Commit 88213476 authored by Lennart Poettering's avatar Lennart Poettering
Browse files

nspawn: add simple chroot(1) like tool to execute commands in a namespace container

parent f9b9232b
systemd-nspawn
systemd-stdio-bridge
systemd-machine-id-setup
systemd-detect-virt
......
......@@ -115,6 +115,9 @@ bin_PROGRAMS = \
systemd-cgls \
systemd-stdio-bridge
sbin_PROGRAMS = \
systemd-nspawn
if HAVE_GTK
bin_PROGRAMS += \
systemadm \
......@@ -983,6 +986,15 @@ systemd_cgls_CFLAGS = \
systemd_cgls_LDADD = \
libsystemd-basic.la
systemd_nspawn_SOURCES = \
src/nspawn.c
systemd_nspawn_CFLAGS = \
$(AM_CFLAGS)
systemd_nspawn_LDADD = \
libsystemd-basic.la
systemd_stdio_bridge_SOURCES = \
src/bridge.c
......
/*-*- Mode: C; c-basic-offset: 8; indent-tabs-mode: nil -*-*/
/***
This file is part of systemd.
Copyright 2010 Lennart Poettering
systemd is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.
systemd is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with systemd; If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
***/
#include <signal.h>
#include <sched.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/syscall.h>
#include <sys/mount.h>
#include <sys/wait.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <sys/prctl.h>
#include <sys/capability.h>
#include <getopt.h>
#include "log.h"
#include "util.h"
static char *arg_directory = NULL;
static int help(void) {
printf("%s [OPTIONS...] [PATH] [ARGUMENTS...]\n\n"
"Spawn a minimal namespace container for debugging, testing and building.\n\n"
" -h --help Show this help\n"
" -D --directory=NAME Root directory for the container\n",
program_invocation_short_name);
return 0;
}
static int parse_argv(int argc, char *argv[]) {
static const struct option options[] = {
{ "help", no_argument, NULL, 'h' },
{ "directory", required_argument, NULL, 'D' },
{ NULL, 0, NULL, 0 }
};
int c;
assert(argc >= 0);
assert(argv);
while ((c = getopt_long(argc, argv, "+hD:", options, NULL)) >= 0) {
switch (c) {
case 'h':
help();
return 0;
case 'D':
free(arg_directory);
if (!(arg_directory = strdup(optarg))) {
log_error("Failed to duplicate root directory.");
return -ENOMEM;
}
break;
case '?':
return -EINVAL;
default:
log_error("Unknown option code %c", c);
return -EINVAL;
}
}
return 1;
}
static int mount_all(const char *dest) {
typedef struct MountPoint {
const char *what;
const char *where;
const char *type;
const char *options;
unsigned long flags;
} MountPoint;
static const MountPoint mount_table[] = {
{ "proc", "/proc", "proc", NULL, MS_NOSUID|MS_NOEXEC|MS_NODEV },
{ "/proc/sys", "/proc/sys", "bind", NULL, MS_BIND }, /* Bind mount first */
{ "/proc/sys", "/proc/sys", "bind", NULL, MS_BIND|MS_RDONLY|MS_REMOUNT }, /* Then, make it r/o */
{ "sysfs", "/sys", "sysfs", NULL, MS_NOSUID|MS_NOEXEC|MS_NODEV|MS_RDONLY },
{ "tmpfs", "/dev", "tmpfs", "mode=755", MS_NOSUID },
{ "/dev/pts", "/dev/pts", "bind", NULL, MS_BIND },
{ "tmpfs", "/dev/.run", "tmpfs", "mode=755", MS_NOSUID|MS_NOEXEC|MS_NODEV },
};
unsigned k;
int r = 0;
for (k = 0; k < ELEMENTSOF(mount_table); k++) {
char *where;
int t;
if (asprintf(&where, "%s/%s", dest, mount_table[k].where) < 0) {
log_error("Out of memory");
if (r == 0)
r = -ENOMEM;
break;
}
if ((t = path_is_mount_point(where)) < 0) {
log_error("Failed to detect whether %s is a mount point: %s", where, strerror(-t));
free(where);
if (r == 0)
r = t;
continue;
}
mkdir_p(where, 0755);
if (mount(mount_table[k].what,
where,
mount_table[k].type,
mount_table[k].flags,
mount_table[k].options) < 0) {
log_error("mount(%s) failed: %m", where);
if (r == 0)
r = -errno;
}
free(where);
}
return r;
}
static int copy_devnodes(const char *dest) {
static const char devnodes[] =
"null\0"
"zero\0"
"full\0"
"random\0"
"urandom\0"
"tty\0"
"ptmx\0"
"kmsg\0"
"rtc0\0";
const char *d;
int r = 0, k;
char *tty = NULL;
dev_t tty_devnum;
NULSTR_FOREACH(d, devnodes) {
char *from = NULL, *to = NULL;
struct stat st;
asprintf(&from, "/dev/%s", d);
asprintf(&to, "%s/dev/%s", dest, d);
if (!from || !to) {
log_error("Failed to allocate devnode path");
free(from);
free(to);
if (r == 0)
r = -ENOMEM;
break;
}
if (stat(from, &st) < 0) {
if (errno != ENOENT) {
log_error("Failed to stat %s: %m", from);
if (r == 0)
r = -errno;
}
} else {
if (mknod(to, st.st_mode, st.st_rdev) < 0) {
log_error("mknod(%s) failed: %m", dest);
if (r == 0)
r = -errno;
}
}
free(from);
free(to);
}
if ((k = get_ctty(&tty, &tty_devnum)) < 0) {
log_error("Failed to determine controlling tty: %s", strerror(-k));
if (r == 0)
r = k;
} else {
char *from = NULL, *to = NULL;
asprintf(&from, "/dev/%s", tty);
asprintf(&to, "%s/dev/console", dest);
if (!from || !to) {
log_error("Out of memory");
if (r == 0)
r = k;
} else {
/* We need to bind mount our own tty on
* /dev/console, since ptys cannot be used
* unless on a devpts file system. But to bind
* mount it we first have to create a device
* node where we can bind mount it on. This is
* kinda ugly since the TTY will very likely
* be owned by a user/group that does not
* exist in the container. */
if (mknod(to, S_IFCHR|0600, tty_devnum) < 0) {
log_error("mknod for /dev/console failed: %m");
if (r == 0)
r = -errno;
}
if (mount(from, to, "bind", MS_BIND, NULL) < 0) {
log_error("bind mount for /dev/console failed: %m");
if (r == 0)
r = -errno;
}
}
free(from);
free(to);
}
free(tty);
return r;
}
static int drop_capabilities(void) {
static const unsigned long retain[] = {
CAP_CHOWN,
CAP_DAC_OVERRIDE,
CAP_DAC_READ_SEARCH,
CAP_FOWNER,
CAP_FSETID,
CAP_IPC_OWNER,
CAP_KILL,
CAP_LEASE,
CAP_LINUX_IMMUTABLE,
CAP_NET_BIND_SERVICE,
CAP_NET_BROADCAST,
CAP_NET_RAW,
CAP_SETGID,
CAP_SETFCAP,
CAP_SETPCAP,
CAP_SETUID,
CAP_SYS_ADMIN,
CAP_SYS_CHROOT,
CAP_SYS_NICE,
CAP_SYS_PTRACE,
CAP_SYS_TTY_CONFIG
};
unsigned long l;
for (l = 0; l <= MAX(63LU, (unsigned long) CAP_LAST_CAP); l ++) {
unsigned i;
for (i = 0; i < ELEMENTSOF(retain); i++)
if (retain[i] == l)
break;
if (i < ELEMENTSOF(retain))
continue;
if (prctl(PR_CAPBSET_DROP, l) < 0) {
/* If this capability is not known, EINVAL
* will be returned, let's ignore this. */
if (errno == EINVAL)
continue;
log_error("PR_CAPBSET_DROP failed: %m");
return -errno;
}
}
return 0;
}
static int is_os_tree(const char *path) {
int r;
char *p;
/* We use /bin/sh as flag file if something is an OS */
if (asprintf(&p, "%s/bin/sh", path) < 0)
return -ENOMEM;
r = access(p, F_OK);
free(p);
return r < 0 ? 0 : 1;
}
int main(int argc, char *argv[]) {
pid_t pid = 0;
int r = EXIT_FAILURE;
log_parse_environment();
log_open();
if ((r = parse_argv(argc, argv)) <= 0)
goto finish;
if (arg_directory) {
char *p;
p = path_make_absolute_cwd(arg_directory);
free(arg_directory);
arg_directory = p;
} else
arg_directory = get_current_dir_name();
if (!arg_directory) {
log_error("Failed to determine path");
goto finish;
}
path_kill_slashes(arg_directory);
if (geteuid() != 0) {
log_error("Need to be root.");
goto finish;
}
if (path_equal(arg_directory, "/")) {
log_error("Spawning constainer on root directory not supported.");
goto finish;
}
if (is_os_tree(arg_directory) <= 0) {
log_error("Directory %s doesn't look like an OS root directory. Refusing.", arg_directory);
goto finish;
}
log_info("Spawning namespace container on %s.", arg_directory);
if ((pid = syscall(__NR_clone, SIGCHLD|CLONE_NEWIPC|CLONE_NEWNS|CLONE_NEWPID|CLONE_NEWUTS|CLONE_NEWNET, NULL)) < 0) {
log_error("clone() failed: %m");
goto finish;
}
if (pid == 0) {
const char *hn;
/* child */
if (mount_all(arg_directory) < 0)
goto child_fail;
if (copy_devnodes(arg_directory) < 0)
goto child_fail;
if (chdir(arg_directory) < 0) {
log_error("chdir(%s) failed: %m", arg_directory);
goto child_fail;
}
if (mount(arg_directory, "/", "bind", MS_BIND|MS_MOVE, NULL) < 0) {
log_error("mount(MS_MOVE) failed: %m");
goto child_fail;
}
if (chroot(".") < 0) {
log_error("chroot() failed: %m");
goto child_fail;
}
if (chdir("/") < 0) {
log_error("chdir() failed: %m");
goto child_fail;
}
if (drop_capabilities() < 0)
goto child_fail;
if ((hn = file_name_from_path(arg_directory)))
sethostname(hn, strlen(hn));
if (argc > optind)
execvp(argv[optind], argv + optind);
else
execl("/bin/bash", "/bin/bash", NULL);
log_error("execv() failed: %m");
child_fail:
_exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
r = wait_for_terminate_and_warn("container", pid);
if (r < 0)
r = EXIT_FAILURE;
finish:
free(arg_directory);
if (pid > 0)
kill(pid, SIGTERM);
return r;
}
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