Commit de60f5f1 authored by Eric B Munson's avatar Eric B Munson Committed by Linus Torvalds
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mm: introduce VM_LOCKONFAULT

The cost of faulting in all memory to be locked can be very high when
working with large mappings.  If only portions of the mapping will be used
this can incur a high penalty for locking.

For the example of a large file, this is the usage pattern for a large
statical language model (probably applies to other statical or graphical
models as well).  For the security example, any application transacting in
data that cannot be swapped out (credit card data, medical records, etc).

This patch introduces the ability to request that pages are not
pre-faulted, but are placed on the unevictable LRU when they are finally
faulted in.  The VM_LOCKONFAULT flag will be used together with VM_LOCKED
and has no effect when set without VM_LOCKED.  Setting the VM_LOCKONFAULT
flag for a VMA will cause pages faulted into that VMA to be added to the
unevictable LRU when they are faulted or if they are already present, but
will not cause any missing pages to be faulted in.

Exposing this new lock state means that we cannot overload the meaning of
the FOLL_POPULATE flag any longer.  Prior to this patch it was used to
mean that the VMA for a fault was locked.  This means we need the new
FOLL_MLOCK flag to communicate the locked state of a VMA.  FOLL_POPULATE
will now only control if the VMA should be populated and in the case of
VM_LOCKONFAULT, it will not be set.
Signed-off-by: default avatarEric B Munson <>
Acked-by: default avatarKirill A. Shutemov <>
Acked-by: default avatarVlastimil Babka <>
Cc: Michal Hocko <>
Cc: Jonathan Corbet <>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <>
Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <>
Cc: Guenter Roeck <>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <>
Cc: Michael Kerrisk <>
Cc: Ralf Baechle <>
Cc: Shuah Khan <>
Cc: Stephen Rothwell <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <>
parent a8ca5d0e
......@@ -139,6 +139,7 @@ extern unsigned int kobjsize(const void *objp);
#define VM_DONTCOPY 0x00020000 /* Do not copy this vma on fork */
#define VM_DONTEXPAND 0x00040000 /* Cannot expand with mremap() */
#define VM_LOCKONFAULT 0x00080000 /* Lock the pages covered when they are faulted in */
#define VM_ACCOUNT 0x00100000 /* Is a VM accounted object */
#define VM_NORESERVE 0x00200000 /* should the VM suppress accounting */
#define VM_HUGETLB 0x00400000 /* Huge TLB Page VM */
......@@ -202,6 +203,9 @@ extern unsigned int kobjsize(const void *objp);
/* This mask defines which mm->def_flags a process can inherit its parent */
/* This mask is used to clear all the VMA flags used by mlock */
* mapping from the currently active vm_flags protection bits (the
* low four bits) to a page protection mask..
......@@ -2137,6 +2141,7 @@ static inline struct page *follow_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
#define FOLL_NUMA 0x200 /* force NUMA hinting page fault */
#define FOLL_MIGRATION 0x400 /* wait for page to replace migration entry */
#define FOLL_TRIED 0x800 /* a retry, previous pass started an IO */
#define FOLL_MLOCK 0x1000 /* lock present pages */
typedef int (*pte_fn_t)(pte_t *pte, pgtable_t token, unsigned long addr,
void *data);
......@@ -454,7 +454,8 @@ static int dup_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm, struct mm_struct *oldmm)
tmp->vm_mm = mm;
if (anon_vma_fork(tmp, mpnt))
goto fail_nomem_anon_vma_fork;
tmp->vm_flags &=
tmp->vm_next = tmp->vm_prev = NULL;
tmp->vm_userfaultfd_ctx = NULL_VM_UFFD_CTX;
file = tmp->vm_file;
......@@ -125,6 +125,7 @@ static const struct trace_print_flags vmaflags_names[] = {
{VM_GROWSDOWN, "growsdown" },
{VM_PFNMAP, "pfnmap" },
{VM_DENYWRITE, "denywrite" },
{VM_LOCKONFAULT, "lockonfault" },
{VM_LOCKED, "locked" },
{VM_IO, "io" },
{VM_SEQ_READ, "seqread" },
......@@ -129,7 +129,7 @@ static struct page *follow_page_pte(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
if ((flags & FOLL_POPULATE) && (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED)) {
if ((flags & FOLL_MLOCK) && (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED)) {
* The preliminary mapping check is mainly to avoid the
* pointless overhead of lock_page on the ZERO_PAGE
......@@ -299,6 +299,9 @@ static int faultin_page(struct task_struct *tsk, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned int fault_flags = 0;
int ret;
/* mlock all present pages, but do not fault in new pages */
return -ENOENT;
/* For mm_populate(), just skip the stack guard page. */
if ((*flags & FOLL_POPULATE) &&
(stack_guard_page_start(vma, address) ||
......@@ -890,7 +893,10 @@ long populate_vma_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
VM_BUG_ON_VMA(end > vma->vm_end, vma);
VM_BUG_ON_MM(!rwsem_is_locked(&mm->mmap_sem), mm);
if (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKONFAULT)
gup_flags &= ~FOLL_POPULATE;
* We want to touch writable mappings with a write fault in order
* to break COW, except for shared mappings because these don't COW
......@@ -1307,7 +1307,7 @@ struct page *follow_trans_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
pmd, _pmd, 1))
update_mmu_cache_pmd(vma, addr, pmd);
if ((flags & FOLL_POPULATE) && (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED)) {
if ((flags & FOLL_MLOCK) && (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED)) {
if (page->mapping && trylock_page(page)) {
if (page->mapping)
......@@ -4137,8 +4137,8 @@ static unsigned long page_table_shareable(struct vm_area_struct *svma,
unsigned long s_end = sbase + PUD_SIZE;
/* Allow segments to share if only one is marked locked */
unsigned long vm_flags = vma->vm_flags & ~VM_LOCKED;
unsigned long svm_flags = svma->vm_flags & ~VM_LOCKED;
unsigned long vm_flags = vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED_CLEAR_MASK;
unsigned long svm_flags = svma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED_CLEAR_MASK;
* match the virtual addresses, permission and the alignment of the
......@@ -422,7 +422,7 @@ static unsigned long __munlock_pagevec_fill(struct pagevec *pvec,
void munlock_vma_pages_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
vma->vm_flags &= ~VM_LOCKED;
vma->vm_flags &= VM_LOCKED_CLEAR_MASK;
while (start < end) {
struct page *page = NULL;
......@@ -1661,7 +1661,7 @@ unsigned long mmap_region(struct file *file, unsigned long addr,
vma == get_gate_vma(current->mm)))
mm->locked_vm += (len >> PAGE_SHIFT);
vma->vm_flags &= ~VM_LOCKED;
vma->vm_flags &= VM_LOCKED_CLEAR_MASK;
if (file)
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