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/*
 * interfaces.c - Source for interface discovery code
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2006 Youness Alaoui <kakaroto@kakaroto.homelinux.net>
 * Copyright (C) 2007 Collabora, Nokia
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 *  Contact: Youness Alaoui
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 * Copyright (C) 2008 Haakon Sporsheim <haakon.sporsheim@tandberg.com>
 * @author: Youness Alaoui <kakaroto@kakaroto.homelinux.net>
 *
 * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
 * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA  02110-1301 USA
 */

#ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
# include "config.h"
#endif

#include "interfaces.h"
#include "debug.h"

#ifdef G_OS_UNIX

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <sys/types.h>

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#include <sys/socket.h>
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#include <netinet/in.h>
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#ifdef __sun
#include <sys/sockio.h>
#endif

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#ifdef HAVE_GETIFADDRS
 #include <ifaddrs.h>
#endif

#include <net/if.h>
#include <net/if_arp.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>

#ifdef HAVE_GETIFADDRS

GList *
nice_interfaces_get_local_interfaces (void)
{
  GList *interfaces = NULL;
  struct ifaddrs *ifa, *results;

  if (getifaddrs (&results) < 0) {
    return NULL;
  }

  /* Loop and get each interface the system has, one by one... */
  for (ifa = results; ifa; ifa = ifa->ifa_next) {
    /* no ip address from interface that is down */
    if ((ifa->ifa_flags & IFF_UP) == 0)
      continue;

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    if (ifa->ifa_addr == NULL)
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      continue;

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    if (ifa->ifa_addr->sa_family == AF_INET || ifa->ifa_addr->sa_family == AF_INET6) {
      nice_debug ("Found interface : %s", ifa->ifa_name);
      interfaces = g_list_prepend (interfaces, g_strdup (ifa->ifa_name));
    }
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  }

  freeifaddrs (results);

  return interfaces;
}

#else /* ! HAVE_GETIFADDRS */

GList *
nice_interfaces_get_local_interfaces (void)
{
  GList *interfaces = NULL;
  gint sockfd;
  gint size = 0;
  struct ifreq *ifr;
  struct ifconf ifc;

  if ((sockfd = socket (AF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, IPPROTO_IP)) < 0) {
    nice_debug ("error : Cannot open socket to retreive interface list");
    return NULL;
  }

  ifc.ifc_len = 0;
  ifc.ifc_req = NULL;

  /* Loop and get each interface the system has, one by one... */
  do {
    size += sizeof (struct ifreq);
    /* realloc buffer size until no overflow occurs  */
    if (NULL == (ifc.ifc_req = realloc (ifc.ifc_req, size))) {
      nice_debug ("Error : Out of memory while allocation interface"
          "configuration structure");
      close (sockfd);
      return NULL;
    }
    ifc.ifc_len = size;

    if (ioctl (sockfd, SIOCGIFCONF, &ifc)) {
      perror ("ioctl SIOCFIFCONF");
      close (sockfd);
      free (ifc.ifc_req);
      return NULL;
    }
  } while (size <= ifc.ifc_len);


  /* Loop throught the interface list and get the IP address of each IF */
  for (ifr = ifc.ifc_req;
       (gchar *) ifr < (gchar *) ifc.ifc_req + ifc.ifc_len;
       ++ifr) {
    nice_debug ("Found interface : %s", ifr->ifr_name);
    interfaces = g_list_prepend (interfaces, g_strdup (ifr->ifr_name));
  }

  free (ifc.ifc_req);
  close (sockfd);

  return interfaces;
}
#endif /* HAVE_GETIFADDRS */


static gboolean
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nice_interfaces_is_private_ip (const struct sockaddr *_sa)
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{
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  union {
    const struct sockaddr *addr;
    const struct sockaddr_in *in;
  } sa;
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  sa.addr = _sa;

  if (sa.addr->sa_family == AF_INET) {
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    /* 10.x.x.x/8 */
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    if (sa.in->sin_addr.s_addr >> 24 == 0x0A)
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      return TRUE;
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    /* 172.16.0.0 - 172.31.255.255 = 172.16.0.0/10 */
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    if (sa.in->sin_addr.s_addr >> 20 == 0xAC1)
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      return TRUE;
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    /* 192.168.x.x/16 */
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    if (sa.in->sin_addr.s_addr >> 16 == 0xC0A8)
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      return TRUE;
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    /* 169.254.x.x/16  (for APIPA) */
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    if (sa.in->sin_addr.s_addr >> 16 == 0xA9FE)
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      return TRUE;
  }
  
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  return FALSE;
}

#ifdef HAVE_GETIFADDRS

GList *
nice_interfaces_get_local_ips (gboolean include_loopback)
{
  GList *ips = NULL;
  struct ifaddrs *ifa, *results;
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  GList *loopbacks = NULL;
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  if (getifaddrs (&results) < 0)
      return NULL;

  /* Loop through the interface list and get the IP address of each IF */
  for (ifa = results; ifa; ifa = ifa->ifa_next) {
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    char addr_as_string[INET6_ADDRSTRLEN+1];

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    union {
      struct sockaddr *addr;
      struct sockaddr_in *in;
      struct sockaddr_in6 *in6;
    } sa;

    sa.addr = ifa->ifa_addr;

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    /* no ip address from interface that is down */
    if ((ifa->ifa_flags & IFF_UP) == 0)
      continue;

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    if (ifa->ifa_addr == NULL) {
      continue;
    } else if (ifa->ifa_addr->sa_family == AF_INET) {
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      if (inet_ntop (AF_INET, &sa.in->sin_addr, addr_as_string,
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              INET6_ADDRSTRLEN) == NULL)
        continue;
    } else if (ifa->ifa_addr->sa_family == AF_INET6) {
      /* Skip link-local addresses, they require a scope */
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      if (IN6_IS_ADDR_LINKLOCAL (&sa.in6->sin6_addr))
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        continue;

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      if (inet_ntop (AF_INET6, &sa.in6->sin6_addr, addr_as_string,
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              INET6_ADDRSTRLEN) == NULL)
        continue;
    } else
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      continue;


    nice_debug ("Interface:  %s", ifa->ifa_name);
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    nice_debug ("IP Address: %s", addr_as_string);
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    if ((ifa->ifa_flags & IFF_LOOPBACK) == IFF_LOOPBACK) {
      if (include_loopback)
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        loopbacks = g_list_append (loopbacks, g_strdup (addr_as_string));
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      else
        nice_debug ("Ignoring loopback interface");
    } else {
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      if (nice_interfaces_is_private_ip (ifa->ifa_addr))
        ips = g_list_append (ips, g_strdup (addr_as_string));
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      else
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        ips = g_list_prepend (ips, g_strdup (addr_as_string));
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    }
  }

  freeifaddrs (results);

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  if (loopbacks)
    ips = g_list_concat (ips, loopbacks);
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  return ips;
}

#else /* ! HAVE_GETIFADDRS */

GList *
nice_interfaces_get_local_ips (gboolean include_loopback)
{
  GList *ips = NULL;
  gint sockfd;
  gint size = 0;
  struct ifreq *ifr;
  struct ifconf ifc;
  struct sockaddr_in *sa;
  gchar *loopback = NULL;

  if ((sockfd = socket (AF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, IPPROTO_IP)) < 0) {
    nice_debug ("Error : Cannot open socket to retreive interface list");
    return NULL;
  }

  ifc.ifc_len = 0;
  ifc.ifc_req = NULL;

  /* Loop and get each interface the system has, one by one... */
  do {
    size += sizeof (struct ifreq);
    /* realloc buffer size until no overflow occurs  */
    if (NULL == (ifc.ifc_req = realloc (ifc.ifc_req, size))) {
      nice_debug ("Error : Out of memory while allocation interface"
          " configuration structure");
      close (sockfd);
      return NULL;
    }
    ifc.ifc_len = size;

    if (ioctl (sockfd, SIOCGIFCONF, &ifc)) {
      perror ("ioctl SIOCFIFCONF");
      close (sockfd);
      free (ifc.ifc_req);
      return NULL;
    }
  } while  (size <= ifc.ifc_len);


  /* Loop throught the interface list and get the IP address of each IF */
  for (ifr = ifc.ifc_req;
       (gchar *) ifr < (gchar *) ifc.ifc_req + ifc.ifc_len;
       ++ifr) {

    if (ioctl (sockfd, SIOCGIFFLAGS, ifr)) {
      nice_debug ("Error : Unable to get IP information for interface %s."
          " Skipping...", ifr->ifr_name);
      continue;  /* failed to get flags, skip it */
    }
    sa = (struct sockaddr_in *) &ifr->ifr_addr;
    nice_debug ("Interface:  %s", ifr->ifr_name);
    nice_debug ("IP Address: %s", inet_ntoa (sa->sin_addr));
    if ((ifr->ifr_flags & IFF_LOOPBACK) == IFF_LOOPBACK){
      if (include_loopback)
        loopback = g_strdup (inet_ntoa (sa->sin_addr));
      else
        nice_debug ("Ignoring loopback interface");
    } else {
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      if (nice_interfaces_is_private_ip (sa)) {
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        ips = g_list_append (ips, g_strdup (inet_ntoa (sa->sin_addr)));
      } else {
        ips = g_list_prepend (ips, g_strdup (inet_ntoa (sa->sin_addr)));
      }
    }
  }

  close (sockfd);
  free (ifc.ifc_req);

  if (loopback)
    ips = g_list_append (ips, loopback);

  return ips;
}

#endif /* HAVE_GETIFADDRS */

gchar *
nice_interfaces_get_ip_for_interface (gchar *interface_name)
{
  struct ifreq ifr;
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  union {
    struct sockaddr *addr;
    struct sockaddr_in *in;
  } sa;
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  gint sockfd;


  ifr.ifr_addr.sa_family = AF_INET;
  memset (ifr.ifr_name, 0, sizeof (ifr.ifr_name));
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  g_strlcpy (ifr.ifr_name, interface_name, sizeof (ifr.ifr_name));
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  if ((sockfd = socket (AF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, IPPROTO_IP)) < 0) {
    nice_debug ("Error : Cannot open socket to retreive interface list");
    return NULL;
  }

  if (ioctl (sockfd, SIOCGIFADDR, &ifr) < 0) {
    nice_debug ("Error : Unable to get IP information for interface %s",
      interface_name);
    close (sockfd);
    return NULL;
  }

  close (sockfd);
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  sa.addr = &ifr.ifr_addr;
  nice_debug ("Address for %s: %s", interface_name, inet_ntoa (sa.in->sin_addr));
  return g_strdup (inet_ntoa (sa.in->sin_addr));
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}

#else /* G_OS_UNIX */
#ifdef G_OS_WIN32

#include <winsock2.h>
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#include <iphlpapi.h>
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// Should be in Iphlpapi.h, but mingw doesn't seem to have these
// Values copied directly from:
// http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa366845(v=vs.85).aspx
// (Title: MIB_IPADDRROW structure)

#ifndef MIB_IPADDR_DISCONNECTED
#define MIB_IPADDR_DISCONNECTED 0x0008
#endif

#ifndef MIB_IPADDR_DELETED
#define MIB_IPADDR_DELETED 0x0040
#endif

#if 0
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static gboolean started_wsa_engine = FALSE;

/*
 * private function that initializes the WinSock engine and
 *  returns a prebuilt socket
 */
SOCKET nice_interfaces_get_WSA_socket ()
{
  WORD wVersionRequested;
  WSADATA wsaData;
  int err;
  SOCKET sock;

  if (started_wsa_engine == FALSE) {
    wVersionRequested = MAKEWORD ( 2, 0 );

    err = WSAStartup ( wVersionRequested, &wsaData );
    if ( err != 0 ) {
      nice_debug ("Error : Could not start the winsocket engine");
      return INVALID_SOCKET;
    }
    started_wsa_engine = TRUE;
  }


  if ((sock = socket (AF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, 0)) == INVALID_SOCKET) {
    nice_debug ("Error : Could not open socket to retreive interface list,"
        " error no : %d", WSAGetLastError ());
    return INVALID_SOCKET;
  }

  return sock;
}
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#endif
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GList * nice_interfaces_get_local_interfaces ()
{
  ULONG size = 0;
  PMIB_IFTABLE if_table;
  GList * ret = NULL;

  GetIfTable(NULL, &size, TRUE);

  if (!size)
    return NULL;

  if_table = (PMIB_IFTABLE)g_malloc0(size);

  if (GetIfTable(if_table, &size, TRUE) == ERROR_SUCCESS) {
    DWORD i;
    for (i = 0; i < if_table->dwNumEntries; i++) {
      ret = g_list_prepend (ret, g_strdup ((gchar*)if_table->table[i].bDescr));
    }
  }

  g_free(if_table);

  return ret;
}

GList * nice_interfaces_get_local_ips (gboolean include_loopback)
{
  ULONG size = 0;
  DWORD pref = 0;
  PMIB_IPADDRTABLE ip_table;
  GList * ret = NULL;

  GetIpAddrTable (NULL, &size, TRUE);

  if (!size)
    return NULL;

  /*
   * Get the best interface for transport to 0.0.0.0.
   * This interface should be first in list!
   */
  if (GetBestInterface (0, &pref) != NO_ERROR)
    pref = 0;

  ip_table = (PMIB_IPADDRTABLE)g_malloc0 (size);

  if (GetIpAddrTable (ip_table, &size, TRUE) == ERROR_SUCCESS) {
    DWORD i;
    for (i = 0; i < ip_table->dwNumEntries; i++) {
      gchar * ipstr;
      PMIB_IPADDRROW ipaddr = &ip_table->table[i];

      if (!(ipaddr->wType & (MIB_IPADDR_DISCONNECTED | MIB_IPADDR_DELETED)) &&
          ipaddr->dwAddr) {
        if (!include_loopback) {
          DWORD type = 0;
          PMIB_IFROW ifr = (PMIB_IFROW)g_malloc0 (sizeof (MIB_IFROW));
          ifr->dwIndex = ipaddr->dwIndex;
          if (GetIfEntry (ifr) == NO_ERROR)
            type = ifr->dwType;
          g_free (ifr);

          if (type == IF_TYPE_SOFTWARE_LOOPBACK)
            continue;
        }

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        ipstr = g_strdup_printf ("%lu.%lu.%lu.%lu",
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            (ipaddr->dwAddr      ) & 0xFF,
            (ipaddr->dwAddr >>  8) & 0xFF,
            (ipaddr->dwAddr >> 16) & 0xFF,
            (ipaddr->dwAddr >> 24) & 0xFF);
        if (ipaddr->dwIndex == pref)
          ret = g_list_prepend (ret, ipstr);
        else
          ret = g_list_append (ret, ipstr);
      }
    }
  }

  g_free(ip_table);

  return ret;
}

/*
 * returns ip address as an utf8 string
 */
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// Source for idx's type (Was IF_INDEX):
// http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa366836(v=VS.85).aspx
// (Title: MIB_IFROW structure)
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static gchar *
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win32_get_ip_for_interface (DWORD idx)
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{
  ULONG size = 0;
  PMIB_IPADDRTABLE ip_table;
  gchar * ret = NULL;

  GetIpAddrTable (NULL, &size, TRUE);

  if (!size)
    return NULL;

  ip_table = (PMIB_IPADDRTABLE)g_malloc0 (size);

  if (GetIpAddrTable (ip_table, &size, TRUE) == ERROR_SUCCESS) {
    DWORD i;
    for (i = 0; i < ip_table->dwNumEntries; i++) {
      PMIB_IPADDRROW ipaddr = &ip_table->table[i];
      if (ipaddr->dwIndex == idx &&
          !(ipaddr->wType & (MIB_IPADDR_DISCONNECTED | MIB_IPADDR_DELETED))) {
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        ret = g_strdup_printf ("%lu.%lu.%lu.%lu",
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            (ipaddr->dwAddr      ) & 0xFF,
            (ipaddr->dwAddr >>  8) & 0xFF,
            (ipaddr->dwAddr >> 16) & 0xFF,
            (ipaddr->dwAddr >> 24) & 0xFF);
        break;
      }
    }
  }

  g_free (ip_table);
  return ret;
}

gchar * nice_interfaces_get_ip_for_interface (gchar *interface_name)
{
  ULONG size = 0;
  PMIB_IFTABLE if_table;
  gchar * ret = NULL;

  GetIfTable (NULL, &size, TRUE);

  if (!size)
    return NULL;

  if_table = (PMIB_IFTABLE)g_malloc0 (size);

  if (GetIfTable (if_table, &size, TRUE) == ERROR_SUCCESS) {
    DWORD i;
    gchar * tmp_str;
    for (i = 0; i < if_table->dwNumEntries; i++) {
      tmp_str = g_utf16_to_utf8 (
          if_table->table[i].wszName, MAX_INTERFACE_NAME_LEN,
          NULL, NULL, NULL);

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      if (strlen (interface_name) == strlen (tmp_str) &&
          g_ascii_strncasecmp (interface_name, tmp_str, strlen (interface_name)) == 0) {
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        ret = win32_get_ip_for_interface (if_table->table[i].dwIndex);
        g_free (tmp_str);
        break;
      }

      g_free (tmp_str);
    }
  }

  g_free (if_table);

  return ret;
}


#else /* G_OS_WIN32 */
#error Can not use this method for retreiving ip list from OS other than unix or windows
#endif /* G_OS_WIN32 */
#endif /* G_OS_UNIX */