Commit c6a91820 authored by Mike Kravetz's avatar Mike Kravetz Committed by Linus Torvalds
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hugetlbfs: add minimum size tracking fields to subpool structure

hugetlbfs allocates huge pages from the global pool as needed.  Even if
the global pool contains a sufficient number pages for the filesystem size
at mount time, those global pages could be grabbed for some other use.  As
a result, filesystem huge page allocations may fail due to lack of pages.

Applications such as a database want to use huge pages for performance
reasons.  hugetlbfs filesystem semantics with ownership and modes work
well to manage access to a pool of huge pages.  However, the application
would like some reasonable assurance that allocations will not fail due to
a lack of huge pages.  At application startup time, the application would
like to configure itself to use a specific number of huge pages.  Before
starting, the application can check to make sure that enough huge pages
exist in the system global pools.  However, there are no guarantees that
those pages will be available when needed by the application.  What the
application wants is exclusive use of a subset of huge pages.

Add a new hugetlbfs mount option 'min_size=<value>' to indicate that the
specified number of pages will be available for use by the filesystem.  At
mount time, this number of huge pages will be reserved for exclusive use
of the filesystem.  If there is not a sufficient number of free pages, the
mount will fail.  As pages are allocated to and freeed from the
filesystem, the number of reserved pages is adjusted so that the specified
minimum is maintained.

This patch (of 4):

Add a field to the subpool structure to indicate the minimimum number of
huge pages to always be used by this subpool.  This minimum count includes
allocated pages as well as reserved pages.  If the minimum number of pages
for the subpool have not been allocated, pages are reserved up to this
minimum.  An additional field (rsv_hpages) is used to track the number of
pages reserved to meet this minimum size.  The hstate pointer in the
subpool is convenient to have when reserving and unreserving the pages.
Signed-off-by: default avatarMike Kravetz <>
Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <>
Cc: Aneesh Kumar <>
Cc: Joonsoo Kim <>
Cc: Andi Kleen <>
Cc: David Rientjes <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <>
parent 195b0c60
......@@ -22,7 +22,13 @@ struct mmu_gather;
struct hugepage_subpool {
spinlock_t lock;
long count;
long max_hpages, used_hpages;
long max_hpages; /* Maximum huge pages or -1 if no maximum. */
long used_hpages; /* Used count against maximum, includes */
/* both alloced and reserved pages. */
struct hstate *hstate;
long min_hpages; /* Minimum huge pages or -1 if no minimum. */
long rsv_hpages; /* Pages reserved against global pool to */
/* sasitfy minimum size. */
struct resv_map {
......@@ -77,14 +77,13 @@ struct hugepage_subpool *hugepage_new_subpool(long nr_blocks)
struct hugepage_subpool *spool;
spool = kmalloc(sizeof(*spool), GFP_KERNEL);
spool = kzalloc(sizeof(*spool), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!spool)
return NULL;
spool->count = 1;
spool->max_hpages = nr_blocks;
spool->used_hpages = 0;
return spool;
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