Commit 0c63f119 authored by greg@kroah.com's avatar greg@kroah.com Committed by Greg KH
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[PATCH] added initial documentation and gpl license

parent a507a015
GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE
Version 2, June 1991
Copyright (C) 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
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Preamble
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How to Apply These Terms to Your New Programs
If you develop a new program, and you want it to be of the greatest
possible use to the public, the best way to achieve this is to make it
free software which everyone can redistribute and change under these terms.
To do so, attach the following notices to the program. It is safest
to attach them to the start of each source file to most effectively
convey the exclusion of warranty; and each file should have at least
the "copyright" line and a pointer to where the full notice is found.
<one line to give the program's name and a brief idea of what it does.>
Copyright (C) <year> <name of author>
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
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Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
Also add information on how to contact you by electronic and paper mail.
If the program is interactive, make it output a short notice like this
when it starts in an interactive mode:
Gnomovision version 69, Copyright (C) year name of author
Gnomovision comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY; for details type `show w'.
This is free software, and you are welcome to redistribute it
under certain conditions; type `show c' for details.
The hypothetical commands `show w' and `show c' should show the appropriate
parts of the General Public License. Of course, the commands you use may
be called something other than `show w' and `show c'; they could even be
mouse-clicks or menu items--whatever suits your program.
You should also get your employer (if you work as a programmer) or your
school, if any, to sign a "copyright disclaimer" for the program, if
necessary. Here is a sample; alter the names:
Yoyodyne, Inc., hereby disclaims all copyright interest in the program
`Gnomovision' (which makes passes at compilers) written by James Hacker.
<signature of Ty Coon>, 1 April 1989
Ty Coon, President of Vice
This General Public License does not permit incorporating your program into
proprietary programs. If your program is a subroutine library, you may
consider it more useful to permit linking proprietary applications with the
library. If this is what you want to do, use the GNU Library General
Public License instead of this License.
0.1 - initial release
Instead of heading in on another "proposal" document, I thought I'd send out
this email describing ideas I've had about udev - thanks to the comments I've
received. The idea is starting to mushroom a bit and I'd like to get people's
comments before I go further down the path.
As I see it, we've got a couple goals for udev:
1) dynamic replacement for /dev
2) device naming
3) API to access info about current system devices
I'd like to split these goals into separate subsystems:
1) udev - dynamic replacement for /dev
2) namedev - device naming
3) libsysfs - a standard library for accessing device information on the
system.
Udev
------
Udev will be responsible for responding to /sbin/hotplug on device events. It
will receive the device class information along with device's sysfs
directory. Udev will call the name_device function from the naming device
subsystem with that information and receive a unique device name in return.
Udev will then query sysfs through the libsysfs for specific device
information required for creating the /dev node like major and minor number.
Once it has the important information, udev will create a /dev entry for the
device, add the device to the in memory table of current devices, and send
notification of the successful event. On a remove call, udev will remove the
/dev entry, remove the device from the in memory table, and send
notification.
Udev will consist of a command udev - to be called from /sbin/hotplug. It will
require the in memory dynamic database/table for keeping track of current
system devices, and a library of routines for accessing that database/table.
Udev will not care about "how" devices are named, that will be separated into
the device naming subsystem. It's presented a common device naming API by the
device naming subsystem to use for naming devices.
namedev
----------
From comments Martin has made, I've decided to push out the device naming part
of udev into its own "subsystem". The reason is to make this as flexible and
pluggable as possible. The device naming subsystem, or namedev, will present
a standard interface for udev to call for naming a particular device. Under
that interface, system administrators can plug in their own methods for
device naming.
We would provide a default naming scheme. The first prototype implementation
could simply take the sysfs directory passed in with the device name
function, query sysfs for the major and minor numbers, and then look up in a
static device name mapping file the name of the device. The static device
naming file could look just like devices.txt in the Linux kernel's
Documentation directory. Obviously, this isn't a great implementation because
eventually we'd like major an minor numbers to be dynamic.
The default naming scheme in the future would have a set of policies to go
through, these were given to me by Greg. The device naming subsystem would
get the sysfs directory of the to be named device and would use the following
information in order to map the device's name:
1) Label info - like SCSI's UUID
2) Bus Device Number
3) Topology on Bus
4) Kernel Name - DEFAULT
System administrators could use the default naming system or enterprise
computing environments could plug in their Universal Unique Identifier (UUID)
policies. The idea is to make the device naming as flexible and pluggable as
possible.
The device naming subsystem would require accessing sysfs for device
information. It will receive the device's sysfs directory in the call from
udev and use it to get more information to determine naming. The namedev
subsystem will include a standard naming API for udev to use. The default
naming scheme will include a set of functions and a static device naming
file, which will reside in /etc or /var.
libsysfs
--------
Greg may object, but I believe there's a need for a common API to access
device information in sysfs. The device naming subsystem and the udev
subsystem need to take the sysfs directory path and query device information.
Instead of copying code so each one will have to readdir, etc., I've decided
to split out the sysfs calls into a separate library that will sit atop
sysfs. Sysfs callbacks aren't standard across devices, I beleive this is
another reason for creating a common and standard library interface for
querying device information.
Another reason for libsysfs is it satisfies requirements the LTC RAS team has
for getting current system device information. Rather than keeping tons of
information in udev's in memory database, or even querying that database for
the sysfs directory that will require storing extra reference info in memory,
I've decided the RAS requirements can be fulfilled with a library atop sysfs.
Sysfs contains devices currently on the system.
Applications like the Error Log Analysis piece, for example, can query the
sysfs library for device information. ELA gets specific information in an
error message thanks to the dev_* and soon to be proposed netdev_* macros.
One goal of the ELA is to gather as much information about an erroring device
so service engineers and administrators can diagnose the problem. The ELA
will get an error message with the bus id and driver name of the device. It
will then need to query sysfs for other VPD information.
I've used syfs in the name of libsysfs for a reason, I believe sysfs will be
the device tree to use in the future. Until all VPD info is in sysfs, the
library could also make use of /proc, sginfo, and other sources for device
information under the covers so ELA and other applications don' t need to all
have that knowledge.
I'd like to know what everyone thinks about my proposal to split this all up
into three separate subsystems. All comments are welcome.
Thanks,
Dan
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