Commit 0c564a53 authored by Steven Rostedt (Red Hat)'s avatar Steven Rostedt (Red Hat) Committed by Steven Rostedt

tracing: Add TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM() macro to map enums to their values

Several tracepoints use the helper functions __print_symbolic() or
__print_flags() and pass in enums that do the mapping between the
binary data stored and the value to print. This works well for reading
the ASCII trace files, but when the data is read via userspace tools
such as perf and trace-cmd, the conversion of the binary value to a
human string format is lost if an enum is used, as userspace does not
have access to what the ENUM is.

For example, the tracepoint trace_tlb_flush() has:

 __print_symbolic(REC->reason,
    { TLB_FLUSH_ON_TASK_SWITCH, "flush on task switch" },
    { TLB_REMOTE_SHOOTDOWN, "remote shootdown" },
    { TLB_LOCAL_SHOOTDOWN, "local shootdown" },
    { TLB_LOCAL_MM_SHOOTDOWN, "local mm shootdown" })

Which maps the enum values to the strings they represent. But perf and
trace-cmd do no know what value TLB_LOCAL_MM_SHOOTDOWN is, and would
not be able to map it.

With TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(), developers can place these in the event header
files and ftrace will convert the enums to their values:

By adding:

 TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(TLB_FLUSH_ON_TASK_SWITCH);
 TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(TLB_REMOTE_SHOOTDOWN);
 TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(TLB_LOCAL_SHOOTDOWN);
 TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(TLB_LOCAL_MM_SHOOTDOWN);

 $ cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/tlb/tlb_flush/format
[...]
 __print_symbolic(REC->reason,
    { 0, "flush on task switch" },
    { 1, "remote shootdown" },
    { 2, "local shootdown" },
    { 3, "local mm shootdown" })

The above is what userspace expects to see, and tools do not need to
be modified to parse them.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20150403013802.220157513@goodmis.org

Cc: Guilherme Cox <cox@computer.org>
Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@gmail.com>
Cc: Xie XiuQi <xiexiuqi@huawei.com>
Acked-by: default avatarNamhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>
Reviewed-by: default avatarMasami Hiramatsu <masami.hiramatsu.pt@hitachi.com>
Tested-by: default avatarMasami Hiramatsu <masami.hiramatsu.pt@hitachi.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarSteven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
parent 88920427
......@@ -124,7 +124,10 @@
#define FTRACE_EVENTS() . = ALIGN(8); \
VMLINUX_SYMBOL(__start_ftrace_events) = .; \
*(_ftrace_events) \
VMLINUX_SYMBOL(__stop_ftrace_events) = .;
VMLINUX_SYMBOL(__stop_ftrace_events) = .; \
VMLINUX_SYMBOL(__start_ftrace_enum_maps) = .; \
*(_ftrace_enum_map) \
VMLINUX_SYMBOL(__stop_ftrace_enum_maps) = .;
#else
#define FTRACE_EVENTS()
#endif
......
......@@ -285,7 +285,7 @@ struct ftrace_event_call {
struct tracepoint *tp;
};
struct trace_event event;
const char *print_fmt;
char *print_fmt;
struct event_filter *filter;
void *mod;
void *data;
......
......@@ -36,6 +36,12 @@ struct tracepoint {
struct tracepoint_func __rcu *funcs;
};
struct trace_enum_map {
const char *system;
const char *enum_string;
unsigned long enum_value;
};
extern int
tracepoint_probe_register(struct tracepoint *tp, void *probe, void *data);
extern int
......@@ -87,6 +93,8 @@ extern void syscall_unregfunc(void);
#define PARAMS(args...) args
#define TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(x)
#endif /* _LINUX_TRACEPOINT_H */
/*
......
......@@ -33,6 +33,19 @@
TRACE_MAKE_SYSTEM_STR();
#undef TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM
#define TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(a) \
static struct trace_enum_map __used __initdata \
__##TRACE_SYSTEM##_##a = \
{ \
.system = TRACE_SYSTEM_STRING, \
.enum_string = #a, \
.enum_value = a \
}; \
static struct trace_enum_map __used \
__attribute__((section("_ftrace_enum_map"))) \
*TRACE_SYSTEM##_##a = &__##TRACE_SYSTEM##_##a
/*
* DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS can be used to add a generic function
* handlers for events. That is, if all events have the same
......@@ -136,6 +149,9 @@ TRACE_MAKE_SYSTEM_STR();
* The size of an array is also encoded, in the higher 16 bits of <item>.
*/
#undef TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM
#define TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(a)
#undef __field
#define __field(type, item)
......@@ -553,7 +569,7 @@ static inline notrace int ftrace_get_offsets_##call( \
* .trace = ftrace_raw_output_<call>, <-- stage 2
* };
*
* static const char print_fmt_<call>[] = <TP_printk>;
* static char print_fmt_<call>[] = <TP_printk>;
*
* static struct ftrace_event_class __used event_class_<template> = {
* .system = "<system>",
......@@ -704,7 +720,7 @@ static inline void ftrace_test_probe_##call(void) \
#undef DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS
#define DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(call, proto, args, tstruct, assign, print) \
_TRACE_PERF_PROTO(call, PARAMS(proto)); \
static const char print_fmt_##call[] = print; \
static char print_fmt_##call[] = print; \
static struct ftrace_event_class __used __refdata event_class_##call = { \
.system = TRACE_SYSTEM_STRING, \
.define_fields = ftrace_define_fields_##call, \
......@@ -733,7 +749,7 @@ __attribute__((section("_ftrace_events"))) *__event_##call = &event_##call
#undef DEFINE_EVENT_PRINT
#define DEFINE_EVENT_PRINT(template, call, proto, args, print) \
\
static const char print_fmt_##call[] = print; \
static char print_fmt_##call[] = print; \
\
static struct ftrace_event_call __used event_##call = { \
.class = &event_class_##template, \
......
......@@ -3908,6 +3908,20 @@ static const struct file_operations tracing_saved_cmdlines_size_fops = {
.write = tracing_saved_cmdlines_size_write,
};
static void
trace_insert_enum_map(struct trace_enum_map **start, struct trace_enum_map **stop)
{
struct trace_enum_map **map;
int len = stop - start;
if (len <= 0)
return;
map = start;
trace_event_enum_update(map, len);
}
static ssize_t
tracing_set_trace_read(struct file *filp, char __user *ubuf,
size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos)
......@@ -6542,6 +6556,14 @@ struct dentry *tracing_init_dentry(void)
return tr->dir;
}
extern struct trace_enum_map *__start_ftrace_enum_maps[];
extern struct trace_enum_map *__stop_ftrace_enum_maps[];
static void __init trace_enum_init(void)
{
trace_insert_enum_map(__start_ftrace_enum_maps, __stop_ftrace_enum_maps);
}
static __init int tracer_init_debugfs(void)
{
struct dentry *d_tracer;
......@@ -6566,6 +6588,8 @@ static __init int tracer_init_debugfs(void)
trace_create_file("saved_cmdlines_size", 0644, d_tracer,
NULL, &tracing_saved_cmdlines_size_fops);
trace_enum_init();
#ifdef CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE
trace_create_file("dyn_ftrace_total_info", 0444, d_tracer,
&ftrace_update_tot_cnt, &tracing_dyn_info_fops);
......@@ -6888,7 +6912,7 @@ void __init trace_init(void)
tracepoint_printk = 0;
}
tracer_alloc_buffers();
trace_event_init();
trace_event_init();
}
__init static int clear_boot_tracer(void)
......
......@@ -1309,8 +1309,10 @@ static inline void init_ftrace_syscalls(void) { }
#ifdef CONFIG_EVENT_TRACING
void trace_event_init(void);
void trace_event_enum_update(struct trace_enum_map **map, int len);
#else
static inline void __init trace_event_init(void) { }
static inlin void trace_event_enum_update(struct trace_enum_map **map, int len) { }
#endif
extern struct trace_iterator *tracepoint_print_iter;
......
......@@ -1704,6 +1704,125 @@ __register_event(struct ftrace_event_call *call, struct module *mod)
return 0;
}
static char *enum_replace(char *ptr, struct trace_enum_map *map, int len)
{
int rlen;
int elen;
/* Find the length of the enum value as a string */
elen = snprintf(ptr, 0, "%ld", map->enum_value);
/* Make sure there's enough room to replace the string with the value */
if (len < elen)
return NULL;
snprintf(ptr, elen + 1, "%ld", map->enum_value);
/* Get the rest of the string of ptr */
rlen = strlen(ptr + len);
memmove(ptr + elen, ptr + len, rlen);
/* Make sure we end the new string */
ptr[elen + rlen] = 0;
return ptr + elen;
}
static void update_event_printk(struct ftrace_event_call *call,
struct trace_enum_map *map)
{
char *ptr;
int quote = 0;
int len = strlen(map->enum_string);
for (ptr = call->print_fmt; *ptr; ptr++) {
if (*ptr == '\\') {
ptr++;
/* paranoid */
if (!*ptr)
break;
continue;
}
if (*ptr == '"') {
quote ^= 1;
continue;
}
if (quote)
continue;
if (isdigit(*ptr)) {
/* skip numbers */
do {
ptr++;
/* Check for alpha chars like ULL */
} while (isalnum(*ptr));
/*
* A number must have some kind of delimiter after
* it, and we can ignore that too.
*/
continue;
}
if (isalpha(*ptr) || *ptr == '_') {
if (strncmp(map->enum_string, ptr, len) == 0 &&
!isalnum(ptr[len]) && ptr[len] != '_') {
ptr = enum_replace(ptr, map, len);
/* Hmm, enum string smaller than value */
if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!ptr))
return;
/*
* No need to decrement here, as enum_replace()
* returns the pointer to the character passed
* the enum, and two enums can not be placed
* back to back without something in between.
* We can skip that something in between.
*/
continue;
}
skip_more:
do {
ptr++;
} while (isalnum(*ptr) || *ptr == '_');
/*
* If what comes after this variable is a '.' or
* '->' then we can continue to ignore that string.
*/
if (*ptr == '.' || (ptr[0] == '-' && ptr[1] == '>')) {
ptr += *ptr == '.' ? 1 : 2;
goto skip_more;
}
/*
* Once again, we can skip the delimiter that came
* after the string.
*/
continue;
}
}
}
void trace_event_enum_update(struct trace_enum_map **map, int len)
{
struct ftrace_event_call *call, *p;
const char *last_system = NULL;
int last_i;
int i;
down_write(&trace_event_sem);
list_for_each_entry_safe(call, p, &ftrace_events, list) {
/* events are usually grouped together with systems */
if (!last_system || call->class->system != last_system) {
last_i = 0;
last_system = call->class->system;
}
for (i = last_i; i < len; i++) {
if (call->class->system == map[i]->system) {
/* Save the first system if need be */
if (!last_i)
last_i = i;
update_event_printk(call, map[i]);
}
}
}
up_write(&trace_event_sem);
}
static struct ftrace_event_file *
trace_create_new_event(struct ftrace_event_call *call,
struct trace_array *tr)
......
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