Commit e8de3701 authored by Alexandre Bounine's avatar Alexandre Bounine Committed by Linus Torvalds

rapidio: add mport char device driver

Add mport character device driver to provide user space interface to
basic RapidIO subsystem operations.

See included Documentation/rapidio/mport_cdev.txt for more details.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix printk warning on i386]
[dan.carpenter@oracle.com: mport_cdev: fix some error codes]
Signed-off-by: default avatarAlexandre Bounine <alexandre.bounine@idt.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarDan Carpenter <dan.carpenter@oracle.com>
Tested-by: default avatarBarry Wood <barry.wood@idt.com>
Cc: Matt Porter <mporter@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Aurelien Jacquiot <a-jacquiot@ti.com>
Cc: Andre van Herk <andre.van.herk@prodrive-technologies.com>
Cc: Barry Wood <barry.wood@idt.com>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
parent 458bdf6e
RapidIO subsystem mport character device driver (rio_mport_cdev.c)
==================================================================
Version History:
----------------
1.0.0 - Initial driver release.
==================================================================
I. Overview
This device driver is the result of collaboration within the RapidIO.org
Software Task Group (STG) between Texas Instruments, Freescale,
Prodrive Technologies, Nokia Networks, BAE and IDT. Additional input was
received from other members of RapidIO.org. The objective was to create a
character mode driver interface which exposes the capabilities of RapidIO
devices directly to applications, in a manner that allows the numerous and
varied RapidIO implementations to interoperate.
This driver (MPORT_CDEV) provides access to basic RapidIO subsystem operations
for user-space applications. Most of RapidIO operations are supported through
'ioctl' system calls.
When loaded this device driver creates filesystem nodes named rio_mportX in /dev
directory for each registered RapidIO mport device. 'X' in the node name matches
to unique port ID assigned to each local mport device.
Using available set of ioctl commands user-space applications can perform
following RapidIO bus and subsystem operations:
- Reads and writes from/to configuration registers of mport devices
(RIO_MPORT_MAINT_READ_LOCAL/RIO_MPORT_MAINT_WRITE_LOCAL)
- Reads and writes from/to configuration registers of remote RapidIO devices.
This operations are defined as RapidIO Maintenance reads/writes in RIO spec.
(RIO_MPORT_MAINT_READ_REMOTE/RIO_MPORT_MAINT_WRITE_REMOTE)
- Set RapidIO Destination ID for mport devices (RIO_MPORT_MAINT_HDID_SET)
- Set RapidIO Component Tag for mport devices (RIO_MPORT_MAINT_COMPTAG_SET)
- Query logical index of mport devices (RIO_MPORT_MAINT_PORT_IDX_GET)
- Query capabilities and RapidIO link configuration of mport devices
(RIO_MPORT_GET_PROPERTIES)
- Enable/Disable reporting of RapidIO doorbell events to user-space applications
(RIO_ENABLE_DOORBELL_RANGE/RIO_DISABLE_DOORBELL_RANGE)
- Enable/Disable reporting of RIO port-write events to user-space applications
(RIO_ENABLE_PORTWRITE_RANGE/RIO_DISABLE_PORTWRITE_RANGE)
- Query/Control type of events reported through this driver: doorbells,
port-writes or both (RIO_SET_EVENT_MASK/RIO_GET_EVENT_MASK)
- Configure/Map mport's outbound requests window(s) for specific size,
RapidIO destination ID, hopcount and request type
(RIO_MAP_OUTBOUND/RIO_UNMAP_OUTBOUND)
- Configure/Map mport's inbound requests window(s) for specific size,
RapidIO base address and local memory base address
(RIO_MAP_INBOUND/RIO_UNMAP_INBOUND)
- Allocate/Free contiguous DMA coherent memory buffer for DMA data transfers
to/from remote RapidIO devices (RIO_ALLOC_DMA/RIO_FREE_DMA)
- Initiate DMA data transfers to/from remote RapidIO devices (RIO_TRANSFER).
Supports blocking, asynchronous and posted (a.k.a 'fire-and-forget') data
transfer modes.
- Check/Wait for completion of asynchronous DMA data transfer
(RIO_WAIT_FOR_ASYNC)
- Manage device objects supported by RapidIO subsystem (RIO_DEV_ADD/RIO_DEV_DEL).
This allows implementation of various RapidIO fabric enumeration algorithms
as user-space applications while using remaining functionality provided by
kernel RapidIO subsystem.
II. Hardware Compatibility
This device driver uses standard interfaces defined by kernel RapidIO subsystem
and therefore it can be used with any mport device driver registered by RapidIO
subsystem with limitations set by available mport implementation.
At this moment the most common limitation is availability of RapidIO-specific
DMA engine framework for specific mport device. Users should verify available
functionality of their platform when planning to use this driver:
- IDT Tsi721 PCIe-to-RapidIO bridge device and its mport device driver are fully
compatible with this driver.
- Freescale SoCs 'fsl_rio' mport driver does not have implementation for RapidIO
specific DMA engine support and therefore DMA data transfers mport_cdev driver
are not available.
III. Module parameters
- 'dbg_level' - This parameter allows to control amount of debug information
generated by this device driver. This parameter is formed by set of
This parameter can be changed bit masks that correspond to the specific
functional block.
For mask definitions see 'drivers/rapidio/devices/rio_mport_cdev.c'
This parameter can be changed dynamically.
Use CONFIG_RAPIDIO_DEBUG=y to enable debug output at the top level.
IV. Known problems
None.
V. User-space Applications and API
API library and applications that use this device driver are available from
RapidIO.org.
VI. TODO List
- Add support for sending/receiving "raw" RapidIO messaging packets.
- Add memory mapped DMA data transfers as an option when RapidIO-specific DMA
is not available.
......@@ -67,6 +67,14 @@ config RAPIDIO_ENUM_BASIC
endchoice
config RAPIDIO_MPORT_CDEV
tristate "RapidIO /dev mport device driver"
depends on RAPIDIO
help
This option includes generic RapidIO mport device driver which
allows to user space applications to perform RapidIO-specific
operations through selected RapidIO mport.
menu "RapidIO Switch drivers"
depends on RAPIDIO
......
......@@ -5,3 +5,4 @@
obj-$(CONFIG_RAPIDIO_TSI721) += tsi721_mport.o
tsi721_mport-y := tsi721.o
tsi721_mport-$(CONFIG_RAPIDIO_DMA_ENGINE) += tsi721_dma.o
obj-$(CONFIG_RAPIDIO_MPORT_CDEV) += rio_mport_cdev.o
This diff is collapsed.
/*
* Copyright (c) 2015-2016, Integrated Device Technology Inc.
* Copyright (c) 2015, Prodrive Technologies
* Copyright (c) 2015, Texas Instruments Incorporated
* Copyright (c) 2015, RapidIO Trade Association
* All rights reserved.
*
* This software is available to you under a choice of one of two licenses.
* You may choose to be licensed under the terms of the GNU General Public
* License(GPL) Version 2, or the BSD-3 Clause license below:
*
* Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
* modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
*
* 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice,
* this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
*
* 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice,
* this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation
* and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
*
* 3. Neither the name of the copyright holder nor the names of its contributors
* may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software without
* specific prior written permission.
*
* THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS"
* AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO,
* THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
* PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER OR
* CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL,
* EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO,
* PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS;
* OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY,
* WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR
* OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF
* ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
*/
#ifndef _RIO_MPORT_CDEV_H_
#define _RIO_MPORT_CDEV_H_
#ifndef __user
#define __user
#endif
struct rio_mport_maint_io {
uint32_t rioid; /* destID of remote device */
uint32_t hopcount; /* hopcount to remote device */
uint32_t offset; /* offset in register space */
size_t length; /* length in bytes */
void __user *buffer; /* data buffer */
};
/*
* Definitions for RapidIO data transfers:
* - memory mapped (MAPPED)
* - packet generation from memory (TRANSFER)
*/
#define RIO_TRANSFER_MODE_MAPPED (1 << 0)
#define RIO_TRANSFER_MODE_TRANSFER (1 << 1)
#define RIO_CAP_DBL_SEND (1 << 2)
#define RIO_CAP_DBL_RECV (1 << 3)
#define RIO_CAP_PW_SEND (1 << 4)
#define RIO_CAP_PW_RECV (1 << 5)
#define RIO_CAP_MAP_OUTB (1 << 6)
#define RIO_CAP_MAP_INB (1 << 7)
struct rio_mport_properties {
uint16_t hdid;
uint8_t id; /* Physical port ID */
uint8_t index;
uint32_t flags;
uint32_t sys_size; /* Default addressing size */
uint8_t port_ok;
uint8_t link_speed;
uint8_t link_width;
uint32_t dma_max_sge;
uint32_t dma_max_size;
uint32_t dma_align;
uint32_t transfer_mode; /* Default transfer mode */
uint32_t cap_sys_size; /* Capable system sizes */
uint32_t cap_addr_size; /* Capable addressing sizes */
uint32_t cap_transfer_mode; /* Capable transfer modes */
uint32_t cap_mport; /* Mport capabilities */
};
/*
* Definitions for RapidIO events;
* - incoming port-writes
* - incoming doorbells
*/
#define RIO_DOORBELL (1 << 0)
#define RIO_PORTWRITE (1 << 1)
struct rio_doorbell {
uint32_t rioid;
uint16_t payload;
};
struct rio_doorbell_filter {
uint32_t rioid; /* 0xffffffff to match all ids */
uint16_t low;
uint16_t high;
};
struct rio_portwrite {
uint32_t payload[16];
};
struct rio_pw_filter {
uint32_t mask;
uint32_t low;
uint32_t high;
};
/* RapidIO base address for inbound requests set to value defined below
* indicates that no specific RIO-to-local address translation is requested
* and driver should use direct (one-to-one) address mapping.
*/
#define RIO_MAP_ANY_ADDR (uint64_t)(~((uint64_t) 0))
struct rio_mmap {
uint32_t rioid;
uint64_t rio_addr;
uint64_t length;
uint64_t handle;
void *address;
};
struct rio_dma_mem {
uint64_t length; /* length of DMA memory */
uint64_t dma_handle; /* handle associated with this memory */
void *buffer; /* pointer to this memory */
};
struct rio_event {
unsigned int header; /* event type RIO_DOORBELL or RIO_PORTWRITE */
union {
struct rio_doorbell doorbell; /* header for RIO_DOORBELL */
struct rio_portwrite portwrite; /* header for RIO_PORTWRITE */
} u;
};
enum rio_transfer_sync {
RIO_TRANSFER_SYNC, /* synchronous transfer */
RIO_TRANSFER_ASYNC, /* asynchronous transfer */
RIO_TRANSFER_FAF, /* fire-and-forget transfer */
};
enum rio_transfer_dir {
RIO_TRANSFER_DIR_READ, /* Read operation */
RIO_TRANSFER_DIR_WRITE, /* Write operation */
};
/*
* RapidIO data exchange transactions are lists of individual transfers. Each
* transfer exchanges data between two RapidIO devices by remote direct memory
* access and has its own completion code.
*
* The RapidIO specification defines four types of data exchange requests:
* NREAD, NWRITE, SWRITE and NWRITE_R. The RapidIO DMA channel interface allows
* to specify the required type of write operation or combination of them when
* only the last data packet requires response.
*
* NREAD: read up to 256 bytes from remote device memory into local memory
* NWRITE: write up to 256 bytes from local memory to remote device memory
* without confirmation
* SWRITE: as NWRITE, but all addresses and payloads must be 64-bit aligned
* NWRITE_R: as NWRITE, but expect acknowledgment from remote device.
*
* The default exchange is chosen from NREAD and any of the WRITE modes as the
* driver sees fit. For write requests the user can explicitly choose between
* any of the write modes for each transaction.
*/
enum rio_exchange {
RIO_EXCHANGE_DEFAULT, /* Default method */
RIO_EXCHANGE_NWRITE, /* All packets using NWRITE */
RIO_EXCHANGE_SWRITE, /* All packets using SWRITE */
RIO_EXCHANGE_NWRITE_R, /* Last packet NWRITE_R, others NWRITE */
RIO_EXCHANGE_SWRITE_R, /* Last packet NWRITE_R, others SWRITE */
RIO_EXCHANGE_NWRITE_R_ALL, /* All packets using NWRITE_R */
};
struct rio_transfer_io {
uint32_t rioid; /* Target destID */
uint64_t rio_addr; /* Address in target's RIO mem space */
enum rio_exchange method; /* Data exchange method */
void __user *loc_addr;
uint64_t handle;
uint64_t offset; /* Offset in buffer */
uint64_t length; /* Length in bytes */
uint32_t completion_code; /* Completion code for this transfer */
};
struct rio_transaction {
uint32_t transfer_mode; /* Data transfer mode */
enum rio_transfer_sync sync; /* Synchronization method */
enum rio_transfer_dir dir; /* Transfer direction */
size_t count; /* Number of transfers */
struct rio_transfer_io __user *block; /* Array of <count> transfers */
};
struct rio_async_tx_wait {
uint32_t token; /* DMA transaction ID token */
uint32_t timeout; /* Wait timeout in msec, if 0 use default TO */
};
#define RIO_MAX_DEVNAME_SZ 20
struct rio_rdev_info {
uint32_t destid;
uint8_t hopcount;
uint32_t comptag;
char name[RIO_MAX_DEVNAME_SZ + 1];
};
/* Driver IOCTL codes */
#define RIO_MPORT_DRV_MAGIC 'm'
#define RIO_MPORT_MAINT_HDID_SET \
_IOW(RIO_MPORT_DRV_MAGIC, 1, uint16_t)
#define RIO_MPORT_MAINT_COMPTAG_SET \
_IOW(RIO_MPORT_DRV_MAGIC, 2, uint32_t)
#define RIO_MPORT_MAINT_PORT_IDX_GET \
_IOR(RIO_MPORT_DRV_MAGIC, 3, uint32_t)
#define RIO_MPORT_GET_PROPERTIES \
_IOR(RIO_MPORT_DRV_MAGIC, 4, struct rio_mport_properties)
#define RIO_MPORT_MAINT_READ_LOCAL \
_IOR(RIO_MPORT_DRV_MAGIC, 5, struct rio_mport_maint_io)
#define RIO_MPORT_MAINT_WRITE_LOCAL \
_IOW(RIO_MPORT_DRV_MAGIC, 6, struct rio_mport_maint_io)
#define RIO_MPORT_MAINT_READ_REMOTE \
_IOR(RIO_MPORT_DRV_MAGIC, 7, struct rio_mport_maint_io)
#define RIO_MPORT_MAINT_WRITE_REMOTE \
_IOW(RIO_MPORT_DRV_MAGIC, 8, struct rio_mport_maint_io)
#define RIO_ENABLE_DOORBELL_RANGE \
_IOW(RIO_MPORT_DRV_MAGIC, 9, struct rio_doorbell_filter)
#define RIO_DISABLE_DOORBELL_RANGE \
_IOW(RIO_MPORT_DRV_MAGIC, 10, struct rio_doorbell_filter)
#define RIO_ENABLE_PORTWRITE_RANGE \
_IOW(RIO_MPORT_DRV_MAGIC, 11, struct rio_pw_filter)
#define RIO_DISABLE_PORTWRITE_RANGE \
_IOW(RIO_MPORT_DRV_MAGIC, 12, struct rio_pw_filter)
#define RIO_SET_EVENT_MASK \
_IOW(RIO_MPORT_DRV_MAGIC, 13, unsigned int)
#define RIO_GET_EVENT_MASK \
_IOR(RIO_MPORT_DRV_MAGIC, 14, unsigned int)
#define RIO_MAP_OUTBOUND \
_IOWR(RIO_MPORT_DRV_MAGIC, 15, struct rio_mmap)
#define RIO_UNMAP_OUTBOUND \
_IOW(RIO_MPORT_DRV_MAGIC, 16, struct rio_mmap)
#define RIO_MAP_INBOUND \
_IOWR(RIO_MPORT_DRV_MAGIC, 17, struct rio_mmap)
#define RIO_UNMAP_INBOUND \
_IOW(RIO_MPORT_DRV_MAGIC, 18, uint64_t)
#define RIO_ALLOC_DMA \
_IOWR(RIO_MPORT_DRV_MAGIC, 19, struct rio_dma_mem)
#define RIO_FREE_DMA \
_IOW(RIO_MPORT_DRV_MAGIC, 20, uint64_t)
#define RIO_TRANSFER \
_IOWR(RIO_MPORT_DRV_MAGIC, 21, struct rio_transaction)
#define RIO_WAIT_FOR_ASYNC \
_IOW(RIO_MPORT_DRV_MAGIC, 22, struct rio_async_tx_wait)
#define RIO_DEV_ADD \
_IOW(RIO_MPORT_DRV_MAGIC, 23, struct rio_rdev_info)
#define RIO_DEV_DEL \
_IOW(RIO_MPORT_DRV_MAGIC, 24, struct rio_rdev_info)
#endif /* _RIO_MPORT_CDEV_H_ */
......@@ -354,6 +354,7 @@ header-y += reiserfs_fs.h
header-y += reiserfs_xattr.h
header-y += resource.h
header-y += rfkill.h
header-y += rio_mport_cdev.h
header-y += romfs_fs.h
header-y += rose.h
header-y += route.h
......
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