ioctl.c 17.3 KB
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// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
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/*
 *  linux/fs/ioctl.c
 *
 *  Copyright (C) 1991, 1992  Linus Torvalds
 */

#include <linux/syscalls.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
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#include <linux/capability.h>
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#include <linux/file.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/security.h>
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#include <linux/export.h>
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#include <linux/uaccess.h>
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#include <linux/writeback.h>
#include <linux/buffer_head.h>
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#include <linux/falloc.h>
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#include <linux/sched/signal.h>

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#include "internal.h"
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#include <asm/ioctls.h>

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/* So that the fiemap access checks can't overflow on 32 bit machines. */
#define FIEMAP_MAX_EXTENTS	(UINT_MAX / sizeof(struct fiemap_extent))

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/**
 * vfs_ioctl - call filesystem specific ioctl methods
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 * @filp:	open file to invoke ioctl method on
 * @cmd:	ioctl command to execute
 * @arg:	command-specific argument for ioctl
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 *
 * Invokes filesystem specific ->unlocked_ioctl, if one exists; otherwise
 * returns -ENOTTY.
 *
 * Returns 0 on success, -errno on error.
 */
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long vfs_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
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{
	int error = -ENOTTY;

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	if (!filp->f_op->unlocked_ioctl)
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		goto out;

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	error = filp->f_op->unlocked_ioctl(filp, cmd, arg);
	if (error == -ENOIOCTLCMD)
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		error = -ENOTTY;
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 out:
	return error;
}

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static int ioctl_fibmap(struct file *filp, int __user *p)
{
	struct address_space *mapping = filp->f_mapping;
	int res, block;

	/* do we support this mess? */
	if (!mapping->a_ops->bmap)
		return -EINVAL;
	if (!capable(CAP_SYS_RAWIO))
		return -EPERM;
	res = get_user(block, p);
	if (res)
		return res;
	res = mapping->a_ops->bmap(mapping, block);
	return put_user(res, p);
}

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/**
 * fiemap_fill_next_extent - Fiemap helper function
 * @fieinfo:	Fiemap context passed into ->fiemap
 * @logical:	Extent logical start offset, in bytes
 * @phys:	Extent physical start offset, in bytes
 * @len:	Extent length, in bytes
 * @flags:	FIEMAP_EXTENT flags that describe this extent
 *
 * Called from file system ->fiemap callback. Will populate extent
 * info as passed in via arguments and copy to user memory. On
 * success, extent count on fieinfo is incremented.
 *
 * Returns 0 on success, -errno on error, 1 if this was the last
 * extent that will fit in user array.
 */
#define SET_UNKNOWN_FLAGS	(FIEMAP_EXTENT_DELALLOC)
#define SET_NO_UNMOUNTED_IO_FLAGS	(FIEMAP_EXTENT_DATA_ENCRYPTED)
#define SET_NOT_ALIGNED_FLAGS	(FIEMAP_EXTENT_DATA_TAIL|FIEMAP_EXTENT_DATA_INLINE)
int fiemap_fill_next_extent(struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo, u64 logical,
			    u64 phys, u64 len, u32 flags)
{
	struct fiemap_extent extent;
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	struct fiemap_extent __user *dest = fieinfo->fi_extents_start;
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	/* only count the extents */
	if (fieinfo->fi_extents_max == 0) {
		fieinfo->fi_extents_mapped++;
		return (flags & FIEMAP_EXTENT_LAST) ? 1 : 0;
	}

	if (fieinfo->fi_extents_mapped >= fieinfo->fi_extents_max)
		return 1;

	if (flags & SET_UNKNOWN_FLAGS)
		flags |= FIEMAP_EXTENT_UNKNOWN;
	if (flags & SET_NO_UNMOUNTED_IO_FLAGS)
		flags |= FIEMAP_EXTENT_ENCODED;
	if (flags & SET_NOT_ALIGNED_FLAGS)
		flags |= FIEMAP_EXTENT_NOT_ALIGNED;

	memset(&extent, 0, sizeof(extent));
	extent.fe_logical = logical;
	extent.fe_physical = phys;
	extent.fe_length = len;
	extent.fe_flags = flags;

	dest += fieinfo->fi_extents_mapped;
	if (copy_to_user(dest, &extent, sizeof(extent)))
		return -EFAULT;

	fieinfo->fi_extents_mapped++;
	if (fieinfo->fi_extents_mapped == fieinfo->fi_extents_max)
		return 1;
	return (flags & FIEMAP_EXTENT_LAST) ? 1 : 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(fiemap_fill_next_extent);

/**
 * fiemap_check_flags - check validity of requested flags for fiemap
 * @fieinfo:	Fiemap context passed into ->fiemap
 * @fs_flags:	Set of fiemap flags that the file system understands
 *
 * Called from file system ->fiemap callback. This will compute the
 * intersection of valid fiemap flags and those that the fs supports. That
 * value is then compared against the user supplied flags. In case of bad user
 * flags, the invalid values will be written into the fieinfo structure, and
 * -EBADR is returned, which tells ioctl_fiemap() to return those values to
 * userspace. For this reason, a return code of -EBADR should be preserved.
 *
 * Returns 0 on success, -EBADR on bad flags.
 */
int fiemap_check_flags(struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo, u32 fs_flags)
{
	u32 incompat_flags;

	incompat_flags = fieinfo->fi_flags & ~(FIEMAP_FLAGS_COMPAT & fs_flags);
	if (incompat_flags) {
		fieinfo->fi_flags = incompat_flags;
		return -EBADR;
	}
	return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(fiemap_check_flags);

static int fiemap_check_ranges(struct super_block *sb,
			       u64 start, u64 len, u64 *new_len)
{
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	u64 maxbytes = (u64) sb->s_maxbytes;

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	*new_len = len;

	if (len == 0)
		return -EINVAL;

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	if (start > maxbytes)
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		return -EFBIG;

	/*
	 * Shrink request scope to what the fs can actually handle.
	 */
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	if (len > maxbytes || (maxbytes - len) < start)
		*new_len = maxbytes - start;
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	return 0;
}

static int ioctl_fiemap(struct file *filp, unsigned long arg)
{
	struct fiemap fiemap;
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	struct fiemap __user *ufiemap = (struct fiemap __user *) arg;
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	struct fiemap_extent_info fieinfo = { 0, };
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	struct inode *inode = file_inode(filp);
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	struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb;
	u64 len;
	int error;

	if (!inode->i_op->fiemap)
		return -EOPNOTSUPP;

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	if (copy_from_user(&fiemap, ufiemap, sizeof(fiemap)))
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		return -EFAULT;

	if (fiemap.fm_extent_count > FIEMAP_MAX_EXTENTS)
		return -EINVAL;

	error = fiemap_check_ranges(sb, fiemap.fm_start, fiemap.fm_length,
				    &len);
	if (error)
		return error;

	fieinfo.fi_flags = fiemap.fm_flags;
	fieinfo.fi_extents_max = fiemap.fm_extent_count;
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	fieinfo.fi_extents_start = ufiemap->fm_extents;
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	if (fiemap.fm_extent_count != 0 &&
	    !access_ok(VERIFY_WRITE, fieinfo.fi_extents_start,
		       fieinfo.fi_extents_max * sizeof(struct fiemap_extent)))
		return -EFAULT;

	if (fieinfo.fi_flags & FIEMAP_FLAG_SYNC)
		filemap_write_and_wait(inode->i_mapping);

	error = inode->i_op->fiemap(inode, &fieinfo, fiemap.fm_start, len);
	fiemap.fm_flags = fieinfo.fi_flags;
	fiemap.fm_mapped_extents = fieinfo.fi_extents_mapped;
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	if (copy_to_user(ufiemap, &fiemap, sizeof(fiemap)))
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		error = -EFAULT;

	return error;
}

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static long ioctl_file_clone(struct file *dst_file, unsigned long srcfd,
			     u64 off, u64 olen, u64 destoff)
{
	struct fd src_file = fdget(srcfd);
	int ret;

	if (!src_file.file)
		return -EBADF;
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	ret = -EXDEV;
	if (src_file.file->f_path.mnt != dst_file->f_path.mnt)
		goto fdput;
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	ret = do_clone_file_range(src_file.file, off, dst_file, destoff, olen);
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fdput:
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	fdput(src_file);
	return ret;
}

static long ioctl_file_clone_range(struct file *file, void __user *argp)
{
	struct file_clone_range args;

	if (copy_from_user(&args, argp, sizeof(args)))
		return -EFAULT;
	return ioctl_file_clone(file, args.src_fd, args.src_offset,
				args.src_length, args.dest_offset);
}

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#ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK

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static inline sector_t logical_to_blk(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset)
{
	return (offset >> inode->i_blkbits);
}

static inline loff_t blk_to_logical(struct inode *inode, sector_t blk)
{
	return (blk << inode->i_blkbits);
}
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/**
 * __generic_block_fiemap - FIEMAP for block based inodes (no locking)
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 * @inode: the inode to map
 * @fieinfo: the fiemap info struct that will be passed back to userspace
 * @start: where to start mapping in the inode
 * @len: how much space to map
 * @get_block: the fs's get_block function
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 *
 * This does FIEMAP for block based inodes.  Basically it will just loop
 * through get_block until we hit the number of extents we want to map, or we
 * go past the end of the file and hit a hole.
 *
 * If it is possible to have data blocks beyond a hole past @inode->i_size, then
 * please do not use this function, it will stop at the first unmapped block
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 * beyond i_size.
 *
 * If you use this function directly, you need to do your own locking. Use
 * generic_block_fiemap if you want the locking done for you.
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 */
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int __generic_block_fiemap(struct inode *inode,
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			   struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo, loff_t start,
			   loff_t len, get_block_t *get_block)
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{
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	struct buffer_head map_bh;
	sector_t start_blk, last_blk;
	loff_t isize = i_size_read(inode);
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	u64 logical = 0, phys = 0, size = 0;
	u32 flags = FIEMAP_EXTENT_MERGED;
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	bool past_eof = false, whole_file = false;
	int ret = 0;
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	ret = fiemap_check_flags(fieinfo, FIEMAP_FLAG_SYNC);
	if (ret)
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		return ret;

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	/*
	 * Either the i_mutex or other appropriate locking needs to be held
	 * since we expect isize to not change at all through the duration of
	 * this call.
	 */
	if (len >= isize) {
		whole_file = true;
		len = isize;
	}
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	/*
	 * Some filesystems can't deal with being asked to map less than
	 * blocksize, so make sure our len is at least block length.
	 */
	if (logical_to_blk(inode, len) == 0)
		len = blk_to_logical(inode, 1);

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	start_blk = logical_to_blk(inode, start);
	last_blk = logical_to_blk(inode, start + len - 1);
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	do {
		/*
		 * we set b_size to the total size we want so it will map as
		 * many contiguous blocks as possible at once
		 */
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		memset(&map_bh, 0, sizeof(struct buffer_head));
		map_bh.b_size = len;
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		ret = get_block(inode, start_blk, &map_bh, 0);
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		if (ret)
			break;

		/* HOLE */
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		if (!buffer_mapped(&map_bh)) {
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			start_blk++;

			/*
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			 * We want to handle the case where there is an
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			 * allocated block at the front of the file, and then
			 * nothing but holes up to the end of the file properly,
			 * to make sure that extent at the front gets properly
			 * marked with FIEMAP_EXTENT_LAST
			 */
			if (!past_eof &&
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			    blk_to_logical(inode, start_blk) >= isize)
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				past_eof = 1;

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			/*
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			 * First hole after going past the EOF, this is our
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			 * last extent
			 */
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			if (past_eof && size) {
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				flags = FIEMAP_EXTENT_MERGED|FIEMAP_EXTENT_LAST;
				ret = fiemap_fill_next_extent(fieinfo, logical,
							      phys, size,
							      flags);
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			} else if (size) {
				ret = fiemap_fill_next_extent(fieinfo, logical,
							      phys, size, flags);
				size = 0;
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			}

			/* if we have holes up to/past EOF then we're done */
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			if (start_blk > last_blk || past_eof || ret)
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				break;
		} else {
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			/*
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			 * We have gone over the length of what we wanted to
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			 * map, and it wasn't the entire file, so add the extent
			 * we got last time and exit.
			 *
			 * This is for the case where say we want to map all the
			 * way up to the second to the last block in a file, but
			 * the last block is a hole, making the second to last
			 * block FIEMAP_EXTENT_LAST.  In this case we want to
			 * see if there is a hole after the second to last block
			 * so we can mark it properly.  If we found data after
			 * we exceeded the length we were requesting, then we
			 * are good to go, just add the extent to the fieinfo
			 * and break
			 */
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			if (start_blk > last_blk && !whole_file) {
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				ret = fiemap_fill_next_extent(fieinfo, logical,
							      phys, size,
							      flags);
				break;
			}

			/*
			 * if size != 0 then we know we already have an extent
			 * to add, so add it.
			 */
			if (size) {
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				ret = fiemap_fill_next_extent(fieinfo, logical,
							      phys, size,
							      flags);
				if (ret)
					break;
			}

			logical = blk_to_logical(inode, start_blk);
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			phys = blk_to_logical(inode, map_bh.b_blocknr);
			size = map_bh.b_size;
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			flags = FIEMAP_EXTENT_MERGED;

			start_blk += logical_to_blk(inode, size);

			/*
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			 * If we are past the EOF, then we need to make sure as
			 * soon as we find a hole that the last extent we found
			 * is marked with FIEMAP_EXTENT_LAST
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			 */
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			if (!past_eof && logical + size >= isize)
				past_eof = true;
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		}
		cond_resched();
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		if (fatal_signal_pending(current)) {
			ret = -EINTR;
			break;
		}

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	} while (1);

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	/* If ret is 1 then we just hit the end of the extent array */
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	if (ret == 1)
		ret = 0;

	return ret;
}
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EXPORT_SYMBOL(__generic_block_fiemap);

/**
 * generic_block_fiemap - FIEMAP for block based inodes
 * @inode: The inode to map
 * @fieinfo: The mapping information
 * @start: The initial block to map
 * @len: The length of the extect to attempt to map
 * @get_block: The block mapping function for the fs
 *
 * Calls __generic_block_fiemap to map the inode, after taking
 * the inode's mutex lock.
 */

int generic_block_fiemap(struct inode *inode,
			 struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo, u64 start,
			 u64 len, get_block_t *get_block)
{
	int ret;
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	inode_lock(inode);
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	ret = __generic_block_fiemap(inode, fieinfo, start, len, get_block);
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	inode_unlock(inode);
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	return ret;
}
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EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_block_fiemap);

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#endif  /*  CONFIG_BLOCK  */

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/*
 * This provides compatibility with legacy XFS pre-allocation ioctls
 * which predate the fallocate syscall.
 *
 * Only the l_start, l_len and l_whence fields of the 'struct space_resv'
 * are used here, rest are ignored.
 */
int ioctl_preallocate(struct file *filp, void __user *argp)
{
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	struct inode *inode = file_inode(filp);
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	struct space_resv sr;

	if (copy_from_user(&sr, argp, sizeof(sr)))
		return -EFAULT;

	switch (sr.l_whence) {
	case SEEK_SET:
		break;
	case SEEK_CUR:
		sr.l_start += filp->f_pos;
		break;
	case SEEK_END:
		sr.l_start += i_size_read(inode);
		break;
	default:
		return -EINVAL;
	}

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	return vfs_fallocate(filp, FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE, sr.l_start, sr.l_len);
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}

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static int file_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd,
		unsigned long arg)
{
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	struct inode *inode = file_inode(filp);
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	int __user *p = (int __user *)arg;

	switch (cmd) {
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	case FIBMAP:
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		return ioctl_fibmap(filp, p);
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	case FIONREAD:
		return put_user(i_size_read(inode) - filp->f_pos, p);
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	case FS_IOC_RESVSP:
	case FS_IOC_RESVSP64:
		return ioctl_preallocate(filp, p);
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	}

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	return vfs_ioctl(filp, cmd, arg);
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}

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static int ioctl_fionbio(struct file *filp, int __user *argp)
{
	unsigned int flag;
	int on, error;

	error = get_user(on, argp);
	if (error)
		return error;
	flag = O_NONBLOCK;
#ifdef __sparc__
	/* SunOS compatibility item. */
	if (O_NONBLOCK != O_NDELAY)
		flag |= O_NDELAY;
#endif
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	spin_lock(&filp->f_lock);
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	if (on)
		filp->f_flags |= flag;
	else
		filp->f_flags &= ~flag;
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	spin_unlock(&filp->f_lock);
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	return error;
}

static int ioctl_fioasync(unsigned int fd, struct file *filp,
			  int __user *argp)
{
	unsigned int flag;
	int on, error;

	error = get_user(on, argp);
	if (error)
		return error;
	flag = on ? FASYNC : 0;

	/* Did FASYNC state change ? */
	if ((flag ^ filp->f_flags) & FASYNC) {
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		if (filp->f_op->fasync)
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			/* fasync() adjusts filp->f_flags */
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			error = filp->f_op->fasync(fd, filp, on);
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		else
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			error = -ENOTTY;
	}
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	return error < 0 ? error : 0;
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}

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static int ioctl_fsfreeze(struct file *filp)
{
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	struct super_block *sb = file_inode(filp)->i_sb;
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	if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
		return -EPERM;

	/* If filesystem doesn't support freeze feature, return. */
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	if (sb->s_op->freeze_fs == NULL && sb->s_op->freeze_super == NULL)
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		return -EOPNOTSUPP;

	/* Freeze */
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	if (sb->s_op->freeze_super)
		return sb->s_op->freeze_super(sb);
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	return freeze_super(sb);
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}

static int ioctl_fsthaw(struct file *filp)
{
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	struct super_block *sb = file_inode(filp)->i_sb;
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	if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
		return -EPERM;

	/* Thaw */
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	if (sb->s_op->thaw_super)
		return sb->s_op->thaw_super(sb);
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	return thaw_super(sb);
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}

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static int ioctl_file_dedupe_range(struct file *file, void __user *arg)
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{
	struct file_dedupe_range __user *argp = arg;
	struct file_dedupe_range *same = NULL;
	int ret;
	unsigned long size;
	u16 count;

	if (get_user(count, &argp->dest_count)) {
		ret = -EFAULT;
		goto out;
	}

	size = offsetof(struct file_dedupe_range __user, info[count]);
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	if (size > PAGE_SIZE) {
		ret = -ENOMEM;
		goto out;
	}
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	same = memdup_user(argp, size);
	if (IS_ERR(same)) {
		ret = PTR_ERR(same);
		same = NULL;
		goto out;
	}

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	same->dest_count = count;
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	ret = vfs_dedupe_file_range(file, same);
	if (ret)
		goto out;

	ret = copy_to_user(argp, same, size);
	if (ret)
		ret = -EFAULT;

out:
	kfree(same);
	return ret;
}

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/*
 * When you add any new common ioctls to the switches above and below
 * please update compat_sys_ioctl() too.
 *
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 * do_vfs_ioctl() is not for drivers and not intended to be EXPORT_SYMBOL()'d.
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 * It's just a simple helper for sys_ioctl and compat_sys_ioctl.
 */
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int do_vfs_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int fd, unsigned int cmd,
	     unsigned long arg)
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{
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	int error = 0;
	int __user *argp = (int __user *)arg;
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	struct inode *inode = file_inode(filp);
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	switch (cmd) {
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	case FIOCLEX:
		set_close_on_exec(fd, 1);
		break;
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	case FIONCLEX:
		set_close_on_exec(fd, 0);
		break;
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	case FIONBIO:
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		error = ioctl_fionbio(filp, argp);
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		break;

	case FIOASYNC:
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		error = ioctl_fioasync(fd, filp, argp);
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		break;

	case FIOQSIZE:
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		if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode) || S_ISREG(inode->i_mode) ||
		    S_ISLNK(inode->i_mode)) {
			loff_t res = inode_get_bytes(inode);
			error = copy_to_user(argp, &res, sizeof(res)) ?
					-EFAULT : 0;
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		} else
			error = -ENOTTY;
		break;
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	case FIFREEZE:
		error = ioctl_fsfreeze(filp);
		break;

	case FITHAW:
		error = ioctl_fsthaw(filp);
		break;

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	case FS_IOC_FIEMAP:
		return ioctl_fiemap(filp, arg);

	case FIGETBSZ:
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		return put_user(inode->i_sb->s_blocksize, argp);
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	case FICLONE:
		return ioctl_file_clone(filp, arg, 0, 0, 0);

	case FICLONERANGE:
		return ioctl_file_clone_range(filp, argp);

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	case FIDEDUPERANGE:
		return ioctl_file_dedupe_range(filp, argp);

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	default:
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		if (S_ISREG(inode->i_mode))
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			error = file_ioctl(filp, cmd, arg);
		else
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			error = vfs_ioctl(filp, cmd, arg);
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		break;
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	}
	return error;
}

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SYSCALL_DEFINE3(ioctl, unsigned int, fd, unsigned int, cmd, unsigned long, arg)
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{
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	int error;
	struct fd f = fdget(fd);

	if (!f.file)
		return -EBADF;
	error = security_file_ioctl(f.file, cmd, arg);
	if (!error)
		error = do_vfs_ioctl(f.file, fd, cmd, arg);
	fdput(f);
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	return error;
}