Commit 9e645e11 authored by Jens Axboe's avatar Jens Axboe
Browse files

io_uring: add support for sqe links



With SQE links, we can create chains of dependent SQEs. One example
would be queueing an SQE that's a read from one file descriptor, with
the linked SQE being a write to another with the same set of buffers.

An SQE link will not stall the pipeline, it'll just ensure that
dependent SQEs aren't issued before the previous link has completed.

Any error at submission or completion time will break the chain of SQEs.
For completions, this also includes short reads or writes, as the next
SQE could depend on the previous one being fully completed.

Any SQE in a chain that gets canceled due to any of the above errors,
will get an CQE fill with -ECANCELED as the error value.
Signed-off-by: default avatarJens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
parent 9d93a3f5
......@@ -322,6 +322,7 @@ struct io_kiocb {
struct io_ring_ctx *ctx;
struct list_head list;
struct list_head link_list;
unsigned int flags;
refcount_t refs;
#define REQ_F_NOWAIT 1 /* must not punt to workers */
......@@ -330,8 +331,10 @@ struct io_kiocb {
#define REQ_F_SEQ_PREV 8 /* sequential with previous */
#define REQ_F_IO_DRAIN 16 /* drain existing IO first */
#define REQ_F_IO_DRAINED 32 /* drain done */
#define REQ_F_LINK 64 /* linked sqes */
#define REQ_F_FAIL_LINK 128 /* fail rest of links */
u64 user_data;
u32 error; /* iopoll result from callback */
u32 result;
u32 sequence;
struct work_struct work;
......@@ -583,6 +586,7 @@ static struct io_kiocb *io_get_req(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx,
req->flags = 0;
/* one is dropped after submission, the other at completion */
refcount_set(&req->refs, 2);
req->result = 0;
return req;
out:
io_ring_drop_ctx_refs(ctx, 1);
......@@ -598,7 +602,7 @@ static void io_free_req_many(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx, void **reqs, int *nr)
}
}
static void io_free_req(struct io_kiocb *req)
static void __io_free_req(struct io_kiocb *req)
{
if (req->file && !(req->flags & REQ_F_FIXED_FILE))
fput(req->file);
......@@ -606,6 +610,63 @@ static void io_free_req(struct io_kiocb *req)
kmem_cache_free(req_cachep, req);
}
static void io_req_link_next(struct io_kiocb *req)
{
struct io_kiocb *nxt;
/*
* The list should never be empty when we are called here. But could
* potentially happen if the chain is messed up, check to be on the
* safe side.
*/
nxt = list_first_entry_or_null(&req->link_list, struct io_kiocb, list);
if (nxt) {
list_del(&nxt->list);
if (!list_empty(&req->link_list)) {
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&nxt->link_list);
list_splice(&req->link_list, &nxt->link_list);
nxt->flags |= REQ_F_LINK;
}
INIT_WORK(&nxt->work, io_sq_wq_submit_work);
queue_work(req->ctx->sqo_wq, &nxt->work);
}
}
/*
* Called if REQ_F_LINK is set, and we fail the head request
*/
static void io_fail_links(struct io_kiocb *req)
{
struct io_kiocb *link;
while (!list_empty(&req->link_list)) {
link = list_first_entry(&req->link_list, struct io_kiocb, list);
list_del(&link->list);
io_cqring_add_event(req->ctx, link->user_data, -ECANCELED);
__io_free_req(link);
}
}
static void io_free_req(struct io_kiocb *req)
{
/*
* If LINK is set, we have dependent requests in this chain. If we
* didn't fail this request, queue the first one up, moving any other
* dependencies to the next request. In case of failure, fail the rest
* of the chain.
*/
if (req->flags & REQ_F_LINK) {
if (req->flags & REQ_F_FAIL_LINK)
io_fail_links(req);
else
io_req_link_next(req);
}
__io_free_req(req);
}
static void io_put_req(struct io_kiocb *req)
{
if (refcount_dec_and_test(&req->refs))
......@@ -627,16 +688,17 @@ static void io_iopoll_complete(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx, unsigned int *nr_events,
req = list_first_entry(done, struct io_kiocb, list);
list_del(&req->list);
io_cqring_fill_event(ctx, req->user_data, req->error);
io_cqring_fill_event(ctx, req->user_data, req->result);
(*nr_events)++;
if (refcount_dec_and_test(&req->refs)) {
/* If we're not using fixed files, we have to pair the
* completion part with the file put. Use regular
* completions for those, only batch free for fixed
* file.
* file and non-linked commands.
*/
if (req->flags & REQ_F_FIXED_FILE) {
if ((req->flags & (REQ_F_FIXED_FILE|REQ_F_LINK)) ==
REQ_F_FIXED_FILE) {
reqs[to_free++] = req;
if (to_free == ARRAY_SIZE(reqs))
io_free_req_many(ctx, reqs, &to_free);
......@@ -775,6 +837,8 @@ static void io_complete_rw(struct kiocb *kiocb, long res, long res2)
kiocb_end_write(kiocb);
if ((req->flags & REQ_F_LINK) && res != req->result)
req->flags |= REQ_F_FAIL_LINK;
io_cqring_add_event(req->ctx, req->user_data, res);
io_put_req(req);
}
......@@ -785,7 +849,9 @@ static void io_complete_rw_iopoll(struct kiocb *kiocb, long res, long res2)
kiocb_end_write(kiocb);
req->error = res;
if ((req->flags & REQ_F_LINK) && res != req->result)
req->flags |= REQ_F_FAIL_LINK;
req->result = res;
if (res != -EAGAIN)
req->flags |= REQ_F_IOPOLL_COMPLETED;
}
......@@ -928,7 +994,6 @@ static int io_prep_rw(struct io_kiocb *req, const struct sqe_submit *s,
!kiocb->ki_filp->f_op->iopoll)
return -EOPNOTSUPP;
req->error = 0;
kiocb->ki_flags |= IOCB_HIPRI;
kiocb->ki_complete = io_complete_rw_iopoll;
} else {
......@@ -1106,6 +1171,9 @@ static int io_read(struct io_kiocb *req, const struct sqe_submit *s,
return ret;
read_size = ret;
if (req->flags & REQ_F_LINK)
req->result = read_size;
iov_count = iov_iter_count(&iter);
ret = rw_verify_area(READ, file, &kiocb->ki_pos, iov_count);
if (!ret) {
......@@ -1163,6 +1231,9 @@ static int io_write(struct io_kiocb *req, const struct sqe_submit *s,
if (ret < 0)
return ret;
if (req->flags & REQ_F_LINK)
req->result = ret;
iov_count = iov_iter_count(&iter);
ret = -EAGAIN;
......@@ -1266,6 +1337,8 @@ static int io_fsync(struct io_kiocb *req, const struct io_uring_sqe *sqe,
end > 0 ? end : LLONG_MAX,
fsync_flags & IORING_FSYNC_DATASYNC);
if (ret < 0 && (req->flags & REQ_F_LINK))
req->flags |= REQ_F_FAIL_LINK;
io_cqring_add_event(req->ctx, sqe->user_data, ret);
io_put_req(req);
return 0;
......@@ -1310,6 +1383,8 @@ static int io_sync_file_range(struct io_kiocb *req,
ret = sync_file_range(req->rw.ki_filp, sqe_off, sqe_len, flags);
if (ret < 0 && (req->flags & REQ_F_LINK))
req->flags |= REQ_F_FAIL_LINK;
io_cqring_add_event(req->ctx, sqe->user_data, ret);
io_put_req(req);
return 0;
......@@ -1562,9 +1637,10 @@ static int __io_submit_sqe(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx, struct io_kiocb *req,
{
int ret, opcode;
req->user_data = READ_ONCE(s->sqe->user_data);
if (unlikely(s->index >= ctx->sq_entries))
return -EINVAL;
req->user_data = READ_ONCE(s->sqe->user_data);
opcode = READ_ONCE(s->sqe->opcode);
switch (opcode) {
......@@ -1608,7 +1684,7 @@ static int __io_submit_sqe(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx, struct io_kiocb *req,
return ret;
if (ctx->flags & IORING_SETUP_IOPOLL) {
if (req->error == -EAGAIN)
if (req->result == -EAGAIN)
return -EAGAIN;
/* workqueue context doesn't hold uring_lock, grab it now */
......@@ -1834,31 +1910,11 @@ static int io_req_set_file(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx, const struct sqe_submit *s,
return 0;
}
static int io_submit_sqe(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx, struct sqe_submit *s,
struct io_submit_state *state)
static int io_queue_sqe(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx, struct io_kiocb *req,
struct sqe_submit *s)
{
struct io_kiocb *req;
int ret;
/* enforce forwards compatibility on users */
if (unlikely(s->sqe->flags & ~(IOSQE_FIXED_FILE | IOSQE_IO_DRAIN)))
return -EINVAL;
req = io_get_req(ctx, state);
if (unlikely(!req))
return -EAGAIN;
ret = io_req_set_file(ctx, s, state, req);
if (unlikely(ret))
goto out;
ret = io_req_defer(ctx, req, s->sqe);
if (ret) {
if (ret == -EIOCBQUEUED)
ret = 0;
return ret;
}
ret = __io_submit_sqe(ctx, req, s, true);
if (ret == -EAGAIN && !(req->flags & REQ_F_NOWAIT)) {
struct io_uring_sqe *sqe_copy;
......@@ -1881,24 +1937,93 @@ static int io_submit_sqe(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx, struct sqe_submit *s,
/*
* Queued up for async execution, worker will release
* submit reference when the iocb is actually
* submitted.
* submit reference when the iocb is actually submitted.
*/
return 0;
}
}
out:
/* drop submission reference */
io_put_req(req);
/* and drop final reference, if we failed */
if (ret)
if (ret) {
io_cqring_add_event(ctx, req->user_data, ret);
if (req->flags & REQ_F_LINK)
req->flags |= REQ_F_FAIL_LINK;
io_put_req(req);
}
return ret;
}
#define SQE_VALID_FLAGS (IOSQE_FIXED_FILE|IOSQE_IO_DRAIN|IOSQE_IO_LINK)
static void io_submit_sqe(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx, struct sqe_submit *s,
struct io_submit_state *state, struct io_kiocb **link)
{
struct io_uring_sqe *sqe_copy;
struct io_kiocb *req;
int ret;
/* enforce forwards compatibility on users */
if (unlikely(s->sqe->flags & ~SQE_VALID_FLAGS)) {
ret = -EINVAL;
goto err;
}
req = io_get_req(ctx, state);
if (unlikely(!req)) {
ret = -EAGAIN;
goto err;
}
ret = io_req_set_file(ctx, s, state, req);
if (unlikely(ret)) {
err_req:
io_free_req(req);
err:
io_cqring_add_event(ctx, s->sqe->user_data, ret);
return;
}
ret = io_req_defer(ctx, req, s->sqe);
if (ret) {
if (ret != -EIOCBQUEUED)
goto err_req;
return;
}
/*
* If we already have a head request, queue this one for async
* submittal once the head completes. If we don't have a head but
* IOSQE_IO_LINK is set in the sqe, start a new head. This one will be
* submitted sync once the chain is complete. If none of those
* conditions are true (normal request), then just queue it.
*/
if (*link) {
struct io_kiocb *prev = *link;
sqe_copy = kmemdup(s->sqe, sizeof(*sqe_copy), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!sqe_copy) {
ret = -EAGAIN;
goto err_req;
}
s->sqe = sqe_copy;
memcpy(&req->submit, s, sizeof(*s));
list_add_tail(&req->list, &prev->link_list);
} else if (s->sqe->flags & IOSQE_IO_LINK) {
req->flags |= REQ_F_LINK;
memcpy(&req->submit, s, sizeof(*s));
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&req->link_list);
*link = req;
} else {
io_queue_sqe(ctx, req, s);
}
}
/*
* Batched submission is done, ensure local IO is flushed out.
*/
......@@ -1981,7 +2106,9 @@ static int io_submit_sqes(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx, struct sqe_submit *sqes,
unsigned int nr, bool has_user, bool mm_fault)
{
struct io_submit_state state, *statep = NULL;
int ret, i, submitted = 0;
struct io_kiocb *link = NULL;
bool prev_was_link = false;
int i, submitted = 0;
if (nr > IO_PLUG_THRESHOLD) {
io_submit_state_start(&state, ctx, nr);
......@@ -1989,22 +2116,30 @@ static int io_submit_sqes(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx, struct sqe_submit *sqes,
}
for (i = 0; i < nr; i++) {
/*
* If previous wasn't linked and we have a linked command,
* that's the end of the chain. Submit the previous link.
*/
if (!prev_was_link && link) {
io_queue_sqe(ctx, link, &link->submit);
link = NULL;
}
prev_was_link = (sqes[i].sqe->flags & IOSQE_IO_LINK) != 0;
if (unlikely(mm_fault)) {
ret = -EFAULT;
io_cqring_add_event(ctx, sqes[i].sqe->user_data,
-EFAULT);
} else {
sqes[i].has_user = has_user;
sqes[i].needs_lock = true;
sqes[i].needs_fixed_file = true;
ret = io_submit_sqe(ctx, &sqes[i], statep);
}
if (!ret) {
io_submit_sqe(ctx, &sqes[i], statep, &link);
submitted++;
continue;
}
io_cqring_add_event(ctx, sqes[i].sqe->user_data, ret);
}
if (link)
io_queue_sqe(ctx, link, &link->submit);
if (statep)
io_submit_state_end(&state);
......@@ -2145,6 +2280,8 @@ static int io_sq_thread(void *data)
static int io_ring_submit(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx, unsigned int to_submit)
{
struct io_submit_state state, *statep = NULL;
struct io_kiocb *link = NULL;
bool prev_was_link = false;
int i, submit = 0;
if (to_submit > IO_PLUG_THRESHOLD) {
......@@ -2154,22 +2291,30 @@ static int io_ring_submit(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx, unsigned int to_submit)
for (i = 0; i < to_submit; i++) {
struct sqe_submit s;
int ret;
if (!io_get_sqring(ctx, &s))
break;
/*
* If previous wasn't linked and we have a linked command,
* that's the end of the chain. Submit the previous link.
*/
if (!prev_was_link && link) {
io_queue_sqe(ctx, link, &link->submit);
link = NULL;
}
prev_was_link = (s.sqe->flags & IOSQE_IO_LINK) != 0;
s.has_user = true;
s.needs_lock = false;
s.needs_fixed_file = false;
submit++;
ret = io_submit_sqe(ctx, &s, statep);
if (ret)
io_cqring_add_event(ctx, s.sqe->user_data, ret);
io_submit_sqe(ctx, &s, statep, &link);
}
io_commit_sqring(ctx);
if (link)
io_queue_sqe(ctx, link, &link->submit);
if (statep)
io_submit_state_end(statep);
......
......@@ -40,6 +40,7 @@ struct io_uring_sqe {
*/
#define IOSQE_FIXED_FILE (1U << 0) /* use fixed fileset */
#define IOSQE_IO_DRAIN (1U << 1) /* issue after inflight IO */
#define IOSQE_IO_LINK (1U << 2) /* links next sqe */
/*
* io_uring_setup() flags
......
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