Commit 67c3cf4f authored by Lennart Poettering's avatar Lennart Poettering

man: document sd_journal_next()

parent 3bb55eee
......@@ -501,7 +501,8 @@ MANPAGES = \
man/sd-journal.3 \
man/sd_journal_print.3 \
man/sd_journal_stream_fd.3 \
man/sd_journal_open.3
man/sd_journal_open.3 \
man/sd_journal_next.3
MANPAGES_ALIAS = \
man/reboot.8 \
......@@ -543,7 +544,10 @@ MANPAGES_ALIAS = \
man/sd_journal_send.3 \
man/sd_journal_sendv.3 \
man/sd_journal_open_directory.3 \
man/sd_journal_close.3
man/sd_journal_close.3 \
man/sd_journal_previous.3 \
man/sd_journal_next_skip.3 \
man/sd_journal_previous_skip.3
man/reboot.8: man/halt.8
man/poweroff.8: man/halt.8
......@@ -585,6 +589,9 @@ man/sd_journal_send.3: man/sd_journal_print.3
man/sd_journal_sendv.3: man/sd_journal_print.3
man/sd_journal_open_directory.3: man/sd_journal_open.3
man/sd_journal_close.3: man/sd_journal_open.3
man/sd_journal_previous.3: man/sd_journal_next.3
man/sd_journal_next_skip.3: man/sd_journal_next.3
man/sd_journal_previous_skip.3: man/sd_journal_next.3
XML_FILES = \
${patsubst %.1,%.xml,${patsubst %.3,%.xml,${patsubst %.5,%.xml,${patsubst %.7,%.xml,${patsubst %.8,%.xml,$(MANPAGES)}}}}}
......
<?xml version='1.0'?> <!--*-nxml-*-->
<!DOCTYPE refentry PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.2//EN"
"http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.2/docbookx.dtd">
<!--
This file is part of systemd.
Copyright 2012 Lennart Poettering
systemd is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.
systemd is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
Lesser General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License
along with systemd; If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
-->
<refentry id="sd_journal_next">
<refentryinfo>
<title>sd_journal_next</title>
<productname>systemd</productname>
<authorgroup>
<author>
<contrib>Developer</contrib>
<firstname>Lennart</firstname>
<surname>Poettering</surname>
<email>lennart@poettering.net</email>
</author>
</authorgroup>
</refentryinfo>
<refmeta>
<refentrytitle>sd_journal_next</refentrytitle>
<manvolnum>3</manvolnum>
</refmeta>
<refnamediv>
<refname>sd_journal_next</refname>
<refname>sd_journal_previous</refname>
<refname>sd_journal_next_skip</refname>
<refname>sd_journal_previous_skip</refname>
<refpurpose>Advance or set back the read pointer in the journal</refpurpose>
</refnamediv>
<refsynopsisdiv>
<funcsynopsis>
<funcsynopsisinfo>#include &lt;systemd/sd-journal.h&gt;</funcsynopsisinfo>
<funcprototype>
<funcdef>int <function>sd_journal_next</function></funcdef>
<paramdef>sd_journal* <parameter>j</parameter></paramdef>
</funcprototype>
<funcprototype>
<funcdef>int <function>sd_journal_previous</function></funcdef>
<paramdef>sd_journal* <parameter>j</parameter></paramdef>
</funcprototype>
<funcprototype>
<funcdef>int <function>sd_journal_next_skip</function></funcdef>
<paramdef>sd_journal* <parameter>j</parameter></paramdef>
<paramdef>uint64_t <parameter>skip</parameter></paramdef>
</funcprototype>
<funcprototype>
<funcdef>int <function>sd_journal_previous_skip</function></funcdef>
<paramdef>sd_journal* <parameter>j</parameter></paramdef>
<paramdef>uint64_t <parameter>skip</parameter></paramdef>
</funcprototype>
</funcsynopsis>
</refsynopsisdiv>
<refsect1>
<title>Description</title>
<para><function>sd_journal_next()</function> advances
the read pointer into the journal by one entry. The
only argument taken is a journal context object as
allocated via
<citerefentry><refentrytitle>sd_journal_open</refentrytitle><manvolnum>3</manvolnum></citerefentry>. After
successful invocation the entry may be read with
functions such as
<citerefentry><refentrytitle>sd_journal_get_data</refentrytitle><manvolnum>3</manvolnum></citerefentry>.</para>
<para>Similar, <function>sd_journal_previous()</function> sets
the read pointer back one entry.</para>
<para><function>sd_journal_next_skip()</function> and
<function>sd_journal_previous_skip()</function>
advance/set back the read pointer by multiple entries
at once, as specified in the <varname>skip</varname>
parameter.</para>
<para>The journal is strictly ordered by reception
time, and hence advancing to the next entry guarantees
that the entry then pointing to is later in time than
then previous one, or has the same timestamp.</para>
<para>Note that the
<function>SD_JOURNAL_FOREACH()</function> macro may be used
as a wrapper around
<citerefentry><refentrytitle>sd_journal_seek_head</refentrytitle><manvolnum>3</manvolnum></citerefentry>
and <function>sd_journal_next()</function> in order to
make iteratring through the journal easier. See below
for an example. Similar,
<function>SD_JOURNAL_FOREACH_BACKWARDS()</function>
may be used for iterating the journal in reverse
order.</para>
</refsect1>
<refsect1>
<title>Return Value</title>
<para>The four calls return the number of entries
advanced/set back on success or a negative errno-style
error code. When the end (resp. beginning) of the journal
is reached a number smaller than requested is
returned. More specifically, if
<function>sd_journal_next()</function> or
<function>sd_journal_previous()</function> reach the
end/beginning of the journal they will return 0,
instead of 1 when they are successful. This should be
considered an EOF marker.</para>
</refsect1>
<refsect1>
<title>Notes</title>
<para>The <function>sd_journal_next()</function>, <function>sd_journal_previous()</function>,
<function>sd_journal_next_skip()</function> and
<function>sd_journal_previous_skip()</function> interfaces are
available as shared library, which can be compiled and
linked to with the
<literal>libsystemd-journal</literal>
<citerefentry><refentrytitle>pkg-config</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry>
file.</para>
</refsect1>
<refsect1>
<title>Examples</title>
<para>Iterating through the journal:</para>
<programlisting>#include &lt;stdio.h&gt;
#include &lt;string.h&gt;
#include &lt;systemd/sd-journal.h&gt;
int main(int argc, char *argv[]) {
int r;
sd_journal *j;
r = sd_journal_open(&amp;j, SD_JOURNAL_LOCAL_ONLY);
if (r &lt; 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Failed to open journal: %s\n", strerror(-r));
return 1;
}
SD_JOURNAL_FOREACH(j) {
const char *d;
size_t l;
r = sd_journal_get_data(j, "MESSAGE", &amp;d, &amp;l);
if (r &lt; 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Failed to read message field: %s\n", strerror(-r));
continue;
}
printf("%.*s\n", (int) l, d);
}
sd_journal_close(j);
return 0;
}</programlisting>
</refsect1>
<refsect1>
<title>See Also</title>
<para>
<citerefentry><refentrytitle>systemd</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry>,
<citerefentry><refentrytitle>sd-journal</refentrytitle><manvolnum>3</manvolnum></citerefentry>,
<citerefentry><refentrytitle>sd_journal_open</refentrytitle><manvolnum>3</manvolnum></citerefentry>,
<citerefentry><refentrytitle>sd_journal_get_data</refentrytitle><manvolnum>3</manvolnum></citerefentry>
</para>
</refsect1>
</refentry>
......@@ -89,7 +89,7 @@
be opened. <literal>SD_JOURNAL_RUNTIME_ONLY</literal>
makes sure only volatile journal files will be opened,
excluding those which are stored on persistant
storage. <literal>SD_JOURNAL_RUNTIME_ONLY</literal>
storage. <literal>SD_JOURNAL_SYSTEM_ONLY</literal>
will ensure that only journal files of system services
and the kernel (in opposition to user session processes) will
be opened.</para>
......@@ -112,6 +112,12 @@
accessible to the calling user will be opened. If
journal files are not accessible to the caller this
will be silently ignored.</para>
<para>See
<citerefentry><refentrytitle>sd_journal_next</refentrytitle><manvolnum>3</manvolnum></citerefentry>
for an example how to iterate through the journal
after opening it it with
<function>sd_journal_open()</function>.</para>
</refsect1>
<refsect1>
......
......@@ -127,6 +127,8 @@
<programlisting>#include &lt;syslog.h&gt;
#include &lt;stdio.h&gt;
#include &lt;string.h&gt;
#include &lt;unistd.h&gt;
#include &lt;systemd/sd-journal.h&gt;
#include &lt;systemd/sd-daemon.h&gt;
......
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