Commit f1a5ab12 authored by Mel Gorman's avatar Mel Gorman Committed by Linus Torvalds

mm: export fragmentation index via debugfs

The fragmentation fragmentation index, is only meaningful if an allocation
would fail and indicates what the failure is due to.  A value of -1 such
as in many of the examples above states that the allocation would succeed.
 If it would fail, the value is between 0 and 1.  A value tending towards
0 implies the allocation failed due to a lack of memory.  A value tending
towards 1 implies it failed due to external fragmentation.

For the most part, the huge page size will be the size of interest but not
necessarily so it is exported on a per-order and per-zo basis via
/sys/kernel/debug/extfrag/extfrag_index

> cat /sys/kernel/debug/extfrag/extfrag_index
Node 0, zone      DMA -1.000 -1.000 -1.000 -1.000 -1.000 -1.000 -1.000 -1.00
Node 0, zone   Normal -1.000 -1.000 -1.000 -1.000 -1.000 -1.000 -1.000 0.954
Signed-off-by: default avatarMel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Reviewed-by: default avatarMinchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Acked-by: default avatarRik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: default avatarChristoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
parent d7a5752c
......@@ -16,6 +16,7 @@
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/vmstat.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/math64.h>
#ifdef CONFIG_VM_EVENT_COUNTERS
DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct vm_event_state, vm_event_states) = {{0}};
......@@ -420,6 +421,33 @@ static void fill_contig_page_info(struct zone *zone,
(order - suitable_order);
}
}
/*
* A fragmentation index only makes sense if an allocation of a requested
* size would fail. If that is true, the fragmentation index indicates
* whether external fragmentation or a lack of memory was the problem.
* The value can be used to determine if page reclaim or compaction
* should be used
*/
int fragmentation_index(unsigned int order, struct contig_page_info *info)
{
unsigned long requested = 1UL << order;
if (!info->free_blocks_total)
return 0;
/* Fragmentation index only makes sense when a request would fail */
if (info->free_blocks_suitable)
return -1000;
/*
* Index is between 0 and 1 so return within 3 decimal places
*
* 0 => allocation would fail due to lack of memory
* 1 => allocation would fail due to fragmentation
*/
return 1000 - div_u64( (1000+(div_u64(info->free_pages * 1000ULL, requested))), info->free_blocks_total);
}
#endif
#if defined(CONFIG_PROC_FS) || defined(CONFIG_COMPACTION)
......@@ -1087,6 +1115,58 @@ static const struct file_operations unusable_file_ops = {
.release = seq_release,
};
static void extfrag_show_print(struct seq_file *m,
pg_data_t *pgdat, struct zone *zone)
{
unsigned int order;
int index;
/* Alloc on stack as interrupts are disabled for zone walk */
struct contig_page_info info;
seq_printf(m, "Node %d, zone %8s ",
pgdat->node_id,
zone->name);
for (order = 0; order < MAX_ORDER; ++order) {
fill_contig_page_info(zone, order, &info);
index = fragmentation_index(order, &info);
seq_printf(m, "%d.%03d ", index / 1000, index % 1000);
}
seq_putc(m, '\n');
}
/*
* Display fragmentation index for orders that allocations would fail for
*/
static int extfrag_show(struct seq_file *m, void *arg)
{
pg_data_t *pgdat = (pg_data_t *)arg;
walk_zones_in_node(m, pgdat, extfrag_show_print);
return 0;
}
static const struct seq_operations extfrag_op = {
.start = frag_start,
.next = frag_next,
.stop = frag_stop,
.show = extfrag_show,
};
static int extfrag_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
return seq_open(file, &extfrag_op);
}
static const struct file_operations extfrag_file_ops = {
.open = extfrag_open,
.read = seq_read,
.llseek = seq_lseek,
.release = seq_release,
};
static int __init extfrag_debug_init(void)
{
extfrag_debug_root = debugfs_create_dir("extfrag", NULL);
......@@ -1097,6 +1177,10 @@ static int __init extfrag_debug_init(void)
extfrag_debug_root, NULL, &unusable_file_ops))
return -ENOMEM;
if (!debugfs_create_file("extfrag_index", 0444,
extfrag_debug_root, NULL, &extfrag_file_ops))
return -ENOMEM;
return 0;
}
......
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