unaligned.c 13 KB
Newer Older
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
/*
 * Handle unaligned accesses by emulation.
 *
 * This file is subject to the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public
 * License.  See the file "COPYING" in the main directory of this archive
 * for more details.
 *
 * Copyright (C) 1996, 1998, 1999, 2002 by Ralf Baechle
 * Copyright (C) 1999 Silicon Graphics, Inc.
 *
 * This file contains exception handler for address error exception with the
 * special capability to execute faulting instructions in software.  The
 * handler does not try to handle the case when the program counter points
 * to an address not aligned to a word boundary.
 *
 * Putting data to unaligned addresses is a bad practice even on Intel where
 * only the performance is affected.  Much worse is that such code is non-
 * portable.  Due to several programs that die on MIPS due to alignment
 * problems I decided to implement this handler anyway though I originally
 * didn't intend to do this at all for user code.
 *
 * For now I enable fixing of address errors by default to make life easier.
 * I however intend to disable this somewhen in the future when the alignment
 * problems with user programs have been fixed.  For programmers this is the
 * right way to go.
 *
 * Fixing address errors is a per process option.  The option is inherited
 * across fork(2) and execve(2) calls.  If you really want to use the
 * option in your user programs - I discourage the use of the software
 * emulation strongly - use the following code in your userland stuff:
 *
 * #include <sys/sysmips.h>
 *
 * ...
 * sysmips(MIPS_FIXADE, x);
 * ...
 *
 * The argument x is 0 for disabling software emulation, enabled otherwise.
 *
 * Below a little program to play around with this feature.
 *
 * #include <stdio.h>
 * #include <sys/sysmips.h>
 *
 * struct foo {
 *         unsigned char bar[8];
 * };
 *
 * main(int argc, char *argv[])
 * {
 *         struct foo x = {0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7};
 *         unsigned int *p = (unsigned int *) (x.bar + 3);
 *         int i;
 *
 *         if (argc > 1)
 *                 sysmips(MIPS_FIXADE, atoi(argv[1]));
 *
 *         printf("*p = %08lx\n", *p);
 *
 *         *p = 0xdeadface;
 *
 *         for(i = 0; i <= 7; i++)
 *         printf("%02x ", x.bar[i]);
 *         printf("\n");
 * }
 *
 * Coprocessor loads are not supported; I think this case is unimportant
 * in the practice.
 *
 * TODO: Handle ndc (attempted store to doubleword in uncached memory)
 *       exception for the R6000.
 *       A store crossing a page boundary might be executed only partially.
 *       Undo the partial store in this case.
 */
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/signal.h>
#include <linux/smp.h>
Alexey Dobriyan's avatar
Alexey Dobriyan committed
79
#include <linux/sched.h>
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
#include <asm/asm.h>
#include <asm/branch.h>
#include <asm/byteorder.h>
#include <asm/inst.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/system.h>

#define STR(x)  __STR(x)
#define __STR(x)  #x

#ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS
unsigned long unaligned_instructions;
#endif

static inline int emulate_load_store_insn(struct pt_regs *regs,
Ralf Baechle's avatar
Ralf Baechle committed
95
	void __user *addr, unsigned int __user *pc,
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
	unsigned long **regptr, unsigned long *newvalue)
{
	union mips_instruction insn;
	unsigned long value;
	unsigned int res;

	regs->regs[0] = 0;
	*regptr=NULL;

	/*
	 * This load never faults.
	 */
Ralf Baechle's avatar
Ralf Baechle committed
108
	__get_user(insn.word, pc);
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240

	switch (insn.i_format.opcode) {
	/*
	 * These are instructions that a compiler doesn't generate.  We
	 * can assume therefore that the code is MIPS-aware and
	 * really buggy.  Emulating these instructions would break the
	 * semantics anyway.
	 */
	case ll_op:
	case lld_op:
	case sc_op:
	case scd_op:

	/*
	 * For these instructions the only way to create an address
	 * error is an attempted access to kernel/supervisor address
	 * space.
	 */
	case ldl_op:
	case ldr_op:
	case lwl_op:
	case lwr_op:
	case sdl_op:
	case sdr_op:
	case swl_op:
	case swr_op:
	case lb_op:
	case lbu_op:
	case sb_op:
		goto sigbus;

	/*
	 * The remaining opcodes are the ones that are really of interest.
	 */
	case lh_op:
		if (!access_ok(VERIFY_READ, addr, 2))
			goto sigbus;

		__asm__ __volatile__ (".set\tnoat\n"
#ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN
			"1:\tlb\t%0, 0(%2)\n"
			"2:\tlbu\t$1, 1(%2)\n\t"
#endif
#ifdef __LITTLE_ENDIAN
			"1:\tlb\t%0, 1(%2)\n"
			"2:\tlbu\t$1, 0(%2)\n\t"
#endif
			"sll\t%0, 0x8\n\t"
			"or\t%0, $1\n\t"
			"li\t%1, 0\n"
			"3:\t.set\tat\n\t"
			".section\t.fixup,\"ax\"\n\t"
			"4:\tli\t%1, %3\n\t"
			"j\t3b\n\t"
			".previous\n\t"
			".section\t__ex_table,\"a\"\n\t"
			STR(PTR)"\t1b, 4b\n\t"
			STR(PTR)"\t2b, 4b\n\t"
			".previous"
			: "=&r" (value), "=r" (res)
			: "r" (addr), "i" (-EFAULT));
		if (res)
			goto fault;
		*newvalue = value;
		*regptr = &regs->regs[insn.i_format.rt];
		break;

	case lw_op:
		if (!access_ok(VERIFY_READ, addr, 4))
			goto sigbus;

		__asm__ __volatile__ (
#ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN
			"1:\tlwl\t%0, (%2)\n"
			"2:\tlwr\t%0, 3(%2)\n\t"
#endif
#ifdef __LITTLE_ENDIAN
			"1:\tlwl\t%0, 3(%2)\n"
			"2:\tlwr\t%0, (%2)\n\t"
#endif
			"li\t%1, 0\n"
			"3:\t.section\t.fixup,\"ax\"\n\t"
			"4:\tli\t%1, %3\n\t"
			"j\t3b\n\t"
			".previous\n\t"
			".section\t__ex_table,\"a\"\n\t"
			STR(PTR)"\t1b, 4b\n\t"
			STR(PTR)"\t2b, 4b\n\t"
			".previous"
			: "=&r" (value), "=r" (res)
			: "r" (addr), "i" (-EFAULT));
		if (res)
			goto fault;
		*newvalue = value;
		*regptr = &regs->regs[insn.i_format.rt];
		break;

	case lhu_op:
		if (!access_ok(VERIFY_READ, addr, 2))
			goto sigbus;

		__asm__ __volatile__ (
			".set\tnoat\n"
#ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN
			"1:\tlbu\t%0, 0(%2)\n"
			"2:\tlbu\t$1, 1(%2)\n\t"
#endif
#ifdef __LITTLE_ENDIAN
			"1:\tlbu\t%0, 1(%2)\n"
			"2:\tlbu\t$1, 0(%2)\n\t"
#endif
			"sll\t%0, 0x8\n\t"
			"or\t%0, $1\n\t"
			"li\t%1, 0\n"
			"3:\t.set\tat\n\t"
			".section\t.fixup,\"ax\"\n\t"
			"4:\tli\t%1, %3\n\t"
			"j\t3b\n\t"
			".previous\n\t"
			".section\t__ex_table,\"a\"\n\t"
			STR(PTR)"\t1b, 4b\n\t"
			STR(PTR)"\t2b, 4b\n\t"
			".previous"
			: "=&r" (value), "=r" (res)
			: "r" (addr), "i" (-EFAULT));
		if (res)
			goto fault;
		*newvalue = value;
		*regptr = &regs->regs[insn.i_format.rt];
		break;

	case lwu_op:
241
#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
		/*
		 * A 32-bit kernel might be running on a 64-bit processor.  But
		 * if we're on a 32-bit processor and an i-cache incoherency
		 * or race makes us see a 64-bit instruction here the sdl/sdr
		 * would blow up, so for now we don't handle unaligned 64-bit
		 * instructions on 32-bit kernels.
		 */
		if (!access_ok(VERIFY_READ, addr, 4))
			goto sigbus;

		__asm__ __volatile__ (
#ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN
			"1:\tlwl\t%0, (%2)\n"
			"2:\tlwr\t%0, 3(%2)\n\t"
#endif
#ifdef __LITTLE_ENDIAN
			"1:\tlwl\t%0, 3(%2)\n"
			"2:\tlwr\t%0, (%2)\n\t"
#endif
			"dsll\t%0, %0, 32\n\t"
			"dsrl\t%0, %0, 32\n\t"
			"li\t%1, 0\n"
			"3:\t.section\t.fixup,\"ax\"\n\t"
			"4:\tli\t%1, %3\n\t"
			"j\t3b\n\t"
			".previous\n\t"
			".section\t__ex_table,\"a\"\n\t"
			STR(PTR)"\t1b, 4b\n\t"
			STR(PTR)"\t2b, 4b\n\t"
			".previous"
			: "=&r" (value), "=r" (res)
			: "r" (addr), "i" (-EFAULT));
		if (res)
			goto fault;
		*newvalue = value;
		*regptr = &regs->regs[insn.i_format.rt];
		break;
279
#endif /* CONFIG_64BIT */
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
280
281
282
283
284

		/* Cannot handle 64-bit instructions in 32-bit kernel */
		goto sigill;

	case ld_op:
285
#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
		/*
		 * A 32-bit kernel might be running on a 64-bit processor.  But
		 * if we're on a 32-bit processor and an i-cache incoherency
		 * or race makes us see a 64-bit instruction here the sdl/sdr
		 * would blow up, so for now we don't handle unaligned 64-bit
		 * instructions on 32-bit kernels.
		 */
		if (!access_ok(VERIFY_READ, addr, 8))
			goto sigbus;

		__asm__ __volatile__ (
#ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN
			"1:\tldl\t%0, (%2)\n"
			"2:\tldr\t%0, 7(%2)\n\t"
#endif
#ifdef __LITTLE_ENDIAN
			"1:\tldl\t%0, 7(%2)\n"
			"2:\tldr\t%0, (%2)\n\t"
#endif
			"li\t%1, 0\n"
			"3:\t.section\t.fixup,\"ax\"\n\t"
			"4:\tli\t%1, %3\n\t"
			"j\t3b\n\t"
			".previous\n\t"
			".section\t__ex_table,\"a\"\n\t"
			STR(PTR)"\t1b, 4b\n\t"
			STR(PTR)"\t2b, 4b\n\t"
			".previous"
			: "=&r" (value), "=r" (res)
			: "r" (addr), "i" (-EFAULT));
		if (res)
			goto fault;
		*newvalue = value;
		*regptr = &regs->regs[insn.i_format.rt];
		break;
321
#endif /* CONFIG_64BIT */
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392

		/* Cannot handle 64-bit instructions in 32-bit kernel */
		goto sigill;

	case sh_op:
		if (!access_ok(VERIFY_WRITE, addr, 2))
			goto sigbus;

		value = regs->regs[insn.i_format.rt];
		__asm__ __volatile__ (
#ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN
			".set\tnoat\n"
			"1:\tsb\t%1, 1(%2)\n\t"
			"srl\t$1, %1, 0x8\n"
			"2:\tsb\t$1, 0(%2)\n\t"
			".set\tat\n\t"
#endif
#ifdef __LITTLE_ENDIAN
			".set\tnoat\n"
			"1:\tsb\t%1, 0(%2)\n\t"
			"srl\t$1,%1, 0x8\n"
			"2:\tsb\t$1, 1(%2)\n\t"
			".set\tat\n\t"
#endif
			"li\t%0, 0\n"
			"3:\n\t"
			".section\t.fixup,\"ax\"\n\t"
			"4:\tli\t%0, %3\n\t"
			"j\t3b\n\t"
			".previous\n\t"
			".section\t__ex_table,\"a\"\n\t"
			STR(PTR)"\t1b, 4b\n\t"
			STR(PTR)"\t2b, 4b\n\t"
			".previous"
			: "=r" (res)
			: "r" (value), "r" (addr), "i" (-EFAULT));
		if (res)
			goto fault;
		break;

	case sw_op:
		if (!access_ok(VERIFY_WRITE, addr, 4))
			goto sigbus;

		value = regs->regs[insn.i_format.rt];
		__asm__ __volatile__ (
#ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN
			"1:\tswl\t%1,(%2)\n"
			"2:\tswr\t%1, 3(%2)\n\t"
#endif
#ifdef __LITTLE_ENDIAN
			"1:\tswl\t%1, 3(%2)\n"
			"2:\tswr\t%1, (%2)\n\t"
#endif
			"li\t%0, 0\n"
			"3:\n\t"
			".section\t.fixup,\"ax\"\n\t"
			"4:\tli\t%0, %3\n\t"
			"j\t3b\n\t"
			".previous\n\t"
			".section\t__ex_table,\"a\"\n\t"
			STR(PTR)"\t1b, 4b\n\t"
			STR(PTR)"\t2b, 4b\n\t"
			".previous"
		: "=r" (res)
		: "r" (value), "r" (addr), "i" (-EFAULT));
		if (res)
			goto fault;
		break;

	case sd_op:
393
#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
		/*
		 * A 32-bit kernel might be running on a 64-bit processor.  But
		 * if we're on a 32-bit processor and an i-cache incoherency
		 * or race makes us see a 64-bit instruction here the sdl/sdr
		 * would blow up, so for now we don't handle unaligned 64-bit
		 * instructions on 32-bit kernels.
		 */
		if (!access_ok(VERIFY_WRITE, addr, 8))
			goto sigbus;

		value = regs->regs[insn.i_format.rt];
		__asm__ __volatile__ (
#ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN
			"1:\tsdl\t%1,(%2)\n"
			"2:\tsdr\t%1, 7(%2)\n\t"
#endif
#ifdef __LITTLE_ENDIAN
			"1:\tsdl\t%1, 7(%2)\n"
			"2:\tsdr\t%1, (%2)\n\t"
#endif
			"li\t%0, 0\n"
			"3:\n\t"
			".section\t.fixup,\"ax\"\n\t"
			"4:\tli\t%0, %3\n\t"
			"j\t3b\n\t"
			".previous\n\t"
			".section\t__ex_table,\"a\"\n\t"
			STR(PTR)"\t1b, 4b\n\t"
			STR(PTR)"\t2b, 4b\n\t"
			".previous"
		: "=r" (res)
		: "r" (value), "r" (addr), "i" (-EFAULT));
		if (res)
			goto fault;
		break;
429
#endif /* CONFIG_64BIT */
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494

		/* Cannot handle 64-bit instructions in 32-bit kernel */
		goto sigill;

	case lwc1_op:
	case ldc1_op:
	case swc1_op:
	case sdc1_op:
		/*
		 * I herewith declare: this does not happen.  So send SIGBUS.
		 */
		goto sigbus;

	case lwc2_op:
	case ldc2_op:
	case swc2_op:
	case sdc2_op:
		/*
		 * These are the coprocessor 2 load/stores.  The current
		 * implementations don't use cp2 and cp2 should always be
		 * disabled in c0_status.  So send SIGILL.
                 * (No longer true: The Sony Praystation uses cp2 for
                 * 3D matrix operations.  Dunno if that thingy has a MMU ...)
		 */
	default:
		/*
		 * Pheeee...  We encountered an yet unknown instruction or
		 * cache coherence problem.  Die sucker, die ...
		 */
		goto sigill;
	}

#ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS
	unaligned_instructions++;
#endif

	return 0;

fault:
	/* Did we have an exception handler installed? */
	if (fixup_exception(regs))
		return 1;

	die_if_kernel ("Unhandled kernel unaligned access", regs);
	send_sig(SIGSEGV, current, 1);

	return 0;

sigbus:
	die_if_kernel("Unhandled kernel unaligned access", regs);
	send_sig(SIGBUS, current, 1);

	return 0;

sigill:
	die_if_kernel("Unhandled kernel unaligned access or invalid instruction", regs);
	send_sig(SIGILL, current, 1);

	return 0;
}

asmlinkage void do_ade(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
	unsigned long *regptr, newval;
	extern int do_dsemulret(struct pt_regs *);
Ralf Baechle's avatar
Ralf Baechle committed
495
	unsigned int __user *pc;
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
	mm_segment_t seg;

	/*
	 * Address errors may be deliberately induced by the FPU emulator to
	 * retake control of the CPU after executing the instruction in the
	 * delay slot of an emulated branch.
	 */
	/* Terminate if exception was recognized as a delay slot return */
	if (do_dsemulret(regs))
		return;

	/* Otherwise handle as normal */

	/*
	 * Did we catch a fault trying to load an instruction?
	 * Or are we running in MIPS16 mode?
	 */
	if ((regs->cp0_badvaddr == regs->cp0_epc) || (regs->cp0_epc & 0x1))
		goto sigbus;

Ralf Baechle's avatar
Ralf Baechle committed
516
	pc = (unsigned int __user *) exception_epc(regs);
517
	if (user_mode(regs) && (current->thread.mflags & MF_FIXADE) == 0)
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
		goto sigbus;

	/*
	 * Do branch emulation only if we didn't forward the exception.
	 * This is all so but ugly ...
	 */
	seg = get_fs();
	if (!user_mode(regs))
		set_fs(KERNEL_DS);
Ralf Baechle's avatar
Ralf Baechle committed
527
	if (!emulate_load_store_insn(regs, (void __user *)regs->cp0_badvaddr, pc,
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
	                             &regptr, &newval)) {
		compute_return_epc(regs);
		/*
		 * Now that branch is evaluated, update the dest
		 * register if necessary
		 */
		if (regptr)
			*regptr = newval;
	}
	set_fs(seg);

	return;

sigbus:
	die_if_kernel("Kernel unaligned instruction access", regs);
	force_sig(SIGBUS, current);

	/*
	 * XXX On return from the signal handler we should advance the epc
	 */
}