,19 @@ static int gup_huge_pmd(pmd_t orig, pmd_t *pmdp, unsigned long addr,
return __gup_device_huge_pmd(orig, pmdp, addr, end, pages, nr);
}
refs = 0;
page = pmd_page(orig) + ((addr & ~PMD_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
do {
pages[*nr] = page;
(*nr)++;
page++;
refs++;
} while (addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end);
refs = record_subpages(page, addr, end, pages + *nr);
head = try_get_compound_head(pmd_page(orig), refs);
if (!head) {
*nr -= refs;
if (!head)
return 0;
}
if (unlikely(pmd_val(orig) != pmd_val(*pmdp))) {
*nr -= refs;
while (refs--)
put_page(head);
put_compound_head(head, refs);
return 0;
}
*nr += refs;
SetPageReferenced(head);
return 1;
}
......@@ -2120,28 +2122,19 @@ static int gup_huge_pud(pud_t orig, pud_t *pudp, unsigned long addr,
return __gup_device_huge_pud(orig, pudp, addr, end, pages, nr);
}
refs = 0;
page = pud_page(orig) + ((addr & ~PUD_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
do {
pages[*nr] = page;
(*nr)++;
page++;
refs++;
} while (addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end);
refs = record_subpages(page, addr, end, pages + *nr);
head = try_get_compound_head(pud_page(orig), refs);
if (!head) {
*nr -= refs;
if (!head)
return 0;
}
if (unlikely(pud_val(orig) != pud_val(*pudp))) {
*nr -= refs;
while (refs--)
put_page(head);
put_compound_head(head, refs);
return 0;
}
*nr += refs;
SetPageReferenced(head);
return 1;
}
......@@ -2157,28 +2150,20 @@ static int gup_huge_pgd(pgd_t orig, pgd_t *pgdp, unsigned long addr,
return 0;
BUILD_BUG_ON(pgd_devmap(orig));
refs = 0;
page = pgd_page(orig) + ((addr & ~PGDIR_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
do {
pages[*nr] = page;
(*nr)++;
page++;
refs++;
} while (addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end);
refs = record_subpages(page, addr, end, pages + *nr);
head = try_get_compound_head(pgd_page(orig), refs);
if (!head) {
*nr -= refs;
if (!head)
return 0;
}
if (unlikely(pgd_val(orig) != pgd_val(*pgdp))) {
*nr -= refs;
while (refs--)
put_page(head);
put_compound_head(head, refs);
return 0;
}
*nr += refs;
SetPageReferenced(head);
return 1;
}
......
Markdown is supported
0% or .
You are about to add 0 people to the discussion. Proceed with caution.
Finish editing this message first!
Please register or to comment