Commit c4237f8b authored by John Hubbard's avatar John Hubbard Committed by Linus Torvalds

mm: fix get_user_pages_remote()'s handling of FOLL_LONGTERM

As it says in the updated comment in gup.c: current FOLL_LONGTERM
behavior is incompatible with FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY because of the FS
DAX check requirement on vmas.

However, the corresponding restriction in get_user_pages_remote() was
slightly stricter than is actually required: it forbade all
FOLL_LONGTERM callers, but we can actually allow FOLL_LONGTERM callers
that do not set the "locked" arg.

Update the code and comments to loosen the restriction, allowing
FOLL_LONGTERM in some cases.

Also, copy the DAX check ("if a VMA is DAX, don't allow long term
pinning") from the VFIO call site, all the way into the internals of
get_user_pages_remote() and __gup_longterm_locked().  That is:
get_user_pages_remote() calls __gup_longterm_locked(), which in turn
calls check_dax_vmas().  This check will then be removed from the VFIO
call site in a subsequent patch.

Thanks to Jason Gunthorpe for pointing out a clean way to fix this, and
to Dan Williams for helping clarify the DAX refactoring.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200107224558.2362728-7-jhubbard@nvidia.comSigned-off-by: default avatarJohn Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com>
Tested-by: default avatarAlex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
Acked-by: default avatarAlex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: default avatarJason Gunthorpe <jgg@mellanox.com>
Reviewed-by: default avatarIra Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>
Suggested-by: default avatarJason Gunthorpe <jgg@ziepe.ca>
Cc: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill@shutemov.name>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Jerome Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
Cc: Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Björn Töpel <bjorn.topel@intel.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Cc: Daniel Vetter <daniel.vetter@ffwll.ch>
Cc: Hans Verkuil <hverkuil-cisco@xs4all.nl>
Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
Cc: Leon Romanovsky <leonro@mellanox.com>
Cc: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab@kernel.org>
Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
parent 1023369c
...@@ -1111,88 +1111,6 @@ static __always_inline long __get_user_pages_locked(struct task_struct *tsk, ...@@ -1111,88 +1111,6 @@ static __always_inline long __get_user_pages_locked(struct task_struct *tsk,
return pages_done; return pages_done;
} }
/*
* get_user_pages_remote() - pin user pages in memory
* @tsk: the task_struct to use for page fault accounting, or
* NULL if faults are not to be recorded.
* @mm: mm_struct of target mm
* @start: starting user address
* @nr_pages: number of pages from start to pin
* @gup_flags: flags modifying lookup behaviour
* @pages: array that receives pointers to the pages pinned.
* Should be at least nr_pages long. Or NULL, if caller
* only intends to ensure the pages are faulted in.
* @vmas: array of pointers to vmas corresponding to each page.
* Or NULL if the caller does not require them.
* @locked: pointer to lock flag indicating whether lock is held and
* subsequently whether VM_FAULT_RETRY functionality can be
* utilised. Lock must initially be held.
*
* Returns either number of pages pinned (which may be less than the
* number requested), or an error. Details about the return value:
*
* -- If nr_pages is 0, returns 0.
* -- If nr_pages is >0, but no pages were pinned, returns -errno.
* -- If nr_pages is >0, and some pages were pinned, returns the number of
* pages pinned. Again, this may be less than nr_pages.
*
* The caller is responsible for releasing returned @pages, via put_page().
*
* @vmas are valid only as long as mmap_sem is held.
*
* Must be called with mmap_sem held for read or write.
*
* get_user_pages walks a process's page tables and takes a reference to
* each struct page that each user address corresponds to at a given
* instant. That is, it takes the page that would be accessed if a user
* thread accesses the given user virtual address at that instant.
*
* This does not guarantee that the page exists in the user mappings when
* get_user_pages returns, and there may even be a completely different
* page there in some cases (eg. if mmapped pagecache has been invalidated
* and subsequently re faulted). However it does guarantee that the page
* won't be freed completely. And mostly callers simply care that the page
* contains data that was valid *at some point in time*. Typically, an IO
* or similar operation cannot guarantee anything stronger anyway because
* locks can't be held over the syscall boundary.
*
* If gup_flags & FOLL_WRITE == 0, the page must not be written to. If the page
* is written to, set_page_dirty (or set_page_dirty_lock, as appropriate) must
* be called after the page is finished with, and before put_page is called.
*
* get_user_pages is typically used for fewer-copy IO operations, to get a
* handle on the memory by some means other than accesses via the user virtual
* addresses. The pages may be submitted for DMA to devices or accessed via
* their kernel linear mapping (via the kmap APIs). Care should be taken to
* use the correct cache flushing APIs.
*
* See also get_user_pages_fast, for performance critical applications.
*
* get_user_pages should be phased out in favor of
* get_user_pages_locked|unlocked or get_user_pages_fast. Nothing
* should use get_user_pages because it cannot pass
* FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY to handle_mm_fault.
*/
long get_user_pages_remote(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm,
unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages,
unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages,
struct vm_area_struct **vmas, int *locked)
{
/*
* FIXME: Current FOLL_LONGTERM behavior is incompatible with
* FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY because of the FS DAX check requirement on
* vmas. As there are no users of this flag in this call we simply
* disallow this option for now.
*/
if (WARN_ON_ONCE(gup_flags & FOLL_LONGTERM))
return -EINVAL;
return __get_user_pages_locked(tsk, mm, start, nr_pages, pages, vmas,
locked,
gup_flags | FOLL_TOUCH | FOLL_REMOTE);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(get_user_pages_remote);
/** /**
* populate_vma_page_range() - populate a range of pages in the vma. * populate_vma_page_range() - populate a range of pages in the vma.
* @vma: target vma * @vma: target vma
...@@ -1626,6 +1544,98 @@ static __always_inline long __gup_longterm_locked(struct task_struct *tsk, ...@@ -1626,6 +1544,98 @@ static __always_inline long __gup_longterm_locked(struct task_struct *tsk,
} }
#endif /* CONFIG_FS_DAX || CONFIG_CMA */ #endif /* CONFIG_FS_DAX || CONFIG_CMA */
/*
* get_user_pages_remote() - pin user pages in memory
* @tsk: the task_struct to use for page fault accounting, or
* NULL if faults are not to be recorded.
* @mm: mm_struct of target mm
* @start: starting user address
* @nr_pages: number of pages from start to pin
* @gup_flags: flags modifying lookup behaviour
* @pages: array that receives pointers to the pages pinned.
* Should be at least nr_pages long. Or NULL, if caller
* only intends to ensure the pages are faulted in.
* @vmas: array of pointers to vmas corresponding to each page.
* Or NULL if the caller does not require them.
* @locked: pointer to lock flag indicating whether lock is held and
* subsequently whether VM_FAULT_RETRY functionality can be
* utilised. Lock must initially be held.
*
* Returns either number of pages pinned (which may be less than the
* number requested), or an error. Details about the return value:
*
* -- If nr_pages is 0, returns 0.
* -- If nr_pages is >0, but no pages were pinned, returns -errno.
* -- If nr_pages is >0, and some pages were pinned, returns the number of
* pages pinned. Again, this may be less than nr_pages.
*
* The caller is responsible for releasing returned @pages, via put_page().
*
* @vmas are valid only as long as mmap_sem is held.
*
* Must be called with mmap_sem held for read or write.
*
* get_user_pages walks a process's page tables and takes a reference to
* each struct page that each user address corresponds to at a given
* instant. That is, it takes the page that would be accessed if a user
* thread accesses the given user virtual address at that instant.
*
* This does not guarantee that the page exists in the user mappings when
* get_user_pages returns, and there may even be a completely different
* page there in some cases (eg. if mmapped pagecache has been invalidated
* and subsequently re faulted). However it does guarantee that the page
* won't be freed completely. And mostly callers simply care that the page
* contains data that was valid *at some point in time*. Typically, an IO
* or similar operation cannot guarantee anything stronger anyway because
* locks can't be held over the syscall boundary.
*
* If gup_flags & FOLL_WRITE == 0, the page must not be written to. If the page
* is written to, set_page_dirty (or set_page_dirty_lock, as appropriate) must
* be called after the page is finished with, and before put_page is called.
*
* get_user_pages is typically used for fewer-copy IO operations, to get a
* handle on the memory by some means other than accesses via the user virtual
* addresses. The pages may be submitted for DMA to devices or accessed via
* their kernel linear mapping (via the kmap APIs). Care should be taken to
* use the correct cache flushing APIs.
*
* See also get_user_pages_fast, for performance critical applications.
*
* get_user_pages should be phased out in favor of
* get_user_pages_locked|unlocked or get_user_pages_fast. Nothing
* should use get_user_pages because it cannot pass
* FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY to handle_mm_fault.
*/
long get_user_pages_remote(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm,
unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages,
unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages,
struct vm_area_struct **vmas, int *locked)
{
/*
* Parts of FOLL_LONGTERM behavior are incompatible with
* FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY because of the FS DAX check requirement on
* vmas. However, this only comes up if locked is set, and there are
* callers that do request FOLL_LONGTERM, but do not set locked. So,
* allow what we can.
*/
if (gup_flags & FOLL_LONGTERM) {
if (WARN_ON_ONCE(locked))
return -EINVAL;
/*
* This will check the vmas (even if our vmas arg is NULL)
* and return -ENOTSUPP if DAX isn't allowed in this case:
*/
return __gup_longterm_locked(tsk, mm, start, nr_pages, pages,
vmas, gup_flags | FOLL_TOUCH |
FOLL_REMOTE);
}
return __get_user_pages_locked(tsk, mm, start, nr_pages, pages, vmas,
locked,
gup_flags | FOLL_TOUCH | FOLL_REMOTE);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(get_user_pages_remote);
/* /*
* This is the same as get_user_pages_remote(), just with a * This is the same as get_user_pages_remote(), just with a
* less-flexible calling convention where we assume that the task * less-flexible calling convention where we assume that the task
......
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