Commit c61e211d authored by Harvey Harrison's avatar Harvey Harrison Committed by Ingo Molnar
Browse files

x86: unify fault_32|64.c



Unify includes in moved fault.c.

Modify Makefiles to pick up unified file.
Signed-off-by: default avatarHarvey Harrison <harvey.harrison@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarIngo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: default avatarThomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
parent f8c2ee22
......@@ -2,7 +2,7 @@
# Makefile for the linux i386-specific parts of the memory manager.
#
obj-y := init_32.o pgtable_32.o fault_32.o ioremap.o extable.o pageattr.o mmap.o
obj-y := init_32.o pgtable_32.o fault.o ioremap.o extable.o pageattr.o mmap.o
obj-$(CONFIG_NUMA) += discontig_32.o
obj-$(CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE) += hugetlbpage.o
......
......@@ -2,7 +2,7 @@
# Makefile for the linux x86_64-specific parts of the memory manager.
#
obj-y := init_64.o fault_64.o ioremap.o extable.o pageattr.o mmap.o
obj-y := init_64.o fault.o ioremap.o extable.o pageattr.o mmap.o
obj-$(CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE) += hugetlbpage.o
obj-$(CONFIG_NUMA) += numa_64.o
obj-$(CONFIG_K8_NUMA) += k8topology_64.o
......
......@@ -18,6 +18,8 @@
#include <linux/tty.h>
#include <linux/vt_kern.h> /* For unblank_screen() */
#include <linux/compiler.h>
#include <linux/highmem.h>
#include <linux/bootmem.h> /* for max_low_pfn */
#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/kprobes.h>
......@@ -25,6 +27,8 @@
#include <linux/kdebug.h>
#include <asm/system.h>
#include <asm/desc.h>
#include <asm/segment.h>
#include <asm/pgalloc.h>
#include <asm/smp.h>
#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
......@@ -88,16 +92,15 @@ static int is_prefetch(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long addr,
unsigned char *max_instr;
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
if (unlikely(boot_cpu_data.x86_vendor == X86_VENDOR_AMD &&
boot_cpu_data.x86 >= 6)) {
/* Catch an obscure case of prefetch inside an NX page. */
if (nx_enabled && (error_code & PF_INSTR))
return 0;
} else {
# ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
/* If it was a exec fault on NX page, ignore */
if (nx_enabled && (error_code & PF_INSTR))
return 0;
}
#else
/* If it was a exec fault ignore */
# else
return 0;
# endif
#else /* CONFIG_X86_64 */
/* If it was a exec fault on NX page, ignore */
if (error_code & PF_INSTR)
return 0;
#endif
......
/*
* Copyright (C) 1995 Linus Torvalds
*/
#include <linux/signal.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/ptrace.h>
#include <linux/mman.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/smp.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/tty.h>
#include <linux/vt_kern.h> /* For unblank_screen() */
#include <linux/highmem.h>
#include <linux/bootmem.h> /* for max_low_pfn */
#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/kprobes.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/kdebug.h>
#include <asm/system.h>
#include <asm/desc.h>
#include <asm/segment.h>
/*
* Page fault error code bits
* bit 0 == 0 means no page found, 1 means protection fault
* bit 1 == 0 means read, 1 means write
* bit 2 == 0 means kernel, 1 means user-mode
* bit 3 == 1 means use of reserved bit detected
* bit 4 == 1 means fault was an instruction fetch
*/
#define PF_PROT (1<<0)
#define PF_WRITE (1<<1)
#define PF_USER (1<<2)
#define PF_RSVD (1<<3)
#define PF_INSTR (1<<4)
static inline int notify_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_KPROBES
int ret = 0;
/* kprobe_running() needs smp_processor_id() */
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
if (!user_mode_vm(regs)) {
#else
if (!user_mode(regs)) {
#endif
preempt_disable();
if (kprobe_running() && kprobe_fault_handler(regs, 14))
ret = 1;
preempt_enable();
}
return ret;
#else
return 0;
#endif
}
/*
* X86_32
* Sometimes AMD Athlon/Opteron CPUs report invalid exceptions on prefetch.
* Check that here and ignore it.
*
* X86_64
* Sometimes the CPU reports invalid exceptions on prefetch.
* Check that here and ignore it.
*
* Opcode checker based on code by Richard Brunner
*/
static int is_prefetch(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long addr,
unsigned long error_code)
{
unsigned char *instr;
int scan_more = 1;
int prefetch = 0;
unsigned char *max_instr;
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
if (unlikely(boot_cpu_data.x86_vendor == X86_VENDOR_AMD &&
boot_cpu_data.x86 >= 6)) {
/* Catch an obscure case of prefetch inside an NX page. */
if (nx_enabled && (error_code & PF_INSTR))
return 0;
} else {
return 0;
}
#else
/* If it was a exec fault ignore */
if (error_code & PF_INSTR)
return 0;
#endif
instr = (unsigned char *)convert_ip_to_linear(current, regs);
max_instr = instr + 15;
if (user_mode(regs) && instr >= (unsigned char *)TASK_SIZE)
return 0;
while (scan_more && instr < max_instr) {
unsigned char opcode;
unsigned char instr_hi;
unsigned char instr_lo;
if (probe_kernel_address(instr, opcode))
break;
instr_hi = opcode & 0xf0;
instr_lo = opcode & 0x0f;
instr++;
switch (instr_hi) {
case 0x20:
case 0x30:
/*
* Values 0x26,0x2E,0x36,0x3E are valid x86 prefixes.
* In X86_64 long mode, the CPU will signal invalid
* opcode if some of these prefixes are present so
* X86_64 will never get here anyway
*/
scan_more = ((instr_lo & 7) == 0x6);
break;
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
case 0x40:
/*
* In AMD64 long mode 0x40..0x4F are valid REX prefixes
* Need to figure out under what instruction mode the
* instruction was issued. Could check the LDT for lm,
* but for now it's good enough to assume that long
* mode only uses well known segments or kernel.
*/
scan_more = (!user_mode(regs)) || (regs->cs == __USER_CS);
break;
#endif
case 0x60:
/* 0x64 thru 0x67 are valid prefixes in all modes. */
scan_more = (instr_lo & 0xC) == 0x4;
break;
case 0xF0:
/* 0xF0, 0xF2, 0xF3 are valid prefixes in all modes. */
scan_more = !instr_lo || (instr_lo>>1) == 1;
break;
case 0x00:
/* Prefetch instruction is 0x0F0D or 0x0F18 */
scan_more = 0;
if (probe_kernel_address(instr, opcode))
break;
prefetch = (instr_lo == 0xF) &&
(opcode == 0x0D || opcode == 0x18);
break;
default:
scan_more = 0;
break;
}
}
return prefetch;
}
static void force_sig_info_fault(int si_signo, int si_code,
unsigned long address, struct task_struct *tsk)
{
siginfo_t info;
info.si_signo = si_signo;
info.si_errno = 0;
info.si_code = si_code;
info.si_addr = (void __user *)address;
force_sig_info(si_signo, &info, tsk);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
static int bad_address(void *p)
{
unsigned long dummy;
return probe_kernel_address((unsigned long *)p, dummy);
}
#endif
void dump_pagetable(unsigned long address)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
__typeof__(pte_val(__pte(0))) page;
page = read_cr3();
page = ((__typeof__(page) *) __va(page))[address >> PGDIR_SHIFT];
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
printk("*pdpt = %016Lx ", page);
if ((page >> PAGE_SHIFT) < max_low_pfn
&& page & _PAGE_PRESENT) {
page &= PAGE_MASK;
page = ((__typeof__(page) *) __va(page))[(address >> PMD_SHIFT)
& (PTRS_PER_PMD - 1)];
printk(KERN_CONT "*pde = %016Lx ", page);
page &= ~_PAGE_NX;
}
#else
printk("*pde = %08lx ", page);
#endif
/*
* We must not directly access the pte in the highpte
* case if the page table is located in highmem.
* And let's rather not kmap-atomic the pte, just in case
* it's allocated already.
*/
if ((page >> PAGE_SHIFT) < max_low_pfn
&& (page & _PAGE_PRESENT)
&& !(page & _PAGE_PSE)) {
page &= PAGE_MASK;
page = ((__typeof__(page) *) __va(page))[(address >> PAGE_SHIFT)
& (PTRS_PER_PTE - 1)];
printk("*pte = %0*Lx ", sizeof(page)*2, (u64)page);
}
printk("\n");
#else /* CONFIG_X86_64 */
pgd_t *pgd;
pud_t *pud;
pmd_t *pmd;
pte_t *pte;
pgd = (pgd_t *)read_cr3();
pgd = __va((unsigned long)pgd & PHYSICAL_PAGE_MASK);
pgd += pgd_index(address);
if (bad_address(pgd)) goto bad;
printk("PGD %lx ", pgd_val(*pgd));
if (!pgd_present(*pgd)) goto ret;
pud = pud_offset(pgd, address);
if (bad_address(pud)) goto bad;
printk("PUD %lx ", pud_val(*pud));
if (!pud_present(*pud)) goto ret;
pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address);
if (bad_address(pmd)) goto bad;
printk("PMD %lx ", pmd_val(*pmd));
if (!pmd_present(*pmd) || pmd_large(*pmd)) goto ret;
pte = pte_offset_kernel(pmd, address);
if (bad_address(pte)) goto bad;
printk("PTE %lx", pte_val(*pte));
ret:
printk("\n");
return;
bad:
printk("BAD\n");
#endif
}
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
static inline pmd_t *vmalloc_sync_one(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address)
{
unsigned index = pgd_index(address);
pgd_t *pgd_k;
pud_t *pud, *pud_k;
pmd_t *pmd, *pmd_k;
pgd += index;
pgd_k = init_mm.pgd + index;
if (!pgd_present(*pgd_k))
return NULL;
/*
* set_pgd(pgd, *pgd_k); here would be useless on PAE
* and redundant with the set_pmd() on non-PAE. As would
* set_pud.
*/
pud = pud_offset(pgd, address);
pud_k = pud_offset(pgd_k, address);
if (!pud_present(*pud_k))
return NULL;
pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address);
pmd_k = pmd_offset(pud_k, address);
if (!pmd_present(*pmd_k))
return NULL;
if (!pmd_present(*pmd)) {
set_pmd(pmd, *pmd_k);
arch_flush_lazy_mmu_mode();
} else
BUG_ON(pmd_page(*pmd) != pmd_page(*pmd_k));
return pmd_k;
}
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
static const char errata93_warning[] =
KERN_ERR "******* Your BIOS seems to not contain a fix for K8 errata #93\n"
KERN_ERR "******* Working around it, but it may cause SEGVs or burn power.\n"
KERN_ERR "******* Please consider a BIOS update.\n"
KERN_ERR "******* Disabling USB legacy in the BIOS may also help.\n";
#endif
/* Workaround for K8 erratum #93 & buggy BIOS.
BIOS SMM functions are required to use a specific workaround
to avoid corruption of the 64bit RIP register on C stepping K8.
A lot of BIOS that didn't get tested properly miss this.
The OS sees this as a page fault with the upper 32bits of RIP cleared.
Try to work around it here.
Note we only handle faults in kernel here.
Does nothing for X86_32
*/
static int is_errata93(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
static int warned;
if (address != regs->ip)
return 0;
if ((address >> 32) != 0)
return 0;
address |= 0xffffffffUL << 32;
if ((address >= (u64)_stext && address <= (u64)_etext) ||
(address >= MODULES_VADDR && address <= MODULES_END)) {
if (!warned) {
printk(errata93_warning);
warned = 1;
}
regs->ip = address;
return 1;
}
#endif
return 0;
}
/*
* Work around K8 erratum #100 K8 in compat mode occasionally jumps to illegal
* addresses >4GB. We catch this in the page fault handler because these
* addresses are not reachable. Just detect this case and return. Any code
* segment in LDT is compatibility mode.
*/
static int is_errata100(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
if ((regs->cs == __USER32_CS || (regs->cs & (1<<2))) &&
(address >> 32))
return 1;
#endif
return 0;
}
void do_invalid_op(struct pt_regs *, unsigned long);
static int is_f00f_bug(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_F00F_BUG
unsigned long nr;
/*
* Pentium F0 0F C7 C8 bug workaround.
*/
if (boot_cpu_data.f00f_bug) {
nr = (address - idt_descr.address) >> 3;
if (nr == 6) {
do_invalid_op(regs, 0);
return 1;
}
}
#endif
return 0;
}
static void show_fault_oops(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code,
unsigned long address)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
if (!oops_may_print())
return;
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
if (error_code & PF_INSTR) {
int level;
pte_t *pte = lookup_address(address, &level);
if (pte && pte_present(*pte) && !pte_exec(*pte))
printk(KERN_CRIT "kernel tried to execute "
"NX-protected page - exploit attempt? "
"(uid: %d)\n", current->uid);
}
#endif
printk(KERN_ALERT "BUG: unable to handle kernel ");
if (address < PAGE_SIZE)
printk(KERN_CONT "NULL pointer dereference");
else
printk(KERN_CONT "paging request");
printk(KERN_CONT " at %08lx\n", address);
printk(KERN_ALERT "IP:");
printk_address(regs->ip, 1);
dump_pagetable(address);
#else /* CONFIG_X86_64 */
printk(KERN_ALERT "BUG: unable to handle kernel ");
if (address < PAGE_SIZE)
printk(KERN_CONT "NULL pointer dereference");
else
printk(KERN_CONT "paging request");
printk(KERN_CONT " at %016lx\n", address);
printk(KERN_ALERT "IP:");
printk_address(regs->ip, 1);
dump_pagetable(address);
#endif
}
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
static noinline void pgtable_bad(unsigned long address, struct pt_regs *regs,
unsigned long error_code)
{
unsigned long flags = oops_begin();
struct task_struct *tsk;
printk(KERN_ALERT "%s: Corrupted page table at address %lx\n",
current->comm, address);
dump_pagetable(address);
tsk = current;
tsk->thread.cr2 = address;
tsk->thread.trap_no = 14;
tsk->thread.error_code = error_code;
if (__die("Bad pagetable", regs, error_code))
regs = NULL;
oops_end(flags, regs, SIGKILL);
}
#endif
/*
* X86_32
* Handle a fault on the vmalloc or module mapping area
*
* X86_64
* Handle a fault on the vmalloc area
*
* This assumes no large pages in there.
*/
static int vmalloc_fault(unsigned long address)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
unsigned long pgd_paddr;
pmd_t *pmd_k;
pte_t *pte_k;
/*
* Synchronize this task's top level page-table
* with the 'reference' page table.
*
* Do _not_ use "current" here. We might be inside
* an interrupt in the middle of a task switch..
*/
pgd_paddr = read_cr3();
pmd_k = vmalloc_sync_one(__va(pgd_paddr), address);
if (!pmd_k)
return -1;
pte_k = pte_offset_kernel(pmd_k, address);
if (!pte_present(*pte_k))
return -1;
return 0;
#else
pgd_t *pgd, *pgd_ref;
pud_t *pud, *pud_ref;
pmd_t *pmd, *pmd_ref;
pte_t *pte, *pte_ref;
/* Copy kernel mappings over when needed. This can also
happen within a race in page table update. In the later
case just flush. */
pgd = pgd_offset(current->mm ?: &init_mm, address);
pgd_ref = pgd_offset_k(address);
if (pgd_none(*pgd_ref))
return -1;
if (pgd_none(*pgd))
set_pgd(pgd, *pgd_ref);
else
BUG_ON(pgd_page_vaddr(*pgd) != pgd_page_vaddr(*pgd_ref));
/* Below here mismatches are bugs because these lower tables
are shared */
pud = pud_offset(pgd, address);
pud_ref = pud_offset(pgd_ref, address);
if (pud_none(*pud_ref))
return -1;
if (pud_none(*pud) || pud_page_vaddr(*pud) != pud_page_vaddr(*pud_ref))
BUG();
pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address);
pmd_ref = pmd_offset(pud_ref, address);
if (pmd_none(*pmd_ref))
return -1;
if (pmd_none(*pmd) || pmd_page(*pmd) != pmd_page(*pmd_ref))
BUG();
pte_ref = pte_offset_kernel(pmd_ref, address);
if (!pte_present(*pte_ref))
return -1;
pte = pte_offset_kernel(pmd, address);
/* Don't use pte_page here, because the mappings can point
outside mem_map, and the NUMA hash lookup cannot handle
that. */
if (!pte_present(*pte) || pte_pfn(*pte) != pte_pfn(*pte_ref))
BUG();
return 0;
#endif
}
int show_unhandled_signals = 1;
/*
* This routine handles page faults. It determines the address,
* and the problem, and then passes it off to one of the appropriate
* routines.
*/
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
asmlinkage
#endif
void __kprobes do_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code)
{
struct task_struct *tsk;
struct mm_struct *mm;
struct vm_area_struct *vma;
unsigned long address;
int write, si_code;
int fault;
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
unsigned long flags;
#endif
/*
* We can fault from pretty much anywhere, with unknown IRQ state.
*/
trace_hardirqs_fixup();
tsk = current;
mm = tsk->mm;
prefetchw(&mm->mmap_sem);
/* get the address */
address = read_cr2();
si_code = SEGV_MAPERR;
if (notify_page_fault(regs))
return;
/*
* We fault-in kernel-space virtual memory on-demand. The
* 'reference' page table is init_mm.pgd.
*
* NOTE! We MUST NOT take any locks for this case. We may
* be in an interrupt or a critical region, and should
* only copy the information from the master page table,
* nothing more.
*
* This verifies that the fault happens in kernel space
* (error_code & 4) == 0, and that the fault was not a
* protection error (error_code & 9) == 0.