Commit 29db9190 authored by David Howells's avatar David Howells Committed by Linus Torvalds

[PATCH] Keys: Add LSM hooks for key management [try #3]

The attached patch adds LSM hooks for key management facilities. The notable
changes are:

 (1) The key struct now supports a security pointer for the use of security
     modules. This will permit key labelling and restrictions on which
     programs may access a key.

 (2) Security modules get a chance to note (or abort) the allocation of a key.

 (3) The key permission checking can now be enhanced by the security modules;
     the permissions check consults LSM if all other checks bear out.

 (4) The key permissions checking functions now return an error code rather
     than a boolean value.

 (5) An extra permission has been added to govern the modification of
     attributes (UID, GID, permissions).

Note that there isn't an LSM hook specifically for each keyctl() operation,
but rather the permissions hook allows control of individual operations based
on the permission request bits.

Key management access control through LSM is enabled by automatically if both
CONFIG_KEYS and CONFIG_SECURITY are enabled.

This should be applied on top of the patch ensubjected:

	[PATCH] Keys: Possessor permissions should be additive
Signed-Off-By: default avatarDavid Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarChris Wright <chrisw@osdl.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
parent 2aa349f6
......@@ -196,7 +196,7 @@ KEY ACCESS PERMISSIONS
Keys have an owner user ID, a group access ID, and a permissions mask. The mask
has up to eight bits each for possessor, user, group and other access. Only
five of each set of eight bits are defined. These permissions granted are:
six of each set of eight bits are defined. These permissions granted are:
(*) View
......@@ -224,6 +224,10 @@ five of each set of eight bits are defined. These permissions granted are:
keyring to a key, a process must have Write permission on the keyring and
Link permission on the key.
(*) Set Attribute
This permits a key's UID, GID and permissions mask to be changed.
For changing the ownership, group ID or permissions mask, being the owner of
the key or having the sysadmin capability is sufficient.
......@@ -242,15 +246,15 @@ about the status of the key service:
this way:
SERIAL FLAGS USAGE EXPY PERM UID GID TYPE DESCRIPTION: SUMMARY
00000001 I----- 39 perm 1f1f0000 0 0 keyring _uid_ses.0: 1/4
00000002 I----- 2 perm 1f1f0000 0 0 keyring _uid.0: empty
00000007 I----- 1 perm 1f1f0000 0 0 keyring _pid.1: empty
0000018d I----- 1 perm 1f1f0000 0 0 keyring _pid.412: empty
000004d2 I--Q-- 1 perm 1f1f0000 32 -1 keyring _uid.32: 1/4
000004d3 I--Q-- 3 perm 1f1f0000 32 -1 keyring _uid_ses.32: empty
00000001 I----- 39 perm 1f3f0000 0 0 keyring _uid_ses.0: 1/4
00000002 I----- 2 perm 1f3f0000 0 0 keyring _uid.0: empty
00000007 I----- 1 perm 1f3f0000 0 0 keyring _pid.1: empty
0000018d I----- 1 perm 1f3f0000 0 0 keyring _pid.412: empty
000004d2 I--Q-- 1 perm 1f3f0000 32 -1 keyring _uid.32: 1/4
000004d3 I--Q-- 3 perm 1f3f0000 32 -1 keyring _uid_ses.32: empty
00000892 I--QU- 1 perm 1f000000 0 0 user metal:copper: 0
00000893 I--Q-N 1 35s 1f1f0000 0 0 user metal:silver: 0
00000894 I--Q-- 1 10h 001f0000 0 0 user metal:gold: 0
00000893 I--Q-N 1 35s 1f3f0000 0 0 user metal:silver: 0
00000894 I--Q-- 1 10h 003f0000 0 0 user metal:gold: 0
The flags are:
......
......@@ -24,7 +24,8 @@ extern spinlock_t key_serial_lock;
#define KEY_WRITE 0x04 /* require permission to update / modify */
#define KEY_SEARCH 0x08 /* require permission to search (keyring) or find (key) */
#define KEY_LINK 0x10 /* require permission to link */
#define KEY_ALL 0x1f /* all the above permissions */
#define KEY_SETATTR 0x20 /* require permission to change attributes */
#define KEY_ALL 0x3f /* all the above permissions */
/*
* the keyring payload contains a list of the keys to which the keyring is
......
......@@ -40,28 +40,32 @@ struct key;
#define KEY_POS_WRITE 0x04000000 /* possessor can update key payload / add link to keyring */
#define KEY_POS_SEARCH 0x08000000 /* possessor can find a key in search / search a keyring */
#define KEY_POS_LINK 0x10000000 /* possessor can create a link to a key/keyring */
#define KEY_POS_ALL 0x1f000000
#define KEY_POS_SETATTR 0x20000000 /* possessor can set key attributes */
#define KEY_POS_ALL 0x3f000000
#define KEY_USR_VIEW 0x00010000 /* user permissions... */
#define KEY_USR_READ 0x00020000
#define KEY_USR_WRITE 0x00040000
#define KEY_USR_SEARCH 0x00080000
#define KEY_USR_LINK 0x00100000
#define KEY_USR_ALL 0x001f0000
#define KEY_USR_SETATTR 0x00200000
#define KEY_USR_ALL 0x003f0000
#define KEY_GRP_VIEW 0x00000100 /* group permissions... */
#define KEY_GRP_READ 0x00000200
#define KEY_GRP_WRITE 0x00000400
#define KEY_GRP_SEARCH 0x00000800
#define KEY_GRP_LINK 0x00001000
#define KEY_GRP_ALL 0x00001f00
#define KEY_GRP_SETATTR 0x00002000
#define KEY_GRP_ALL 0x00003f00
#define KEY_OTH_VIEW 0x00000001 /* third party permissions... */
#define KEY_OTH_READ 0x00000002
#define KEY_OTH_WRITE 0x00000004
#define KEY_OTH_SEARCH 0x00000008
#define KEY_OTH_LINK 0x00000010
#define KEY_OTH_ALL 0x0000001f
#define KEY_OTH_SETATTR 0x00000020
#define KEY_OTH_ALL 0x0000003f
struct seq_file;
struct user_struct;
......@@ -119,6 +123,7 @@ struct key {
struct key_type *type; /* type of key */
struct rw_semaphore sem; /* change vs change sem */
struct key_user *user; /* owner of this key */
void *security; /* security data for this key */
time_t expiry; /* time at which key expires (or 0) */
uid_t uid;
gid_t gid;
......
......@@ -30,6 +30,7 @@
#include <linux/shm.h>
#include <linux/msg.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/key.h>
struct ctl_table;
......@@ -788,6 +789,27 @@ struct swap_info_struct;
* @sk_free_security:
* Deallocate security structure.
*
* Security hooks affecting all Key Management operations
*
* @key_alloc:
* Permit allocation of a key and assign security data. Note that key does
* not have a serial number assigned at this point.
* @key points to the key.
* Return 0 if permission is granted, -ve error otherwise.
* @key_free:
* Notification of destruction; free security data.
* @key points to the key.
* No return value.
* @key_permission:
* See whether a specific operational right is granted to a process on a
* key.
* @key_ref refers to the key (key pointer + possession attribute bit).
* @context points to the process to provide the context against which to
* evaluate the security data on the key.
* @perm describes the combination of permissions required of this key.
* Return 1 if permission granted, 0 if permission denied and -ve it the
* normal permissions model should be effected.
*
* Security hooks affecting all System V IPC operations.
*
* @ipc_permission:
......@@ -1216,6 +1238,17 @@ struct security_operations {
int (*sk_alloc_security) (struct sock *sk, int family, gfp_t priority);
void (*sk_free_security) (struct sock *sk);
#endif /* CONFIG_SECURITY_NETWORK */
/* key management security hooks */
#ifdef CONFIG_KEYS
int (*key_alloc)(struct key *key);
void (*key_free)(struct key *key);
int (*key_permission)(key_ref_t key_ref,
struct task_struct *context,
key_perm_t perm);
#endif /* CONFIG_KEYS */
};
/* global variables */
......@@ -2764,5 +2797,45 @@ static inline void security_sk_free(struct sock *sk)
}
#endif /* CONFIG_SECURITY_NETWORK */
#ifdef CONFIG_KEYS
#ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY
static inline int security_key_alloc(struct key *key)
{
return security_ops->key_alloc(key);
}
static inline void security_key_free(struct key *key)
{
security_ops->key_free(key);
}
static inline int security_key_permission(key_ref_t key_ref,
struct task_struct *context,
key_perm_t perm)
{
return security_ops->key_permission(key_ref, context, perm);
}
#else
static inline int security_key_alloc(struct key *key)
{
return 0;
}
static inline void security_key_free(struct key *key)
{
}
static inline int security_key_permission(key_ref_t key_ref,
struct task_struct *context,
key_perm_t perm)
{
return 0;
}
#endif
#endif /* CONFIG_KEYS */
#endif /* ! __LINUX_SECURITY_H */
......@@ -803,6 +803,23 @@ static int dummy_setprocattr(struct task_struct *p, char *name, void *value, siz
return -EINVAL;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_KEYS
static inline int dummy_key_alloc(struct key *key)
{
return 0;
}
static inline void dummy_key_free(struct key *key)
{
}
static inline int dummy_key_permission(key_ref_t key_ref,
struct task_struct *context,
key_perm_t perm)
{
return 0;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_KEYS */
struct security_operations dummy_security_ops;
......@@ -954,5 +971,11 @@ void security_fixup_ops (struct security_operations *ops)
set_to_dummy_if_null(ops, sk_alloc_security);
set_to_dummy_if_null(ops, sk_free_security);
#endif /* CONFIG_SECURITY_NETWORK */
#ifdef CONFIG_KEYS
set_to_dummy_if_null(ops, key_alloc);
set_to_dummy_if_null(ops, key_free);
set_to_dummy_if_null(ops, key_permission);
#endif /* CONFIG_KEYS */
}
/* key.c: basic authentication token and access key management
*
* Copyright (C) 2004-5 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
* Copyright (C) 2004 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
* Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com)
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
......@@ -13,6 +13,7 @@
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/security.h>
#include <linux/workqueue.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
#include "internal.h"
......@@ -253,6 +254,7 @@ struct key *key_alloc(struct key_type *type, const char *desc,
struct key_user *user = NULL;
struct key *key;
size_t desclen, quotalen;
int ret;
key = ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
if (!desc || !*desc)
......@@ -305,6 +307,7 @@ struct key *key_alloc(struct key_type *type, const char *desc,
key->flags = 0;
key->expiry = 0;
key->payload.data = NULL;
key->security = NULL;
if (!not_in_quota)
key->flags |= 1 << KEY_FLAG_IN_QUOTA;
......@@ -315,16 +318,34 @@ struct key *key_alloc(struct key_type *type, const char *desc,
key->magic = KEY_DEBUG_MAGIC;
#endif
/* let the security module know about the key */
ret = security_key_alloc(key);
if (ret < 0)
goto security_error;
/* publish the key by giving it a serial number */
atomic_inc(&user->nkeys);
key_alloc_serial(key);
error:
error:
return key;
no_memory_3:
security_error:
kfree(key->description);
kmem_cache_free(key_jar, key);
if (!not_in_quota) {
spin_lock(&user->lock);
user->qnkeys--;
user->qnbytes -= quotalen;
spin_unlock(&user->lock);
}
key_user_put(user);
key = ERR_PTR(ret);
goto error;
no_memory_3:
kmem_cache_free(key_jar, key);
no_memory_2:
no_memory_2:
if (!not_in_quota) {
spin_lock(&user->lock);
user->qnkeys--;
......@@ -332,11 +353,11 @@ struct key *key_alloc(struct key_type *type, const char *desc,
spin_unlock(&user->lock);
}
key_user_put(user);
no_memory_1:
no_memory_1:
key = ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
goto error;
no_quota:
no_quota:
spin_unlock(&user->lock);
key_user_put(user);
key = ERR_PTR(-EDQUOT);
......@@ -556,6 +577,8 @@ static void key_cleanup(void *data)
key_check(key);
security_key_free(key);
/* deal with the user's key tracking and quota */
if (test_bit(KEY_FLAG_IN_QUOTA, &key->flags)) {
spin_lock(&key->user->lock);
......@@ -700,8 +723,8 @@ static inline key_ref_t __key_update(key_ref_t key_ref,
int ret;
/* need write permission on the key to update it */
ret = -EACCES;
if (!key_permission(key_ref, KEY_WRITE))
ret = key_permission(key_ref, KEY_WRITE);
if (ret < 0)
goto error;
ret = -EEXIST;
......@@ -711,7 +734,6 @@ static inline key_ref_t __key_update(key_ref_t key_ref,
down_write(&key->sem);
ret = key->type->update(key, payload, plen);
if (ret == 0)
/* updating a negative key instantiates it */
clear_bit(KEY_FLAG_NEGATIVE, &key->flags);
......@@ -768,9 +790,11 @@ key_ref_t key_create_or_update(key_ref_t keyring_ref,
/* if we're going to allocate a new key, we're going to have
* to modify the keyring */
key_ref = ERR_PTR(-EACCES);
if (!key_permission(keyring_ref, KEY_WRITE))
ret = key_permission(keyring_ref, KEY_WRITE);
if (ret < 0) {
key_ref = ERR_PTR(ret);
goto error_3;
}
/* search for an existing key of the same type and description in the
* destination keyring
......@@ -780,8 +804,8 @@ key_ref_t key_create_or_update(key_ref_t keyring_ref,
goto found_matching_key;
/* decide on the permissions we want */
perm = KEY_POS_VIEW | KEY_POS_SEARCH | KEY_POS_LINK;
perm |= KEY_USR_VIEW | KEY_USR_SEARCH | KEY_USR_LINK;
perm = KEY_POS_VIEW | KEY_POS_SEARCH | KEY_POS_LINK | KEY_POS_SETATTR;
perm |= KEY_USR_VIEW | KEY_USR_SEARCH | KEY_USR_LINK | KEY_USR_SETATTR;
if (ktype->read)
perm |= KEY_POS_READ | KEY_USR_READ;
......@@ -840,16 +864,16 @@ int key_update(key_ref_t key_ref, const void *payload, size_t plen)
key_check(key);
/* the key must be writable */
ret = -EACCES;
if (!key_permission(key_ref, KEY_WRITE))
ret = key_permission(key_ref, KEY_WRITE);
if (ret < 0)
goto error;
/* attempt to update it if supported */
ret = -EOPNOTSUPP;
if (key->type->update) {
down_write(&key->sem);
ret = key->type->update(key, payload, plen);
ret = key->type->update(key, payload, plen);
if (ret == 0)
/* updating a negative key instantiates it */
clear_bit(KEY_FLAG_NEGATIVE, &key->flags);
......
......@@ -624,8 +624,8 @@ long keyctl_keyring_search(key_serial_t ringid,
/* link the resulting key to the destination keyring if we can */
if (dest_ref) {
ret = -EACCES;
if (!key_permission(key_ref, KEY_LINK))
ret = key_permission(key_ref, KEY_LINK);
if (ret < 0)
goto error6;
ret = key_link(key_ref_to_ptr(dest_ref), key_ref_to_ptr(key_ref));
......@@ -676,8 +676,11 @@ long keyctl_read_key(key_serial_t keyid, char __user *buffer, size_t buflen)
key = key_ref_to_ptr(key_ref);
/* see if we can read it directly */
if (key_permission(key_ref, KEY_READ))
ret = key_permission(key_ref, KEY_READ);
if (ret == 0)
goto can_read_key;
if (ret != -EACCES)
goto error;
/* we can't; see if it's searchable from this process's keyrings
* - we automatically take account of the fact that it may be
......@@ -726,7 +729,7 @@ long keyctl_chown_key(key_serial_t id, uid_t uid, gid_t gid)
if (uid == (uid_t) -1 && gid == (gid_t) -1)
goto error;
key_ref = lookup_user_key(NULL, id, 1, 1, 0);
key_ref = lookup_user_key(NULL, id, 1, 1, KEY_SETATTR);
if (IS_ERR(key_ref)) {
ret = PTR_ERR(key_ref);
goto error;
......@@ -786,7 +789,7 @@ long keyctl_setperm_key(key_serial_t id, key_perm_t perm)
if (perm & ~(KEY_POS_ALL | KEY_USR_ALL | KEY_GRP_ALL | KEY_OTH_ALL))
goto error;
key_ref = lookup_user_key(NULL, id, 1, 1, 0);
key_ref = lookup_user_key(NULL, id, 1, 1, KEY_SETATTR);
if (IS_ERR(key_ref)) {
ret = PTR_ERR(key_ref);
goto error;
......
......@@ -13,6 +13,7 @@
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/security.h>
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
......@@ -309,7 +310,9 @@ struct key *keyring_alloc(const char *description, uid_t uid, gid_t gid,
int ret;
keyring = key_alloc(&key_type_keyring, description,
uid, gid, KEY_POS_ALL | KEY_USR_ALL, not_in_quota);
uid, gid,
(KEY_POS_ALL & ~KEY_POS_SETATTR) | KEY_USR_ALL,
not_in_quota);
if (!IS_ERR(keyring)) {
ret = key_instantiate_and_link(keyring, NULL, 0, dest, NULL);
......@@ -359,9 +362,11 @@ key_ref_t keyring_search_aux(key_ref_t keyring_ref,
key_check(keyring);
/* top keyring must have search permission to begin the search */
key_ref = ERR_PTR(-EACCES);
if (!key_task_permission(keyring_ref, context, KEY_SEARCH))
err = key_task_permission(keyring_ref, context, KEY_SEARCH);
if (err < 0) {
key_ref = ERR_PTR(err);
goto error;
}
key_ref = ERR_PTR(-ENOTDIR);
if (keyring->type != &key_type_keyring)
......@@ -402,8 +407,8 @@ key_ref_t keyring_search_aux(key_ref_t keyring_ref,
continue;
/* key must have search permissions */
if (!key_task_permission(make_key_ref(key, possessed),
context, KEY_SEARCH))
if (key_task_permission(make_key_ref(key, possessed),
context, KEY_SEARCH) < 0)
continue;
/* we set a different error code if we find a negative key */
......@@ -430,7 +435,7 @@ key_ref_t keyring_search_aux(key_ref_t keyring_ref,
continue;
if (!key_task_permission(make_key_ref(key, possessed),
context, KEY_SEARCH))
context, KEY_SEARCH) < 0)
continue;
/* stack the current position */
......@@ -521,7 +526,7 @@ key_ref_t __keyring_search_one(key_ref_t keyring_ref,
(!key->type->match ||
key->type->match(key, description)) &&
key_permission(make_key_ref(key, possessed),
perm) &&
perm) < 0 &&
!test_bit(KEY_FLAG_REVOKED, &key->flags)
)
goto found;
......@@ -617,7 +622,7 @@ struct key *find_keyring_by_name(const char *name, key_serial_t bound)
continue;
if (!key_permission(make_key_ref(keyring, 0),
KEY_SEARCH))
KEY_SEARCH) < 0)
continue;
/* found a potential candidate, but we still need to
......
......@@ -10,6 +10,7 @@
*/
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/security.h>
#include "internal.h"
/*****************************************************************************/
......@@ -63,7 +64,11 @@ int key_task_permission(const key_ref_t key_ref,
kperm = kperm & perm & KEY_ALL;
return kperm == perm;
if (kperm != perm)
return -EACCES;
/* let LSM be the final arbiter */
return security_key_permission(key_ref, context, perm);
} /* end key_task_permission() */
......
......@@ -39,7 +39,7 @@ struct key root_user_keyring = {
.type = &key_type_keyring,
.user = &root_key_user,
.sem = __RWSEM_INITIALIZER(root_user_keyring.sem),
.perm = KEY_POS_ALL | KEY_USR_ALL,
.perm = (KEY_POS_ALL & ~KEY_POS_SETATTR) | KEY_USR_ALL,
.flags = 1 << KEY_FLAG_INSTANTIATED,
.description = "_uid.0",
#ifdef KEY_DEBUGGING
......@@ -54,7 +54,7 @@ struct key root_session_keyring = {
.type = &key_type_keyring,
.user = &root_key_user,
.sem = __RWSEM_INITIALIZER(root_session_keyring.sem),
.perm = KEY_POS_ALL | KEY_USR_ALL,
.perm = (KEY_POS_ALL & ~KEY_POS_SETATTR) | KEY_USR_ALL,
.flags = 1 << KEY_FLAG_INSTANTIATED,
.description = "_uid_ses.0",
#ifdef KEY_DEBUGGING
......@@ -666,9 +666,8 @@ key_ref_t lookup_user_key(struct task_struct *context, key_serial_t id,
goto invalid_key;
/* check the permissions */
ret = -EACCES;
if (!key_task_permission(key_ref, context, perm))
ret = key_task_permission(key_ref, context, perm);
if (ret < 0)
goto invalid_key;
error:
......
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