Commit b471f2f1 authored by Yonghong Song's avatar Yonghong Song Committed by Daniel Borkmann
Browse files

bpf: implement MAP_GET_NEXT_KEY command for LPM_TRIE map

Current LPM_TRIE map type does not implement MAP_GET_NEXT_KEY
command. This command is handy when users want to enumerate
keys. Otherwise, a different map which supports key
enumeration may be required to store the keys. If the
map data is sparse and all map data are to be deleted without
closing file descriptor, using MAP_GET_NEXT_KEY to find
all keys is much faster than enumerating all key space.

This patch implements MAP_GET_NEXT_KEY command for LPM_TRIE map.
If user provided key pointer is NULL or the key does not have
an exact match in the trie, the first key will be returned.
Otherwise, the next key will be returned.

In this implemenation, key enumeration follows a postorder
traversal of internal trie. More specific keys
will be returned first than less specific ones, given
a sequence of MAP_GET_NEXT_KEY syscalls.

Signed-off-by: default avatarYonghong Song <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarDaniel Borkmann <>
parent b7bcc0bb
......@@ -591,9 +591,100 @@ static void trie_free(struct bpf_map *map)
static int trie_get_next_key(struct bpf_map *map, void *key, void *next_key)
static int trie_get_next_key(struct bpf_map *map, void *_key, void *_next_key)
return -ENOTSUPP;
struct lpm_trie *trie = container_of(map, struct lpm_trie, map);
struct bpf_lpm_trie_key *key = _key, *next_key = _next_key;
struct lpm_trie_node *node, *next_node = NULL, *parent;
struct lpm_trie_node **node_stack = NULL;
struct lpm_trie_node __rcu **root;
int err = 0, stack_ptr = -1;
unsigned int next_bit;
size_t matchlen;
/* The get_next_key follows postorder. For the 4 node example in
* the top of this file, the trie_get_next_key() returns the following
* one after another:
* The idea is to return more specific keys before less specific ones.
/* Empty trie */
if (!rcu_dereference(trie->root))
return -ENOENT;
/* For invalid key, find the leftmost node in the trie */
if (!key || key->prefixlen > trie->max_prefixlen) {
root = &trie->root;
goto find_leftmost;
node_stack = kmalloc(trie->max_prefixlen * sizeof(struct lpm_trie_node *),
if (!node_stack)
return -ENOMEM;
/* Try to find the exact node for the given key */
for (node = rcu_dereference(trie->root); node;) {
node_stack[++stack_ptr] = node;
matchlen = longest_prefix_match(trie, node, key);
if (node->prefixlen != matchlen ||
node->prefixlen == key->prefixlen)
next_bit = extract_bit(key->data, node->prefixlen);
node = rcu_dereference(node->child[next_bit]);
if (!node || node->prefixlen != key->prefixlen ||
(node->flags & LPM_TREE_NODE_FLAG_IM)) {
root = &trie->root;
goto find_leftmost;
/* The node with the exactly-matching key has been found,
* find the first node in postorder after the matched node.
node = node_stack[stack_ptr];
while (stack_ptr > 0) {
parent = node_stack[stack_ptr - 1];
if (rcu_dereference(parent->child[0]) == node &&
rcu_dereference(parent->child[1])) {
root = &parent->child[1];
goto find_leftmost;
if (!(parent->flags & LPM_TREE_NODE_FLAG_IM)) {
next_node = parent;
goto do_copy;
node = parent;
/* did not find anything */
err = -ENOENT;
goto free_stack;
/* Find the leftmost non-intermediate node, all intermediate nodes
* have exact two children, so this function will never return NULL.
for (node = rcu_dereference(*root); node;) {
if (!(node->flags & LPM_TREE_NODE_FLAG_IM))
next_node = node;
node = rcu_dereference(node->child[0]);
next_key->prefixlen = next_node->prefixlen;
memcpy((void *)next_key + offsetof(struct bpf_lpm_trie_key, data),
next_node->data, trie->data_size);
return err;
const struct bpf_map_ops trie_map_ops = {
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