sparc64: Fix register corruption in top-most kernel stack frame during boot.
Meelis Roos reported that kernels built with gcc-4.9 do not boot, we eventually narrowed this down to only impacting machines using UltraSPARC-III and derivitive cpus. The crash happens right when the first user process is spawned: [ 54.451346] Kernel panic - not syncing: Attempted to kill init! exitcode=0x00000004 [ 54.451346] [ 54.571516] CPU: 1 PID: 1 Comm: init Not tainted 3.16.0-rc2-00211-gd7933ab7 #96 [ 54.666431] Call Trace: [ 54.698453] [0000000000762f8c] panic+0xb0/0x224 [ 54.759071] [000000000045cf68] do_exit+0x948/0x960 [ 54.823123] [000000000042cbc0] fault_in_user_windows+0xe0/0x100 [ 54.902036] [0000000000404ad0] __handle_user_windows+0x0/0x10 [ 54.978662] Press Stop-A (L1-A) to return to the boot prom [ 55.050713] ---[ end Kernel panic - not syncing: Attempted to kill init! exitcode=0x00000004 Further investigation showed that compiling only per_cpu_patch() with an older compiler fixes the boot. Detailed analysis showed that the function is not being miscompiled by gcc-4.9, but it is using a different register allocation ordering. With the gcc-4.9 compiled function, something during the code patching causes some of the %i* input registers to get corrupted. Perhaps we have a TLB miss path into the firmware that is deep enough to cause a register window spill and subsequent restore when we get back from the TLB miss trap. Let's plug this up by doing two things: 1) Stop using the firmware stack for client interface calls into the firmware. Just use the kernel's stack. 2) As soon as we can, call into a new function "start_early_boot()" to put a one-register-window buffer between the firmware's deepest stack frame and the top-most initial kernel one. Reported-by: Meelis Roos <email@example.com> Tested-by: Meelis Roos <firstname.lastname@example.org> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <email@example.com>
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