• Vignesh Raghavendra's avatar
    mtd: Add support for HyperBus memory devices · dcc7d344
    Vignesh Raghavendra authored
    Cypress' HyperBus is Low Signal Count, High Performance Double Data Rate
    Bus interface between a host system master and one or more slave
    interfaces. HyperBus is used to connect microprocessor, microcontroller,
    or ASIC devices with random access NOR flash memory (called HyperFlash)
    or self refresh DRAM (called HyperRAM).
    
    Its a 8-bit data bus (DQ[7:0]) with  Read-Write Data Strobe (RWDS)
    signal and either Single-ended clock(3.0V parts) or Differential clock
    (1.8V parts). It uses ChipSelect lines to select b/w multiple slaves.
    At bus level, it follows a separate protocol described in HyperBus
    specification[1].
    
    HyperFlash follows CFI AMD/Fujitsu Extended Command Set (0x0002) similar
    to that of existing parallel NORs. Since HyperBus is x8 DDR bus,
    its equivalent to x16 parallel NOR flash with respect to bits per clock
    cycle. But HyperBus operates at >166MHz frequencies.
    HyperRAM provides direct random read/write access to flash memory
    array.
    
    But, HyperBus memory controllers seem to abstract implementation details
    and expose a simple MMIO interface to access connected flash.
    
    Add support for registering HyperFlash devices with MTD framework. MTD
    maps framework along with CFI chip support framework are used to support
    communicating with flash.
    
    Framework is modelled along the lines of spi-nor framework. HyperBus
    memory controller (HBMC) drivers calls hyperbus_register_device() to
    register a single HyperFlash device. HyperFlash core parses MMIO access
    information from DT, sets up the map_info struct, probes CFI flash and
    registers it with MTD framework.
    
    Some HBMC masters need calibration/training sequence[3] to be carried
    out, in order for DLL inside the controller to lock, by reading a known
    string/pattern. This is done by repeatedly reading CFI Query
    Identification String. Calibration needs to be done before trying to detect
    flash as part of CFI flash probe.
    
    HyperRAM is not supported at the moment.
    
    HyperBus specification can be found at[1]
    HyperFlash datasheet can be found at[2]
    
    [1] https://www.cypress.com/file/213356/download
    [2] https://www.cypress.com/file/213346/download
    [3] http://www.ti.com/lit/ug/spruid7b/spruid7b.pdf
    
    
        Table 12-5741. HyperFlash Access Sequence
    Signed-off-by: default avatarVignesh Raghavendra <vigneshr@ti.com>
    Signed-off-by: default avatarMiquel Raynal <miquel.raynal@bootlin.com>
    dcc7d344
hyperbus.h 2.48 KB