Commit e24ce84e authored by Linus Torvalds's avatar Linus Torvalds
Browse files

Merge branch 'sched-urgent-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip

Pull scheduler fixes from Thomas Gleixner:
 "Two fixes for the fair scheduling class:

   - Prevent freeing memory which is accessible by concurrent readers

   - Make the RCU annotations for numa groups consistent"

* 'sched-urgent-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip:
  sched/fair: Use RCU accessors consistently for ->numa_group
  sched/fair: Don't free p->numa_faults with concurrent readers
parents 750991f9 cb361d8c
......@@ -1828,7 +1828,7 @@ static int __do_execve_file(int fd, struct filename *filename,
membarrier_execve(current);
rseq_execve(current);
acct_update_integrals(current);
task_numa_free(current);
task_numa_free(current, false);
free_bprm(bprm);
kfree(pathbuf);
if (filename)
......
......@@ -1092,7 +1092,15 @@ struct task_struct {
u64 last_sum_exec_runtime;
struct callback_head numa_work;
struct numa_group *numa_group;
/*
* This pointer is only modified for current in syscall and
* pagefault context (and for tasks being destroyed), so it can be read
* from any of the following contexts:
* - RCU read-side critical section
* - current->numa_group from everywhere
* - task's runqueue locked, task not running
*/
struct numa_group __rcu *numa_group;
/*
* numa_faults is an array split into four regions:
......
......@@ -19,7 +19,7 @@
extern void task_numa_fault(int last_node, int node, int pages, int flags);
extern pid_t task_numa_group_id(struct task_struct *p);
extern void set_numabalancing_state(bool enabled);
extern void task_numa_free(struct task_struct *p);
extern void task_numa_free(struct task_struct *p, bool final);
extern bool should_numa_migrate_memory(struct task_struct *p, struct page *page,
int src_nid, int dst_cpu);
#else
......@@ -34,7 +34,7 @@ static inline pid_t task_numa_group_id(struct task_struct *p)
static inline void set_numabalancing_state(bool enabled)
{
}
static inline void task_numa_free(struct task_struct *p)
static inline void task_numa_free(struct task_struct *p, bool final)
{
}
static inline bool should_numa_migrate_memory(struct task_struct *p,
......
......@@ -726,7 +726,7 @@ void __put_task_struct(struct task_struct *tsk)
WARN_ON(tsk == current);
cgroup_free(tsk);
task_numa_free(tsk);
task_numa_free(tsk, true);
security_task_free(tsk);
exit_creds(tsk);
delayacct_tsk_free(tsk);
......
......@@ -1086,6 +1086,21 @@ struct numa_group {
unsigned long faults[0];
};
/*
* For functions that can be called in multiple contexts that permit reading
* ->numa_group (see struct task_struct for locking rules).
*/
static struct numa_group *deref_task_numa_group(struct task_struct *p)
{
return rcu_dereference_check(p->numa_group, p == current ||
(lockdep_is_held(&task_rq(p)->lock) && !READ_ONCE(p->on_cpu)));
}
static struct numa_group *deref_curr_numa_group(struct task_struct *p)
{
return rcu_dereference_protected(p->numa_group, p == current);
}
static inline unsigned long group_faults_priv(struct numa_group *ng);
static inline unsigned long group_faults_shared(struct numa_group *ng);
......@@ -1129,10 +1144,12 @@ static unsigned int task_scan_start(struct task_struct *p)
{
unsigned long smin = task_scan_min(p);
unsigned long period = smin;
struct numa_group *ng;
/* Scale the maximum scan period with the amount of shared memory. */
if (p->numa_group) {
struct numa_group *ng = p->numa_group;
rcu_read_lock();
ng = rcu_dereference(p->numa_group);
if (ng) {
unsigned long shared = group_faults_shared(ng);
unsigned long private = group_faults_priv(ng);
......@@ -1140,6 +1157,7 @@ static unsigned int task_scan_start(struct task_struct *p)
period *= shared + 1;
period /= private + shared + 1;
}
rcu_read_unlock();
return max(smin, period);
}
......@@ -1148,13 +1166,14 @@ static unsigned int task_scan_max(struct task_struct *p)
{
unsigned long smin = task_scan_min(p);
unsigned long smax;
struct numa_group *ng;
/* Watch for min being lower than max due to floor calculations */
smax = sysctl_numa_balancing_scan_period_max / task_nr_scan_windows(p);
/* Scale the maximum scan period with the amount of shared memory. */
if (p->numa_group) {
struct numa_group *ng = p->numa_group;
ng = deref_curr_numa_group(p);
if (ng) {
unsigned long shared = group_faults_shared(ng);
unsigned long private = group_faults_priv(ng);
unsigned long period = smax;
......@@ -1186,7 +1205,7 @@ void init_numa_balancing(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *p)
p->numa_scan_period = sysctl_numa_balancing_scan_delay;
p->numa_work.next = &p->numa_work;
p->numa_faults = NULL;
p->numa_group = NULL;
RCU_INIT_POINTER(p->numa_group, NULL);
p->last_task_numa_placement = 0;
p->last_sum_exec_runtime = 0;
......@@ -1233,7 +1252,16 @@ static void account_numa_dequeue(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p)
pid_t task_numa_group_id(struct task_struct *p)
{
return p->numa_group ? p->numa_group->gid : 0;
struct numa_group *ng;
pid_t gid = 0;
rcu_read_lock();
ng = rcu_dereference(p->numa_group);
if (ng)
gid = ng->gid;
rcu_read_unlock();
return gid;
}
/*
......@@ -1258,11 +1286,13 @@ static inline unsigned long task_faults(struct task_struct *p, int nid)
static inline unsigned long group_faults(struct task_struct *p, int nid)
{
if (!p->numa_group)
struct numa_group *ng = deref_task_numa_group(p);
if (!ng)
return 0;
return p->numa_group->faults[task_faults_idx(NUMA_MEM, nid, 0)] +
p->numa_group->faults[task_faults_idx(NUMA_MEM, nid, 1)];
return ng->faults[task_faults_idx(NUMA_MEM, nid, 0)] +
ng->faults[task_faults_idx(NUMA_MEM, nid, 1)];
}
static inline unsigned long group_faults_cpu(struct numa_group *group, int nid)
......@@ -1400,12 +1430,13 @@ static inline unsigned long task_weight(struct task_struct *p, int nid,
static inline unsigned long group_weight(struct task_struct *p, int nid,
int dist)
{
struct numa_group *ng = deref_task_numa_group(p);
unsigned long faults, total_faults;
if (!p->numa_group)
if (!ng)
return 0;
total_faults = p->numa_group->total_faults;
total_faults = ng->total_faults;
if (!total_faults)
return 0;
......@@ -1419,7 +1450,7 @@ static inline unsigned long group_weight(struct task_struct *p, int nid,
bool should_numa_migrate_memory(struct task_struct *p, struct page * page,
int src_nid, int dst_cpu)
{
struct numa_group *ng = p->numa_group;
struct numa_group *ng = deref_curr_numa_group(p);
int dst_nid = cpu_to_node(dst_cpu);
int last_cpupid, this_cpupid;
......@@ -1600,13 +1631,14 @@ static bool load_too_imbalanced(long src_load, long dst_load,
static void task_numa_compare(struct task_numa_env *env,
long taskimp, long groupimp, bool maymove)
{
struct numa_group *cur_ng, *p_ng = deref_curr_numa_group(env->p);
struct rq *dst_rq = cpu_rq(env->dst_cpu);
long imp = p_ng ? groupimp : taskimp;
struct task_struct *cur;
long src_load, dst_load;
long load;
long imp = env->p->numa_group ? groupimp : taskimp;
long moveimp = imp;
int dist = env->dist;
long moveimp = imp;
long load;
if (READ_ONCE(dst_rq->numa_migrate_on))
return;
......@@ -1645,21 +1677,22 @@ static void task_numa_compare(struct task_numa_env *env,
* If dst and source tasks are in the same NUMA group, or not
* in any group then look only at task weights.
*/
if (cur->numa_group == env->p->numa_group) {
cur_ng = rcu_dereference(cur->numa_group);
if (cur_ng == p_ng) {
imp = taskimp + task_weight(cur, env->src_nid, dist) -
task_weight(cur, env->dst_nid, dist);
/*
* Add some hysteresis to prevent swapping the
* tasks within a group over tiny differences.
*/
if (cur->numa_group)
if (cur_ng)
imp -= imp / 16;
} else {
/*
* Compare the group weights. If a task is all by itself
* (not part of a group), use the task weight instead.
*/
if (cur->numa_group && env->p->numa_group)
if (cur_ng && p_ng)
imp += group_weight(cur, env->src_nid, dist) -
group_weight(cur, env->dst_nid, dist);
else
......@@ -1757,11 +1790,12 @@ static int task_numa_migrate(struct task_struct *p)
.best_imp = 0,
.best_cpu = -1,
};
unsigned long taskweight, groupweight;
struct sched_domain *sd;
long taskimp, groupimp;
struct numa_group *ng;
struct rq *best_rq;
unsigned long taskweight, groupweight;
int nid, ret, dist;
long taskimp, groupimp;
/*
* Pick the lowest SD_NUMA domain, as that would have the smallest
......@@ -1807,7 +1841,8 @@ static int task_numa_migrate(struct task_struct *p)
* multiple NUMA nodes; in order to better consolidate the group,
* we need to check other locations.
*/
if (env.best_cpu == -1 || (p->numa_group && p->numa_group->active_nodes > 1)) {
ng = deref_curr_numa_group(p);
if (env.best_cpu == -1 || (ng && ng->active_nodes > 1)) {
for_each_online_node(nid) {
if (nid == env.src_nid || nid == p->numa_preferred_nid)
continue;
......@@ -1840,7 +1875,7 @@ static int task_numa_migrate(struct task_struct *p)
* A task that migrated to a second choice node will be better off
* trying for a better one later. Do not set the preferred node here.
*/
if (p->numa_group) {
if (ng) {
if (env.best_cpu == -1)
nid = env.src_nid;
else
......@@ -2135,6 +2170,7 @@ static void task_numa_placement(struct task_struct *p)
unsigned long total_faults;
u64 runtime, period;
spinlock_t *group_lock = NULL;
struct numa_group *ng;
/*
* The p->mm->numa_scan_seq field gets updated without
......@@ -2152,8 +2188,9 @@ static void task_numa_placement(struct task_struct *p)
runtime = numa_get_avg_runtime(p, &period);
/* If the task is part of a group prevent parallel updates to group stats */
if (p->numa_group) {
group_lock = &p->numa_group->lock;
ng = deref_curr_numa_group(p);
if (ng) {
group_lock = &ng->lock;
spin_lock_irq(group_lock);
}
......@@ -2194,7 +2231,7 @@ static void task_numa_placement(struct task_struct *p)
p->numa_faults[cpu_idx] += f_diff;
faults += p->numa_faults[mem_idx];
p->total_numa_faults += diff;
if (p->numa_group) {
if (ng) {
/*
* safe because we can only change our own group
*
......@@ -2202,14 +2239,14 @@ static void task_numa_placement(struct task_struct *p)
* nid and priv in a specific region because it
* is at the beginning of the numa_faults array.
*/
p->numa_group->faults[mem_idx] += diff;
p->numa_group->faults_cpu[mem_idx] += f_diff;
p->numa_group->total_faults += diff;
group_faults += p->numa_group->faults[mem_idx];
ng->faults[mem_idx] += diff;
ng->faults_cpu[mem_idx] += f_diff;
ng->total_faults += diff;
group_faults += ng->faults[mem_idx];
}
}
if (!p->numa_group) {
if (!ng) {
if (faults > max_faults) {
max_faults = faults;
max_nid = nid;
......@@ -2220,8 +2257,8 @@ static void task_numa_placement(struct task_struct *p)
}
}
if (p->numa_group) {
numa_group_count_active_nodes(p->numa_group);
if (ng) {
numa_group_count_active_nodes(ng);
spin_unlock_irq(group_lock);
max_nid = preferred_group_nid(p, max_nid);
}
......@@ -2255,7 +2292,7 @@ static void task_numa_group(struct task_struct *p, int cpupid, int flags,
int cpu = cpupid_to_cpu(cpupid);
int i;
if (unlikely(!p->numa_group)) {
if (unlikely(!deref_curr_numa_group(p))) {
unsigned int size = sizeof(struct numa_group) +
4*nr_node_ids*sizeof(unsigned long);
......@@ -2291,7 +2328,7 @@ static void task_numa_group(struct task_struct *p, int cpupid, int flags,
if (!grp)
goto no_join;
my_grp = p->numa_group;
my_grp = deref_curr_numa_group(p);
if (grp == my_grp)
goto no_join;
......@@ -2353,13 +2390,24 @@ static void task_numa_group(struct task_struct *p, int cpupid, int flags,
return;
}
void task_numa_free(struct task_struct *p)
/*
* Get rid of NUMA staticstics associated with a task (either current or dead).
* If @final is set, the task is dead and has reached refcount zero, so we can
* safely free all relevant data structures. Otherwise, there might be
* concurrent reads from places like load balancing and procfs, and we should
* reset the data back to default state without freeing ->numa_faults.
*/
void task_numa_free(struct task_struct *p, bool final)
{
struct numa_group *grp = p->numa_group;
void *numa_faults = p->numa_faults;
/* safe: p either is current or is being freed by current */
struct numa_group *grp = rcu_dereference_raw(p->numa_group);
unsigned long *numa_faults = p->numa_faults;
unsigned long flags;
int i;
if (!numa_faults)
return;
if (grp) {
spin_lock_irqsave(&grp->lock, flags);
for (i = 0; i < NR_NUMA_HINT_FAULT_STATS * nr_node_ids; i++)
......@@ -2372,8 +2420,14 @@ void task_numa_free(struct task_struct *p)
put_numa_group(grp);
}
p->numa_faults = NULL;
kfree(numa_faults);
if (final) {
p->numa_faults = NULL;
kfree(numa_faults);
} else {
p->total_numa_faults = 0;
for (i = 0; i < NR_NUMA_HINT_FAULT_STATS * nr_node_ids; i++)
numa_faults[i] = 0;
}
}
/*
......@@ -2426,7 +2480,7 @@ void task_numa_fault(int last_cpupid, int mem_node, int pages, int flags)
* actively using should be counted as local. This allows the
* scan rate to slow down when a workload has settled down.
*/
ng = p->numa_group;
ng = deref_curr_numa_group(p);
if (!priv && !local && ng && ng->active_nodes > 1 &&
numa_is_active_node(cpu_node, ng) &&
numa_is_active_node(mem_node, ng))
......@@ -10444,18 +10498,22 @@ void show_numa_stats(struct task_struct *p, struct seq_file *m)
{
int node;
unsigned long tsf = 0, tpf = 0, gsf = 0, gpf = 0;
struct numa_group *ng;
rcu_read_lock();
ng = rcu_dereference(p->numa_group);
for_each_online_node(node) {
if (p->numa_faults) {
tsf = p->numa_faults[task_faults_idx(NUMA_MEM, node, 0)];
tpf = p->numa_faults[task_faults_idx(NUMA_MEM, node, 1)];
}
if (p->numa_group) {
gsf = p->numa_group->faults[task_faults_idx(NUMA_MEM, node, 0)],
gpf = p->numa_group->faults[task_faults_idx(NUMA_MEM, node, 1)];
if (ng) {
gsf = ng->faults[task_faults_idx(NUMA_MEM, node, 0)],
gpf = ng->faults[task_faults_idx(NUMA_MEM, node, 1)];
}
print_numa_stats(m, node, tsf, tpf, gsf, gpf);
}
rcu_read_unlock();
}
#endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */
#endif /* CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG */
......
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