1. 02 Nov, 2017 1 commit
    • Greg Kroah-Hartman's avatar
      License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no license · b2441318
      Greg Kroah-Hartman authored
      Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which
      makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license.
      
      By default all files without license information are under the default
      license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2.
      
      Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0'
      SPDX license identifier.  The SPDX identifier is a legally binding
      shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text.
      
      This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and
      Philippe Ombredanne.
      
      How this work was done:
      
      Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of
      the use cases:
       - file had no licensing information it it.
       - file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it,
       - file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information,
      
      Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases
      where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license
      had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords.
      
      The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to
      a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the
      output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX
      tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne.  Philippe prepared the
      base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files.
      
      The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files
      assessed.  Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner
      results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s)
      to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not
      immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      
      Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was:
       - Files considered eligible had to be source code files.
       - Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5
         lines of source
       - File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5
         lines).
      
      All documentation files were explicitly excluded.
      
      The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license
      identifiers to apply.
      
       - when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was
         considered to have no license information in it, and the top level
         COPYING file license applied.
      
         For non */uapi/* files that summary was:
      
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         ---------------------------------------------------|-------
         GPL-2.0                                              11139
      
         and resulted in the first patch in this series.
      
         If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH
         Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0".  Results of that was:
      
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         ---------------------------------------------------|-------
         GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note                        930
      
         and resulted in the second patch in this series.
      
       - if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one
         of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if
         any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in
         it (per prior point).  Results summary:
      
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         ---------------------------------------------------|------
         GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note                       270
         GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                      169
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause)    21
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause)    17
         LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                      15
         GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                       14
         ((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause)    5
         LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                       4
         LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note                        3
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT)              3
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT)             1
      
         and that resulted in the third patch in this series.
      
       - when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became
         the concluded license(s).
      
       - when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a
         license but the other didn't, or they both detected different
         licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred.
      
       - In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file
         resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and
         which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics).
      
       - When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was
         confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      
       - If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier,
         the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later
         in time.
      
      In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the
      spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the
      source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation
      by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      
      Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from
      FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners
      disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights.  The
      Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so
      they are related.
      
      Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets
      for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the
      files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks
      in about 15000 files.
      
      In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have
      copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the
      correct identifier.
      
      Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual
      inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch
      version early this week with:
       - a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected
         license ids and scores
       - reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+
         files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct
       - reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license
         was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied
         SPDX license was correct
      
      This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction.  This
      worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the
      different types of files to be modified.
      
      These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg.  Thomas wrote a script to
      parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the
      format that the file expected.  This script was further refined by Greg
      based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to
      distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different
      comment types.)  Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to
      generate the patches.
      Reviewed-by: 's avatarKate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org>
      Reviewed-by: 's avatarPhilippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com>
      Reviewed-by: 's avatarThomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
      b2441318
  2. 01 Aug, 2017 1 commit
    • Jeff Layton's avatar
      fs: convert a pile of fsync routines to errseq_t based reporting · 3b49c9a1
      Jeff Layton authored
      This patch converts most of the in-kernel filesystems that do writeback
      out of the pagecache to report errors using the errseq_t-based
      infrastructure that was recently added. This allows them to report
      errors once for each open file description.
      
      Most filesystems have a fairly straightforward fsync operation. They
      call filemap_write_and_wait_range to write back all of the data and
      wait on it, and then (sometimes) sync out the metadata.
      
      For those filesystems this is a straightforward conversion from calling
      filemap_write_and_wait_range in their fsync operation to calling
      file_write_and_wait_range.
      Acked-by: 's avatarJan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
      Acked-by: 's avatarDave Kleikamp <dave.kleikamp@oracle.com>
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarJeff Layton <jlayton@redhat.com>
      3b49c9a1
  3. 09 Dec, 2016 1 commit
  4. 27 Sep, 2016 1 commit
  5. 22 Sep, 2016 1 commit
  6. 03 Aug, 2016 1 commit
  7. 12 May, 2016 1 commit
  8. 04 Apr, 2016 1 commit
    • Kirill A. Shutemov's avatar
      mm, fs: get rid of PAGE_CACHE_* and page_cache_{get,release} macros · 09cbfeaf
      Kirill A. Shutemov authored
      PAGE_CACHE_{SIZE,SHIFT,MASK,ALIGN} macros were introduced *long* time
      ago with promise that one day it will be possible to implement page
      cache with bigger chunks than PAGE_SIZE.
      
      This promise never materialized.  And unlikely will.
      
      We have many places where PAGE_CACHE_SIZE assumed to be equal to
      PAGE_SIZE.  And it's constant source of confusion on whether
      PAGE_CACHE_* or PAGE_* constant should be used in a particular case,
      especially on the border between fs and mm.
      
      Global switching to PAGE_CACHE_SIZE != PAGE_SIZE would cause to much
      breakage to be doable.
      
      Let's stop pretending that pages in page cache are special.  They are
      not.
      
      The changes are pretty straight-forward:
      
       - <foo> << (PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT) -> <foo>;
      
       - <foo> >> (PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT) -> <foo>;
      
       - PAGE_CACHE_{SIZE,SHIFT,MASK,ALIGN} -> PAGE_{SIZE,SHIFT,MASK,ALIGN};
      
       - page_cache_get() -> get_page();
      
       - page_cache_release() -> put_page();
      
      This patch contains automated changes generated with coccinelle using
      script below.  For some reason, coccinelle doesn't patch header files.
      I've called spatch for them manually.
      
      The only adjustment after coccinelle is revert of changes to
      PAGE_CAHCE_ALIGN definition: we are going to drop it later.
      
      There are few places in the code where coccinelle didn't reach.  I'll
      fix them manually in a separate patch.  Comments and documentation also
      will be addressed with the separate patch.
      
      virtual patch
      
      @@
      expression E;
      @@
      - E << (PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT)
      + E
      
      @@
      expression E;
      @@
      - E >> (PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT)
      + E
      
      @@
      @@
      - PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT
      + PAGE_SHIFT
      
      @@
      @@
      - PAGE_CACHE_SIZE
      + PAGE_SIZE
      
      @@
      @@
      - PAGE_CACHE_MASK
      + PAGE_MASK
      
      @@
      expression E;
      @@
      - PAGE_CACHE_ALIGN(E)
      + PAGE_ALIGN(E)
      
      @@
      expression E;
      @@
      - page_cache_get(E)
      + get_page(E)
      
      @@
      expression E;
      @@
      - page_cache_release(E)
      + put_page(E)
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarKirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
      Acked-by: 's avatarMichal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      09cbfeaf
  9. 22 Jan, 2016 1 commit
    • Al Viro's avatar
      wrappers for ->i_mutex access · 5955102c
      Al Viro authored
      parallel to mutex_{lock,unlock,trylock,is_locked,lock_nested},
      inode_foo(inode) being mutex_foo(&inode->i_mutex).
      
      Please, use those for access to ->i_mutex; over the coming cycle
      ->i_mutex will become rwsem, with ->lookup() done with it held
      only shared.
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarAl Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
      5955102c
  10. 15 Jan, 2016 1 commit
    • Vladimir Davydov's avatar
      kmemcg: account certain kmem allocations to memcg · 5d097056
      Vladimir Davydov authored
      Mark those kmem allocations that are known to be easily triggered from
      userspace as __GFP_ACCOUNT/SLAB_ACCOUNT, which makes them accounted to
      memcg.  For the list, see below:
      
       - threadinfo
       - task_struct
       - task_delay_info
       - pid
       - cred
       - mm_struct
       - vm_area_struct and vm_region (nommu)
       - anon_vma and anon_vma_chain
       - signal_struct
       - sighand_struct
       - fs_struct
       - files_struct
       - fdtable and fdtable->full_fds_bits
       - dentry and external_name
       - inode for all filesystems. This is the most tedious part, because
         most filesystems overwrite the alloc_inode method.
      
      The list is far from complete, so feel free to add more objects.
      Nevertheless, it should be close to "account everything" approach and
      keep most workloads within bounds.  Malevolent users will be able to
      breach the limit, but this was possible even with the former "account
      everything" approach (simply because it did not account everything in
      fact).
      
      [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes]
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarVladimir Davydov <vdavydov@virtuozzo.com>
      Acked-by: 's avatarJohannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
      Acked-by: 's avatarMichal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
      Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
      Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
      Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
      Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
      Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
      Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      5d097056
  11. 10 Jan, 2016 1 commit
    • Vegard Nossum's avatar
      uml: fix hostfs mknod() · 9f2dfda2
      Vegard Nossum authored
      An inverted return value check in hostfs_mknod() caused the function
      to return success after handling it as an error (and cleaning up).
      
      It resulted in the following segfault when trying to bind() a named
      unix socket:
      
        Pid: 198, comm: a.out Not tainted 4.4.0-rc4
        RIP: 0033:[<0000000061077df6>]
        RSP: 00000000daae5d60  EFLAGS: 00010202
        RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: 000000006092a460 RCX: 00000000dfc54208
        RDX: 0000000061073ef1 RSI: 0000000000000070 RDI: 00000000e027d600
        RBP: 00000000daae5de0 R08: 00000000da980ac0 R09: 0000000000000000
        R10: 0000000000000003 R11: 00007fb1ae08f72a R12: 0000000000000000
        R13: 000000006092a460 R14: 00000000daaa97c0 R15: 00000000daaa9a88
        Kernel panic - not syncing: Kernel mode fault at addr 0x40, ip 0x61077df6
        CPU: 0 PID: 198 Comm: a.out Not tainted 4.4.0-rc4 #1
        Stack:
         e027d620 dfc54208 0000006f da981398
         61bee000 0000c1ed daae5de0 0000006e
         e027d620 dfcd4208 00000005 6092a460
        Call Trace:
         [<60dedc67>] SyS_bind+0xf7/0x110
         [<600587be>] handle_syscall+0x7e/0x80
         [<60066ad7>] userspace+0x3e7/0x4e0
         [<6006321f>] ? save_registers+0x1f/0x40
         [<6006c88e>] ? arch_prctl+0x1be/0x1f0
         [<60054985>] fork_handler+0x85/0x90
      
      Let's also get rid of the "cosmic ray protection" while we're at it.
      
      Fixes: e9193059 "hostfs: fix races in dentry_name() and inode_name()"
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarVegard Nossum <vegard.nossum@oracle.com>
      Cc: Jeff Dike <jdike@addtoit.com>
      Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
      Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarRichard Weinberger <richard@nod.at>
      9f2dfda2
  12. 30 Dec, 2015 1 commit
  13. 09 Dec, 2015 1 commit
    • Al Viro's avatar
      replace ->follow_link() with new method that could stay in RCU mode · 6b255391
      Al Viro authored
      new method: ->get_link(); replacement of ->follow_link().  The differences
      are:
      	* inode and dentry are passed separately
      	* might be called both in RCU and non-RCU mode;
      the former is indicated by passing it a NULL dentry.
      	* when called that way it isn't allowed to block
      and should return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD) if it needs to be called
      in non-RCU mode.
      
      It's a flagday change - the old method is gone, all in-tree instances
      converted.  Conversion isn't hard; said that, so far very few instances
      do not immediately bail out when called in RCU mode.  That'll change
      in the next commits.
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarAl Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
      6b255391
  14. 04 Sep, 2015 1 commit
    • Kees Cook's avatar
      fs: create and use seq_show_option for escaping · a068acf2
      Kees Cook authored
      Many file systems that implement the show_options hook fail to correctly
      escape their output which could lead to unescaped characters (e.g.  new
      lines) leaking into /proc/mounts and /proc/[pid]/mountinfo files.  This
      could lead to confusion, spoofed entries (resulting in things like
      systemd issuing false d-bus "mount" notifications), and who knows what
      else.  This looks like it would only be the root user stepping on
      themselves, but it's possible weird things could happen in containers or
      in other situations with delegated mount privileges.
      
      Here's an example using overlay with setuid fusermount trusting the
      contents of /proc/mounts (via the /etc/mtab symlink).  Imagine the use
      of "sudo" is something more sneaky:
      
        $ BASE="ovl"
        $ MNT="$BASE/mnt"
        $ LOW="$BASE/lower"
        $ UP="$BASE/upper"
        $ WORK="$BASE/work/ 0 0
        none /proc fuse.pwn user_id=1000"
        $ mkdir -p "$LOW" "$UP" "$WORK"
        $ sudo mount -t overlay -o "lowerdir=$LOW,upperdir=$UP,workdir=$WORK" none /mnt
        $ cat /proc/mounts
        none /root/ovl/mnt overlay rw,relatime,lowerdir=ovl/lower,upperdir=ovl/upper,workdir=ovl/work/ 0 0
        none /proc fuse.pwn user_id=1000 0 0
        $ fusermount -u /proc
        $ cat /proc/mounts
        cat: /proc/mounts: No such file or directory
      
      This fixes the problem by adding new seq_show_option and
      seq_show_option_n helpers, and updating the vulnerable show_option
      handlers to use them as needed.  Some, like SELinux, need to be open
      coded due to unusual existing escape mechanisms.
      
      [akpm@linux-foundation.org: add lost chunk, per Kees]
      [keescook@chromium.org: seq_show_option should be using const parameters]
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarKees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
      Acked-by: 's avatarSerge Hallyn <serge.hallyn@canonical.com>
      Acked-by: 's avatarJan Kara <jack@suse.com>
      Acked-by: 's avatarPaul Moore <paul@paul-moore.com>
      Cc: J. R. Okajima <hooanon05g@gmail.com>
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarKees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
      Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      a068acf2
  15. 11 May, 2015 3 commits
    • Al Viro's avatar
      switch ->put_link() from dentry to inode · 5f2c4179
      Al Viro authored
      only one instance looks at that argument at all; that sole
      exception wants inode rather than dentry.
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarAl Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
      5f2c4179
    • Al Viro's avatar
      don't pass nameidata to ->follow_link() · 6e77137b
      Al Viro authored
      its only use is getting passed to nd_jump_link(), which can obtain
      it from current->nameidata
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarAl Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
      6e77137b
    • Al Viro's avatar
      new ->follow_link() and ->put_link() calling conventions · 680baacb
      Al Viro authored
      a) instead of storing the symlink body (via nd_set_link()) and returning
      an opaque pointer later passed to ->put_link(), ->follow_link() _stores_
      that opaque pointer (into void * passed by address by caller) and returns
      the symlink body.  Returning ERR_PTR() on error, NULL on jump (procfs magic
      symlinks) and pointer to symlink body for normal symlinks.  Stored pointer
      is ignored in all cases except the last one.
      
      Storing NULL for opaque pointer (or not storing it at all) means no call
      of ->put_link().
      
      b) the body used to be passed to ->put_link() implicitly (via nameidata).
      Now only the opaque pointer is.  In the cases when we used the symlink body
      to free stuff, ->follow_link() now should store it as opaque pointer in addition
      to returning it.
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarAl Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
      680baacb
  16. 04 May, 2015 1 commit
  17. 15 Apr, 2015 1 commit
  18. 13 Apr, 2015 1 commit
  19. 12 Apr, 2015 1 commit
  20. 26 Mar, 2015 15 commits
  21. 07 Aug, 2014 1 commit
  22. 06 May, 2014 2 commits
  23. 03 Apr, 2014 1 commit
    • Johannes Weiner's avatar
      mm + fs: store shadow entries in page cache · 91b0abe3
      Johannes Weiner authored
      Reclaim will be leaving shadow entries in the page cache radix tree upon
      evicting the real page.  As those pages are found from the LRU, an
      iput() can lead to the inode being freed concurrently.  At this point,
      reclaim must no longer install shadow pages because the inode freeing
      code needs to ensure the page tree is really empty.
      
      Add an address_space flag, AS_EXITING, that the inode freeing code sets
      under the tree lock before doing the final truncate.  Reclaim will check
      for this flag before installing shadow pages.
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarJohannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
      Reviewed-by: 's avatarRik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
      Reviewed-by: 's avatarMinchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
      Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
      Cc: Bob Liu <bob.liu@oracle.com>
      Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
      Cc: Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com>
      Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
      Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
      Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
      Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
      Cc: Luigi Semenzato <semenzato@google.com>
      Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
      Cc: Metin Doslu <metin@citusdata.com>
      Cc: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com>
      Cc: Ozgun Erdogan <ozgun@citusdata.com>
      Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
      Cc: Roman Gushchin <klamm@yandex-team.ru>
      Cc: Ryan Mallon <rmallon@gmail.com>
      Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
      Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      91b0abe3