Commit 467c996c authored by Mel Gorman's avatar Mel Gorman Committed by Linus Torvalds

Print out statistics in relation to fragmentation avoidance to /proc/pagetypeinfo

This patch provides fragmentation avoidance statistics via /proc/pagetypeinfo.
 The information is collected only on request so there is no runtime overhead.
 The statistics are in three parts:

The first part prints information on the size of blocks that pages are
being grouped on and looks like

Page block order: 10
Pages per block:  1024

The second part is a more detailed version of /proc/buddyinfo and looks like

Free pages count per migrate type at order       0      1      2      3      4      5      6      7      8      9     10
Node    0, zone      DMA, type    Unmovable      0      0      0      0      0      0      0      0      0      0      0
Node    0, zone      DMA, type  Reclaimable      1      0      0      0      0      0      0      0      0      0      0
Node    0, zone      DMA, type      Movable      0      0      0      0      0      0      0      0      0      0      0
Node    0, zone      DMA, type      Reserve      0      4      4      0      0      0      0      1      0      1      0
Node    0, zone   Normal, type    Unmovable    111      8      4      4      2      3      1      0      0      0      0
Node    0, zone   Normal, type  Reclaimable    293     89      8      0      0      0      0      0      0      0      0
Node    0, zone   Normal, type      Movable      1      6     13      9      7      6      3      0      0      0      0
Node    0, zone   Normal, type      Reserve      0      0      0      0      0      0      0      0      0      0      4

The third part looks like

Number of blocks type     Unmovable  Reclaimable      Movable      Reserve
Node 0, zone      DMA            0            1            2            1
Node 0, zone   Normal            3           17           94            4

To walk the zones within a node with interrupts disabled, walk_zones_in_node()
is introduced and shared between /proc/buddyinfo, /proc/zoneinfo and
/proc/pagetypeinfo to reduce code duplication.  It seems specific to what
vmstat.c requires but could be broken out as a general utility function in
mmzone.c if there were other other potential users.
Signed-off-by: default avatarMel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Acked-by: default avatarAndy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
Acked-by: default avatarChristoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
parent d9c23400
......@@ -229,6 +229,19 @@ static const struct file_operations fragmentation_file_operations = {
.release = seq_release,
};
extern struct seq_operations pagetypeinfo_op;
static int pagetypeinfo_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
return seq_open(file, &pagetypeinfo_op);
}
static const struct file_operations pagetypeinfo_file_ops = {
.open = pagetypeinfo_open,
.read = seq_read,
.llseek = seq_lseek,
.release = seq_release,
};
extern struct seq_operations zoneinfo_op;
static int zoneinfo_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
......@@ -724,6 +737,7 @@ void __init proc_misc_init(void)
#endif
#endif
create_seq_entry("buddyinfo",S_IRUGO, &fragmentation_file_operations);
create_seq_entry("pagetypeinfo", S_IRUGO, &pagetypeinfo_file_ops);
create_seq_entry("vmstat",S_IRUGO, &proc_vmstat_file_operations);
create_seq_entry("zoneinfo",S_IRUGO, &proc_zoneinfo_file_operations);
#ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK
......
......@@ -104,6 +104,18 @@ struct vm_area_struct;
/* 4GB DMA on some platforms */
#define GFP_DMA32 __GFP_DMA32
/* Convert GFP flags to their corresponding migrate type */
static inline int allocflags_to_migratetype(gfp_t gfp_flags)
{
WARN_ON((gfp_flags & GFP_MOVABLE_MASK) == GFP_MOVABLE_MASK);
if (unlikely(page_group_by_mobility_disabled))
return MIGRATE_UNMOVABLE;
/* Group based on mobility */
return (((gfp_flags & __GFP_MOVABLE) != 0) << 1) |
((gfp_flags & __GFP_RECLAIMABLE) != 0);
}
static inline enum zone_type gfp_zone(gfp_t flags)
{
......
......@@ -43,6 +43,16 @@
for (order = 0; order < MAX_ORDER; order++) \
for (type = 0; type < MIGRATE_TYPES; type++)
extern int page_group_by_mobility_disabled;
static inline int get_pageblock_migratetype(struct page *page)
{
if (unlikely(page_group_by_mobility_disabled))
return MIGRATE_UNMOVABLE;
return get_pageblock_flags_group(page, PB_migrate, PB_migrate_end);
}
struct free_area {
struct list_head free_list[MIGRATE_TYPES];
unsigned long nr_free;
......
......@@ -164,32 +164,12 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(nr_node_ids);
int page_group_by_mobility_disabled __read_mostly;
static inline int get_pageblock_migratetype(struct page *page)
{
if (unlikely(page_group_by_mobility_disabled))
return MIGRATE_UNMOVABLE;
return get_pageblock_flags_group(page, PB_migrate, PB_migrate_end);
}
static void set_pageblock_migratetype(struct page *page, int migratetype)
{
set_pageblock_flags_group(page, (unsigned long)migratetype,
PB_migrate, PB_migrate_end);
}
static inline int allocflags_to_migratetype(gfp_t gfp_flags)
{
WARN_ON((gfp_flags & GFP_MOVABLE_MASK) == GFP_MOVABLE_MASK);
if (unlikely(page_group_by_mobility_disabled))
return MIGRATE_UNMOVABLE;
/* Cluster based on mobility */
return (((gfp_flags & __GFP_MOVABLE) != 0) << 1) |
((gfp_flags & __GFP_RECLAIMABLE) != 0);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM
static int page_outside_zone_boundaries(struct zone *zone, struct page *page)
{
......
......@@ -398,6 +398,13 @@ void zone_statistics(struct zonelist *zonelist, struct zone *z)
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
static char * const migratetype_names[MIGRATE_TYPES] = {
"Unmovable",
"Reclaimable",
"Movable",
"Reserve",
};
static void *frag_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos)
{
pg_data_t *pgdat;
......@@ -422,28 +429,144 @@ static void frag_stop(struct seq_file *m, void *arg)
{
}
/*
* This walks the free areas for each zone.
*/
static int frag_show(struct seq_file *m, void *arg)
/* Walk all the zones in a node and print using a callback */
static void walk_zones_in_node(struct seq_file *m, pg_data_t *pgdat,
void (*print)(struct seq_file *m, pg_data_t *, struct zone *))
{
pg_data_t *pgdat = (pg_data_t *)arg;
struct zone *zone;
struct zone *node_zones = pgdat->node_zones;
unsigned long flags;
int order;
for (zone = node_zones; zone - node_zones < MAX_NR_ZONES; ++zone) {
if (!populated_zone(zone))
continue;
spin_lock_irqsave(&zone->lock, flags);
seq_printf(m, "Node %d, zone %8s ", pgdat->node_id, zone->name);
for (order = 0; order < MAX_ORDER; ++order)
seq_printf(m, "%6lu ", zone->free_area[order].nr_free);
print(m, pgdat, zone);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&zone->lock, flags);
}
}
static void frag_show_print(struct seq_file *m, pg_data_t *pgdat,
struct zone *zone)
{
int order;
seq_printf(m, "Node %d, zone %8s ", pgdat->node_id, zone->name);
for (order = 0; order < MAX_ORDER; ++order)
seq_printf(m, "%6lu ", zone->free_area[order].nr_free);
seq_putc(m, '\n');
}
/*
* This walks the free areas for each zone.
*/
static int frag_show(struct seq_file *m, void *arg)
{
pg_data_t *pgdat = (pg_data_t *)arg;
walk_zones_in_node(m, pgdat, frag_show_print);
return 0;
}
static void pagetypeinfo_showfree_print(struct seq_file *m,
pg_data_t *pgdat, struct zone *zone)
{
int order, mtype;
for (mtype = 0; mtype < MIGRATE_TYPES; mtype++) {
seq_printf(m, "Node %4d, zone %8s, type %12s ",
pgdat->node_id,
zone->name,
migratetype_names[mtype]);
for (order = 0; order < MAX_ORDER; ++order) {
unsigned long freecount = 0;
struct free_area *area;
struct list_head *curr;
area = &(zone->free_area[order]);
list_for_each(curr, &area->free_list[mtype])
freecount++;
seq_printf(m, "%6lu ", freecount);
}
seq_putc(m, '\n');
}
}
/* Print out the free pages at each order for each migatetype */
static int pagetypeinfo_showfree(struct seq_file *m, void *arg)
{
int order;
pg_data_t *pgdat = (pg_data_t *)arg;
/* Print header */
seq_printf(m, "%-43s ", "Free pages count per migrate type at order");
for (order = 0; order < MAX_ORDER; ++order)
seq_printf(m, "%6d ", order);
seq_putc(m, '\n');
walk_zones_in_node(m, pgdat, pagetypeinfo_showfree_print);
return 0;
}
static void pagetypeinfo_showblockcount_print(struct seq_file *m,
pg_data_t *pgdat, struct zone *zone)
{
int mtype;
unsigned long pfn;
unsigned long start_pfn = zone->zone_start_pfn;
unsigned long end_pfn = start_pfn + zone->spanned_pages;
unsigned long count[MIGRATE_TYPES] = { 0, };
for (pfn = start_pfn; pfn < end_pfn; pfn += pageblock_nr_pages) {
struct page *page;
if (!pfn_valid(pfn))
continue;
page = pfn_to_page(pfn);
mtype = get_pageblock_migratetype(page);
count[mtype]++;
}
/* Print counts */
seq_printf(m, "Node %d, zone %8s ", pgdat->node_id, zone->name);
for (mtype = 0; mtype < MIGRATE_TYPES; mtype++)
seq_printf(m, "%12lu ", count[mtype]);
seq_putc(m, '\n');
}
/* Print out the free pages at each order for each migratetype */
static int pagetypeinfo_showblockcount(struct seq_file *m, void *arg)
{
int mtype;
pg_data_t *pgdat = (pg_data_t *)arg;
seq_printf(m, "\n%-23s", "Number of blocks type ");
for (mtype = 0; mtype < MIGRATE_TYPES; mtype++)
seq_printf(m, "%12s ", migratetype_names[mtype]);
seq_putc(m, '\n');
walk_zones_in_node(m, pgdat, pagetypeinfo_showblockcount_print);
return 0;
}
/*
* This prints out statistics in relation to grouping pages by mobility.
* It is expensive to collect so do not constantly read the file.
*/
static int pagetypeinfo_show(struct seq_file *m, void *arg)
{
pg_data_t *pgdat = (pg_data_t *)arg;
seq_printf(m, "Page block order: %d\n", pageblock_order);
seq_printf(m, "Pages per block: %lu\n", pageblock_nr_pages);
seq_putc(m, '\n');
pagetypeinfo_showfree(m, pgdat);
pagetypeinfo_showblockcount(m, pgdat);
return 0;
}
......@@ -454,6 +577,13 @@ const struct seq_operations fragmentation_op = {
.show = frag_show,
};
const struct seq_operations pagetypeinfo_op = {
.start = frag_start,
.next = frag_next,
.stop = frag_stop,
.show = pagetypeinfo_show,
};
#ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DMA
#define TEXT_FOR_DMA(xx) xx "_dma",
#else
......@@ -532,84 +662,78 @@ static const char * const vmstat_text[] = {
#endif
};
/*
* Output information about zones in @pgdat.
*/
static int zoneinfo_show(struct seq_file *m, void *arg)
static void zoneinfo_show_print(struct seq_file *m, pg_data_t *pgdat,
struct zone *zone)
{
pg_data_t *pgdat = arg;
struct zone *zone;
struct zone *node_zones = pgdat->node_zones;
unsigned long flags;
for (zone = node_zones; zone - node_zones < MAX_NR_ZONES; zone++) {
int i;
if (!populated_zone(zone))
continue;
spin_lock_irqsave(&zone->lock, flags);
seq_printf(m, "Node %d, zone %8s", pgdat->node_id, zone->name);
seq_printf(m,
"\n pages free %lu"
"\n min %lu"
"\n low %lu"
"\n high %lu"
"\n scanned %lu (a: %lu i: %lu)"
"\n spanned %lu"
"\n present %lu",
zone_page_state(zone, NR_FREE_PAGES),
zone->pages_min,
zone->pages_low,
zone->pages_high,
zone->pages_scanned,
zone->nr_scan_active, zone->nr_scan_inactive,
zone->spanned_pages,
zone->present_pages);
int i;
seq_printf(m, "Node %d, zone %8s", pgdat->node_id, zone->name);
seq_printf(m,
"\n pages free %lu"
"\n min %lu"
"\n low %lu"
"\n high %lu"
"\n scanned %lu (a: %lu i: %lu)"
"\n spanned %lu"
"\n present %lu",
zone_page_state(zone, NR_FREE_PAGES),
zone->pages_min,
zone->pages_low,
zone->pages_high,
zone->pages_scanned,
zone->nr_scan_active, zone->nr_scan_inactive,
zone->spanned_pages,
zone->present_pages);
for (i = 0; i < NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS; i++)
seq_printf(m, "\n %-12s %lu", vmstat_text[i],
zone_page_state(zone, i));
seq_printf(m,
"\n protection: (%lu",
zone->lowmem_reserve[0]);
for (i = 1; i < ARRAY_SIZE(zone->lowmem_reserve); i++)
seq_printf(m, ", %lu", zone->lowmem_reserve[i]);
seq_printf(m,
")"
"\n pagesets");
for_each_online_cpu(i) {
struct per_cpu_pageset *pageset;
int j;
pageset = zone_pcp(zone, i);
for (j = 0; j < ARRAY_SIZE(pageset->pcp); j++) {
seq_printf(m,
"\n cpu: %i pcp: %i"
"\n count: %i"
"\n high: %i"
"\n batch: %i",
i, j,
pageset->pcp[j].count,
pageset->pcp[j].high,
pageset->pcp[j].batch);
for (i = 0; i < NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS; i++)
seq_printf(m, "\n %-12s %lu", vmstat_text[i],
zone_page_state(zone, i));
seq_printf(m,
"\n protection: (%lu",
zone->lowmem_reserve[0]);
for (i = 1; i < ARRAY_SIZE(zone->lowmem_reserve); i++)
seq_printf(m, ", %lu", zone->lowmem_reserve[i]);
seq_printf(m,
")"
"\n pagesets");
for_each_online_cpu(i) {
struct per_cpu_pageset *pageset;
int j;
pageset = zone_pcp(zone, i);
for (j = 0; j < ARRAY_SIZE(pageset->pcp); j++) {
seq_printf(m,
"\n cpu: %i pcp: %i"
"\n count: %i"
"\n high: %i"
"\n batch: %i",
i, j,
pageset->pcp[j].count,
pageset->pcp[j].high,
pageset->pcp[j].batch);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
seq_printf(m, "\n vm stats threshold: %d",
pageset->stat_threshold);
seq_printf(m, "\n vm stats threshold: %d",
pageset->stat_threshold);
#endif
}
seq_printf(m,
"\n all_unreclaimable: %u"
"\n prev_priority: %i"
"\n start_pfn: %lu",
zone->all_unreclaimable,
zone->prev_priority,
zone->zone_start_pfn);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&zone->lock, flags);
seq_putc(m, '\n');
}
seq_printf(m,
"\n all_unreclaimable: %u"
"\n prev_priority: %i"
"\n start_pfn: %lu",
zone->all_unreclaimable,
zone->prev_priority,
zone->zone_start_pfn);
seq_putc(m, '\n');
}
/*
* Output information about zones in @pgdat.
*/
static int zoneinfo_show(struct seq_file *m, void *arg)
{
pg_data_t *pgdat = (pg_data_t *)arg;
walk_zones_in_node(m, pgdat, zoneinfo_show_print);
return 0;
}
......
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