1. 27 Nov, 2017 1 commit
    • Linus Torvalds's avatar
      Rename superblock flags (MS_xyz -> SB_xyz) · 1751e8a6
      Linus Torvalds authored
      This is a pure automated search-and-replace of the internal kernel
      superblock flags.
      
      The s_flags are now called SB_*, with the names and the values for the
      moment mirroring the MS_* flags that they're equivalent to.
      
      Note how the MS_xyz flags are the ones passed to the mount system call,
      while the SB_xyz flags are what we then use in sb->s_flags.
      
      The script to do this was:
      
          # places to look in; re security/*: it generally should *not* be
          # touched (that stuff parses mount(2) arguments directly), but
          # there are two places where we really deal with superblock flags.
          FILES="drivers/mtd drivers/staging/lustre fs ipc mm \
                  include/linux/fs.h include/uapi/linux/bfs_fs.h \
                  security/apparmor/apparmorfs.c security/apparmor/include/lib.h"
          # the list of MS_... constants
          SYMS="RDONLY NOSUID NODEV NOEXEC SYNCHRONOUS REMOUNT MANDLOCK \
                DIRSYNC NOATIME NODIRATIME BIND MOVE REC VERBOSE SILENT \
                POSIXACL UNBINDABLE PRIVATE SLAVE SHARED RELATIME KERNMOUNT \
                I_VERSION STRICTATIME LAZYTIME SUBMOUNT NOREMOTELOCK NOSEC BORN \
                ACTIVE NOUSER"
      
          SED_PROG=
          for i in $SYMS; do SED_PROG="$SED_PROG -e s/MS_$i/SB_$i/g"; done
      
          # we want files that contain at least one of MS_...,
          # with fs/namespace.c and fs/pnode.c excluded.
          L=$(for i in $SYMS; do git grep -w -l MS_$i $FILES; done| sort|uniq|grep -v '^fs/namespace.c'|grep -v '^fs/pnode.c')
      
          for f in $L; do sed -i $f $SED_PROG; done
      Requested-by: 's avatarAl Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      1751e8a6
  2. 18 Nov, 2017 1 commit
  3. 02 Nov, 2017 1 commit
    • Greg Kroah-Hartman's avatar
      License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no license · b2441318
      Greg Kroah-Hartman authored
      Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which
      makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license.
      
      By default all files without license information are under the default
      license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2.
      
      Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0'
      SPDX license identifier.  The SPDX identifier is a legally binding
      shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text.
      
      This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and
      Philippe Ombredanne.
      
      How this work was done:
      
      Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of
      the use cases:
       - file had no licensing information it it.
       - file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it,
       - file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information,
      
      Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases
      where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license
      had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords.
      
      The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to
      a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the
      output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX
      tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne.  Philippe prepared the
      base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files.
      
      The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files
      assessed.  Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner
      results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s)
      to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not
      immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      
      Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was:
       - Files considered eligible had to be source code files.
       - Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5
         lines of source
       - File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5
         lines).
      
      All documentation files were explicitly excluded.
      
      The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license
      identifiers to apply.
      
       - when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was
         considered to have no license information in it, and the top level
         COPYING file license applied.
      
         For non */uapi/* files that summary was:
      
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         ---------------------------------------------------|-------
         GPL-2.0                                              11139
      
         and resulted in the first patch in this series.
      
         If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH
         Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0".  Results of that was:
      
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         ---------------------------------------------------|-------
         GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note                        930
      
         and resulted in the second patch in this series.
      
       - if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one
         of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if
         any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in
         it (per prior point).  Results summary:
      
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         ---------------------------------------------------|------
         GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note                       270
         GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                      169
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause)    21
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause)    17
         LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                      15
         GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                       14
         ((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause)    5
         LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                       4
         LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note                        3
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT)              3
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT)             1
      
         and that resulted in the third patch in this series.
      
       - when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became
         the concluded license(s).
      
       - when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a
         license but the other didn't, or they both detected different
         licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred.
      
       - In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file
         resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and
         which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics).
      
       - When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was
         confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      
       - If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier,
         the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later
         in time.
      
      In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the
      spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the
      source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation
      by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      
      Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from
      FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners
      disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights.  The
      Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so
      they are related.
      
      Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets
      for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the
      files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks
      in about 15000 files.
      
      In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have
      copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the
      correct identifier.
      
      Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual
      inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch
      version early this week with:
       - a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected
         license ids and scores
       - reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+
         files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct
       - reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license
         was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied
         SPDX license was correct
      
      This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction.  This
      worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the
      different types of files to be modified.
      
      These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg.  Thomas wrote a script to
      parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the
      format that the file expected.  This script was further refined by Greg
      based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to
      distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different
      comment types.)  Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to
      generate the patches.
      Reviewed-by: 's avatarKate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org>
      Reviewed-by: 's avatarPhilippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com>
      Reviewed-by: 's avatarThomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
      b2441318
  4. 01 Aug, 2017 1 commit
    • Jeff Layton's avatar
      fs: convert a pile of fsync routines to errseq_t based reporting · 3b49c9a1
      Jeff Layton authored
      This patch converts most of the in-kernel filesystems that do writeback
      out of the pagecache to report errors using the errseq_t-based
      infrastructure that was recently added. This allows them to report
      errors once for each open file description.
      
      Most filesystems have a fairly straightforward fsync operation. They
      call filemap_write_and_wait_range to write back all of the data and
      wait on it, and then (sometimes) sync out the metadata.
      
      For those filesystems this is a straightforward conversion from calling
      filemap_write_and_wait_range in their fsync operation to calling
      file_write_and_wait_range.
      Acked-by: 's avatarJan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
      Acked-by: 's avatarDave Kleikamp <dave.kleikamp@oracle.com>
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarJeff Layton <jlayton@redhat.com>
      3b49c9a1
  5. 17 Jul, 2017 1 commit
    • David Howells's avatar
      VFS: Convert sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY to sb_rdonly(sb) · bc98a42c
      David Howells authored
      Firstly by applying the following with coccinelle's spatch:
      
      	@@ expression SB; @@
      	-SB->s_flags & MS_RDONLY
      	+sb_rdonly(SB)
      
      to effect the conversion to sb_rdonly(sb), then by applying:
      
      	@@ expression A, SB; @@
      	(
      	-(!sb_rdonly(SB)) && A
      	+!sb_rdonly(SB) && A
      	|
      	-A != (sb_rdonly(SB))
      	+A != sb_rdonly(SB)
      	|
      	-A == (sb_rdonly(SB))
      	+A == sb_rdonly(SB)
      	|
      	-!(sb_rdonly(SB))
      	+!sb_rdonly(SB)
      	|
      	-A && (sb_rdonly(SB))
      	+A && sb_rdonly(SB)
      	|
      	-A || (sb_rdonly(SB))
      	+A || sb_rdonly(SB)
      	|
      	-(sb_rdonly(SB)) != A
      	+sb_rdonly(SB) != A
      	|
      	-(sb_rdonly(SB)) == A
      	+sb_rdonly(SB) == A
      	|
      	-(sb_rdonly(SB)) && A
      	+sb_rdonly(SB) && A
      	|
      	-(sb_rdonly(SB)) || A
      	+sb_rdonly(SB) || A
      	)
      
      	@@ expression A, B, SB; @@
      	(
      	-(sb_rdonly(SB)) ? 1 : 0
      	+sb_rdonly(SB)
      	|
      	-(sb_rdonly(SB)) ? A : B
      	+sb_rdonly(SB) ? A : B
      	)
      
      to remove left over excess bracketage and finally by applying:
      
      	@@ expression A, SB; @@
      	(
      	-(A & MS_RDONLY) != sb_rdonly(SB)
      	+(bool)(A & MS_RDONLY) != sb_rdonly(SB)
      	|
      	-(A & MS_RDONLY) == sb_rdonly(SB)
      	+(bool)(A & MS_RDONLY) == sb_rdonly(SB)
      	)
      
      to make comparisons against the result of sb_rdonly() (which is a bool)
      work correctly.
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarDavid Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
      bc98a42c
  6. 09 May, 2017 1 commit
  7. 02 Mar, 2017 1 commit
  8. 28 Feb, 2017 1 commit
  9. 19 Feb, 2017 1 commit
  10. 24 Dec, 2016 1 commit
  11. 08 Oct, 2016 1 commit
  12. 07 Oct, 2016 1 commit
  13. 28 Sep, 2016 1 commit
  14. 27 Sep, 2016 2 commits
  15. 22 Sep, 2016 1 commit
  16. 31 Jul, 2016 1 commit
  17. 21 Jul, 2016 1 commit
  18. 11 Jun, 2016 1 commit
    • Linus Torvalds's avatar
      vfs: make the string hashes salt the hash · 8387ff25
      Linus Torvalds authored
      We always mixed in the parent pointer into the dentry name hash, but we
      did it late at lookup time.  It turns out that we can simplify that
      lookup-time action by salting the hash with the parent pointer early
      instead of late.
      
      A few other users of our string hashes also wanted to mix in their own
      pointers into the hash, and those are updated to use the same mechanism.
      
      Hash users that don't have any particular initial salt can just use the
      NULL pointer as a no-salt.
      
      Cc: Vegard Nossum <vegard.nossum@oracle.com>
      Cc: George Spelvin <linux@sciencehorizons.net>
      Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      8387ff25
  19. 29 May, 2016 1 commit
  20. 28 May, 2016 1 commit
  21. 13 May, 2016 1 commit
  22. 01 May, 2016 1 commit
  23. 11 Apr, 2016 1 commit
  24. 04 Apr, 2016 1 commit
    • Kirill A. Shutemov's avatar
      mm, fs: get rid of PAGE_CACHE_* and page_cache_{get,release} macros · 09cbfeaf
      Kirill A. Shutemov authored
      PAGE_CACHE_{SIZE,SHIFT,MASK,ALIGN} macros were introduced *long* time
      ago with promise that one day it will be possible to implement page
      cache with bigger chunks than PAGE_SIZE.
      
      This promise never materialized.  And unlikely will.
      
      We have many places where PAGE_CACHE_SIZE assumed to be equal to
      PAGE_SIZE.  And it's constant source of confusion on whether
      PAGE_CACHE_* or PAGE_* constant should be used in a particular case,
      especially on the border between fs and mm.
      
      Global switching to PAGE_CACHE_SIZE != PAGE_SIZE would cause to much
      breakage to be doable.
      
      Let's stop pretending that pages in page cache are special.  They are
      not.
      
      The changes are pretty straight-forward:
      
       - <foo> << (PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT) -> <foo>;
      
       - <foo> >> (PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT) -> <foo>;
      
       - PAGE_CACHE_{SIZE,SHIFT,MASK,ALIGN} -> PAGE_{SIZE,SHIFT,MASK,ALIGN};
      
       - page_cache_get() -> get_page();
      
       - page_cache_release() -> put_page();
      
      This patch contains automated changes generated with coccinelle using
      script below.  For some reason, coccinelle doesn't patch header files.
      I've called spatch for them manually.
      
      The only adjustment after coccinelle is revert of changes to
      PAGE_CAHCE_ALIGN definition: we are going to drop it later.
      
      There are few places in the code where coccinelle didn't reach.  I'll
      fix them manually in a separate patch.  Comments and documentation also
      will be addressed with the separate patch.
      
      virtual patch
      
      @@
      expression E;
      @@
      - E << (PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT)
      + E
      
      @@
      expression E;
      @@
      - E >> (PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT)
      + E
      
      @@
      @@
      - PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT
      + PAGE_SHIFT
      
      @@
      @@
      - PAGE_CACHE_SIZE
      + PAGE_SIZE
      
      @@
      @@
      - PAGE_CACHE_MASK
      + PAGE_MASK
      
      @@
      expression E;
      @@
      - PAGE_CACHE_ALIGN(E)
      + PAGE_ALIGN(E)
      
      @@
      expression E;
      @@
      - page_cache_get(E)
      + get_page(E)
      
      @@
      expression E;
      @@
      - page_cache_release(E)
      + put_page(E)
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarKirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
      Acked-by: 's avatarMichal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      09cbfeaf
  25. 22 Jan, 2016 1 commit
    • Al Viro's avatar
      wrappers for ->i_mutex access · 5955102c
      Al Viro authored
      parallel to mutex_{lock,unlock,trylock,is_locked,lock_nested},
      inode_foo(inode) being mutex_foo(&inode->i_mutex).
      
      Please, use those for access to ->i_mutex; over the coming cycle
      ->i_mutex will become rwsem, with ->lookup() done with it held
      only shared.
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarAl Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
      5955102c
  26. 21 Jan, 2016 1 commit
  27. 15 Jan, 2016 1 commit
    • Vladimir Davydov's avatar
      kmemcg: account certain kmem allocations to memcg · 5d097056
      Vladimir Davydov authored
      Mark those kmem allocations that are known to be easily triggered from
      userspace as __GFP_ACCOUNT/SLAB_ACCOUNT, which makes them accounted to
      memcg.  For the list, see below:
      
       - threadinfo
       - task_struct
       - task_delay_info
       - pid
       - cred
       - mm_struct
       - vm_area_struct and vm_region (nommu)
       - anon_vma and anon_vma_chain
       - signal_struct
       - sighand_struct
       - fs_struct
       - files_struct
       - fdtable and fdtable->full_fds_bits
       - dentry and external_name
       - inode for all filesystems. This is the most tedious part, because
         most filesystems overwrite the alloc_inode method.
      
      The list is far from complete, so feel free to add more objects.
      Nevertheless, it should be close to "account everything" approach and
      keep most workloads within bounds.  Malevolent users will be able to
      breach the limit, but this was possible even with the former "account
      everything" approach (simply because it did not account everything in
      fact).
      
      [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes]
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarVladimir Davydov <vdavydov@virtuozzo.com>
      Acked-by: 's avatarJohannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
      Acked-by: 's avatarMichal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
      Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
      Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
      Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
      Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
      Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
      Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      5d097056
  28. 04 Jan, 2016 1 commit
  29. 10 Sep, 2015 2 commits
  30. 04 Sep, 2015 1 commit
    • Kees Cook's avatar
      fs: create and use seq_show_option for escaping · a068acf2
      Kees Cook authored
      Many file systems that implement the show_options hook fail to correctly
      escape their output which could lead to unescaped characters (e.g.  new
      lines) leaking into /proc/mounts and /proc/[pid]/mountinfo files.  This
      could lead to confusion, spoofed entries (resulting in things like
      systemd issuing false d-bus "mount" notifications), and who knows what
      else.  This looks like it would only be the root user stepping on
      themselves, but it's possible weird things could happen in containers or
      in other situations with delegated mount privileges.
      
      Here's an example using overlay with setuid fusermount trusting the
      contents of /proc/mounts (via the /etc/mtab symlink).  Imagine the use
      of "sudo" is something more sneaky:
      
        $ BASE="ovl"
        $ MNT="$BASE/mnt"
        $ LOW="$BASE/lower"
        $ UP="$BASE/upper"
        $ WORK="$BASE/work/ 0 0
        none /proc fuse.pwn user_id=1000"
        $ mkdir -p "$LOW" "$UP" "$WORK"
        $ sudo mount -t overlay -o "lowerdir=$LOW,upperdir=$UP,workdir=$WORK" none /mnt
        $ cat /proc/mounts
        none /root/ovl/mnt overlay rw,relatime,lowerdir=ovl/lower,upperdir=ovl/upper,workdir=ovl/work/ 0 0
        none /proc fuse.pwn user_id=1000 0 0
        $ fusermount -u /proc
        $ cat /proc/mounts
        cat: /proc/mounts: No such file or directory
      
      This fixes the problem by adding new seq_show_option and
      seq_show_option_n helpers, and updating the vulnerable show_option
      handlers to use them as needed.  Some, like SELinux, need to be open
      coded due to unusual existing escape mechanisms.
      
      [akpm@linux-foundation.org: add lost chunk, per Kees]
      [keescook@chromium.org: seq_show_option should be using const parameters]
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarKees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
      Acked-by: 's avatarSerge Hallyn <serge.hallyn@canonical.com>
      Acked-by: 's avatarJan Kara <jack@suse.com>
      Acked-by: 's avatarPaul Moore <paul@paul-moore.com>
      Cc: J. R. Okajima <hooanon05g@gmail.com>
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarKees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
      Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      a068acf2
  31. 23 Jun, 2015 1 commit
  32. 02 Jun, 2015 1 commit
    • Tejun Heo's avatar
      writeback: separate out include/linux/backing-dev-defs.h · 66114cad
      Tejun Heo authored
      With the planned cgroup writeback support, backing-dev related
      declarations will be more widely used across block and cgroup;
      unfortunately, including backing-dev.h from include/linux/blkdev.h
      makes cyclic include dependency quite likely.
      
      This patch separates out backing-dev-defs.h which only has the
      essential definitions and updates blkdev.h to include it.  c files
      which need access to more backing-dev details now include
      backing-dev.h directly.  This takes backing-dev.h off the common
      include dependency chain making it a lot easier to use it across block
      and cgroup.
      
      v2: fs/fat build failure fixed.
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarTejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
      Reviewed-by: 's avatarJan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
      Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarJens Axboe <axboe@fb.com>
      66114cad
  33. 17 Apr, 2015 1 commit
  34. 15 Apr, 2015 1 commit
  35. 12 Apr, 2015 4 commits