Commit 8915f0c0 authored by Nicolai Hähnle's avatar Nicolai Hähnle

util: use GCC atomic intrinsics with explicit memory model

This is motivated by the fact that p_atomic_read and p_atomic_set may
somewhat surprisingly not do the right thing in the old version: while
stores and loads are de facto atomic at least on x86, the compiler may
apply re-ordering and speculation quite liberally. Basically, the old
version uses the "relaxed" memory ordering.

The new ordering always uses acquire/release ordering. This is the
strongest possible memory ordering that doesn't require additional
fence instructions on x86. (And the only stronger ordering is
"sequentially consistent", which is usually more than you need anyway.)

I would feel more comfortable if p_atomic_set/read in the old
implementation were at least using volatile loads and stores, but I
don't see a way to get there without typeof (which we cannot use here
since the code is compiled with -std=c99).

Eventually, we should really just move to something that is based on
the atomics in C11 / C++11.
Acked-by: default avatarMarek Olšák <>
Reviewed-by: default avatarEmil Velikov <>
parent d51c1f9d
......@@ -387,6 +387,17 @@ fi
dnl Check for new-style atomic builtins
int main() {
int n;
return __atomic_load_n(&n, __ATOMIC_ACQUIRE);
if test "x$GCC_ATOMIC_BUILTINS_SUPPORTED" = x1; then
dnl Check for Endianness
......@@ -36,6 +36,20 @@
#define PIPE_ATOMIC "GCC Sync Intrinsics"
/* The builtins with explicit memory model are available since GCC 4.7. */
#define p_atomic_set(_v, _i) __atomic_store_n((_v), (_i), __ATOMIC_RELEASE)
#define p_atomic_read(_v) __atomic_load_n((_v), __ATOMIC_ACQUIRE)
#define p_atomic_dec_zero(v) (__atomic_sub_fetch((v), 1, __ATOMIC_ACQ_REL) == 0)
#define p_atomic_inc(v) (void) __atomic_add_fetch((v), 1, __ATOMIC_ACQ_REL)
#define p_atomic_dec(v) (void) __atomic_sub_fetch((v), 1, __ATOMIC_ACQ_REL)
#define p_atomic_add(v, i) (void) __atomic_add_fetch((v), (i), __ATOMIC_ACQ_REL)
#define p_atomic_inc_return(v) __atomic_add_fetch((v), 1, __ATOMIC_ACQ_REL)
#define p_atomic_dec_return(v) __atomic_sub_fetch((v), 1, __ATOMIC_ACQ_REL)
#define p_atomic_set(_v, _i) (*(_v) = (_i))
#define p_atomic_read(_v) (*(_v))
#define p_atomic_dec_zero(v) (__sync_sub_and_fetch((v), 1) == 0)
......@@ -44,6 +58,13 @@
#define p_atomic_add(v, i) (void) __sync_add_and_fetch((v), (i))
#define p_atomic_inc_return(v) __sync_add_and_fetch((v), 1)
#define p_atomic_dec_return(v) __sync_sub_and_fetch((v), 1)
/* There is no __atomic_* compare and exchange that returns the current value.
* Also, GCC 5.4 seems unable to optimize a compound statement expression that
* uses an additional stack variable with __atomic_compare_exchange[_n].
#define p_atomic_cmpxchg(v, old, _new) \
__sync_val_compare_and_swap((v), (old), (_new))
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