Commit b2770da6 authored by Ross Zwisler's avatar Ross Zwisler Committed by Linus Torvalds

mm: add vm_insert_mixed_mkwrite()

When servicing mmap() reads from file holes the current DAX code
allocates a page cache page of all zeroes and places the struct page
pointer in the mapping->page_tree radix tree.  This has three major
drawbacks:

1) It consumes memory unnecessarily. For every 4k page that is read via
   a DAX mmap() over a hole, we allocate a new page cache page. This
   means that if you read 1GiB worth of pages, you end up using 1GiB of
   zeroed memory.

2) It is slower than using a common zero page because each page fault
   has more work to do. Instead of just inserting a common zero page we
   have to allocate a page cache page, zero it, and then insert it.

3) The fact that we had to check for both DAX exceptional entries and
   for page cache pages in the radix tree made the DAX code more
   complex.

This series solves these issues by following the lead of the DAX PMD
code and using a common 4k zero page instead.  This reduces memory usage
and decreases latencies for some workloads, and it simplifies the DAX
code, removing over 100 lines in total.

This patch (of 5):

To be able to use the common 4k zero page in DAX we need to have our PTE
fault path look more like our PMD fault path where a PTE entry can be
marked as dirty and writeable as it is first inserted rather than
waiting for a follow-up dax_pfn_mkwrite() => finish_mkwrite_fault()
call.

Right now we can rely on having a dax_pfn_mkwrite() call because we can
distinguish between these two cases in do_wp_page():

	case 1: 4k zero page => writable DAX storage
	case 2: read-only DAX storage => writeable DAX storage

This distinction is made by via vm_normal_page().  vm_normal_page()
returns false for the common 4k zero page, though, just as it does for
DAX ptes.  Instead of special casing the DAX + 4k zero page case we will
simplify our DAX PTE page fault sequence so that it matches our DAX PMD
sequence, and get rid of the dax_pfn_mkwrite() helper.  We will instead
use dax_iomap_fault() to handle write-protection faults.

This means that insert_pfn() needs to follow the lead of
insert_pfn_pmd() and allow us to pass in a 'mkwrite' flag.  If 'mkwrite'
is set insert_pfn() will do the work that was previously done by
wp_page_reuse() as part of the dax_pfn_mkwrite() call path.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170724170616.25810-2-ross.zwisler@linux.intel.comSigned-off-by: default avatarRoss Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com>
Reviewed-by: default avatarJan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Acked-by: default avatarKirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: "Darrick J. Wong" <darrick.wong@oracle.com>
Cc: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Andreas Dilger <adilger.kernel@dilger.ca>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com>
Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
parent f0cd3406
......@@ -2294,6 +2294,8 @@ int vm_insert_pfn_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t pgprot);
int vm_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
pfn_t pfn);
int vm_insert_mixed_mkwrite(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
pfn_t pfn);
int vm_iomap_memory(struct vm_area_struct *vma, phys_addr_t start, unsigned long len);
......
......@@ -1676,7 +1676,7 @@ int vm_insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_insert_page);
static int insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t prot)
pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t prot, bool mkwrite)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
int retval;
......@@ -1688,14 +1688,35 @@ static int insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
if (!pte)
goto out;
retval = -EBUSY;
if (!pte_none(*pte))
goto out_unlock;
if (!pte_none(*pte)) {
if (mkwrite) {
/*
* For read faults on private mappings the PFN passed
* in may not match the PFN we have mapped if the
* mapped PFN is a writeable COW page. In the mkwrite
* case we are creating a writable PTE for a shared
* mapping and we expect the PFNs to match.
*/
if (WARN_ON_ONCE(pte_pfn(*pte) != pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn)))
goto out_unlock;
entry = *pte;
goto out_mkwrite;
} else
goto out_unlock;
}
/* Ok, finally just insert the thing.. */
if (pfn_t_devmap(pfn))
entry = pte_mkdevmap(pfn_t_pte(pfn, prot));
else
entry = pte_mkspecial(pfn_t_pte(pfn, prot));
out_mkwrite:
if (mkwrite) {
entry = pte_mkyoung(entry);
entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma);
}
set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, entry);
update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, pte); /* XXX: why not for insert_page? */
......@@ -1766,14 +1787,15 @@ int vm_insert_pfn_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
track_pfn_insert(vma, &pgprot, __pfn_to_pfn_t(pfn, PFN_DEV));
ret = insert_pfn(vma, addr, __pfn_to_pfn_t(pfn, PFN_DEV), pgprot);
ret = insert_pfn(vma, addr, __pfn_to_pfn_t(pfn, PFN_DEV), pgprot,
false);
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_insert_pfn_prot);
int vm_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
pfn_t pfn)
static int __vm_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
pfn_t pfn, bool mkwrite)
{
pgprot_t pgprot = vma->vm_page_prot;
......@@ -1802,10 +1824,24 @@ int vm_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
page = pfn_to_page(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn));
return insert_page(vma, addr, page, pgprot);
}
return insert_pfn(vma, addr, pfn, pgprot);
return insert_pfn(vma, addr, pfn, pgprot, mkwrite);
}
int vm_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
pfn_t pfn)
{
return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, false);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_insert_mixed);
int vm_insert_mixed_mkwrite(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
pfn_t pfn)
{
return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, true);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_insert_mixed_mkwrite);
/*
* maps a range of physical memory into the requested pages. the old
* mappings are removed. any references to nonexistent pages results
......
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