Commit 95dd7758 authored by Committed by Al Viro
fs: Teach path_connected to handle nfs filesystems with multiple roots.
On nfsv2 and nfsv3 the nfs server can export subsets of the same filesystem and report the same filesystem identifier, so that the nfs client can know they are the same filesystem. The subsets can be from disjoint directory trees. The nfsv2 and nfsv3 filesystems provides no way to find the common root of all directory trees exported form the server with the same filesystem identifier. The practical result is that in struct super s_root for nfs s_root is not necessarily the root of the filesystem. The nfs mount code sets s_root to the root of the first subset of the nfs filesystem that the kernel mounts. This effects the dcache invalidation code in generic_shutdown_super currently called shrunk_dcache_for_umount and that code for years has gone through an additional list of dentries that might be dentry trees that need to be freed to accomodate nfs. When I wrote path_connected I did not realize nfs was so special, and it's hueristic for avoiding calling is_subdir can fail. The practical case where this fails is when there is a move of a directory from the subtree exposed by one nfs mount to the subtree exposed by another nfs mount. This move can happen either locally or remotely. With the remote case requiring that the move directory be cached before the move and that after the move someone walks the path to where the move directory now exists and in so doing causes the already cached directory to be moved in the dcache through the magic of d_splice_alias. If someone whose working directory is in the move directory or a subdirectory and now starts calling .. from the initial mount of nfs (where s_root == mnt_root), then path_connected as a heuristic will not bother with the is_subdir check. As s_root really is not the root of the nfs filesystem this heuristic is wrong, and the path may actually not be connected and path_connected can fail. The is_subdir function might be cheap enough that we can call it unconditionally. Verifying that will take some benchmarking and the result may not be the same on all kernels this fix needs to be backported to. So I am avoiding that for now. Filesystems with snapshots such as nilfs and btrfs do something similar. But as the directory tree of the snapshots are disjoint from one another and from the main directory tree rename won't move things between them and this problem will not occur. Cc: email@example.com Reported-by: Al Viro <viro@ZenIV.linux.org.uk> Fixes: 397d425d ("vfs: Test for and handle paths that are unreachable from their mnt_root") Signed-off-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <firstname.lastname@example.org> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <email@example.com>
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