fs.h 109 KB
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/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
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#ifndef _LINUX_FS_H
#define _LINUX_FS_H

#include <linux/linkage.h>
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#include <linux/wait_bit.h>
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#include <linux/kdev_t.h>
#include <linux/dcache.h>
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#include <linux/path.h>
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#include <linux/stat.h>
#include <linux/cache.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
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#include <linux/list_lru.h>
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#include <linux/llist.h>
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#include <linux/radix-tree.h>
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#include <linux/rbtree.h>
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#include <linux/init.h>
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#include <linux/pid.h>
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#include <linux/bug.h>
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#include <linux/mutex.h>
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#include <linux/rwsem.h>
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#include <linux/mm_types.h>
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#include <linux/capability.h>
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#include <linux/semaphore.h>
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#include <linux/fcntl.h>
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#include <linux/fiemap.h>
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#include <linux/rculist_bl.h>
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#include <linux/atomic.h>
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#include <linux/shrinker.h>
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#include <linux/migrate_mode.h>
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#include <linux/uidgid.h>
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#include <linux/lockdep.h>
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#include <linux/percpu-rwsem.h>
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#include <linux/workqueue.h>
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#include <linux/delayed_call.h>
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#include <linux/uuid.h>
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#include <linux/errseq.h>
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#include <asm/byteorder.h>
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#include <uapi/linux/fs.h>
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struct backing_dev_info;
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struct bdi_writeback;
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struct bio;
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struct export_operations;
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struct hd_geometry;
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struct iovec;
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struct kiocb;
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struct kobject;
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struct pipe_inode_info;
struct poll_table_struct;
struct kstatfs;
struct vm_area_struct;
struct vfsmount;
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struct cred;
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struct swap_info_struct;
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struct seq_file;
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struct workqueue_struct;
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struct iov_iter;
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struct fscrypt_info;
struct fscrypt_operations;
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extern void __init inode_init(void);
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extern void __init inode_init_early(void);
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extern void __init files_init(void);
extern void __init files_maxfiles_init(void);
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extern struct files_stat_struct files_stat;
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extern unsigned long get_max_files(void);
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extern unsigned int sysctl_nr_open;
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extern struct inodes_stat_t inodes_stat;
extern int leases_enable, lease_break_time;
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extern int sysctl_protected_symlinks;
extern int sysctl_protected_hardlinks;
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typedef __kernel_rwf_t rwf_t;

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struct buffer_head;
typedef int (get_block_t)(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock,
			struct buffer_head *bh_result, int create);
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typedef int (dio_iodone_t)(struct kiocb *iocb, loff_t offset,
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			ssize_t bytes, void *private);
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#define MAY_EXEC		0x00000001
#define MAY_WRITE		0x00000002
#define MAY_READ		0x00000004
#define MAY_APPEND		0x00000008
#define MAY_ACCESS		0x00000010
#define MAY_OPEN		0x00000020
#define MAY_CHDIR		0x00000040
/* called from RCU mode, don't block */
#define MAY_NOT_BLOCK		0x00000080

/*
 * flags in file.f_mode.  Note that FMODE_READ and FMODE_WRITE must correspond
 * to O_WRONLY and O_RDWR via the strange trick in __dentry_open()
 */

/* file is open for reading */
#define FMODE_READ		((__force fmode_t)0x1)
/* file is open for writing */
#define FMODE_WRITE		((__force fmode_t)0x2)
/* file is seekable */
#define FMODE_LSEEK		((__force fmode_t)0x4)
/* file can be accessed using pread */
#define FMODE_PREAD		((__force fmode_t)0x8)
/* file can be accessed using pwrite */
#define FMODE_PWRITE		((__force fmode_t)0x10)
/* File is opened for execution with sys_execve / sys_uselib */
#define FMODE_EXEC		((__force fmode_t)0x20)
/* File is opened with O_NDELAY (only set for block devices) */
#define FMODE_NDELAY		((__force fmode_t)0x40)
/* File is opened with O_EXCL (only set for block devices) */
#define FMODE_EXCL		((__force fmode_t)0x80)
/* File is opened using open(.., 3, ..) and is writeable only for ioctls
   (specialy hack for floppy.c) */
#define FMODE_WRITE_IOCTL	((__force fmode_t)0x100)
/* 32bit hashes as llseek() offset (for directories) */
#define FMODE_32BITHASH         ((__force fmode_t)0x200)
/* 64bit hashes as llseek() offset (for directories) */
#define FMODE_64BITHASH         ((__force fmode_t)0x400)

/*
 * Don't update ctime and mtime.
 *
 * Currently a special hack for the XFS open_by_handle ioctl, but we'll
 * hopefully graduate it to a proper O_CMTIME flag supported by open(2) soon.
 */
#define FMODE_NOCMTIME		((__force fmode_t)0x800)

/* Expect random access pattern */
#define FMODE_RANDOM		((__force fmode_t)0x1000)

/* File is huge (eg. /dev/kmem): treat loff_t as unsigned */
#define FMODE_UNSIGNED_OFFSET	((__force fmode_t)0x2000)

/* File is opened with O_PATH; almost nothing can be done with it */
#define FMODE_PATH		((__force fmode_t)0x4000)

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/* File needs atomic accesses to f_pos */
#define FMODE_ATOMIC_POS	((__force fmode_t)0x8000)
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/* Write access to underlying fs */
#define FMODE_WRITER		((__force fmode_t)0x10000)
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/* Has read method(s) */
#define FMODE_CAN_READ          ((__force fmode_t)0x20000)
/* Has write method(s) */
#define FMODE_CAN_WRITE         ((__force fmode_t)0x40000)
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/* File was opened by fanotify and shouldn't generate fanotify events */
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#define FMODE_NONOTIFY		((__force fmode_t)0x4000000)
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/* File is capable of returning -EAGAIN if I/O will block */
#define FMODE_NOWAIT	((__force fmode_t)0x8000000)
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/*
 * Flag for rw_copy_check_uvector and compat_rw_copy_check_uvector
 * that indicates that they should check the contents of the iovec are
 * valid, but not check the memory that the iovec elements
 * points too.
 */
#define CHECK_IOVEC_ONLY -1

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/*
 * Attribute flags.  These should be or-ed together to figure out what
 * has been changed!
 */
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#define ATTR_MODE	(1 << 0)
#define ATTR_UID	(1 << 1)
#define ATTR_GID	(1 << 2)
#define ATTR_SIZE	(1 << 3)
#define ATTR_ATIME	(1 << 4)
#define ATTR_MTIME	(1 << 5)
#define ATTR_CTIME	(1 << 6)
#define ATTR_ATIME_SET	(1 << 7)
#define ATTR_MTIME_SET	(1 << 8)
#define ATTR_FORCE	(1 << 9) /* Not a change, but a change it */
#define ATTR_ATTR_FLAG	(1 << 10)
#define ATTR_KILL_SUID	(1 << 11)
#define ATTR_KILL_SGID	(1 << 12)
#define ATTR_FILE	(1 << 13)
#define ATTR_KILL_PRIV	(1 << 14)
#define ATTR_OPEN	(1 << 15) /* Truncating from open(O_TRUNC) */
#define ATTR_TIMES_SET	(1 << 16)
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#define ATTR_TOUCH	(1 << 17)
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/*
 * Whiteout is represented by a char device.  The following constants define the
 * mode and device number to use.
 */
#define WHITEOUT_MODE 0
#define WHITEOUT_DEV 0

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/*
 * This is the Inode Attributes structure, used for notify_change().  It
 * uses the above definitions as flags, to know which values have changed.
 * Also, in this manner, a Filesystem can look at only the values it cares
 * about.  Basically, these are the attributes that the VFS layer can
 * request to change from the FS layer.
 *
 * Derek Atkins <warlord@MIT.EDU> 94-10-20
 */
struct iattr {
	unsigned int	ia_valid;
	umode_t		ia_mode;
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	kuid_t		ia_uid;
	kgid_t		ia_gid;
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	loff_t		ia_size;
	struct timespec	ia_atime;
	struct timespec	ia_mtime;
	struct timespec	ia_ctime;
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	/*
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	 * Not an attribute, but an auxiliary info for filesystems wanting to
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	 * implement an ftruncate() like method.  NOTE: filesystem should
	 * check for (ia_valid & ATTR_FILE), and not for (ia_file != NULL).
	 */
	struct file	*ia_file;
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};

/*
 * Includes for diskquotas.
 */
#include <linux/quota.h>

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/*
 * Maximum number of layers of fs stack.  Needs to be limited to
 * prevent kernel stack overflow
 */
#define FILESYSTEM_MAX_STACK_DEPTH 2

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/** 
 * enum positive_aop_returns - aop return codes with specific semantics
 *
 * @AOP_WRITEPAGE_ACTIVATE: Informs the caller that page writeback has
 * 			    completed, that the page is still locked, and
 * 			    should be considered active.  The VM uses this hint
 * 			    to return the page to the active list -- it won't
 * 			    be a candidate for writeback again in the near
 * 			    future.  Other callers must be careful to unlock
 * 			    the page if they get this return.  Returned by
 * 			    writepage(); 
 *
 * @AOP_TRUNCATED_PAGE: The AOP method that was handed a locked page has
 *  			unlocked it and the page might have been truncated.
 *  			The caller should back up to acquiring a new page and
 *  			trying again.  The aop will be taking reasonable
 *  			precautions not to livelock.  If the caller held a page
 *  			reference, it should drop it before retrying.  Returned
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 *  			by readpage().
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 *
 * address_space_operation functions return these large constants to indicate
 * special semantics to the caller.  These are much larger than the bytes in a
 * page to allow for functions that return the number of bytes operated on in a
 * given page.
 */

enum positive_aop_returns {
	AOP_WRITEPAGE_ACTIVATE	= 0x80000,
	AOP_TRUNCATED_PAGE	= 0x80001,
};

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#define AOP_FLAG_CONT_EXPAND		0x0001 /* called from cont_expand */
#define AOP_FLAG_NOFS			0x0002 /* used by filesystem to direct
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						* helper code (eg buffer layer)
						* to clear GFP_FS from alloc */
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/*
 * oh the beauties of C type declarations.
 */
struct page;
struct address_space;
struct writeback_control;

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/*
 * Write life time hint values.
 */
enum rw_hint {
	WRITE_LIFE_NOT_SET	= 0,
	WRITE_LIFE_NONE		= RWH_WRITE_LIFE_NONE,
	WRITE_LIFE_SHORT	= RWH_WRITE_LIFE_SHORT,
	WRITE_LIFE_MEDIUM	= RWH_WRITE_LIFE_MEDIUM,
	WRITE_LIFE_LONG		= RWH_WRITE_LIFE_LONG,
	WRITE_LIFE_EXTREME	= RWH_WRITE_LIFE_EXTREME,
};

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#define IOCB_EVENTFD		(1 << 0)
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#define IOCB_APPEND		(1 << 1)
#define IOCB_DIRECT		(1 << 2)
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#define IOCB_HIPRI		(1 << 3)
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#define IOCB_DSYNC		(1 << 4)
#define IOCB_SYNC		(1 << 5)
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#define IOCB_WRITE		(1 << 6)
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#define IOCB_NOWAIT		(1 << 7)
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struct kiocb {
	struct file		*ki_filp;
	loff_t			ki_pos;
	void (*ki_complete)(struct kiocb *iocb, long ret, long ret2);
	void			*private;
	int			ki_flags;
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	enum rw_hint		ki_hint;
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} __randomize_layout;
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static inline bool is_sync_kiocb(struct kiocb *kiocb)
{
	return kiocb->ki_complete == NULL;
}

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/*
 * "descriptor" for what we're up to with a read.
 * This allows us to use the same read code yet
 * have multiple different users of the data that
 * we read from a file.
 *
 * The simplest case just copies the data to user
 * mode.
 */
typedef struct {
	size_t written;
	size_t count;
	union {
		char __user *buf;
		void *data;
	} arg;
	int error;
} read_descriptor_t;

typedef int (*read_actor_t)(read_descriptor_t *, struct page *,
		unsigned long, unsigned long);
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struct address_space_operations {
	int (*writepage)(struct page *page, struct writeback_control *wbc);
	int (*readpage)(struct file *, struct page *);

	/* Write back some dirty pages from this mapping. */
	int (*writepages)(struct address_space *, struct writeback_control *);

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	/* Set a page dirty.  Return true if this dirtied it */
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	int (*set_page_dirty)(struct page *page);

	int (*readpages)(struct file *filp, struct address_space *mapping,
			struct list_head *pages, unsigned nr_pages);

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	int (*write_begin)(struct file *, struct address_space *mapping,
				loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags,
				struct page **pagep, void **fsdata);
	int (*write_end)(struct file *, struct address_space *mapping,
				loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied,
				struct page *page, void *fsdata);

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	/* Unfortunately this kludge is needed for FIBMAP. Don't use it */
	sector_t (*bmap)(struct address_space *, sector_t);
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	void (*invalidatepage) (struct page *, unsigned int, unsigned int);
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	int (*releasepage) (struct page *, gfp_t);
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	void (*freepage)(struct page *);
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	ssize_t (*direct_IO)(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *iter);
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	/*
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	 * migrate the contents of a page to the specified target. If
	 * migrate_mode is MIGRATE_ASYNC, it must not block.
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	 */
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	int (*migratepage) (struct address_space *,
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			struct page *, struct page *, enum migrate_mode);
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	bool (*isolate_page)(struct page *, isolate_mode_t);
	void (*putback_page)(struct page *);
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	int (*launder_page) (struct page *);
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	int (*is_partially_uptodate) (struct page *, unsigned long,
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					unsigned long);
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	void (*is_dirty_writeback) (struct page *, bool *, bool *);
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	int (*error_remove_page)(struct address_space *, struct page *);
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	/* swapfile support */
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	int (*swap_activate)(struct swap_info_struct *sis, struct file *file,
				sector_t *span);
	void (*swap_deactivate)(struct file *file);
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};

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extern const struct address_space_operations empty_aops;

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/*
 * pagecache_write_begin/pagecache_write_end must be used by general code
 * to write into the pagecache.
 */
int pagecache_write_begin(struct file *, struct address_space *mapping,
				loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags,
				struct page **pagep, void **fsdata);

int pagecache_write_end(struct file *, struct address_space *mapping,
				loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied,
				struct page *page, void *fsdata);

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struct address_space {
	struct inode		*host;		/* owner: inode, block_device */
	struct radix_tree_root	page_tree;	/* radix tree of all pages */
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	spinlock_t		tree_lock;	/* and lock protecting it */
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	atomic_t		i_mmap_writable;/* count VM_SHARED mappings */
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	struct rb_root_cached	i_mmap;		/* tree of private and shared mappings */
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	struct rw_semaphore	i_mmap_rwsem;	/* protect tree, count, list */
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	/* Protected by tree_lock together with the radix tree */
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	unsigned long		nrpages;	/* number of total pages */
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	/* number of shadow or DAX exceptional entries */
	unsigned long		nrexceptional;
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	pgoff_t			writeback_index;/* writeback starts here */
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	const struct address_space_operations *a_ops;	/* methods */
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	unsigned long		flags;		/* error bits */
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	spinlock_t		private_lock;	/* for use by the address_space */
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	gfp_t			gfp_mask;	/* implicit gfp mask for allocations */
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	struct list_head	private_list;	/* for use by the address_space */
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	void			*private_data;	/* ditto */
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	errseq_t		wb_err;
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} __attribute__((aligned(sizeof(long)))) __randomize_layout;
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	/*
	 * On most architectures that alignment is already the case; but
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	 * must be enforced here for CRIS, to let the least significant bit
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	 * of struct page's "mapping" pointer be used for PAGE_MAPPING_ANON.
	 */
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struct request_queue;
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struct block_device {
	dev_t			bd_dev;  /* not a kdev_t - it's a search key */
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	int			bd_openers;
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	struct inode *		bd_inode;	/* will die */
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	struct super_block *	bd_super;
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	struct mutex		bd_mutex;	/* open/close mutex */
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	void *			bd_claiming;
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	void *			bd_holder;
	int			bd_holders;
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	bool			bd_write_holder;
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#ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS
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	struct list_head	bd_holder_disks;
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#endif
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	struct block_device *	bd_contains;
	unsigned		bd_block_size;
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	u8			bd_partno;
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	struct hd_struct *	bd_part;
	/* number of times partitions within this device have been opened. */
	unsigned		bd_part_count;
	int			bd_invalidated;
	struct gendisk *	bd_disk;
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	struct request_queue *  bd_queue;
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	struct backing_dev_info *bd_bdi;
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	struct list_head	bd_list;
	/*
	 * Private data.  You must have bd_claim'ed the block_device
	 * to use this.  NOTE:  bd_claim allows an owner to claim
	 * the same device multiple times, the owner must take special
	 * care to not mess up bd_private for that case.
	 */
	unsigned long		bd_private;
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	/* The counter of freeze processes */
	int			bd_fsfreeze_count;
	/* Mutex for freeze */
	struct mutex		bd_fsfreeze_mutex;
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} __randomize_layout;
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/*
 * Radix-tree tags, for tagging dirty and writeback pages within the pagecache
 * radix trees
 */
#define PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY	0
#define PAGECACHE_TAG_WRITEBACK	1
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#define PAGECACHE_TAG_TOWRITE	2
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int mapping_tagged(struct address_space *mapping, int tag);

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static inline void i_mmap_lock_write(struct address_space *mapping)
{
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	down_write(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem);
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}

static inline void i_mmap_unlock_write(struct address_space *mapping)
{
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	up_write(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem);
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}

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static inline void i_mmap_lock_read(struct address_space *mapping)
{
	down_read(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem);
}

static inline void i_mmap_unlock_read(struct address_space *mapping)
{
	up_read(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem);
}

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/*
 * Might pages of this file be mapped into userspace?
 */
static inline int mapping_mapped(struct address_space *mapping)
{
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	return	!RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&mapping->i_mmap.rb_root);
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}

/*
 * Might pages of this file have been modified in userspace?
 * Note that i_mmap_writable counts all VM_SHARED vmas: do_mmap_pgoff
 * marks vma as VM_SHARED if it is shared, and the file was opened for
 * writing i.e. vma may be mprotected writable even if now readonly.
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 *
 * If i_mmap_writable is negative, no new writable mappings are allowed. You
 * can only deny writable mappings, if none exists right now.
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 */
static inline int mapping_writably_mapped(struct address_space *mapping)
{
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	return atomic_read(&mapping->i_mmap_writable) > 0;
}

static inline int mapping_map_writable(struct address_space *mapping)
{
	return atomic_inc_unless_negative(&mapping->i_mmap_writable) ?
		0 : -EPERM;
}

static inline void mapping_unmap_writable(struct address_space *mapping)
{
	atomic_dec(&mapping->i_mmap_writable);
}

static inline int mapping_deny_writable(struct address_space *mapping)
{
	return atomic_dec_unless_positive(&mapping->i_mmap_writable) ?
		0 : -EBUSY;
}

static inline void mapping_allow_writable(struct address_space *mapping)
{
	atomic_inc(&mapping->i_mmap_writable);
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}

/*
 * Use sequence counter to get consistent i_size on 32-bit processors.
 */
#if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP)
#include <linux/seqlock.h>
#define __NEED_I_SIZE_ORDERED
#define i_size_ordered_init(inode) seqcount_init(&inode->i_size_seqcount)
#else
#define i_size_ordered_init(inode) do { } while (0)
#endif

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struct posix_acl;
#define ACL_NOT_CACHED ((void *)(-1))
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#define ACL_DONT_CACHE ((void *)(-3))
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static inline struct posix_acl *
uncached_acl_sentinel(struct task_struct *task)
{
	return (void *)task + 1;
}

static inline bool
is_uncached_acl(struct posix_acl *acl)
{
	return (long)acl & 1;
}

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#define IOP_FASTPERM	0x0001
#define IOP_LOOKUP	0x0002
#define IOP_NOFOLLOW	0x0004
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#define IOP_XATTR	0x0008
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#define IOP_DEFAULT_READLINK	0x0010
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struct fsnotify_mark_connector;

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/*
 * Keep mostly read-only and often accessed (especially for
 * the RCU path lookup and 'stat' data) fields at the beginning
 * of the 'struct inode'
 */
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struct inode {
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	umode_t			i_mode;
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	unsigned short		i_opflags;
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	kuid_t			i_uid;
	kgid_t			i_gid;
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	unsigned int		i_flags;

#ifdef CONFIG_FS_POSIX_ACL
	struct posix_acl	*i_acl;
	struct posix_acl	*i_default_acl;
#endif

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	const struct inode_operations	*i_op;
	struct super_block	*i_sb;
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	struct address_space	*i_mapping;
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#ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY
	void			*i_security;
#endif
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	/* Stat data, not accessed from path walking */
	unsigned long		i_ino;
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	/*
	 * Filesystems may only read i_nlink directly.  They shall use the
	 * following functions for modification:
	 *
	 *    (set|clear|inc|drop)_nlink
	 *    inode_(inc|dec)_link_count
	 */
	union {
		const unsigned int i_nlink;
		unsigned int __i_nlink;
	};
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	dev_t			i_rdev;
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	loff_t			i_size;
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	struct timespec		i_atime;
	struct timespec		i_mtime;
	struct timespec		i_ctime;
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	spinlock_t		i_lock;	/* i_blocks, i_bytes, maybe i_size */
	unsigned short          i_bytes;
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	unsigned int		i_blkbits;
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	enum rw_hint		i_write_hint;
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	blkcnt_t		i_blocks;

#ifdef __NEED_I_SIZE_ORDERED
	seqcount_t		i_size_seqcount;
#endif

	/* Misc */
	unsigned long		i_state;
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	struct rw_semaphore	i_rwsem;
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	unsigned long		dirtied_when;	/* jiffies of first dirtying */
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	unsigned long		dirtied_time_when;
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	struct hlist_node	i_hash;
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	struct list_head	i_io_list;	/* backing dev IO list */
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#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK
	struct bdi_writeback	*i_wb;		/* the associated cgroup wb */
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	/* foreign inode detection, see wbc_detach_inode() */
	int			i_wb_frn_winner;
	u16			i_wb_frn_avg_time;
	u16			i_wb_frn_history;
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#endif
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	struct list_head	i_lru;		/* inode LRU list */
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	struct list_head	i_sb_list;
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	struct list_head	i_wb_list;	/* backing dev writeback list */
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	union {
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		struct hlist_head	i_dentry;
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		struct rcu_head		i_rcu;
	};
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	atomic64_t		i_version;
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	atomic_t		i_count;
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	atomic_t		i_dio_count;
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	atomic_t		i_writecount;
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#ifdef CONFIG_IMA
	atomic_t		i_readcount; /* struct files open RO */
#endif
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	const struct file_operations	*i_fop;	/* former ->i_op->default_file_ops */
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	struct file_lock_context	*i_flctx;
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	struct address_space	i_data;
	struct list_head	i_devices;
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	union {
		struct pipe_inode_info	*i_pipe;
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		struct block_device	*i_bdev;
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		struct cdev		*i_cdev;
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		char			*i_link;
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		unsigned		i_dir_seq;
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	};
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	__u32			i_generation;

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#ifdef CONFIG_FSNOTIFY
	__u32			i_fsnotify_mask; /* all events this inode cares about */
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	struct fsnotify_mark_connector __rcu	*i_fsnotify_marks;
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#endif

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#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION)
	struct fscrypt_info	*i_crypt_info;
#endif

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	void			*i_private; /* fs or device private pointer */
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} __randomize_layout;
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static inline unsigned int i_blocksize(const struct inode *node)
{
	return (1 << node->i_blkbits);
}

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static inline int inode_unhashed(struct inode *inode)
{
	return hlist_unhashed(&inode->i_hash);
}

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/*
 * inode->i_mutex nesting subclasses for the lock validator:
 *
 * 0: the object of the current VFS operation
 * 1: parent
 * 2: child/target
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 * 3: xattr
 * 4: second non-directory
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 * 5: second parent (when locking independent directories in rename)
 *
 * I_MUTEX_NONDIR2 is for certain operations (such as rename) which lock two
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 * non-directories at once.
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 *
 * The locking order between these classes is
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 * parent[2] -> child -> grandchild -> normal -> xattr -> second non-directory
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 */
enum inode_i_mutex_lock_class
{
	I_MUTEX_NORMAL,
	I_MUTEX_PARENT,
	I_MUTEX_CHILD,
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	I_MUTEX_XATTR,
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	I_MUTEX_NONDIR2,
	I_MUTEX_PARENT2,
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};

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static inline void inode_lock(struct inode *inode)
{
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	down_write(&inode->i_rwsem);
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}

static inline void inode_unlock(struct inode *inode)
{
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	up_write(&inode->i_rwsem);
}

static inline void inode_lock_shared(struct inode *inode)
{
	down_read(&inode->i_rwsem);
}

static inline void inode_unlock_shared(struct inode *inode)
{
	up_read(&inode->i_rwsem);
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}

static inline int inode_trylock(struct inode *inode)
{
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	return down_write_trylock(&inode->i_rwsem);
}

static inline int inode_trylock_shared(struct inode *inode)
{
	return down_read_trylock(&inode->i_rwsem);
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}

static inline int inode_is_locked(struct inode *inode)
{
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	return rwsem_is_locked(&inode->i_rwsem);
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}

static inline void inode_lock_nested(struct inode *inode, unsigned subclass)
{
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	down_write_nested(&inode->i_rwsem, subclass);
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}

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static inline void inode_lock_shared_nested(struct inode *inode, unsigned subclass)
{
	down_read_nested(&inode->i_rwsem, subclass);
}

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void lock_two_nondirectories(struct inode *, struct inode*);
void unlock_two_nondirectories(struct inode *, struct inode*);

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/*
 * NOTE: in a 32bit arch with a preemptable kernel and
 * an UP compile the i_size_read/write must be atomic
 * with respect to the local cpu (unlike with preempt disabled),
 * but they don't need to be atomic with respect to other cpus like in
 * true SMP (so they need either to either locally disable irq around
 * the read or for example on x86 they can be still implemented as a
 * cmpxchg8b without the need of the lock prefix). For SMP compiles
 * and 64bit archs it makes no difference if preempt is enabled or not.
 */
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static inline loff_t i_size_read(const struct inode *inode)
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{
#if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP)
	loff_t i_size;
	unsigned int seq;

	do {
		seq = read_seqcount_begin(&inode->i_size_seqcount);
		i_size = inode->i_size;
	} while (read_seqcount_retry(&inode->i_size_seqcount, seq));
	return i_size;
#elif BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_PREEMPT)
	loff_t i_size;

	preempt_disable();
	i_size = inode->i_size;
	preempt_enable();
	return i_size;
#else
	return inode->i_size;
#endif
}

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/*
 * NOTE: unlike i_size_read(), i_size_write() does need locking around it
 * (normally i_mutex), otherwise on 32bit/SMP an update of i_size_seqcount
 * can be lost, resulting in subsequent i_size_read() calls spinning forever.
 */
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static inline void i_size_write(struct inode *inode, loff_t i_size)
{
#if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP)
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	preempt_disable();
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	write_seqcount_begin(&inode->i_size_seqcount);
	inode->i_size = i_size;
	write_seqcount_end(&inode->i_size_seqcount);
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	preempt_enable();
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#elif BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_PREEMPT)
	preempt_disable();
	inode->i_size = i_size;
	preempt_enable();
#else
	inode->i_size = i_size;
#endif
}

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static inline unsigned iminor(const struct inode *inode)
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{
	return MINOR(inode->i_rdev);
}

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static inline unsigned imajor(const struct inode *inode)
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{
	return MAJOR(inode->i_rdev);
}

extern struct block_device *I_BDEV(struct inode *inode);

struct fown_struct {
	rwlock_t lock;          /* protects pid, uid, euid fields */
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	struct pid *pid;	/* pid or -pgrp where SIGIO should be sent */
	enum pid_type pid_type;	/* Kind of process group SIGIO should be sent to */
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	kuid_t uid, euid;	/* uid/euid of process setting the owner */
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	int signum;		/* posix.1b rt signal to be delivered on IO */
};

/*
 * Track a single file's readahead state
 */
struct file_ra_state {
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	pgoff_t start;			/* where readahead started */
	unsigned int size;		/* # of readahead pages */
	unsigned int async_size;	/* do asynchronous readahead when
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					   there are only # of pages ahead */
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	unsigned int ra_pages;		/* Maximum readahead window */
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	unsigned int mmap_miss;		/* Cache miss stat for mmap accesses */
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	loff_t prev_pos;		/* Cache last read() position */
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};

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/*
 * Check if @index falls in the readahead windows.
 */
static inline int ra_has_index(struct file_ra_state *ra, pgoff_t index)
{
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	return (index >= ra->start &&
		index <  ra->start + ra->size);
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}

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struct file {
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	union {
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		struct llist_node	fu_llist;
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		struct rcu_head 	fu_rcuhead;
	} f_u;
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	struct path		f_path;
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	struct inode		*f_inode;	/* cached value */
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	const struct file_operations	*f_op;
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	/*
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	 * Protects f_ep_links, f_flags.
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	 * Must not be taken from IRQ context.
	 */
	spinlock_t		f_lock;
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	enum rw_hint		f_write_hint;
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	atomic_long_t		f_count;
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	unsigned int 		f_flags;
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	fmode_t			f_mode;
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	struct mutex		f_pos_lock;
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	loff_t			f_pos;
	struct fown_struct	f_owner;
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	const struct cred	*f_cred;
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	struct file_ra_state	f_ra;

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	u64			f_version;
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#ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY
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	void			*f_security;
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#endif
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	/* needed for tty driver, and maybe others */
	void			*private_data;

#ifdef CONFIG_EPOLL
	/* Used by fs/eventpoll.c to link all the hooks to this file */
	struct list_head	f_ep_links;
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	struct list_head	f_tfile_llink;
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#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_EPOLL */
	struct address_space	*f_mapping;
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	errseq_t		f_wb_err;
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} __randomize_layout
  __attribute__((aligned(4)));	/* lest something weird decides that 2 is OK */
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struct file_handle {
	__u32 handle_bytes;
	int handle_type;
	/* file identifier */
	unsigned char f_handle[0];
};

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static inline struct file *get_file(struct file *f)
{
	atomic_long_inc(&f->f_count);
	return f;
}
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#define get_file_rcu(x) atomic_long_inc_not_zero(&(x)->f_count)
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#define fput_atomic(x)	atomic_long_add_unless(&(x)->f_count, -1, 1)
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#define file_count(x)	atomic_long_read(&(x)->f_count)
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#define	MAX_NON_LFS	((1UL<<31) - 1)

/* Page cache limit. The filesystems should put that into their s_maxbytes 
   limits, otherwise bad things can happen in VM. */ 
#if BITS_PER_LONG==32
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#define MAX_LFS_FILESIZE	((loff_t)ULONG_MAX << PAGE_SHIFT)
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#elif BITS_PER_LONG==64
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#define MAX_LFS_FILESIZE 	((loff_t)LLONG_MAX)
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#endif

#define FL_POSIX	1
#define FL_FLOCK	2
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#define FL_DELEG	4	/* NFSv4 delegation */
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#define FL_ACCESS	8	/* not trying to lock, just looking */
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#define FL_EXISTS	16	/* when unlocking, test for existence */
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#define FL_LEASE	32	/* lease held on this file */
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#define FL_CLOSE	64	/* unlock on close */
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#define FL_SLEEP	128	/* A blocking lock */
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#define FL_DOWNGRADE_PENDING	256 /* Lease is being downgraded */
#define FL_UNLOCK_PENDING	512 /* Lease is being broken */
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#define FL_OFDLCK	1024	/* lock is "owned" by struct file */
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#define FL_LAYOUT	2048	/* outstanding pNFS layout */
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#define FL_CLOSE_POSIX (FL_POSIX | FL_CLOSE)

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/*
 * Special return value from posix_lock_file() and vfs_lock_file() for
 * asynchronous locking.
 */
#define FILE_LOCK_DEFERRED 1

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/* legacy typedef, should eventually be removed */
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typedef void *fl_owner_t;
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struct file_lock;

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struct file_lock_operations {
	void (*fl_copy_lock)(struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *);
	void (*fl_release_private)(struct file_lock *);
};

struct lock_manager_operations {
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	int (*lm_compare_owner)(struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *);
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	unsigned long (*lm_owner_key)(struct file_lock *);
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	fl_owner_t (*lm_get_owner)(fl_owner_t);
	void (*lm_put_owner)(fl_owner_t);
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	void (*lm_notify)(struct file_lock *);	/* unblock callback */
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	int (*lm_grant)(struct file_lock *, int);
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	bool (*lm_break)(struct file_lock *);
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	int (*lm_change)(struct file_lock *, int, struct list_head *);
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	void (*lm_setup)(struct file_lock *, void **);
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};

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struct lock_manager {
	struct list_head list;
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	/*
	 * NFSv4 and up also want opens blocked during the grace period;
	 * NLM doesn't care:
	 */
	bool block_opens;
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};

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struct net;
void locks_start_grace(struct net *, struct lock_manager *);
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void locks_end_grace(struct lock_manager *);
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bool locks_in_grace(struct net *);
bool opens_in_grace(struct net *);
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/* that will die - we need it for nfs_lock_info */
#include <linux/nfs_fs_i.h>

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/*
 * struct file_lock represents a generic "file lock". It's used to represent
 * POSIX byte range locks, BSD (flock) locks, and leases. It's important to
 * note that the same struct is used to represent both a request for a lock and
 * the lock itself, but the same object is never used for both.
 *
 * FIXME: should we create a separate "struct lock_request" to help distinguish
 * these two uses?
 *
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 * The varous i_flctx lists are ordered by:
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 *
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 * 1) lock owner
 * 2) lock range start
 * 3) lock range end
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 *
 * Obviously, the last two criteria only matter for POSIX locks.
 */
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struct file_lock {
	struct file_lock *fl_next;	/* singly linked list for this inode  */
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	struct list_head fl_list;	/* link into file_lock_context */
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	struct hlist_node fl_link;	/* node in global lists */
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	struct list_head fl_block;	/* circular list of blocked processes */
	fl_owner_t fl_owner;
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	unsigned int fl_flags;
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	unsigned char fl_type;
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	unsigned int fl_pid;
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	int fl_link_cpu;		/* what cpu's list is this on? */
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	wait_queue_head_t fl_wait;
	struct file *fl_file;
	loff_t fl_start;
	loff_t fl_end;

	struct fasync_struct *	fl_fasync; /* for lease break notifications */
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	/* for lease breaks: */
	unsigned long fl_break_time;
	unsigned long fl_downgrade_time;
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	const struct file_lock_operations *fl_ops;	/* Callbacks for filesystems */
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	const struct lock_manager_operations *fl_lmops;	/* Callbacks for lockmanagers */
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	union {
		struct nfs_lock_info	nfs_fl;
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		struct nfs4_lock_info	nfs4_fl;
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		struct {
			struct list_head link;	/* link in AFS vnode's pending_locks list */
			int state;		/* state of grant or error if -ve */
		} afs;
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	} fl_u;
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} __randomize_layout;
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struct file_lock_context {
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	spinlock_t		flc_lock;
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	struct list_head	flc_flock;
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	struct list_head	flc_posix;
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	struct list_head	flc_lease;
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};

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/* The following constant reflects the upper bound of the file/locking space */
#ifndef OFFSET_MAX
#define INT_LIMIT(x)	(~((x)1 << (sizeof(x)*8 - 1)))
#define OFFSET_MAX	INT_LIMIT(loff_t)
#define OFFT_OFFSET_MAX	INT_LIMIT(off_t)
#endif

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extern void send_sigio(struct fown_struct *fown, int fd, int band);

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/*
 * Return the inode to use for locking
 *
 * For overlayfs this should be the overlay inode, not the real inode returned
 * by file_inode().  For any other fs file_inode(filp) and locks_inode(filp) are
 * equal.
 */
static inline struct inode *locks_inode(const struct file *f)
{
	return f->f_path.dentry->d_inode;
}

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#ifdef CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING
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extern int fcntl_getlk(struct file *, unsigned int, struct flock *);
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extern int fcntl_setlk(unsigned int, struct file *, unsigned int,
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			struct flock *);
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#if BITS_PER_LONG == 32
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extern int fcntl_getlk64(struct file *, unsigned int, struct flock64 *);
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extern int fcntl_setlk64(unsigned int, struct file *, unsigned int,
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			struct flock64 *);
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#endif

extern int fcntl_setlease(unsigned int fd, struct file *filp, long arg);
extern int fcntl_getlease(struct file *filp);

/* fs/locks.c */
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void locks_free_lock_context(struct inode *inode);
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void locks_free_lock(struct file_lock *fl);
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extern void locks_init_lock(struct file_lock *);
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extern struct file_lock * locks_alloc_lock(void);
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extern void locks_copy_lock(struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *);
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extern void locks_copy_conflock(struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *);
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extern void locks_remove_posix(struct file *, fl_owner_t);
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extern void locks_remove_file(struct file *);
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extern void locks_release_private(struct file_lock *);
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extern void posix_test_lock(struct file *, struct file_lock *);
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extern int posix_lock_file(struct file *, struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *);
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extern int posix_unblock_lock(struct file_lock *);
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extern int vfs_test_lock(struct file *, struct file_lock *);
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extern int vfs_lock_file(struct file *, unsigned int, struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *);
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extern int vfs_cancel_lock(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl);
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extern int locks_lock_inode_wait(struct inode *inode, struct file_lock *fl);
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extern int __break_lease(struct inode *inode, unsigned int flags, unsigned int type);
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extern void lease_get_mtime(struct inode *, struct timespec *time);
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extern int generic_setlease(struct file *, long, struct file_lock **, void **priv);
extern int vfs_setlease(struct file *, long, struct file_lock **, void **);
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extern int lease_modify(struct file_lock *, int, struct list_head *);
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struct files_struct;
extern void show_fd_locks(struct seq_file *f,
			 struct file *filp, struct files_struct *files);
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#else /* !CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING */
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static inline int fcntl_getlk(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd,
			      struct flock __user *user)
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{
	return -EINVAL;
}

static inline int fcntl_setlk(unsigned int fd, struct file *file,
			      unsigned int cmd, struct flock __user *user)
{
	return -EACCES;
}

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#if BITS_PER_LONG == 32
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static inline int fcntl_getlk64(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd,
				struct flock64 __user *user)
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{
	return -EINVAL;