Commit 9ef9acb0 authored by Mel Gorman's avatar Mel Gorman Committed by Linus Torvalds
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Do not group pages by mobility type on low memory systems

Grouping pages by mobility can only successfully operate when there are more
MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES areas than mobility types.  When there are insufficient
areas, fallbacks cannot be avoided.  This has noticeable performance impacts
on machines with small amounts of memory in comparison to MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES.
For example, on IA64 with a configuration including huge pages spans 1GiB with
MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES so would need at least 4GiB of RAM before grouping pages by
mobility would be useful.  In comparison, an x86 would need 16MB.

This patch checks the size of vm_total_pages in build_all_zonelists(). If
there are not enough areas,  mobility is effectivly disabled by considering
all allocations as the same type (UNMOVABLE).  This is achived via a
__read_mostly flag.

With this patch, performance is comparable to disabling grouping pages
by mobility at compile-time on a test machine with insufficient memory.
With this patch, it is reasonable to get rid of grouping pages by mobility
a compile-time option.
Signed-off-by: default avatarMel Gorman <>
Acked-by: default avatarAndy Whitcroft <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <>
parent e010487d
......@@ -159,8 +159,13 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(nr_node_ids);
int page_group_by_mobility_disabled __read_mostly;
static inline int get_pageblock_migratetype(struct page *page)
if (unlikely(page_group_by_mobility_disabled))
return get_pageblock_flags_group(page, PB_migrate, PB_migrate_end);
......@@ -174,6 +179,9 @@ static inline int allocflags_to_migratetype(gfp_t gfp_flags, int order)
if (unlikely(page_group_by_mobility_disabled))
/* Cluster high-order atomic allocations together */
if (unlikely(order > 0) &&
(!(gfp_flags & __GFP_WAIT) || in_interrupt()))
......@@ -2375,9 +2383,23 @@ void build_all_zonelists(void)
/* cpuset refresh routine should be here */
vm_total_pages = nr_free_pagecache_pages();
printk("Built %i zonelists in %s order. Total pages: %ld\n",
* Disable grouping by mobility if the number of pages in the
* system is too low to allow the mechanism to work. It would be
* more accurate, but expensive to check per-zone. This check is
* made on memory-hotadd so a system can start with mobility
* disabled and enable it later
if (vm_total_pages < (MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES * MIGRATE_TYPES))
page_group_by_mobility_disabled = 1;
page_group_by_mobility_disabled = 0;
printk("Built %i zonelists in %s order, mobility grouping %s. "
"Total pages: %ld\n",
page_group_by_mobility_disabled ? "off" : "on",
printk("Policy zone: %s\n", zone_names[policy_zone]);
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