virtio_balloon: fix deadlock on OOM
fill_balloon doing memory allocations under balloon_lock can cause a deadlock when leak_balloon is called from virtballoon_oom_notify and tries to take same lock. To fix, split page allocation and enqueue and do allocations outside the lock. Here's a detailed analysis of the deadlock by Tetsuo Handa: In leak_balloon(), mutex_lock(&vb->balloon_lock) is called in order to serialize against fill_balloon(). But in fill_balloon(), alloc_page(GFP_HIGHUSER[_MOVABLE] | __GFP_NOMEMALLOC | __GFP_NORETRY) is called with vb->balloon_lock mutex held. Since GFP_HIGHUSER[_MOVABLE] implies __GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM | __GFP_IO | __GFP_FS, despite __GFP_NORETRY is specified, this allocation attempt might indirectly depend on somebody else's __GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM memory allocation. And such indirect __GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM memory allocation might call leak_balloon() via virtballoon_oom_notify() via blocking_notifier_call_chain() callback via out_of_memory() when it reached __alloc_pages_may_oom...